John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Reports Revenue and Earnings Growth for the First Quarter
Earnings per diluted share for the first quarter was $0.68 compared to $0.38 in the same period of fiscal year 2007. The first quarter reported results for Blackwell, excluding a one-time tax benefit, were accretive to earnings per diluted share by approximately $0.05. New tax legislation reduced the U.K. corporate income tax rate from 30% to 28%, resulting in a $0.26 per share tax benefit mainly attributable to the intellectual publishing assets acquired with Blackwell. Earnings per diluted share excluding Blackwell and the aforementioned tax benefit was $0.37, flat with last year's strong first quarter, after adjusting for unfavorable foreign exchange.
"The Blackwell acquisition exceeded our expectations in the first quarter. The integration process is proceeding smoothly and the business is performing well. Our global Professional /Trade business reported solid results. Revenue for global Scientific, Technical and Medical, excluding Blackwell, was up 4% from the prior year, including the favorable effect of foreign exchange. After a strong performance in fiscal year 2007, Higher Education reported soft sales in the first quarter, partially due to some conservative fall semester ordering by college bookstores," said William J. Pesce, Wiley's President and Chief Executive Officer. "Based on first quarter results and market conditions, we continue to anticipate revenue growth in the mid-to-high single digits and EPS growth in the low-double digits, excluding the Blackwell acquisition and the aforementioned tax benefit."
Mr. Pesce continued, "I am pleased to report that leading indicators related to the Blackwell acquisition are positive. In the relatively short time since the acquisition, we have acquired important contracts for journals previously published by competitors or self-published by societies. In addition, we have retained and extended existing relationships with some of our society partners. The value of our content to the scientific community is evident in the recently announced Thomson ISI® 2006 ISI Journal Citation Reports, an independent ranking of impact factors. Together, Wiley and Blackwell have over 300 journals in the top 25% of their subject areas, as measured by their impact factors. Many of our journals reported year-on-year increases in their already strong impact factors."
Blackwell is reported below as a separate segment. As a result of the integration of Wiley and Blackwell, management and reporting of certain Professional/Trade and Scientific, Technical and Medical product lines were realigned as of May 1, 2007. Prior year numbers have been restated for comparative purposes.
Wiley's U.S. P/T revenue for the first quarter advanced 7% to $90 million. The solid first quarter performance was led by sales in technology, finance and architecture. Brand licensing and publishing rights continue to contribute to P/T's growth. Whatsonwhen Ltd., which was acquired in fiscal year 2007, contributed approximately $1 million to the top-line growth. Direct contribution to profit as a percent of revenue improved mainly due to lower provisions for royalty advances as a result of improved sell through. Globally, P/T revenue increased 6% over the previous year.
First quarter highlights include the publication of Things I've Said by film actor Bruce Dern and Never Give Up by Tedy Bruschi. Technology titles published during the quarter include Creating Web Pages All-in-One Desk Reference For Dummies, 3rd edition by Richard Wagner; Networking For Dummies, 8th edition by Doug Lowe; SAS For Dummies by Stephen McDaniel and the SAS Institute; and Hacking Windows Vista by Steve Sinchak. Pauline Frommer’s Walt Disney World; Pauline Frommer’s Washington D.C.; and three MTV Guide first editions (England, France, and Roadtrips U.S.A.) were released during the quarter. Several Betty Crocker and Pillsbury cookbooks published, including Just the Two of Us; Kids Cook, 2nd edition; Pillsbury Complete Cookbook Bonus Edition; C’Mon Over; and Bake-off Winners 2006.
The fourth edition of The Leadership Challenge by James M. Kouzes and Barry Z. Posner published in the first quarter. This flagship book has sold more than 1.5 million copies over its 20-year history. Several P/T titles received considerable media and customer attention, including: How by Dov Seidman, which was featured in Thomas Friedman’s column in The New York Times, as well as on Good Morning America and The Charlie Rose Show; A Year Without “Made in China” by Sara Bongiorni, which received extensive print, radio, and television coverage; Foreclosure Investing For Dummies by Ralph Robert; Cool Careers For Dummies, 3rd edition by Marty Nemko; and Sesame Street’s C is for Cooking by Susan McQuillan.
Eric Tyson’s Home Buying For Dummies, Patrick Lencioni’s Five Dysfunctions of a Team, Kenneth L. Fisher’sThe Only Three Questions that Count and John C. Bogle’s The Little Book of Common Sense continued to enjoy bestseller status.
Frommer’s 50th Anniversary received significant media attention during the first quarter, including an Associated Press story, which appeared in the Dallas Morning News and the Chicago Sun-Times, a USA Today article, and an interview with Arthur Frommer on National Public Radio's Day to Day. In recognition of this milestone, Frommers.com introduced anniversary content and a blog by Arthur Frommer, featuring travel resources, tips, travel bargains, message boards, and current events.
Several P/T titles were honored with awards. Momentum: Igniting Social Change in the Connected Age by Allison H. Fine received the 2007 Terry McAdam Book Award for Outstanding Contribution to the Advancement of Nonprofit Management. Soul of a New Cuisine by Marcus Samuelsson won the 2007 James Beard Award for Best Cookbook of the Year in the International category. Wiley author James Villas won a 2007 James Beard Foundation Journalism Award for Magazine Feature Writing. Francis D.K. Ching, author of 11 Wiley architecture titles including Form, Space, & Order, 3rd edition, received one of the National Design Awards. Chocolates on the Pillow Aren’t Enough by Jonathan Tisch was named a finalist for the Quill Award for Best Business Book of the Year.
Scientific, Technical, and Medical (STM)
U.S. STM revenue of $56 million was flat with the previous year's first quarter mainly due to the timing of journal, book and backfile releases. In addition to healthy journal license renewals, several new Enhanced Access Licenses were signed by academic and corporate customers around the world. Direct contribution to profit as a percent of revenue declined in the first quarter mainly due to the flat top-line results. Excluding Blackwell, global STM revenue was up 4%, including the favorable effect of foreign exchange.
Customers continue to take advantage of Wiley InterScience's wide range of access options. During the first quarter, the number of visits to Wiley InterScience increased by approximately 50% over prior year.
During the first quarter, U.S. STM signed several new, renewed, and extended contracts with societies to publish their journals, including a multi-year agreement with the American Association of Anatomists, with whom Wiley already partners, to publish Anatomical Sciences Education; the International Society for Autism Research to publish Autism Research; and the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB) to publish IUBMB Life, which resulted from the Union’s positive experience publishing Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education with Wiley.
Wiley is one of five STM publishers involved in a pilot project known as CrossCheck, which is designed to detect plagiarism in submitted journal articles. The pilot is administered by CrossRef, a reference-linking service, in conjunction with iParadigms, a plagiarism detection company.
Wiley reached an agreement with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), a major private contributor of biomedical research, to deposit peer reviewed articles based on HHMI-funded research to PubMedCentral, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal articles. Wiley will be paid by HHMI.
Language to modify the NIH Public Access policy was included by the U.S. Congress in appropriations legislation that mandates deposit of articles based on NIH-funded research after a 12-month embargo period. Due to the efforts of publishers, including Wiley, the bill requires that the NIH implement its policy in accordance with copyright law. In the German legislature, the Bundesrat announced that “given the predominantly effective competition in the market for scientific information, public intervention is not advisable.”
U.S. Higher Education revenue of $44 million declined $4 million from last year’s strong first quarter. In addition to the comparison to a strong prior year period, college bookstores appear to have ordered more conservatively for the fall semester than in the past. Higher sales of Microsoft Official Academic Course titles partially offset softness in other areas.
We continue to be encouraged by student and faculty interest in WileyPLUS, our integrated suite of content, learning, and teaching tools. While sales of WileyPLUS were strong in the first quarter, the revenue is deferred and recognized over the course of the semester. Given the increased penetration of WileyPLUS, approximately $1 million of additional revenue was deferred this quarter as compared to the first quarter of fiscal year 2007. Direct contribution to profit as a percent of revenue declined mainly due to the top-line results.
Several key revisions are planned for the spring semester of this year, including Intermediate Accounting, 12th edition update by Donald E. Kieso; Managerial Accounting, 4th edition by Jerry J. Weygandt and Paul D. Kimmel and Donald E. Kieso; and Principles of Anatomy and Physiology 12th edition by Gerard J. Tortora. These titles should have a positive effect on the second half of this fiscal year.
During the quarter, Wiley signed an agreement with Gatlin Education Services (GES) for online courses in Emergency Management and in Homeland Security. GES is the world’s largest provider of online workforce development programs. Wiley is the first publisher that GES has partnered with to provide the online course and accompanying textbooks.
Wiley Europe’s revenue of $76 million was up 5% for first quarter, or 1% excluding favorable foreign exchange. Higher P/T revenue was partially offset by the timing of STM publications and lower advertising and backfile revenue. Revenue from The Cochrane Library, an evidence-based medicine collection published in collaboration with the National Health Service in the U.K., was strong as reflected in a 50% increase over the prior year. Direct contribution to profit as a percent of revenue declined mainly due to product mix and increased royalties.
During the quarter, Wiley Europe extended its agreement with the Royal Meteorological Society to collaborate on a new book series in Advancing Meteorological Sciences, as well as a Wiley Interdisciplinary Review (WIREs) project on Climate Change. Wiley-VCH announced the publication of ChemSusChem, a new journal on sustainable chemistry in collaboration with its European chemical society partners.
Recently published impact factors show very favorable trends for several leading Wiley-VCH journals. In the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology, the journal Small received the highest initial impact factor for a journal specializing in the field. Angewandte Chemie International Edition increased its already impressive impact factor, further strengthening its position as the number one chemistry journal publishing original research and reviews. Electrophoresis increased its impact factor for the fourth consecutive year, while Advanced Materials is the second most cited journal in materials science.
The publication of eight travel titles in the U.K. accelerated the global expansion of P/T’s travel guide program and strengthened the position of the Frommer’s brand in markets outside North America. WileyPLUS continues to gain traction in Higher Education markets served by Wiley Europe, especially in the Middle East, where an important new adoption has been won in Saudi Arabia.
Blackwell revenue and operating income for the first quarter fiscal year 2008 were $116 million and $15 million, respectively. Included in these results is $6 million of amortization charges for intangible assets related to the acquisition. Financing costs for the acquisition were approximately $16 million in the quarter. Blackwell results were accretive to EPS by approximately $0.05 in the quarter, excluding the aforementioned one-time tax benefit.
New, renewed, and extended journal publishing relationships were forged during the first quarter with a number of societies, including the Society of Academic Emergency Medicine; International Life Sciences Institute; American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine; Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering; American Society of Transplant Surgeons and the American Society of Transplantation; International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis; Society for the Study of Addiction; International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual Disabilities; Institute of Psychoanalysis; the International Society for Bipolar Disorders; and others.
According to the Thomson ISI® 2006 ISI Journal Citation Reports, Wiley and Blackwell combined now publish more journals in the Social Science Citation Index than any other publisher. A third of these titles experienced significant increases in impact factors, more than any other publisher. In the life sciences, Ecology Letters increased its impact factor for the third consecutive year, retaining its position as the most highly cited primary research journal in ecology.
As part of Wiley’s mission to help foster best practices in the scientific publishing industry, Blackwell published Peer Review and Manuscript Management in Scientific Journals: Guidelines for Good Practice by Irene Hames, the Managing Editor of The Plant Journal. The book is a practical manual published in association with the Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers.
An innovative service, known as the Executive Seminars, was sponsored in London, Washington, Tokyo, Copenhagen, and Seoul. These events are aimed at current and potential society clients and feature talks by eminent external speakers on topics ranging from general STM publishing topics, such as ethics, peer review, and Web 2.0, to the practical aspects of publishing a journal. The seminars provide useful information to society clients, while enhancing the Company’s status as an industry leader and attractive partner.
During the quarter, the merger of Wiley’s STM business and Blackwell continued with particular emphasis on the integration of systems, processes, policies and procedures. Since July 1st, all Blackwell books and reference works are being sold and promoted by Wiley’s sales forces throughout the Asia/Pacific and Europe, Middle East and Africa regions, resulting in opportunities to generate incremental revenue and cost synergies. We have also consolidated the institutional and corporate sales forces.
Critical decisions concerning publishing technology systems have been made and communicated. We are in the process of harmonizing financial management systems and reporting, content management, customer service and fulfillment and customer databases. We will shortly announce a plan and timeline for the integration of the Wiley and Blackwell online journals platforms.
Asia, Australia, and Canada
Wiley’s revenue in Asia, Australia, and Canada advanced 14% to $32 million, or 9% excluding favorable foreign currency. Strong sales across all businesses in Asia, Higher Education sales in Australia, and P/T results in Canada contributed to the first quarter growth. Direct contribution to profit as a percent of revenue increased slightly.
India was a significant contributor to first quarter results in Asia. Through the acquisition of Wiley Dreamtech (India) Private Ltd. in fiscal year 2006, the Company established direct access to the retail higher education market in India. P/T sales also climbed due to increased technology title adoptions and a growing retail market.
Wiley Australia began the year strongly with textbook adaptations and custom publications contributing to the growth. Wiley was the joint recipient of the Australian Awards for Excellence in Educational Publishing in the Tertiary Adaptation Single Title category for Principles of Accounting by Jerry J. Weygandt.
Wiley Canada results were driven by P/T sales. International sales of Canadian P/T titles nearly doubled from prior year, primarily due to strong frontlist and backlist titles with global appeal. Technology products and consumer cooking titles contributed to the year-on-year growth. P/T products selling into the higher education market also showed strong gains.
Wiley will hold a conference call today, Wednesday, September 12, 2007, at 10:30 a.m. (EDT) to discuss its financial results for the first quarter of fiscal year 2008. The call will include a brief management presentation followed by a question and answer session.
To participate in the conference call, please dial the following number approximately ten minutes prior to the scheduled starting time: (877) 857-6144. International callers may participate by dialing: (719) 325-4821.
A replay of the call will be available from 1:30 p.m. (EDT) on Wednesday, September 12 through midnight (EDT) on September 19 by dialing (888) 203-1112 or (719) 457-0820 and entering Pass code: 1630422.
A live audio webcast will be accessible at http://www.wiley.com/go/communications. A replay of the webcast will be accessible for 14 days afterwards.
"Safe Harbor" Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995
This report contains certain forward-looking statements concerning the Company's operations, performance, and financial condition. Reliance should not be placed on forward-looking statements, as actual results may differ materially from those in any forward-looking statements. Any such forward-looking statements are based upon a number of assumptions and estimates that are inherently subject to uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond the control of the Company, and are subject to change based on many important factors. Such factors include, but are not limited to (i) the level of investment in new technologies and products; (ii) subscriber renewal rates for the Company's journals; (iii) the financial stability and liquidity of journal subscription agents; (iv) the consolidation of book wholesalers and retail accounts; (v) the market position and financial stability of key online retailers; (vi) the seasonal nature of the Company's educational business and the impact of the used book market; (vii) worldwide economic and political conditions; (viii) the Company's ability to protect its copyrights and other intellectual property worldwide (ix) the ability of the Company to successfully integrate acquired operations and realize expected opportunities and (x) other factors detailed from time to time in the Company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any such forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances.
Founded in 1807, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. has been a valued source of information and understanding for 200 years, helping people around the world meet their needs and fulfill their aspirations. Our core businesses include scientific, technical, medical and scholarly journals, encyclopedias, books, and online products and services; professional/trade publishes books, subscription products, training materials, and online applications and websites; and educational materials for undergraduate and graduate students and lifelong learners. Wiley's global headquarters are located in Hoboken, New Jersey, with operations in the U.S., Europe, Asia, Canada, and Australia. The Company’s Web site can be accessed at http://www.wiley.com. The Company is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbols JWa and JWb.