Business Conduct and Ethics Policy
It is the Company's policy to manage and operate worldwide business activities in conformity with applicable laws and high ethical standards. Both the Board of Directors and management are determined to comply fully with the law, and to maintain the Company's reputation for integrity and fairness in business dealings with others.
ScopeThis policy applies to all employees, officers and directors at all Company locations.
All employees, officers and directors are expected to adhere to all ethical and legal standards as outlined in this policy and to preserve the Company's integrity and reputation.
1. Financial Record-Keeping
It is the policy of the Company to fully and fairly disclose the financial condition of the Company in compliance with the applicable accounting principles, laws, rules and regulations and to make full, fair, accurate, timely and understandable disclosure in our periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") and in other communications to securities analysts, rating agencies and investors. Honest and accurate recording and reporting of information is critical to our ability to make responsible business decisions. The Company's accounting records are relied upon to produce reports for the Company's management, rating agencies, investors, creditors, the SEC and other governmental agencies and others. Therefore, our financial statements and the books and records on which they are based must accurately reflect all corporate transactions and conform to all legal and accounting requirements. Our system of internal control is designed to provide this information.
All employees have a responsibility to ensure that the Company's accounting records do not contain any false or misleading entries. Information on which our accounting records are based is the responsibility of all employees.
We do not permit intentional misclassification of transactions as to accounts, departments or accounting periods. In particular we require that:
- all Company accounting records, as well as reports produced from those records, are kept and presented in accordance with the laws of each applicable jurisdiction;
- all records fairly and accurately reflect the transactions or occurrences to which they relate;
- all records fairly and accurately reflect in reasonable detail the Company's assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses;
- the Company's accounting records do not contain any intentionally false or misleading entries;
- no transactions are misclassified as to accounts, departments or accounting periods;
- all transactions are supported by accurate documentation in reasonable detail and recorded in the proper account and in the proper accounting period;
- all Company accounting financial reports be prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles; and
- the Company's system of internal accounting controls, including compensation controls, to be followed at all times.
2. Improper Payments
No payment or transfer of Company funds or assets shall be made that is not authorized, properly accounted for and clearly identified on the Company's books. Payment or transfer of the Company's funds and assets are to be used only as specified in the supporting documents.
No employee, officer or director may authorize any payment or use any funds or assets for a bribe, "kickback," or similar payment that is directly or indirectly for the benefit of any individual (including any government official, agent or employee anywhere in the world), company or organization in the United States or any foreign country, and which is designed to secure favorable treatment for the Company. Under United States federal legislation it is a felony to make payments of this kind to foreign government officials.
3. Political Contributions
It is the Company's policy not to contribute any Company funds or assets to any political party, committee, organization, or candidate for any office (federal, state or local) in the United States or any foreign country. Employees may, on their own time, support individual candidates or political committees, all subject to applicable laws, and may make voluntary contributions to such candidates or committees, including any Company-related political action committee.
4. Acceptance of Payments
Employees, officers and directors may not seek or accept, either directly or indirectly, any payments, fees, services, or other gratuities (irrespective of size or amount) outside the normal course of the employee's business duties from any other person, company or organization that does or seeks to do business with the Company. Gifts of cash or cash equivalents of any amount are strictly prohibited. The receipt of common courtesies, sales promotion items of nominal value, occasional meals, and reasonable entertainment appropriate to a business relationship and associated with business discussions are permissible.
5. Business Entertainment
All solicitations or dealings with suppliers, customers, or others doing or seeking to do business with the Company shall be conducted solely on a basis that reflects both the Company's best business interests and its high ethical standards. The Company does permit the providing of common courtesies, entertainment, and occasional meals for potential or actual suppliers, customers or others involved with the Company's business, in a manner appropriate to the Company's relationship and associated with business discussions. Expenses in this connection must be reasonable, customary and properly authorized.
6. Conflicts of Interest
The Company expects all employees, officers and directors to exercise good judgment and the highest ethical standards in private activities outside the Company that in any way can affect the Company. They shall at all times exercise particular care that no detriment to the interest of the Company may result from a conflict between those interests and any personal or business interests which the individual may have. In particular, every employee, officer and director has an obligation to avoid any activity, agreement, business investment or interest or other situation that might, in fact or in appearance, cause an individual to place his or her own interest, or that of any other person or entity, above his or her obligation to the Company. The words "in appearance" should be noted particularly since the appearance of an action might tend to impair confidence even if the individual may not actually do anything wrong.
To this end, employees, officers and directors must avoid any investments, associations or other relationships that could conflict with the staff member's responsibility to make objective decisions in the Company's best interests. Any potential conflicts of interest must be reported immediately to the senior officer of the staff member's division or subsidiary, and to the Company's General Counsel. In the case of an officer, conflicts of interest must be reported immediately to a senior officer or the Company's CEO as applicable, and to its General Counsel. In the case of a director, conflicts should be reported to the Chairman of the Board, the CEO, and the Company's General Counsel.
7. Corporate Opportunities
No employee, officer or director of the Company shall for personal or any other person's or entity's gain deprive the Company of any business opportunity or benefit which could be construed as related to any existing or reasonably anticipated future activity of the Company. Employees, officers and directors who learn of any such opportunity through their association with the Company may not disclose it to a third party or invest in the opportunity without first offering it to the Company.
All employees, officers and directors are responsible for safeguarding and keeping confidential any information that the Company considers to be of a confidential or sensitive nature. Such information includes, but is not limited to financial records and reports, marketing and strategic planning information, employee-related documents, unpublished manuscripts as well as information relating to potential mergers and acquisitions, stock splits and divestitures, and other materials that the Company would not want disclosed to a competitor or any unauthorized recipient, or that might be harmful to the Company or its customers if disclosed whether or not such information is marked "confidential." Confidential information also includes information concerning possible transactions with other companies or information about the Company's customers, suppliers or joint venture partners, and any information that the Company is under an obligation to maintain as confidential. Employees, officers and directors may not use Confidential Information for their own personal benefit or the benefit of persons or entities outside the Company, and must exercise caution and discretion with respect to any appropriate temporary removal of confidential or sensitive information from the Company's premises, and should safeguard the information from unintended disclosure or loss. Employees must at all times adhere to the Company's policies regarding the transmission and storage of the Company's confidential and sensitive business records.
9. Compliance With Laws and Regulations
The Company requires its employees, officers and directors to comply with all applicable laws and regulations in countries where the Company does business. Violation of domestic or foreign laws and regulations may subject an individual, as well as the Company, to civil and/or criminal penalties. Employees have an obligation to comply with all laws and regulations and policies and procedures and to promptly alert management of any deviation from them.
(a) Antitrust Laws
It is the Company's policy to comply with the letter and spirit of all applicable antitrust laws. If the legality of any contemplated transaction, agreement or arrangement is in doubt, employees, officers and directors must consult with a Company staff attorney.
Discussions with competitors regarding the Company's prices, credit terms, terms and conditions of sale, strategies or other confidential, sensitive or proprietary information are not permissible. This applies both to individual discussions and to participation in trade and professional associations and other business organizations. If a competitor initiates such a discussion, the staff member should refuse to participate or request that counsel be contacted. Staff members should seek guidance from a Company staff attorney when appropriate.
(b) Insider Trading
No employee, officer or director may trade in securities while in possession of material inside information or disclose material inside information to third parties ("tipping"). Material inside information is any information that has not reached the general marketplace through a press release, earnings release or otherwise, and is likely to be considered important by investors deciding whether to trade (e.g., earnings estimates, significant business investments, mergers, acquisitions, dispositions and other developments, expansion or curtailment of operations, and other activity of significance). Using material inside information for trading, or tipping others to trade, is both unethical and illegal. Accordingly, no employee, officer or director of the Company may: (a) trade securities of the Company or any other company while in possession of material inside information with respect to that company; (b) recommend or suggest that anyone else buy, sell, or hold securities of any company while the employee is in possession of material inside information with respect to that company (this includes formal or informal advice given to family, household members and friends); and (c) disclose material inside information to anyone, other than those persons who need to know such information in order for the Company to properly and effectively carry out its business (e.g., to lawyers, advisers and other Company employees working on the matter). Of course, where material inside information is permitted to be disclosed under (c) above, the recipient should be advised of its non-public nature and the limitations on its use. Any questions as to whether information is material or non-public should be directed to the Company's General Counsel.
10. Fair Dealing
Each employee, officer and director should endeavor to deal fairly with the Company's suppliers, competitors and employees. No one should take unfair advantage of another through manipulation, concealment, abuse of privileged information, misrepresentation of material facts, or any other unfair-dealing practice. Information about the Company's competitors must be used in an ethical manner and in compliance with the law. Under no circumstance should information be obtained through theft, illegal entry, blackmail, or electronic eavesdropping, or through employees misrepresenting their affiliation with the Company or their identity. Any proprietary or non-public information about the Company's competitors should not be used if it is suspected that such information has been obtained improperly.
11. Employment of Relatives
The Company's policy is to require advance approval before a relative of an employee is hired by the Company, or is engaged as a consultant or independent contractor of the Company, if the relative of the employee will be in the same department or chain of command of the Wiley employee. Such approval should be sought from the requisite member of the Wiley Leadership Team (for US locations) or the Managing Director (international locations) and the most senior Human Resources officer at the location. A relative of the Wiley Leadership Team and the Managing Directors of international locations may only be hired or engaged with the advance review and approval of both the CEO of the Company and the Senior Vice President--Human Resources. A "relative" may include a member of the employee's family (spouse, child, parent, sibling, in-law) but may also include, for purposes of this Policy, any individual who is living with or otherwise in a significant relationship with the employee, or a relative of such an individual.
12. Duty to Report Violations
Each employee, officer and director is responsible for promptly reporting to the Company any circumstances that such person believes in good faith may constitute a violation of this policy. Except as provided in the next paragraph, suspected policy violations are to be reported (including confidential and anonymous reports) to the Company's General Counsel and its Chief Audit Executive.
Any complaint regarding accounting, internal accounting controls or auditing matters must be reported (including confidential and anonymous complaints) to the Company's General Counsel and its Vice President, Internal Audit, who will be responsible for reporting as appropriate to the Chairman of the Company's Audit Committee Alternatively, complaints may be mailed directly to the Chairman of the Company's Audit Committee at P.O. Box 1569, Hoboken, N.J. 07030-5774.
No retribution against any individual who reports violations of this Policy in good faith will be permitted. However, the reporting of a violation will not excuse the violation itself. The Company will investigate any matter that is reported and will take any appropriate corrective action.
13. Violations of Policy
Violations of any of the foregoing provisions may expose the Company and the individuals involved to lawsuits and possible criminal action. Staff members who violate this policy are subject to appropriate disciplinary action, up to and including termination. The Company's legal department and other appropriate staff members will review any alleged violations of this Policy, and they will determine the appropriate action to take.