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12:00 AM EST February 20, 2017

Many Cancer Survivors Change Their Prescription Drug Use for Financial Reasons

A new analysis indicates that many cancer survivors change their prescription drug use (including skipping doses or requesting cheaper medications) for financial reasons. 

February 20, 2017

Study Points to Treatment Strategy for Anorexia

New research conducted in adolescent rodents provides insights on the mechanisms behind anorexia nervosa and points to a potential treatment strategy.

February 16, 2017

Depression or Anxiety May Increase Risk of Surgical Wound Complications

Patients’ mental health may affect their risk of experiencing wound-related complications after surgery, new research indicates.

February 16, 2017

Mosquito Netting Is Effective for Hernia Repair in a Low-Income Country

In a study conducted in rural Uganda, use of mosquito mesh reduced the cost of groin hernia repair surgery by more than $120 (nearly €120) compared with a commercial mesh, without sacrificing effectiveness.

February 13, 2017

The Wiley Prize in Family Science: Submissions for The Alexis Walker Award Now Open

John Wiley & Sons, Inc. is now accepting submissions for the third biennial Alexis Walker Award, which honors outstanding original scholarship in the field of family science. The $5,000 award will be presented for the third time at the 79th conference of the National Council on Family Relations in November 2017 in Orlando.

February 13, 2017

Blood Test Provides Clues to Bladder Cancer Patients’ Prognoses

New research indicates that about one-quarter of patients with bladder cancer treated with radical surgery on curative intent have detectable levels of tumour cells circulating in their blood. The presence of circulating tumour cells was also a predictor of cancer recurrence and death.

February 10, 2017

How Does Penis Length Change after Prostate Cancer Surgery?

Many patients who have their prostate glands removed as a treatment for prostate cancer complain of shortening in the length of the penis. 

February 10, 2017

Study Provides New Insights on How Diabetes Drug Works

Many individuals with type 2 diabetes produce abnormally low levels of a gut hormone called GLP-1, which normally stimulates insulin release from the pancreas.

7:00 PM EST February 08, 2017

Support for health professionals reduces unnecessary use of antibiotics in hospitals

An updated Cochrane Review published today has identified effective and safe ways to reduce unnecessary use of antibiotics in hospitals. Guidelines and policies that promote better targeting of antibiotics in patients who need them have the greatest impact when they are supported by the most effective ways to change doctors’ behaviour.

12:00 AM EST February 08, 2017

Among Colon Cancer Patients, Smokers Have Worse Outcomes than Non-Smokers

In an analysis of more than 18,000 patients treated for colon cancer, current smokers were 14 percent more likely to die from their colon cancer within five years than patients who had never smoked. 

12:00 AM EST February 08, 2017

Analysis Uncovers Racial Bias in Fatal Shootings by Police

A recent analysis found that among 990 individuals fatally shot by US police officers in 2015, Black civilians were more than twice as likely as White civilians to have been unarmed, and civilians from “other” minority groups were significantly more likely than White civilians to have not posed an imminent threat to the officer(s) or other civilians.

12:00 AM EST February 08, 2017

Are Antivirals a Cost-Effective Therapy During Severe Flu Seasons?

A new study indicates that the antiviral drug oseltamivir can reduce influenza infections and prevent deaths in a cost-saving manner under most pandemic scenarios.

12:00 AM EST February 08, 2017

Could Drugs Replace Gastric Bypass Surgery?

Gastric bypass surgery is one of the most successful treatments for obesity and related disorders; however, some patients may not want to undergo surgery.

12:00 AM EST February 08, 2017

Gold Standard Monitoring of HCC in Patients with Cirrhosis Is Cost-Effective

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the leading cause of death in patients with cirrhosis. A new analysis indicates that following screening guidelines for HCC in cirrhotic patients is lifesaving and cost-effective compared with ‘real life’ monitoring.

12:00 AM EST February 08, 2017

Many Older Adults with Epilepsy May Not Be Receiving Optimal Care

Many older adults with newly diagnosed epilepsy in the United States are being prescribed older anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs), and only half begin treatment with AEDs within the first 30 days of a potential epilepsy diagnosis.

12:00 AM EST February 08, 2017

Men Experience Greater Cognitive Impairment and Short-Term Death Following Hip Surgery

In a study of hip fracture patients, men displayed greater levels of cognitive impairment within the first 22 days of fracture than women, and cognitive limitations increased the risk of dying within six months in both men and women.

12:00 AM EST February 08, 2017

Older Women May Not Be Offered Breast Reconstruction After Mastectomy

A national study from England indicates that older women are often not offered immediate breast reconstruction following a mastectomy, even though guidelines state that surgeons should discuss reconstruction with all suitable patients and that it should be available at the initial surgical operation.

12:00 AM EST February 08, 2017

Poor Thigh Muscle Strength May Increase Women’s Risk of Knee Osteoarthritis

A new study has found that poor strength in the thigh muscles may increase the risk of knee osteoarthritis in women but not men. This relationship was confounded by body mass index (BMI), which itself is known as a risk factor for knee osteoarthritis.

12:00 AM EST February 08, 2017

Study Provides Clues to the Sex Difference in Dyslexia

For reasons that are unclear, males are diagnosed with dyslexia more often than females. Researchers have now found that this may be due to males’ lower average and more variable reading performance relative to females’.

12:00 AM EST February 08, 2017

Study Provides Insights on Optimal Treatment of Paget’s Disease of Bone

In a study of patients with Paget’s disease of bone—a common skeletal disorder that can lead to bone deformity, fractures, osteoarthritis, and bone pain—long-term intensive bisphosphonate therapy conferred no clinical benefit over giving bisphosphonates only when patients felt bone pain.