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October 27, 2016

Many Young Children with Liver Failure Die while Waiting for a Transplant or Soon after Receiving One

A new analysis reveals unacceptable mortality rates in young US children with chronic liver disease while they are on transplant waiting lists as well as after transplantation.

October 25, 2016

Scientists Root for More Cassava Research to Help Meet Greater Demand for Food

Global food demand is expected to grow by 110 per cent over the next 30 to 35 years, and for many of the poorest people on the planet, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, cassava is the most important source of calories. Cassava is also important as a crop that is resistant to climate change, but it has not received the same amount of attention as other staple food crops. 

October 24, 2016

Study Uncovers Brain Changes in Offending Pedophiles

New research reveals that certain alterations in the brain may be present in pedophiles, with differences between hands-on offenders and those who have not sexually offended against children. 

October 20, 2016

Change Is Needed to Prevent Homicides by Individuals with Mental Illness

Following the stabbing death of Dr. Jeroen Ensink, a new father in London who was killed by a mentally ill man who had walked free after attacking a police officer with a knife days earlier, experts are calling for change. They note that the dangerousness of a small but volatile subset of psychiatric patients is not taken seriously enough. 

October 19, 2016

Research Reveals How Novel Osteoporosis Drug Increases Bone Mass

Abaloparatide, a selective activator of the parathyroid hormone receptor, has recently been shown to reduce fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Now new research shows that abaloparatide increases bone mass in rats whose ovaries have been removed by stimulating bone formation, without effects on bone resorption.

October 14, 2016

Replacing Diet Beverages with Water May Help Diabetic Patients Lose Weight

In a study of 81 overweight and obese women with type 2 diabetes who usually consumed diet beverages and were on a weight loss program, those who substituted water for diet beverages after their lunch for 24 weeks had a greater decrease in weight (-6.40 vs. -5.25 kg) and body mass index (-2.49 vs. -2.06 kg/m2) compared with those who continued to consume diet beverages. 

October 13, 2016

Bait Worms Are a Valuable Marine Resource

The humble bait worm wriggling on the hook at the end of angler’s line may be considered a low value resource, but in the first global assessment of its value and impact, researchers have revealed it to be a multi-billion pound global industry worth nearly £6 billion per year. 

October 13, 2016

Genetic Variants May Affect Breast Cancer Drug Concentrations and Patient Outcomes

In a study of 110 women taking the breast cancer drug anastrozole, there were significant differences in patients’ blood levels of the drug that corresponded with variations in the ABCB1 gene. Furthermore, variants in the CYP19A1 gene were associated with additional joint pain and cancer recurrence in patients.

October 13, 2016

Healthcare Workers Describe their Experiences in Caring for Patients with Ebola Virus Disease

Interviews conducted in 2015 with eight nurses and one physician who had worked in Ebola care in Sierra Leone revealed two themes: ‘Experiencing security by learning to manage risks’; and ‘Developing courage and growth by facing personal fears’. 

October 13, 2016

Starving Pancreatic Cancer Cells: Scientists Identify Potential Pancreatic Cancer Target

Researchers have found that a protein called SLC6A14 is overexpressed by several fold in pancreatic tumors taken from patients and in cancerous pancreatic cells lines compared with normal pancreatic tissue or normal pancreatic cells. SLC6A14 transports amino acids into cells to help with cellular metabolism.

October 13, 2016

Study Results May Help Patients after ACL Surgery

A new study provides critical information on how osteoarthritis may arise after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury.

October 13, 2016

Understanding Why Potentially Inappropriate Medications Are Continued at the End of Life

A recent interview study has uncovered factors that may contribute to the use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) at the end of life. 

October 11, 2016

Research Findings May Lead to Promising Zika Virus Drug Targets

Following recent outbreaks of Zika virus and the potential health dangers of infection, especially during pregnancy, scientists are striving to rapidly develop effective antiviral drugs that can halt transmission. Investigators who recently performed detailed analyses of the targets of a key enzyme of the Zika virus have uncovered peculiarities of the viral enzyme, called the NS3 protease.

October 11, 2016

Research Points to Ways to Improve the Therapeutic Potential of Stem Cells

Stem cells hold great promise for transforming medical care related to a diverse range of conditions, but the cells often lose some of their therapeutic potential when scientists try to grow and expand them in the laboratory. A new study, however, provides insights on the cellular mechanisms that might be targeted to help certain stem cells—called human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs)—maintain properties needed to make them clinically useful.

October 03, 2016

Wiley Works With EPAM to Expand Omni-channel Customer Engagement With Efficientlearning.com

NEWTOWN, PA – September 15, 2016 - EPAM Systems, Inc. (NYSE:EPAM), a leading global provider of product development and software engineering solutions, and John Wiley and Sons Inc. (NYSE: JWa and JWb), today announced the successful relaunch of efficientlearning.com, a global, mobile-optimized learning platform for institutions, students, and exam takers. The site utilizes the SAP Hybris Omni-Channel Commerce solution, and combines superior content with a proven online learning methodology to ensure exceptional pass rates. Wiley chose EPAM for its expertise in delivering omnichannel Commerce-focused solutions and its deep publishing industry experience.  

October 03, 2016

Age-Specific Strategies Are Needed when Caring for Older Individuals with HIV

A new article highlights the differences between older and younger adults living with HIV, and offers age-specific strategies on how to provide care.

October 03, 2016

Antibiotics May Be Inappropriate for Uncomplicated Diverticulitis

Antibiotics are advised in most guidelines on diverticulitis, which arises when one or more small pouches in the digestive tract become inflamed or infected. Results from a randomized trial question the effectiveness of this practice, however.

October 03, 2016

Certain Alternative Therapies May Help Patients with Bowel Disorders

A new review looks at the evidence behind the effectiveness of complementary or alternative therapies—including probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, fiber, and herbal medicinal products—for the treatment of bowel disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional constipation, and ulcerative colitis.


October 03, 2016

Clinical Trial Tests Spinal Manipulation Therapy for Migraines

Manual-therapy randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are difficult to perform because it’s challenging to conceal a placebo when patients are able to physically feel a treatment that’s being delivered. Now, though, researchers have successfully completed the first manual-therapy RCT with a documented successful blinding. The three-armed trial evaluated the efficacy of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (CSMT) in the treatment of migraine versus placebo (sham chiropractic) and control (usual drug treatment).

October 03, 2016

Community-Level Resources May Affect Residents’ Mental Health following a Natural Disaster

In a study on the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, residents of communities with high unemployment were at elevated risk of disaster-related post-traumatic stress, but only when individuals were assessed 25–28 months post-disaster and not when they were assessed 13–16 months post-disaster.