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July 22, 2016

Gastrointestinal disorders involve both brain-to-gut and gut-to-brain pathways

New research indicates that in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or indigestion, there is a distinct brain-to-gut pathway, where psychological symptoms begin first, and separately a distinct gut-to-brain pathway, where gut symptoms start first.

 

July 20, 2016

The American Association of Physicists in Medicine and Wiley Announce Publishing Partnership

The American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) and John Wiley and Sons Inc. announced today a publishing partnership for AAPM’s prestigious portfolio of scholarly journals in medical physics. With over 8,000 members globally, the AAPM is one of the largest and most highly regarded professional organizations for researchers and scientists working in medical physics and related fields.

July 19, 2016

Surgical expenses cause financial catastrophe for millions each year

According to an analysis of publicly available data from 186 countries, direct medical costs of surgery put an estimated 43.9 per cent of the world’s population at risk of financial catastrophe and between 30.8 and 57.0 per cent at risk of falling below national and international poverty lines. 

July 18, 2016

Beware of antioxidants, warns scientific review

The lay press and thousands of nutritional products warn of oxygen radicals or oxidative stress and suggest taking so-called antioxidants to prevent or cure disease. Professor Pietro Ghezzi at the Brighton and Sussex Medical School and Professor Harald Schmidt at the University of Maastricht have analyzed the evidence behind this. The result is a clear warning: do not take these supplements unless a clear deficiency is diagnosed by a healthcare professional.

July 18, 2016

Hard-to-treat hypertension may jeopardize sleep apnea patients’ heart health

In a study of patients with hypertension, those with resistant hypertension—meaning that their blood pressure remained elevated despite concurrent use of three antihypertensive agents of different classes—had a higher rate of sleep apnea (9.6%) than those without resistant hypertension (7.2%). Resistant hypertensive patients with sleep apnea had an increased risk of ischemic heart events and congestive heart failure compared with patients with sleep apnea and non-resistant hypertension. There were no differences in risk of stroke and premature death in patients with resistant versus non-resistant hypertension, however.

July 18, 2016

High fat diet improves cartilage repair in mice

Obesity is a well-known risk factor for osteoarthritis, but its effects on cartilage repair are unknown. In a recent study in a mouse model of cartilage repair, a high fat diet and increased body weight did not negatively impair cartilage repair, and it could even accelerate it. 

July 18, 2016

Liver diseases exhibit differing patterns in ethnic minorities

Chronic liver disease (CLD) and cirrhosis are serious liver conditions but little is known about how they affect ethnic minority populations in the United States. When researchers examined CLD and cirrhosis among different groups, they found that the prevalence of CLD ranged from 3.9 percent in African Americans and Native Hawaiians to 4.1 percent in whites, 6.7 percent in Latinos, and 6.9 percent in Japanese. 

July 18, 2016

Modified rye bread helps patients with irritable bowel syndrome

Patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are often concerned that certain foods may trigger or worsen their symptoms, which can include abdominal pain, diarrhea, or constipation. In a new study, patients who ate rye bread that was low in so-called “FODMAPs” (fermentable oligo- di- and mono-saccharides and polyols) experienced milder IBS symptoms than patients who ate normal rye bread.

July 18, 2016

Research examines how to optimize nanoparticles for efficient drug delivery

Nanoparticles are being studied as drug delivery systems to treat a wide variety of diseases. New research delves into the physical properties of nanoparticles that are important for successfully delivering therapeutics within the body, with a primary focus on size. This is especially important as relatively subtle differences in size can affect cell uptake and determine the fate of nanoparticles once within cells.

July 18, 2016

Risk of low blood sugar differs among similar diabetes drugs

Adding sulphonylureas (SUs) to metformin remains a commonly used strategy for treating type 2 diabetes, but individual SUs differ and may confer different risks of abnormally low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia. SUs—which include newer generation agents such as gliclazide, glipizide, glimepiride, and glibenclamide—stimulate the production of insulin in the pancreas and increase the effectiveness of insulin in the body.

July 18, 2016

Soy-based protein boosts hunger hormone and stimulates appetite

Researchers have discovered a protein that stimulates secretion of ghrelin, an appetite-stimulating hormone produced in the stomach. When fed to mice, the protein, called soy-ghretropin, increased blood levels of ghrelin and boosted their appetite. 

July 18, 2016

Study reveals new link between periodontal and cerebrovascular diseases

A new study has revealed a relationship between chronic periodontitis and lacunar infarct, two common diseases in the elderly. Chronic periodontitis is an inflammatory disease of the gums, whereas lacunar infarct is a type of cerebral small vessel disease that can lead to a stroke.

July 12, 2016

International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics to publish with Wiley

John Wiley and Sons Inc. announced today that it has been selected by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) as its publishing partner for its distinguished publication, the International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics (IJGO). This agreement, commencing in January 2017, will see the Journal move to the Wiley Online Library platform.

July 07, 2016

Children who watch lots of TV may have poor bone health later in life

Consistently watching high levels of television during childhood and adolescence were linked with lower peak bone mass at age 20 years in a recent study.

 

July 05, 2016

Study Examines Trends Related to Osteoporotic Fractures in England and Wales

In 2005, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in England and Wales provided new guidance on the use of anti-osteoporosis therapies for the prevention of additional fractures in patients who had experienced osteoporotic fractures, which was followed by market authorization of a generic form of alendronic acid. 

July 04, 2016

Complete Clearance of Hepatitis B Is Rare – Especially in Women and People of Asian Descent

Researchers at several different US sites have found that less than one-third of 1% of patients infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) get rid of the virus per year, and overall, only 1.2% of patients finally get rid of it. 

July 04, 2016

Many Malaysian Children with Epilepsy Are Vitamin D Deficient

Long-term use of antiepileptic drugs is a significant risk factor for vitamin D deficiency in children with epilepsy. A new Epilepsia study found that despite living in the tropics, a high proportion of Malaysian children with epilepsy are at risk of vitamin D deficiency. 

July 04, 2016

Poor Physical Performance May Be an Early Sign of Late-Age Dementia

Poor physical performance was linked with an increased risk of developing dementia in a study of individuals aged 90 and older who were followed for an average of 2.6 years.

July 04, 2016

Socioeconomic Status Influences the Risk and Stage of Penile Cancer

Low educational level, low disposable income, being divorced or never married, and living in a single-person household all increase the risk of advanced stage penile cancer, according to new research. 

July 04, 2016

US Water Initiatives Will Provide New Insights on Hydrology Forecasts

A new article looks at how two recent developments, the Open Water Data Initiative, and the new National Water Center, have created a platform for the open sharing of water data in the United States.

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