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December 08, 2016

Review Examines Rates and Predictors of Recurrence following Surgery for Crohn’s Disease

Some patients with Crohn’s disease, a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the lining of the digestive tract, require surgery to remove part or all of the large intestine; however, surgery does not cure the condition and many patients relapse after surgery. A new review and analysis of published studies provides insights on the rates of relapse and predictors of relapse among Crohn’s disease patients who underwent surgical removal of the entire large intestine (total colectomy) and the creation of a permanent ileostomy (an opening in the abdominal wall).

December 07, 2016

Evolution Letters – A New Open Access Journal Set to Launch In 2017

Hoboken, NJ – December 7, 2016 – John Wiley and Sons, Inc. (NYSE: JWa and JWb), the European Society of Evolutionary Biology (ESEB), and The Society for the Study of Evolution™ (SSE) have announced the launch of a new open access publication, Evolution Letters.

December 07, 2016

Plants Engineered to Express a Fruit Fly Gene May Help Clean Up Environmental Pollutant

Through a process called phytoremediation, researchers are using plants to clean up land contaminated with TNT, a toxic environmental pollutant and possible carcinogen. Now a new study shows how a gene found in the common fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, can be used by Arabidopsis plants to improve TNT removal from contaminated soil.

December 06, 2016

Body Composition May Affect Older Women’s Risk of Urinary Incontinence

In a study of older women, the prevalence of stress- and urgency urinary incontinence (SUI and UUI) was at least two-fold higher among women in the highest category of body mass index (BMI) or fat mass compared with women in the lowest category. 

December 06, 2016

Game Theory Can Help Protect against Terrorist Attacks

A new article explains how game theory and algorithms are being used to optimize security and patrol schedules to prevent terrorist attacks.

December 05, 2016

A Potential Target for Restoring Ejaculation in Men with Spinal Cord Injuries or Ejaculatory Disorders

New research provides insights on how to restore the ability to ejaculate in men who are not able to do so. 

December 05, 2016

Availability of Human Food Shortens and Disrupts Bears’ Hibernation

With winter approaching, bears all over the world are getting ready to hibernate. New research suggests that not all bears will spend entire winter in their dens, however, especially where baiting and other kinds of bear feeding is performed for hunting purposes and diversion from human settlements.

December 05, 2016

Baby Robots Help Humans Understand Infant Development

To understand the world, human beings fabricate and experiment. To understand ourselves and how we come to be the way we are, researchers are currently building baby robots with mechanisms that model aspects of the infant brain and body. Such robots will help investigators explore the complexity of development and grasp the complicated dynamics of a child’s mind and behavior.

December 05, 2016

Flowers Use Physics to Attract Pollinators

A new review indicates that flowers may be able to manipulate the laws of physics, by playing with light, using mechanical tricks, and harnessing electrostatic forces to attract pollinators.

December 05, 2016

Genetically Altered Goats May Produce Milk that Causes Fewer Allergic Reactions

The presence of the allergen β-Lactoglobulin (BLG) in the milk of goats and other ungulates restricts the consumption of goat’s milk by humans. In a new study, researchers bred goats to lack BLG or to express human α-lactalbumin in place of BLG. 

December 05, 2016

Plant Scientists Propose New Classification System for European Vegetation

Experts have presented a new classification system for vegetation in Europe that aims to standardize classifications across the continent and aid the European Union Nature Information System, which brings together data for nature resource management and conservation, land planning, education, and environmental policy implementation.

December 05, 2016

Report Reassesses Variations in Global Warming

Experts at the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) have issued a new assessment of temperature trends and variations from the latest available data and analyses. They present evidence that global warming slowed less from 1998 to 2012 than first thought. 

December 05, 2016

Researchers Stress the Need for Research on Ebola Virus Disease in Great Apes

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a threat to human health, but it also threatens the survival of African great apes. A new review examines the current knowledge about EVD in great apes and documents the link between outbreaks in apes and in humans, mainly via bushmeat consumption.

December 05, 2016

Study Examines Aspects of Family Relationships that May Affect Children’s Disruptive Behaviour

A new study has examined the interaction between coparenting and coercive parenting in predicting children’s disruptive behaviour.  

December 05, 2016

Study Examines the Impact of Climate Change on Freshwater Species

How might climate change affect the distribution of freshwater species living in rivers, ponds, and lakes? Investigators examined the capacity of species to shift their distributions in response to climate change using modeled projections of 527 freshwater species in New South Wales, Australia.

December 05, 2016

Test Used to Diagnose Asthma May Not Be Accurate

A new study urges caution in the use of the mannitol challenge test for asthma in non-clinical settings. The test is considered widely applicable to detect asthma, but its accuracy outside of patients referred for specialized respiratory has not been thoroughly explored before.

November 30, 2016

Wiley launches new Spectra Lab applications to help scientists manage analytical data

Wiley today announced the launch of Wiley Spectra Lab Desktop edition and Wiley Spectra Lab Server edition, providing flexible options, enhanced features, and essential tools for any organization managing analytical data. In addition to providing access to the world’s largest collection of 2.3 million curated reference spectra, the Desktop edition allows scientists to build their own knowledge bases. The Server edition takes this one step further, providing everything the desktop has to offer combined with centralized storage and controlled access for the whole organization.  

November 29, 2016

New Research Could Help Replace Petrochemicals with Biodegradable Microbial Products

Researchers are actively studying polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), a family of natural polyesters produced by microorganisms that may represent biodegradable and biocompatible substitutes for petroleum-based plastics. For the past 30 years, investigators have been striving to determine the crystal structure of an important enzyme in the production of PHAs-- called PHA synthase-- but without success. Now a team publishing two articles in Biotechnology Journal reports success, while also elucidating mechanisms of the enzyme reaction involved in PHA production.

12:00 AM EST November 28, 2016

Electronic Prescribing of High Risk Medications May Be Contributing to Falls in Elderly Patients

Certain medications are considered high risk in elders. In a recent study of 287 individuals ≥65 years who experienced a fall while hospitalized at an urban academic hospital, 62 percent of falls occurred in patients in whom high risk medications had been administered within the 24 hours before the fall.

November 22, 2016

NFL Doctors Should Be Loyal to Players, not Teams

As concerns for the health of current and former players in the National Football League have been mounting, a new report explores the importance of players receiving health care free from conflicts of interest experienced by club doctors and athletic trainers.