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June 20, 2016

Childhood-Onset Epilepsy Has Long-Term Effects on Patients’ Health and Social Status

Children and adolescents with epilepsy experience significant long-term socioeconomic consequences and higher personal health care costs. The findings come from a study that followed young epilepsy patients until 30 years of age.

June 20, 2016

Cognitive Reserve May Help Protect Against Delirium

New research suggests that higher late life cognitive reserve—an ability to offset the losses associated with age- and disease-related changes in the brain—may help prevent delirium.

June 20, 2016

Experts Examine the Environmental Impact of Crime

New research indicates that crime committed in 2011 in England and Wales gave rise to more than 4 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalents. 

June 20, 2016

Lizard Tail Adaptations May Reflect Predators’ Color Vision Capabilities

Juveniles of numerous lizard species have a vividly blue-colored tail that likely serves to deflect predator attacks toward the detachable tail rather than the lizard’s body. Now researchers have found that certain differences in blue and UV light reflectance in lizard tails are likely adaptations to predators with different color vision capabilities.

 

June 20, 2016

Low Doses of Common Cancer Drug May Promote Cancer Spread

New research indicates that paclitaxel, which is the most commonly used chemotherapy for breast cancer, suppresses tumors when given at a certain dosage, but at low doses, it actually promotes cancer spread to the liver. 

June 20, 2016

Smoking May Have Negative Effects on Sperm Quality

A recent study found that that sperm of men who smoke has a greater extent of DNA damage than that of non-smokers. 

June 20, 2016

Wild Boars and Wart Hogs May Have an Internal Compass

New research suggests for the first time that wild boars and wart hogs have an internal magnetic compass that helps them orient themselves as they forage for food and inhabit new areas.

June 19, 2016

Researchers Provide New Insights on Coral Bleaching

Reef-building corals have a symbiotic relationship with Symbiodinium algae, and environmental stressors that cause algae to be expelled from reefs can give rise to the phenomenon known as coral bleaching.

June 15, 2016

Nine journals to become open access under partnership between Wiley and Hindawi

John Wiley and Sons, Inc. and Hindawi today announced a new partnership that will strengthen both publishers’ commitment to open access publishing. This new collaboration will see nine Wiley subscription journals converting to open access starting in January 2017. Hindawi will take over the editorial and production workflow for each of the journals within the partnership, which will be hosted on the Hindawi website, allowing them to benefit from the publisher’s experience in publishing high quality journals on an open access basis.

5:05 AM EDT June 07, 2016

Models Make Predictions on Olympic Medals

How many medals will each country win in Rio at this Summer’s Olympic Games? Researchers who derived predictions from two different models anticipate that the USA, China, Russia, and the UK will retain their top positions in the medals ranking, but Brazil and Japan are expected to make the biggest gains. 

June 06, 2016

Anti-Epileptic Drug Linked to Birth Defects when Taken with Other Drugs

In an analysis of pregnancies in Australia from 1999 to 2014 in which women were taking anti-epileptic drugs, fetal malformation rates fell over time in pregnancies where only one drug was taken, but rates increased in pregnancies where multiple drugs were taken.

June 06, 2016

Ebola Map May Help Prepare for Future Outbreaks

To be prepared for new Ebola virus disease cases, it is fundamental to start by identifying the range of the virus and the regions that are more favorable for its propagation.

June 06, 2016

New Research on Snakes May Provide Insights on Evolution

Pythons and boas are distantly related, but new research indicates that they have evolved convergent physical characteristics when living in similar habitats—meaning that they evolved similar solutions to similar problems.

June 06, 2016

New Test Allows for One-Step Diagnosis of HCV Infection

The current standard in diagnosing Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection requires two sequential steps that make it suboptimal, costly, inconvenient, time consuming, and globally not widely available or affordable. Now researchers have developed a novel enzyme immunoassay that accomplishes screening and diagnosis in one simple and affordable step.

 

June 06, 2016

Recent Research Uncovers Surprises about Antibiotic Resistance

It’s thought that antibiotic resistance is associated with a fitness cost, meaning that bacteria that develop antibiotic resistance must sacrifice something in order to do so. Because of this, proper use of antibiotics should result in susceptible strains eventually replacing resistant ones. 

June 06, 2016

Study Examines Unsafe Behaviors in Older Adults who Likely Have Dementia

Older adults who likely have dementia but have not been given the diagnosis are more likely to engage in potentially unsafe activities, new research suggests.

May 27, 2016

Research Reveals that Sharks Have Individual Personalities

A new study indicates that sharks of the same species can have different personalities.

May 26, 2016

Investigational Drugs Show Promise for Treating Overactive Bladder

In a recent study of patients with overactive bladder (OAB), a 30 mg extended release formulation of propiverine hydrochloride was at least as effective and safe as a 4 mg extended release formulation of tolterodine tartrate. Both medications are called antimuscarinic drugs that block certain cell receptors, but propiverine differs from other antimuscarinics because of a dual mode of action.

May 19, 2016

The Effects of Laxatives May Provide New Clues Concerning Parkinson’s Disease

 

In a recent retrospective analysis, investigators discovered that the year-on-year increase in rigidity found in Parkinson’s disease flattened off with the regular use of laxatives to manage constipation.

 

May 16, 2016

Antipsychotic Drugs Are Linked with an Increased Risk of Heart Attacks

A review of nine observational studies found evidence supporting an increased risk of heart attacks in patients taking antipsychotic drugs.

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