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News from Annals of Neurology.
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A more mobile work force is increasing the risk of measles outbreaks. Paul Burgess from NT Centre for Disease Control, and colleagues, used a case study of ‘fly-in fly-out’ workers on an offshore industrial vessel to highlight how easy it is for measles to spread over large distances, both domestically and internationally.
From: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
From: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
From: Geophysical Research Letters
From: Institute of Development Studies Bulletin
From: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research
From: Marine Mammal Science
From: Journal of Wildlife Management
Study Reveals Differences in Post-Operative Complications Across Race, Ethnicity, and Sex in Older Patients
Older black and Hispanic patients have a greater risk than white patients of developing complications following surgery, a difference that can be explained by a patients' gender and pre-existing medical conditions. These findings, which are published today in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (JAGS), indicate that efforts to carefully evaluate risk factors prior to surgery need more attention, particularly for older minority patients.
From: Mammal Review
In the U.S., there are nearly 300,000 children with juvenile arthritis and other rheumatic illnesses according to estimates from the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). For pediatric patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), effective treatment for this disabling disease is imperative. New treatment recommendations that guide physicians caring for children with systemic JIA are now published in the ACR journals, Arthritis & Rheumatism and Arthritis Care & Research.
Researchers have long known that violence toward spouses and partners increases with the frequency and volume of drinking. A study published today in the scientific journal Addiction shows that the context in which drinking occurs also appears to play a role in violence against partners, with male violence being linked to drinking away from home and female violence being linked to drinking at home.
Clinical Trial Strives to Provide Optimal Care During High-Risk Pregnancies with Smaller Than Normal Babies
Researchers are conducting a clinical trial to help determine the best timing of delivery in preterm pregnancies complicated by poor fetal growth. Preliminary results from the trial, which are published early online in Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology, demonstrate better than expected health outcomes in this high-risk group of fetuses.
Functional Disability High Among Newly Diagnosed Older Breast Cancer Patients, Especially African-Americans
Many older women with newly diagnosed breast cancer have difficulty accomplishing daily tasks, and African-Americans seem to be disproportionately affected. Those are the findings of a new study published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. The study’s results suggest that many breast cancer patients could benefit from receiving therapy to improve their physical function.
Shoppers spend over £10 billion on bananas annually and now this demand is being linked to the contamination of Central America’s crocodilians. New research, published in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, analyses blood samples from spectacled caiman in Costa Rica and finds that intensive pesticide use in plantations leads to contaminated species in protected conservation areas.
Pregnant women with high or low BMI are at higher risk of maternal complications, hospital admissions and increased health service costs, suggests new study
Pregnant women with a body mass index (BMI) that is too high or too low are more likely to have maternal complications, require additional hospital care and incur higher medical costs, according to a new study published today (18 September) in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
Nanjing University of Technology and Shanghai Jiao Tong University Host Ceremonies
From: Depression and Anxiety