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1:00 AM EST February 23, 2017

Osteoporosis Screening and Treatment Fall Short for Women with Hip Fractures

It’s important to identify and treat osteoporosis following hip fracture, but a large study found low rates of assessment and treatment in postmenopausal women who had suffered a hip fracture.

12:00 AM EST February 23, 2017

Adolescent Sleepiness May Contribute to Future Crimes

In a recent study of adolescents, those who reported being sleepy during the day were more likely to be antisocial, and they were 4.5-times more likely to commit crime by age 29.

12:00 AM EST February 23, 2017

Experts Seek to Jump-Start Vaccine Development

Although many infectious diseases lack vaccines, current vaccine research is limited, primarily due to an understandable but unfortunate lack of commercial interest. A new article identifies and discusses the gaps in human capital necessary for robust vaccine development.

12:00 AM EST February 23, 2017

Foot Pain Often Occurs in Clusters

A new study indicates that particular areas of foot pain are more likely to occur together, and these clusters have specific characteristics.

12:00 AM EST February 23, 2017

Many Patients Do Not Obtain Medications When First Prescribed

A new analysis indicates that not obtaining a medication the first time it is prescribed—called initial medication non-adherence—is common among patients within the Catalan health system in Spain.

12:00 AM EST February 23, 2017

Meditation Benefits Patients with ALS

An eight-week mindfulness-based meditation program led to improved quality of life and psychological well-being in clinical trial of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

12:00 AM EST February 23, 2017

Modified Atkins Diet Helps Children with Rare Form of Epilepsy

Doose syndrome or myoclonic-astatic epilepsy is a rare syndrome accounting for one to two percent of childhood epilepsies. A ketogenic diet, which is low in carbohydrates and high in fat, is an effective treatment, but it is very restrictive and difficult to follow.

12:00 AM EST February 23, 2017

Nursing Home Residents Need More Activities to Help Them Thrive

In a survey of staff from 172 Swedish nursing homes, most residents had been outside the nursing home during the previous week, but only one-fifth had been on an outing or excursion.

12:00 AM EST February 23, 2017

Rates of Bowel Disease in Denmark Continue to Rise

New research indicates that the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease—including ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD)—in Denmark is on the rise and is among the highest in the world.

12:00 AM EST February 23, 2017

Researchers Ponder the Shape of Birds’ Eggs

The shape of birds’ eggs varies considerably, for reasons that are unclear. The peculiarly elongated and pointed shape of the Common Guillemot’s egg is thought to prevent it from rolling off the narrow cliff ledge it is laid on, but new research suggests instead that the shape has more to do with providing resistance against impacts and protection from faecal and other contamination.

12:00 AM EST February 23, 2017

The Role of Weight in Postmenopausal Women’s Longevity

In a large multiethnic study, being underweight was linked with an increased risk of early death among postmenopausal women.

12:00 AM EST February 23, 2017

Using Dogs to Find Cats

Investigators are using specially-trained detection dogs to determine the numbers and distribution of cheetah in a region of Western Zambia. The research represents the first demonstration of this strategy for wide-ranging species that are often threatened.

February 21, 2017

Improvements in ACL Surgery May Help Prevent Knee Osteoarthritis

Injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee frequently leads to early-onset osteoarthritis, a painful condition that can occur even if the patient has undergone ACL reconstruction to prevent its onset. 

12:00 AM EST February 20, 2017

Many Cancer Survivors Change Their Prescription Drug Use for Financial Reasons

A new analysis indicates that many cancer survivors change their prescription drug use (including skipping doses or requesting cheaper medications) for financial reasons. 

February 20, 2017

Study Points to Treatment Strategy for Anorexia

New research conducted in adolescent rodents provides insights on the mechanisms behind anorexia nervosa and points to a potential treatment strategy.

February 17, 2017

In-Mouse Catalysis: Organ-targeted metal-complex catalysis within living biological systems

Address and deliver: A gold catalyst can be delivered to a target organ in a higher organism where it performs a chemical transformation visualized by bioimaging. This intriguing approach has been introduced by a Japanese team of scientists in the journal Angewandte Chemie. It could make organometallic catalysis applicable for therapy or diagnostics.

February 16, 2017

Depression or Anxiety May Increase Risk of Surgical Wound Complications

Patients’ mental health may affect their risk of experiencing wound-related complications after surgery, new research indicates.

February 16, 2017

Mosquito Netting Is Effective for Hernia Repair in a Low-Income Country

In a study conducted in rural Uganda, use of mosquito mesh reduced the cost of groin hernia repair surgery by more than $120 (nearly €120) compared with a commercial mesh, without sacrificing effectiveness.

February 15, 2017

Bursting Pods: Molecular switch drives powerful movement by opposing twisting helices

Plants are capable of producing powerful movement that is initiated at the molecular level. This fast motion is often supported by helix-based architectures, for example in vetches or orchids that spread seeds by explosive opening of their pods. Researchers now demonstrate in the journal Angewandte Chemie that these biological strategies can be re-engineered by interfacing molecular switches with man-made materials.

February 13, 2017

The Wiley Prize in Family Science: Submissions for The Alexis Walker Award Now Open

John Wiley & Sons, Inc. is now accepting submissions for the third biennial Alexis Walker Award, which honors outstanding original scholarship in the field of family science. The $5,000 award will be presented for the third time at the 79th conference of the National Council on Family Relations in November 2017 in Orlando.