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In a recent article, the Editors-in-Chief of two leading ethics journals stress that there should be better protections for patients from doctors’ personal values as well as more severe restrictions on the right of clinicians to conscientious objection, particularly in relation to assisted dying.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most common liver disease worldwide, is increasing in prevalence and is currently estimated to affect approximately one-quarter of the general population. A new study published in the journal Hepatology reveals the clinical and economic burden of NAFLD in the United States and Europe. The findings will help clinicians and policy makers develop strategies to deal with this serious chronic disease.
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In a study of cancer patients considering whether they should participate in phase I clinical trials, a high percentage were willing to participate after discussions with clinical staff, but nearly half thought that their tumors would shrink, which is much higher than what is realistically achieved. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings demonstrate the challenges facing patients and healthcare professionals during their interactions in phase I studies.
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A new article suggests that an enzyme deficiency seen in the lysosomal storage disorder Krabbe’s disease may point to new and contributing mechanisms underlying certain late-onset neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease.
In grasslands, growing plants in higher diversity fields may help alleviate the negative impacts of flooding. This finding may extend to how we grow important food crops.
Seattle, WA-September 15, 2016-Ranku, a recruitment technology and predictive analytics software company for higher education, announced today that it has been acquired by John Wiley & Sons (NYSE: JWa and JWb), a global provider of knowledge and learning solutions that improves outcomes in research, professional practice, and education.
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A recent analysis of results from a randomized controlled clinical trial indicates that abaloparatide-SC, a novel therapy for osteoporosis, provides consistent protection against bone fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis regardless of their baseline bone density, age, and previous history of fracture.
Binge-eating disorder (BED) was linked with a broad range of other illnesses in a recent study, with the strongest associations related to the endocrine and circulatory systems.
Solid fuels used for cooking are the prevailing source of indoor pollution in developing countries. Now a worldwide ecological assessment has found that rates of pneumonia among young children in different countries are linked with the use of solid fuels.
A recent review and analysis of published studies since 2005 found low-to-moderate evidence that dietary and exercise interventions can improve physical function and quality of life in older adults with obesity.
Researchers suspected that experience with passing vehicles may cause birds to adjust their avoidance responses—specifically, to increase their flight initiation distances—to keep from being hit. Instead, though, they recently found that inexperienced birds have longer flight initiation distances in response to oncoming vehicles than birds that have repeatedly observed passing, fast-moving vehicles.
Neurologists who examined how brain death and organ donation are portrayed in film and television found that only a small fraction of productions provide the public with a complete and accurate understanding of brain death. In addition, most productions do not provide professional discussions about organ donation.
A new article provides an overview of the impacts of the Fukushima Nuclear Power Station accident in Japan in 2011 and subsequent remediation measures, comparing similarities and differences with the lessons learned from the 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident in Ukraine.
In a recent analysis, people with epilepsy were seven-fold more likely to have reported experiencing discrimination due to health problems than the general population. This risk was greater than other chronic health problems such as diabetes, asthma and migraines.
New research looks into how social networks among wild great tits, as they forage in flocks during the winter, carry over into shaping the set locations at which the birds breed and raise their young during the spring.
Coaxing stem cells from patients to become heart cells may help clinicians personalize drug treatments and prevent heart-related toxicity. A new review looks at the potential of this strategy, noting that these so-called human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes may be used in screening methods to determine which patients are at risk of experiencing heart-damaging effects of chemotherapy agents and other drugs.
Sixty percent of children with ADHD in a recent study demonstrated persistence of symptoms into their mid-20’s, and 41 percent had both symptoms and impairment as young adults.