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A new analysis of numerous studies indicates that men and women aged 60 years and older who have experienced a hip fracture are at increased risk of dying not only in the short term after the fracture, but also a number of years later.
A new review discusses important consideration when caring for children who have received liver transplants.
Researchers have found that certain plant-derived products may help prevent and treat hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Proanthocyanidin (PAC) and its analogs, oolonghomobisflavanes, act by inhibiting viral entry into host cells.
A weekly dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor was just as effective at controlling type 2 diabetic patients’ blood sugar as a daily DPP-4 inhibitor in a recent randomized clinical trial.
Composite Material for Water Purification: Removal of multiple contaminants from water by supported ionic liquid phases
Fresh, clean water coming directly from the tap is a true luxury. In developing countries, people often have no choice but to use a contaminated river for drinking water. Water filters can help by quickly converting polluted surface or ground water into safe drinking water. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, researchers have now introduced a novel multifunctional composite material that removes inorganic, organic, radioactive, and microbial impurities from water.
A study shows that a certain intervention called testimony therapy plus ceremony reduced symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression among Khmer Rouge torture survivors from across Cambodia.
For the first time, we now have a randomized trial comparing active monitoring, surgery, and radiation therapy for the management of localized prostate cancer. In a recent BJU International article, experts note that the investigators are to be congratulated on their highly anticipated landmark study, the Prostate testing for cancer and Treatment (ProtecT) trial; however, they point to several limitations in the recruitment of patients for the study and differences in the active monitoring protocol in the study compared with contemporary practice.
To protect people against potentially deadly infectious disease outbreaks, it is critical that scientists and governments rapidly share information about the pathogens that cause them. The first study of the Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data (GISAID) shows how it is possible to encourage the greater international sharing of such data, despite numerous challenges that exist.
A new systematic review, published in the Cochrane Library today, suggests that yoga may lead to a reduction in pain and functional ability in people with chronic non-specific lower back pain over the short term, compared with no exercise. However, researchers advise that more studies are needed to provide information on long-term effects.
Hoboken, NJ – January 10, 2017 – John Wiley and Sons, Inc. (NYSE: JWa and JWb) George Mason University have entered into a 10-year agreement that will expand the scope of George Mason’s online graduate programs and strengthen the university’s commitment to providing transformative educational opportunities for working adults and non-traditional students.
International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis Partners with Wiley to Launch New Open Access Journal
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis (RPTH), New Peer-Reviewed E-Publication for Global Scientific Community, Now Open for Submissions
Out-of-pocket expenditures are thought to be a significant barrier to receiving cancer preventive services, especially for individuals of lower socioeconomic status. A new study looks at how the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which eliminated such out-of-pocket expenditures, has affected the use of mammography and colonoscopy. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study found that use of mammography, but not colonoscopy, increased after the ACA.
Spain is leading the world in deceased organ donation. A new article published in the American Journal of Transplantation contains important information that can help other countries learn from the success of the Spanish system to help address the worldwide problem of transplant organ shortages.
Speeding Up 19th Century Oil Paintings: Lead acetate and mastic resin in paint mixtures helped artists 200 years ago
The fluid and loose brushwork used by J.W.M. Turner and other innovative 19th century artists to capture the momentary effects of light was technically made possible by the addition of "gumtion" or "megilp" to the paint matrix, which gave the paints the jelly-like consistency needed for their impasto-rich paintwork. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, scientists unveil the crucial role lead acetate played in this gelation process.
Previous case reports in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) have suggested that treatment with bisphosphonates, which are commonly prescribed for osteoporosis, may be associated with atypical femur fractures. A new retrospective study of 119 children with OI indicates that such fractures are related to the severity of OI rather than to bisphosphonate use, however.
In a population-based study from Scotland, use of commonly-prescribed acid suppression medications such as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) was linked with an increased risk of intestinal infections with C. difficile and Campylobacter bacteria, which can cause considerable illness.
Keeping Killer whales in zoos and aquariums has become highly controversial. In a new paper, experts outline several novel ideas for improving the lives of Killer whales in zoological institutions by enhancing the communication, feeding, environment, and health of the animals in order to elicit natural behaviours seen in the wild.
A new comprehensive review examines the potential health benefits of resistant starch, a form of starch that is not digested in the small intestine and is therefore considered a type of dietary fibre. Some forms of resistant starch occur naturally in foods such as bananas, potatoes, grains, and legumes, and some are produced or modified commercially and incorporated into food products.
Harmonization Needed! Standardized analytic protocols will help to assess the amount, quality, and risk of microplastic contaminants in aquatic ecosystems, says a review
Since the first reports on a dramatic increase in microplastic contamination in the sea twenty years ago, research efforts have intensified worldwide. A review in the journal Angewandte Chemie has critically evaluated these studies and concludes that the analytical methods have to be harmonized to get comparable data. Further development is needed to assess particles in the lower micrometer range and below as well, as these pose the highest risks for aquatic ecosystems.
A new analysis has found that although the risk of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the Arctic environment is low for seals, it is 2 orders of magnitude higher than the safety threshold for adult polar bears and even more (3 orders of magnitude above the threshold) for bear cubs fed with contaminated milk.