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September 15, 2014

A Thin Line Lies Between Fantasy and Reality in People with Psychopathic Traits

New research indicates that people with psychopathic traits have a preference for nonromantic sexual fantasies with anonymous and uncommitted partners. The study’s investigators noted that psychopathic sexual behavior is likely due to a preference for sexual activity outside a loving, committed relationship rather than only an inability to form such relationships.

September 15, 2014

Airborne Particles Beyond Traffic Fumes May Affect Asthma Risk

Researchers in Sydney and Newcastle, Australia have found that elements of dust, particularly those coarse particles that contain iron traces, stimulate the production of inflammatory molecules in cells from the airways of mice and healthy human volunteers. Surprisingly, traffic fume pollutants did not cause these changes. The findings are featured in a new Respirology study.

September 15, 2014

Cellular Protein May Be Key to Longevity

Researchers have found that levels of a regulatory protein called ATF4, and the corresponding levels of the molecules whose expression it controls, are elevated in the livers of mice exposed to multiple interventions known increase longevity.

September 15, 2014

Does Having Daughters Cause Judges to Rule for Women's Issues?

Judges with daughters consistently vote in a more feminist fashion on gender issues than judges who have only sons, and the effect appears to be driven primarily by Republican judges.

September 15, 2014

Genes May Help Explain Why Some People Are Naturally More Interested in Music than Others

Research suggests that genes that affect hearing and cognitive function may play roles in one’s musical aptitude, or the ability to understand and perceive rhythm, pitch, timbre, tone durations, and formal structure in music.

September 15, 2014

Habitual Facebook Users: Suckers for Social Media Scams?

A new study finds that habitual use of Facebook makes individuals susceptible to social media phishing attacks by criminals, likely because they automatically respond to requests without considering how they are connected with those sending the requests, how long they have known them, or who else is connected with them.

September 15, 2014

How Are Hybridized Species Affecting Wildlife?

Researchers who transplanted combinations of wild, domesticated, and domesticated-wild hybridized populations of a fish species to new environments found that within 5 to 11 generations, selection could remove introduced foreign genes from wild populations that hybridized with domesticated populations.

September 15, 2014

How a change in slope affects lava flows

As soon as lava flows from a volcano, exposure to air and wind causes it to start to cool and harden. Rather than hardening evenly, the energy exchange tends to take place primarily at the surface. The cooling causes a crust to form on the outer edges of the lava flow, insulating the molten lava within. This hardened lava shell allows a lava flow to travel much further than it would otherwise, while cracks in the lava’s crust can cause it to draw up short.

12:00 AM EDT September 15, 2014

Hypersensitivity to Non-Painful Events May Be Part of Pathology in Fibromyalgia

New research shows that patients with fibromyalgia have hypersensitivity to non-painful events based on images of the patients’ brains, which show reduced activation in primary sensory regions and increased activation in sensory integration areas. Findings published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), suggest that brain abnormalities in response to non-painful sensory stimulation may cause the increased unpleasantness that patients experience in response to daily visual, auditory and tactile stimulation.

September 15, 2014

If Hippopotamuses Can’t Swim, How Can Some Be Living on Islands?

There is no published account where hippopotamuses are demonstrably shown swimming or floating at the surface of any body of water. But if they can’t swim, how did they reach and colonize islands?

September 15, 2014

Largest ever study of awareness during general anaesthesia identifies risk factors and consequences for patients, including long-term psychological harm

Accidental awareness is one of the most feared complications of general anaesthesia for both patients and anaesthetists. Patients report this failure of general anaesthesia in approximately 1 in every 19,000 cases, according to a report published in Anaesthesia. Known as accidental awareness during general anaesthesia (AAGA), it occurs when general anaesthesia is intended but the patient remains conscious.  This incidence of patient reports of awareness is much lower than previous estimates of awareness, which were as high as 1 in 600.

September 15, 2014

Poor Diet May Increase Risk of Parkinson's Disease

Obesity caused by a high-fat diet may increase the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease, new research in mice suggests. Upon aging, a high-fat diet significantly accelerated the onset of neurological symptoms in mice that were genetically predisposed to develop Parkinson’s disease.

September 15, 2014

The Smell of Politics – People Are Attracted to the Body Odor of Others with Similar Political Beliefs

A new study reveals that people find the smell of others with similar political opinions to be attractive, suggesting that one of the reasons why so many spouses share similar political views is because they were initially and subconsciously attracted to each other’s body odor.

September 15, 2014

Working Long Hours May Increase Risk of Coronary Heart Disease

Working more than a 40-hour week has been linked to stress, dissatisfaction, and compromised health, and now new research on 8,350 Korean adults finds that it may also increase one’s risk of developing coronary heart disease, or narrowing of the blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart.

7:00 PM EDT September 14, 2014

Cheaper alternative to licensed drug for treating eye disease has similar side-effects says new Cochrane Review

Health policies which favour using ranibizumab for treating eye disease in older people over safety concerns for a cheaper alternative should take account of a new Cochrane Review published today.

September 10, 2014

Living Liver Donors Ambivalent with Donation

Living donors are important to increasing the number of viable grafts for liver transplantation. A new study published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society, found that ambivalence is common among donor candidates. However, providing social support may help minimize the donors’ concerns regarding donation.

September 09, 2014

Wiley Reports First Quarter Fiscal 2015 Results

Wiley Reports First Quarter Fiscal 2015 Results

September 09, 2014

Wiley Announces New CMAexcel CMA Review Course Now Available on EfficientLearning.com

Instructors B. Douglas Clinton and Dallon Christensen lead the new course on Wiley’s industry-leading e-learning platform.

September 08, 2014

Bruce Tulgan Outlines 27 Biggest Challenges and Provides Expert Solutions to Management Problems in New Book

With The 27 Challenges Managers Face: Step By Step Solutions to All of Your Management Problem (WILEY; September 2014; Hardcover & e-book; ISBN 978-1-118-72559-7; $27.95) Bruce Tulgan shows any manager how to master the fundamental practice of effective management.

September 08, 2014

How Merrill Lynch Revolutionized the Financial World

Catching Lightning in a Bottle traces the complete history of Merrill Lynch and its substantial impact on the world of finance, from the birth of the once-mighty company to its inauspicious end.

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