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January 17, 2017

Hip Fractures May Have Both Short and Long-Term Effects on Survival in Elderly Individuals

A new analysis of numerous studies indicates that men and women aged 60 years and older who have experienced a hip fracture are at increased risk of dying not only in the short term after the fracture, but also a number of years later.

January 17, 2017

Not Just Small Adults: Pediatric Liver Transplant Recipients Need Special Care

A new review discusses important consideration when caring for children who have received liver transplants. 

January 17, 2017

Plant-Derived Products May Help Fight HBV

Researchers have found that certain plant-derived products may help prevent and treat hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Proanthocyanidin (PAC) and its analogs, oolonghomobisflavanes, act by inhibiting viral entry into host cells.

January 17, 2017

Weekly Diabetes Drug Provides Similar Benefits to Daily Version

A weekly dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor was just as effective at controlling type 2 diabetic patients’ blood sugar as a daily DPP-4 inhibitor in a recent randomized clinical trial.

January 13, 2017

Composite Material for Water Purification: Removal of multiple contaminants from water by supported ionic liquid phases

Fresh, clean water coming directly from the tap is a true luxury. In developing countries, people often have no choice but to use a contaminated river for drinking water. Water filters can help by quickly converting polluted surface or ground water into safe drinking water. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, researchers have now introduced a novel multifunctional composite material that removes inorganic, organic, radioactive, and microbial impurities from water.

January 13, 2017

Treatment Strategy Provides Mental Health Benefits to War Trauma Survivors

A study shows that a certain intervention called testimony therapy plus ceremony reduced symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression among Khmer Rouge torture survivors from across Cambodia. 

January 12, 2017

Does Recent Randomized Prostate Cancer Trial Provide Insights on Best Treatment?

For the first time, we now have a randomized trial comparing active monitoring, surgery, and radiation therapy for the management of localized prostate cancer. In a recent BJU International article, experts note that the investigators are to be congratulated on their highly anticipated landmark study, the Prostate testing for cancer and Treatment (ProtecT) trial; however, they point to several limitations in the recruitment of patients for the study and differences in the active monitoring protocol in the study compared with contemporary practice. 

January 12, 2017

Initiative Encourages International Sharing of Data to Combat Infectious Disease Outbreaks

To protect people against potentially deadly infectious disease outbreaks, it is critical that scientists and governments rapidly share information about the pathogens that cause them. The first study of the Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data (GISAID) shows how it is possible to encourage the greater international sharing of such data, despite numerous challenges that exist.

7:00 PM EST January 11, 2017

Yoga may have health benefits for people with chronic non-specific lower back pain

A new systematic review, published in the Cochrane Library today, suggests that yoga may lead to a reduction in pain and functional ability in people with chronic non-specific lower back pain over the short term, compared with no exercise. However, researchers advise that more studies are needed to provide information on long-term effects.

January 10, 2017

George Mason University Partners with Wiley for Online Graduate Programs

Hoboken, NJ – January 10, 2017 –  John Wiley and Sons, Inc. (NYSE: JWa and JWb) George Mason University have entered into a 10-year agreement that will expand the scope of George Mason’s online graduate programs and strengthen the university’s commitment to providing transformative educational opportunities for working adults and non-traditional students.

January 10, 2017

International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis Partners with Wiley to Launch New Open Access Journal

Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis (RPTH), New Peer-Reviewed E-Publication for Global Scientific Community, Now Open for Submissions 

12:00 AM EST January 09, 2017

Has the Affordable Care Act Reduced Socioeconomic Disparities in Cancer Screening?

Out-of-pocket expenditures are thought to be a significant barrier to receiving cancer preventive services, especially for individuals of lower socioeconomic status. A new study looks at how the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which eliminated such out-of-pocket expenditures, has affected the use of mammography and colonoscopy. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study found that use of mammography, but not colonoscopy, increased after the ACA.

12:00 AM EST January 09, 2017

How Spain Achieved a Remarkably High Rate of Deceased Organ Donation

Spain is leading the world in deceased organ donation. A new article published in the American Journal of Transplantation contains important information that can help other countries learn from the success of the Spanish system to help address the worldwide problem of transplant organ shortages. 

January 09, 2017

Speeding Up 19th Century Oil Paintings: Lead acetate and mastic resin in paint mixtures helped artists 200 years ago

The fluid and loose brushwork used by J.W.M. Turner and other innovative 19th century artists to capture the momentary effects of light was technically made possible by the addition of "gumtion" or "megilp" to the paint matrix, which gave the paints the jelly-like consistency needed for their impasto-rich paintwork. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, scientists unveil the crucial role lead acetate played in this gelation process.

January 09, 2017

Study Examines the Effects of Osteoporosis Drugs in Children with Genetic Bone Disorders

Previous case reports in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) have suggested that treatment with bisphosphonates, which are commonly prescribed for osteoporosis, may be associated with atypical femur fractures. A new retrospective study of 119 children with OI indicates that such fractures are related to the severity of OI rather than to bisphosphonate use, however.

12:00 AM EST January 05, 2017

Acid Suppression Medications Linked to Serious Gastrointestinal Infections

In a population-based study from Scotland, use of commonly-prescribed acid suppression medications such as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) was linked with an increased risk of intestinal infections with C. difficile and Campylobacter bacteria, which can cause considerable illness.

12:00 AM EST January 05, 2017

Efforts Are Needed to Enrich the Lives of Killer Whales in Captivity

Keeping Killer whales in zoos and aquariums has become highly controversial. In a new paper, experts outline several novel ideas for improving the lives of Killer whales in zoological institutions by enhancing the communication, feeding, environment, and health of the animals in order to elicit natural behaviours seen in the wild. 

12:00 AM EST January 05, 2017

Foods Rich in Resistant Starch May Benefit Health

A new comprehensive review examines the potential health benefits of resistant starch, a form of starch that is not digested in the small intestine and is therefore considered a type of dietary fibre. Some forms of resistant starch occur naturally in foods such as bananas, potatoes, grains, and legumes, and some are produced or modified commercially and incorporated into food products.

January 05, 2017

Harmonization Needed! Standardized analytic protocols will help to assess the amount, quality, and risk of microplastic contaminants in aquatic ecosystems, says a review

Since the first reports on a dramatic increase in microplastic contamination in the sea twenty years ago, research efforts have intensified worldwide. A review in the journal Angewandte Chemie has critically evaluated these studies and concludes that the analytical methods have to be harmonized to get comparable data. Further development is needed to assess particles in the lower micrometer range and below as well, as these pose the highest risks for aquatic ecosystems.

12:00 AM EST January 05, 2017

Pollutants in the Arctic Environment Are Threatening Polar Bear Health

A new analysis has found that although the risk of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the Arctic environment is low for seals, it is 2 orders of magnitude higher than the safety threshold for adult polar bears and even more (3 orders of magnitude above the threshold) for bear cubs fed with contaminated milk.

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