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American Journal of Transplantation

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January 19, 2016

Does Greater Scrutiny of Transplant Centers Create Disparities for the Sickest Patients?

A new study indicates that transplant centers that receive low scores on performance evaluations tend to remove more patients from the transplant waiting list. According to US data from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients on 315,796 candidates on the kidney transplant waiting list from 2007 to 2014, the rate of removal was approximately 60% higher for centers that received low performance evaluations compared with all other centers, even after adjusting for candidates’ demographic and clinical characteristics.

12:00 AM EST December 03, 2015

Research Provides Insights on How to Improve Face Transplants

Over 30 face transplants have been performed to date, but little is known about the long-term outcomes of recipients. A new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation reveals that faces, when transplanted, change their appearance based on the bone structure of the recipient, and they seem to age at an accelerated rate.

12:00 AM EST November 20, 2015

Artificial Pancreas Therapy Performs Well in Pilot Study

Researchers are reporting a breakthrough toward developing an artificial pancreas as a treatment for diabetes and other conditions by combining mechanical artificial pancreas technology with transplantation of islet cells, which produce insulin.

12:00 AM EDT May 14, 2015

Study Investigates the Quality of Organs from Potential Donors with HIV

In 2013, the United States government passed the HIV Organ Policy Equity (HOPE) Act, which allows research to be conducted on the safety of organ donation from deceased donors with HIV to recipients with HIV.

12:00 AM EDT March 31, 2015

Innovative Strategies Needed to Address the US Transplant Organ Shortage

As the United States faces transplant waiting lists that continue to grow longer over time, there is increasing debate about the proper way to incentivize living donations. Transplant professionals are trying to find ways to eliminate any financial disincentives without crossing the line to paying for organs.

12:00 AM EDT March 19, 2015

Live Donor Liver Transplantation Found Safe and Effective for Acute Liver Failure

When patients develop acute liver failure, severe complications arise rapidly after the first signs of liver disease, and patients’ health can deteriorate rapidly.

12:00 AM EST February 10, 2015

U.S. Sees Declining Use of Available Donor Hearts for Transplantation, Despite a Growing Waiting List

Increasing numbers of people in the United States are developing heart failure, which leads to death within five years in approximately half of patients.

12:00 AM EST December 15, 2014

Simple Steps Can Safeguard Against Ebola Transmission through Organ Donation

While serious infections can be transmitted from donated organs, the risk of passing Ebola virus disease from an organ donor to a recipient is extremely small.

12:00 AM EDT October 30, 2014

Frailty Increases Kidney Transplant Recipients' Risk of Dying Prematurely

Regardless of age, frailty is a strong risk factor for dying prematurely after a kidney transplant. The finding, which comes from a new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation, suggests that patients should be screened for frailty prior to kidney transplantation, and that those who are identified as frail should be closely monitored after the procedure.

12:00 AM EDT August 18, 2014

High-Intensity Exercise Found Safe and Effective in Long-Term Heart Transplant Recipients

High-intensity exercise can help stable heart transplant patients reach higher levels of exercise capacity, and gain better control of their blood pressure than moderate intensity exercise, investigators report in a new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation.
12:00 AM EDT July 16, 2014

Donating a Kidney May Make it Difficult to Change or Initiate Life and Health Insurance

People who selflessly step up and donate a kidney can face insurance challenges afterwards, despite the lack of evidence that they have increased health risks. The finding, which comes from a new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation, suggests that actions by insurers may create unnecessary burden and stress for those choosing to donate and could negatively impact the likelihood of live kidney donation.

12:00 AM EDT July 09, 2014

Study Finds Kidney Donation Safe for Healthy Older Adults

Older kidney donors enjoy similar longevity and cardiovascular health as other healthy mature individuals, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation. The findings may provide some reassurance to older individuals considering donation and the transplant professionals caring for them.

12:00 AM EDT May 29, 2014

Researchers Offer Strategies to Address Major Geographic Disparities in Access to Kidney Transplantation in the United States

There is substantial geographic variation in access to kidney transplantation among the more than 4000 US dialysis facilities that treat patients with kidney failure, with a disproportionate lack of access to those in the Southeast.

12:00 AM EDT April 03, 2014

Transplant Drugs May Help Wipe Out Persistent HIV Infections

New research suggests that drugs commonly used to prevent organ rejection after transplantation may also be helpful for combating HIV.

12:00 AM EDT March 12, 2014

Liver Transplant May Arrest Neurological Damage in a Rare and Progressive Form of Autism

A patient with a rare metabolic disease that causes liver failure and autistic behavior experienced significant improvements in both her physical and mental health after receiving a liver transplant, according to a new case report published in the American Journal of Transplantation. The report’s findings suggest an unexpected link between metabolic conditions and some forms of autism, and they point to the importance of a healthy liver for normal brain function.

12:00 AM EST February 25, 2014

Centers Used Solely for Recovering Organs from Deceased Donors May Improve Efficiency and Costs of Transplantation

Free-standing organ recovery centers could markedly improve efficiency and reduce costs associated with deceased organ donation, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation. The study’s findings have major implications for cost containment and national policies related to organ transplantation.

12:05 AM EST December 12, 2013

Study Results Inform Discussions Regarding US Policy on Lung Transplantation in Children

A new analysis has found no evidence that children aged 6 to 11 years seeking a deceased donor lung transplant are disadvantaged in the current US lung allocation system.

November 18, 2013

Pediatric Liver Transplant Patients May Face Cognitive Problems as They Age

American Journal of Transplantation reports on link between liver transplants and cognitive problems

12:00 AM EDT July 25, 2013

Obese Kidney Failure Patients Receive Survival Benefit from Transplantation

Most obese individuals with kidney failure can prolong their lives by receiving a kidney transplant, although this survival benefit is lower in severely obese individuals. That’s the conclusion of a new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation. The findings will hopefully decrease differences in access to transplantation for obese patients.

12:00 AM EDT June 18, 2013

Social Media Initiative May Help Increase Organ Donations

A new social media initiative helped to boost organ donor registration rates, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation. The findings suggest that social media might be an effective tool for tackling a variety of problems related to public health in which communication and education are essential.

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