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September 09, 2016

How Long Should Children Play Video Games?

A new study indicates that playing video games for a limited amount of time each week may provide benefits to children, but too much can be detrimental. The findings are published in the Annals of Neurology.

July 07, 2016

Experts Warn of Hidden Risks of Do-It-Yourself Brain Stimulation

Research suggests that the application of current to the brain—known as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)—may enhance cognition and lessen symptoms of depression, anxiety, and other conditions. While tDCS devices can be built with simple tools, experts are cautioning do-it-yourself users that there may be hidden risks.

12:00 AM EDT April 28, 2016

Rosacea Linked to a Slightly Increased Risk of Dementia

A new study has uncovered an increased risk of dementia—in particular Alzheimer’s disease—in patients with rosacea. Importantly, the risk was highest in older patients and in patients where rosacea was diagnosed by a hospital dermatologist. The findings are published in the Annals of Neurology, a journal of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society.

April 20, 2016

Rituximab Is Superior to Fingolimod for Certain Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

A new study indicates that rituximab is more effective than fingolimod for preventing relapses in patients with highly active multiple sclerosis switching from treatment with natalizumab.

June 15, 2015

Air Pollution May Contribute to White Matter Loss in the Brain

In a new study, older women who lived in places with higher air pollution had significantly reduced white matter in the brain

12:00 AM EDT June 03, 2015

One's Ability to Identify Different Smells May Impact Longevity

In a recent study of older adults, those with a reduced ability to identify certain odors had an increased risk of dying during an average follow-up of 4 years. The mortality rate was 45% in participants with the lowest scores on a 40-item smell test, compared with 18% of participants with the highest scores.

12:00 AM EDT June 02, 2014

Speaking Two Languages Benefits the Aging Brain

New research reveals that bilingualism has a positive effect on cognition later in life. Findings published in Annals of Neurology, a journal of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society, show that individuals who speak two or more languages, even those who acquired the second language in adulthood, may slow down cognitive decline from aging.

12:00 AM EDT August 13, 2013

Stroke declines dramatically, still higher in Mexican Americans

A new study reports that the incidence of ischemic stroke—the most common type of stroke, caused by a clot in the blood vessels of the brain—among non-Hispanic Whites and Mexican Americans over age 60 has declined over the past decade. Most concerning, however, is that the increased relative burden of stroke comparing Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic Whites has not changed at all in the last decade. Overall, Mexican Americans suffer much more, 34%, from this disease than non-Hispanic Whites. Findings are published in Annals of Neurology, a journal of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society.

12:00 AM EDT May 09, 2013

Could Eating Peppers Prevent Parkinson’s?

New research reveals that Solanaceae—a flowering plant family with some species producing foods that are edible sources of nicotine—may provide a protective effect against Parkinson’s disease. The study appearing today in Annals of Neurology, a journal of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society, suggests that eating foods that contain even a small amount of nicotine, such as peppers and tomatoes, may reduce risk of developing Parkinson’s.

 

March 11, 2013

Common MS Drugs Taken Together Do Not Reduce Relapse Risk

A recent clinical trial found that interferonβ-1a (INF) and glatiramer acetate (GA), two of the most commonly prescribed drugs for multiple sclerosis (MS), provide no additional clinical benefit when taken together. While findings published today in Annals of Neurology, a journal of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society, suggest that taking both INF and GA together was not superior to GA monotherapy in reducing relapse risk; the combination therapy does appear to reduce new lesion activity and total lesion volume.

12:00 AM EST January 29, 2013

Eating Bright-Colored Fruits and Vegetables May Prevent or Delay ALS

New research suggests that increased consumption of foods containing colorful carotenoids, particularly beta-carotene and lutein, may prevent or delay the onset of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The study, published by Wiley in Annals of Neurology, a journal of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society, found that diets high in lycopene, beta-cryptoxanthin, and vitamin C did not reduce ALS risk.

12:00 AM EDT October 03, 2012

Infertility Treatments May Significantly Increase Multiple Sclerosis Activity

Researchers in Argentina report that women with multiple sclerosis (MS) who undergo assisted reproduction technology (ART) infertility treatment are at risk for increased disease activity. Study findings published in Annals of Neurology, a journal of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society, suggest reproductive hormones contribute to regulation of immune responses in autoimmune diseases such as MS.

12:00 AM EDT April 26, 2012

Eating More Berries May Reduce Cognitive Decline in the Elderly

Blueberries and strawberries, which are high in flavonoids, appear to reduce cognitive decline in older adults according to a new study published today in Annals of Neurology, a journal of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society. The study results suggest that cognitive aging could be delayed by up to 2.5 years in elderly who consume greater amounts of the flavonoid-rich berries.

12:00 AM EST March 01, 2012

Postmenopausal Women at Greater Risk of Stroke from High Trans Fat Intake

New research shows an increased risk of ischemic stroke in postmenopausal women who consume higher amounts of trans fatty acids, commonly found in baked goods, fried foods, and packaged products. Study findings now available in Annals of Neurology, a journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society, suggest aspirin use may moderate the stroke risk caused by a diet high in trans fats.

12:00 AM EST November 14, 2011

Parkinson's Disease Risk Greater in Those Exposed to Trichloroethylene

A novel study in twins found that exposure to trichloroethylene (TCE)—a hazardous organic contaminant found in soil, groundwater, and air—is significantly associated with increased risk of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Possibility of developing this neurodegenerative disease is also linked to perchloroethylene (PERC) and carbon tetrachloride (CCI4) exposure according to the study appearing today in Annals of Neurology, a journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society.

October 17, 2011

Shift Work in Teens Linked to Increased Multiple Sclerosis Risk

Researchers from Sweden have uncovered an association between shift work and increased risk of multiple sclerosis (MS). Those who engage in off-hour employment before the age of 20 may be at risk for MS due to a disruption in their circadian rhythm and sleep pattern. Findings of this novel study appear today in Annals of Neurology, a journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society.

October 04, 2011

Preterm Infants Exposed to Stressors in NICU Display Reduced Brain Size

New research shows that exposure to stressors in the Neonatal Intensive care Unit (NICU) is associated with alterations in the brain structure and function of very preterm infants.

September 01, 2011

Increased Prevalence of Stroke Hospitalizations Seen in Teens and Young Adults

Ischemic stroke hospitalization rates in adolescents and young adults aged 15 to 44 increased up to 37% between 1995 and 2008 according to a study conducted by researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

August 22, 2011

Study Finds Narcolepsy Cases in China Peak in Early Spring

New research shows that the occurrence of narcolepsy in China is highly correlated to a seasonal pattern, with onset most frequent in April.

August 12, 2011

Scientists Identify Mutation in SIGMAR1 Gene Linked to Juvenile ALS

Researchers from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have identified a mutation on the SIGMAR1 gene associated with the development of juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

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