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12:00 AM EDT September 26, 2016

Expectations May Not Match Reality among Cancer Patients in Some Early Phase Clinical Trials

In a study of cancer patients considering whether they should participate in phase I clinical trials, a high percentage were willing to participate after discussions with clinical staff, but nearly half thought that their tumors would shrink, which is much higher than what is realistically achieved. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings demonstrate the challenges facing patients and healthcare professionals during their interactions in phase I studies.

12:00 AM EDT September 12, 2016

Many Adolescent Girls with Leukemia Are Not Being Screened for Pregnancy Before Beginning Chemotherapy

A new study indicates that adolescent females with acute leukemia have low rates of pregnancy screening prior to receiving chemotherapy that can cause birth defects. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.

12:00 AM EDT August 22, 2016

Socioeconomic Factors—Not Race or Ethnicity—Influence Survival of Younger Patients with Multiple Myeloma

Advances in the treatment of multiple myeloma, a cancer that forms in a type of white blood cell, have led to improved survival predominantly among young and white patients, with less of an increase in survival observed in patients of other ethnicities. A new study indicates that this gap is mostly due to socioeconomic differences between whites and ethnic minorities, not race itself. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.

12:00 AM EDT August 08, 2016

Large Population-Based Studies Bolster Evidence that Insurance Status Affects Cancer Patients’ Health and Survival

Two new studies indicate that health insurance status may impact patients’ health outcomes following a diagnosis of cancer. Cancer patients who were uninsured or had Medicaid coverage experienced a variety of disparities—including being diagnosed at a later stage, receiving less than optimal treatment, and having shorter survival times—when compared with patients with other forms of insurance. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.

12:00 AM EDT July 25, 2016

Delirium in Advanced Cancer Patients Often Goes Undetected in the Emergency Department

A new study indicates that delirium is relatively frequent and underdiagnosed by physicians in patients with advanced cancer visiting the emergency department. Delirium was similarly common among older and younger patients, which suggests that in the setting of advanced cancer, all patients should be considered at higher risk for delirium. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.

12:00 AM EDT July 11, 2016

Cancer Risk May Rise Before and Immediately After a Diabetes Diagnosis

A new study indicates that individuals with diabetes may have an elevated risk of developing cancer before and immediately after a diabetes diagnosis. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings point to the need for a better understanding of the link between diabetes and cancer.

12:00 AM EDT June 27, 2016

Many Women with Early Stage Breast Cancer Experience Functional Decline after Initiating Treatment

In a study of older women with newly diagnosed stage I to III breast cancer, approximately one in five lost the ability to complete some of the basic tasks necessary for independent living within one year of initiating treatment. The study also found that a simple survey can help identify which women are at risk of such functional decline. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.

12:00 AM EDT June 13, 2016

Many Family Physicians Have Inaccurate Knowledge About Lung Cancer Screening

Although clinical trials have shown that lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) can detect lung cancers early and reduce lung cancer mortality, less than half of family physicians in a recent survey agreed that screening reduces lung cancer–related deaths. Most were also unaware of current recommendations on lung cancer screening in high risk patients.

12:00 AM EDT May 23, 2016

Many Young Adult Female Cancer Survivors Need More Information and Support to Preserve their Fertility

A new study indicates that many young adult female cancer survivors do not receive adequate information about their fertility as part of their survivorship care after completing treatment, despite having concerns about their ability to bear children in the future. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings point to the need for better resources to support survivors in making informed decisions about their reproductive options after treatment is completed.

12:00 AM EDT May 09, 2016

Cancer May Drive Health Problems as People Age

A new study indicates that cancer may have negative impacts on both the physical and mental health of individuals as they age. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study suggests that cancer increases the risk for certain health issues above and beyond normal aging. This is likely due, in part, to decreased physical activity and stress associated with cancer diagnosis and treatment.

12:00 AM EDT May 02, 2016

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy May Help Reduce Memory Problems in Cancer Survivors Who Have Received Chemotherapy

A new analysis indicates that a type of psychotherapy delivered by videoconference may help prevent some of the long-term memory issues caused by chemotherapy. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings point to a noninvasive way to help cancer survivors manage some of the negative effects of their treatment.

12:00 AM EDT April 11, 2016

Being Married May Help Prolong Survival in Cancer Patients, with Varying Effects by Race and Place of Birth

New research has uncovered a link between being married and living longer among cancer patients, with the beneficial effect of marriage differing by race/ethnicity and place of birth. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings have important public health implications, given the rising numbers of unmarried individuals in the United States in addition to the growing aging population.

12:00 AM EDT March 28, 2016

Choosing to Die at Home Does Not Hasten Death for Patients with Terminal Cancer

A large study from Japan found that cancer patients who died at home tended to live longer than those who died in hospitals. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings suggest that oncologists should not hesitate to refer patients for home-based palliative care simply because less medical treatment may be provided.

12:00 AM EDT March 14, 2016

Many Cancer Survivors Experience Financial Burdens that Negatively Affect their Health and Quality of Life

An analysis of US data from 2011 indicates that nearly 29 percent of cancer survivors are financially burdened as a result of their cancer diagnosis and/or treatment. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study also reveals that such hardships can have lasting physical and mental effects on cancer survivors.

12:00 AM EST February 22, 2016

Weight and Height During Adolescence Impact Future Risk of Developing Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

A new analysis indicates that higher body weight and taller stature during adolescence increase the risk of developing Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL), a type of cancer of the lymphatic system. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society

12:00 AM EST February 08, 2016

Study Compares Effectiveness of Phone-Based and Web-Based Smoking Cessation Programs in Four States

A new analysis indicates that states’ Web-based and phone-based tobacco cessation programs can help people quit smoking, but certain personal characteristics may lead individuals to prefer one type of program over the other. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings may help states optimize their tobacco cessation and cancer control programs.

12:00 AM EST January 25, 2016

Many Colorectal Cancer Patients Are Younger than the Recommended Screening Age

In a recent analysis of US data, one in seven colorectal patients was younger than 50 years old, the recommended age to begin screening. Younger patients were more likely to be diagnosed with advanced stage disease; however, they received more aggressive therapy and lived longer without a cancer recurrence, suggesting some compensation for their later diagnosis. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings raise questions concerning how younger adults’ risk of developing colorectal cancer should be assessed, and whether or not they should be screened.

12:00 AM EST January 11, 2016

What's in Store for Survivors of Childhood Cancers that Affect Vision?

Little is known about the long-term health of survivors of childhood cancers that affect vision, but two new studies provide valuable insights that could impact patient care and follow-up. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.

12:00 AM EST December 21, 2015

Study Finds that More than One-Third of Patients with Metastatic Cancer Continue to Work Symptoms

A new analysis indicates that many patients continue working after being diagnosed with metastatic cancer, but a heavy burden of symptoms may prevent them from doing so. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study illustrates the need to treat difficult symptoms so that patients can maintain their employment.

12:00 AM EST December 07, 2015

Study Identifies Characteristics that May Increase a Breast Cancer Survivor’s Risk of Developing Leukemia Following Treatment

A new analysis indicates that certain characteristics may increase a breast cancer survivor’s risk of developing leukemia after undergoing chemotherapy and/or radiation. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings are a first step toward finding ways to prevent this serious and potentially life-threatening treatment-related complication.

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