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12:00 AM EDT October 28, 2013

Measuring Segments of Genetic Material May Help Predict and Monitor Recurrence after Thyroid Cancer Surgery

A new analysis has found that the presence of short segments of genetic material (known as microRNA) within papillary thyroid cancer tumors suggests a likelihood of recurrence after patients undergo surgery. The study, which is published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, also found that elevated blood levels of the genetic material after surgery may indicate a higher possibility of recurrence after thyroidectomy.

12:00 AM EDT October 14, 2013

Adolescents’ Weight and Socioeconomic Status May Affect Their Risk of Developing Esophageal and Gastric Cancer Later in Life

Overweight adolescents were twice as likely as their normal weight peers to later develop esophageal cancer in a recent study from Israel. The study, which is published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, also found that lower socioeconomic status as well as immigration from higher risk countries were important determinants of gastric cancer.

12:00 AM EDT September 23, 2013

Functional Disability High Among Newly Diagnosed Older Breast Cancer Patients, Especially African-Americans

Many older women with newly diagnosed breast cancer have difficulty accomplishing daily tasks, and African-Americans seem to be disproportionately affected. Those are the findings of a new study published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. The study’s results suggest that many breast cancer patients could benefit from receiving therapy to improve their physical function.

12:00 AM EDT September 09, 2013

Study Uncovers Value of Mammogram Screening For Younger Women

A new analysis has found that most deaths from breast cancer occur in younger women who do not receive regular mammograms. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study indicates that regular screening before age 50 should be encouraged.

12:00 AM EDT August 26, 2013

New Screening Strategy May Catch Ovarian Cancer at Early Stages

A new screening strategy for ovarian cancer appears to be highly specific for detecting the disease before it becomes lethal. The strategy is described in a study published early online in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. If verified in an ongoing clinical trial, it could potentially help save the lives of thousands of women each year in the United States alone.

12:00 AM EDT August 12, 2013

Carbon Ion Radiotherapy Safe and Effective for Treating Inoperable Spinal Tumors

A new analysis has found that a type of radiation therapy called carbon ion radiotherapy can control cancer growth and prolong survival in patients with spinal tumors. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study indicates that the treatment is a promising alternative for patients whose spinal tumors cannot be surgically removed.

12:00 AM EDT July 29, 2013

Higher Cancer Incidences Found in Regions Near Refineries and Plants that Release Benzene

The incidence of a particular type of blood cancer is significantly higher in regions near facilities that release the chemical benzene into the environment. That is the conclusion of a new study published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. This and other studies like it will be critical to identifying and enacting public health policies to decrease or prevent cancer.

12:05 AM EDT July 15, 2013

Colorectal Cancer Survivors Face Increased Risk of Developing Subsequent Cancers of Different Types

Colorectal cancer survivors face an increased risk of developing subsequent cancers, particularly second colorectal cancers and small intestinal cancers. That is the conclusion of a new study published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.

12:00 AM EDT July 08, 2013

African Americans with Blood Cancer Do Not Live as Long as Caucasians, Despite Equal Care

A new analysis has found that among patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, African Americans more commonly present with advanced disease, and they tend to have shorter survival times than Caucasians despite receiving the same care. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the results suggest that biological factors may account for some racial disparities in cancer survival.

12:00 AM EDT June 10, 2013

Women Can Be Screened Years Later than Men with “Virtual Colonoscopy”

A new study has found that women can be screened for colorectal cancer at least five to 10 years later than men when undergoing an initial “virtual colonoscopy.” Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings may help establish guidelines for the use of this screening technique, which is less invasive than a traditional colonoscopy.

12:05 AM EDT May 28, 2013

African Americans Experience Longer Delays Between Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Cancer

Among men with prostate cancer, African Americans experience longer treatment delays after being diagnosed than Caucasians. That is the finding of an analysis published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. The study suggests that efforts are needed to reduce racial disparities in prostate cancer care in order to provide earlier treatment for African Americans.

12:00 AM EDT May 13, 2013

Agent Orange Exposure Linked to Life-Threatening Prostate Cancer

A new analysis has found a link between exposure to Agent Orange and lethal forms of prostate cancer among US Veterans. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings suggest that Agent Orange exposure history should be incorporated into prostate screening decisions for Veterans.

12:00 AM EDT April 22, 2013

Particular DNA Changes Linked with Prostate Cancer Development and Lethality

A new analysis has found that the loss or amplification of particular DNA regions contributes to the development of prostate cancer, and that patients with two of these DNA changes have a high likelihood of dying from the disease. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study provides valuable information on the genetics of prostate cancer and offers insights into which patients should be treated aggressively.

12:00 AM EDT April 08, 2013

Arrhythmia Drug May Increase Cancer Risk

One of the most widely used medications to treat arrhythmias may increase the risk of developing cancer, especially in men and people exposed to high amounts of the drug. That is the conclusion of a new retrospective study published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. The study’s results indicate that a potential link between amiodarone and cancer warrants further investigation.

12:00 AM EDT March 25, 2013

Genetic Alterations Linked with Bladder Cancer Risk, Recurrence, Progression, and Patient Survival

A new analysis has found that genetic alterations in a particular cellular pathway are linked with bladder cancer risk, recurrence, disease progression, and patient survival. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings could help improve bladder cancer screening and treatment.

12:00 AM EDT March 11, 2013

Aspirin May Lower Melanoma Risk

A new study has found that women who take aspirin have a reduced risk of developing melanoma—and that the longer they take it, the lower the risk. The findings suggest that aspirin’s anti-inflammatory effects may help protect against this type of skin cancer. The study is published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.

12:00 AM EST February 25, 2013

Screening Could Avert 12,000 Lung Cancer Deaths Each Year in the United States

Screening for lung cancer with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) in all screening-eligible current and former smokers has the potential to avert approximately 12,000 lung cancer deaths each year in the United States. That is the conclusion of a new analysis published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. By providing a national estimate of potentially avertable lung cancer deaths, the study will help policy makers better understand the possible benefits of LDCT lung cancer screening.

12:00 AM EST February 11, 2013

Exercise Linked with Reduced Prostate Cancer Risk in Caucasians But Not African Americans

A new study suggests that exercise may reduce Caucasian men’s risk of developing prostate cancer. And among Caucasian men who do have prostate cancer, exercise may reduce their risk of having more serious forms of the disease. Unfortunately, the benefits do not seem to apply to African-American men. The study is published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.

12:00 AM EST January 28, 2013

Better Survival Rates Seen with Lumpectomy Compared with Mastectomy for Early Breast Cancer

A new analysis has found that lumpectomy plus radiation for early breast cancer may provide patients with a better chance of survival than mastectomy. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the results provide confidence in the efficacy of breast-conserving treatments even among patients with aggressive, early disease.

12:00 AM EST January 14, 2013

Smoking Intensity and Cancer Markers Predict Seriousness of Bladder Cancer

Smoking not only causes bladder cancer—it also affects its course, in that people who smoke more have greater likelihood of developing more aggressive and deadly disease. That is one of the conclusions of a new study published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. The study also found that a panel of bladder cancer markers can predict which particular cases are at the highest risk for a fatal outcome.

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