Wiley
Wiley.com

Earth Science

Press Release RSS Feed RSS

You selected: Earth Science

October 20, 2014

Different types of ice propagate waves differently

Surface ice on oceans and lakes can cause major problems, both onshore and offshore. Specifically, surface waves interacting with ice can create hazardous conditions for cargo ships, damage coastal structures, and carry important nutrients away from the shore.

October 20, 2014

Moving Beyond Carbon Sequestration May Improve the Planet’s Health

Managing carbon flow into the atmosphere has been a central focus of efforts aimed at protecting the planet and addressing climate change. A new European Journal of Soil Science review proposes that we focus less on sequestering carbon to mitigate CO2 buildup and more on using wisely the energy it carries.

October 06, 2014

Invading Crabs Could Threaten Life in the Antarctic

Life on the Antarctic sea floor is under threat from crabs that could invade the area thanks to favorable conditions as a result of global warming, researchers warn.

October 06, 2014

Observing the Birkeland currents

When the supersonic solar wind hits the Earth’s magnetic field, a powerful electrical connection occurs with Earth’s field, generating millions of amperes of current that drive the dazzling auroras. These so-called Birkeland currents connect the ionosphere to the magnetosphere and channel solar wind energy to Earth’s uppermost atmosphere. Solar storms release torrential blasts of solar wind that cause much stronger currents and can overload power grids and disrupt communications and navigation.

September 15, 2014

How a change in slope affects lava flows

As soon as lava flows from a volcano, exposure to air and wind causes it to start to cool and harden. Rather than hardening evenly, the energy exchange tends to take place primarily at the surface. The cooling causes a crust to form on the outer edges of the lava flow, insulating the molten lava within. This hardened lava shell allows a lava flow to travel much further than it would otherwise, while cracks in the lava’s crust can cause it to draw up short.

September 15, 2014

If Hippopotamuses Can’t Swim, How Can Some Be Living on Islands?

There is no published account where hippopotamuses are demonstrably shown swimming or floating at the surface of any body of water. But if they can’t swim, how did they reach and colonize islands?

September 03, 2014

Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography to Publish with Wiley

John Wiley and Sons Inc. announced today its selection by the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) to publish their highly regarded portfolio of journals focused on marine and inland water systems.

September 02, 2014

Observing the onset of a magnetic substorm

Magnetic substorms, the disruptions in geomagnetic activity that cause brightening of aurora, may sometimes be driven by a different process than generally thought, a new study in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics shows.

September 02, 2014

Oceans Apart: Study Reveals Insights into the Evolution of Languages

A new Journal of Evolutionary Biology study provides evidence that physical barriers formed by oceans can influence language diversification.

August 18, 2014

Ocean warming could drive heavy rain bands toward the poles

In a world warmed by rising atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, precipitation patterns are going to change because of two factors: one, warmer air can hold more water; and two, changing atmospheric circulation patterns will shift where rain falls.

August 18, 2014

World’s Vegetated Areas Face Threats from Climate Change

Researchers who analyzed the vulnerability of ecosystems to climate change have found that between 10 and 28% of the world’s terrestrial vegetated area can be considered refugia, depending on whether or not wilderness areas are considered. Refugia are areas of biological diversity where natural environmental conditions remain relatively constant during times of great environmental change.

August 13, 2014

Wiley Announces Continued Growth in Titles with Impact Factor

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced a continued increase in the proportion of its journal titles indexed in the 2014 release of Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports® (JCR).  A total of 1,202 Wiley titles (approximately 70%) were indexed, up from 1,193 in the 2012 JCR, and including 13 titles which have been indexed for the first time.

August 04, 2014

How should flood risk assessments be done in a changing climate?

Growing consensus on climate and land use change means that it is reasonable to assume, at the very least, that flood levels in a region may change. Then why, ask Rosner et al. in a new study, do the dominant risk assessment techniques used to decide whether to build new flood protection infrastructure nearly always start with an assumption of “no trend” in flood behavior?

July 29, 2014

Dinosaurs fell victim to perfect storm of events, study shows

Dinosaurs might have survived the asteroid strike that wiped them out if it had taken place slightly earlier or later in history, scientists say.

A fresh study using up-to-date fossil records and improved analytical tools has helped palaeontologists to build a new narrative of the prehistoric creatures' demise, some 66 million years ago.

July 21, 2014

Examining the causes of a devastating debris flow

Storm-triggered landslides cause loss of life, property damage, and landscape alterations. For instance, the remnants of Hurricane Camille in 1969 caused 109 deaths in central Virginia, after 600 mm of rain fell in mountainous terrain in 6 hours. More recently, on 8 August 2010, a rainstorm-induced landslide devastated the Chinese county of Zhouqu, causing more than 1000 deaths. A new modeling study by Ren examines the multiple factors, both natural and human caused, that came together to produce this event.

July 21, 2014

Replacing Coal and Oil with Natural Gas Will Not Help Fight Global Warming

Both shale gas and conventional natural gas have a larger greenhouse gas footprint than do coal or oil, especially for the primary uses of residential and commercial heating.

July 21, 2014

Researchers Simplify Process to Purify Water Using Seed Extracts

Researchers have streamlined and simplified a process that uses extracts from seeds of Moringa oleifa trees to purify water, reducing levels of harmful bacteria by 90% to 99%. The hardy trees that are drought resistant are cultivated widely throughout many countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

June 02, 2014

New Arctic Permafrost Will Disappear Within 70 Years, Study Shows

Research in Geophysical Research Letters explores permafrost growth at Twelvemile Lake in north central Alaska.

May 19, 2014

Different Types of El Niño Have Different Effects on Global Temperature

Geophysical Research Letters reports that some types of El Niño could explain recent decade-scale slowdowns in global warming.

May 13, 2014

New Study Indicates Loss of West Antarctic Glaciers Appears Unstoppable

Geophysical Research Letters finds a rapidly melting section of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet appears to be in an irreversible state of decline, with nothing to stop the glaciers in this area from melting into the sea.

 

Listings:1-2021-4041-6061-80more...