Environment & Sustainability
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Research published in the scientific journal Palaeontology.
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An Adventure Through the Global Food Economy with Discussion Questions and a Guide to Going "Glocal"
Where Am I Eating? bridges the gap between global food producers and the American consumer, providing an insightful look at how our eating habits affect farmers and fishermen around the world. This new edition includes a study guide, a deeper explanation of the "glocal" concept, and advice for students looking to become engaged as both local and global citizens.
While the sinking of the Titanic in 1912 is typically blamed on human, design and construction errors, a new Significance paper points to 2 other unfavorable factors outside human control: there were a greater number of icebergs than normal that year, and weather conditions had driven them further south, and earlier in the year, than was usual.
In a world warmed by rising atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, precipitation patterns are going to change because of two factors: one, warmer air can hold more water; and two, changing atmospheric circulation patterns will shift where rain falls.
Researchers who analyzed the vulnerability of ecosystems to climate change have found that between 10 and 28% of the world’s terrestrial vegetated area can be considered refugia, depending on whether or not wilderness areas are considered. Refugia are areas of biological diversity where natural environmental conditions remain relatively constant during times of great environmental change.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced a continued increase in the proportion of its journal titles indexed in the 2014 release of Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports® (JCR). A total of 1,202 Wiley titles (approximately 70%) were indexed, up from 1,193 in the 2012 JCR, and including 13 titles which have been indexed for the first time.
Growing consensus on climate and land use change means that it is reasonable to assume, at the very least, that flood levels in a region may change. Then why, ask Rosner et al. in a new study, do the dominant risk assessment techniques used to decide whether to build new flood protection infrastructure nearly always start with an assumption of “no trend” in flood behavior?
Storm-triggered landslides cause loss of life, property damage, and landscape alterations. For instance, the remnants of Hurricane Camille in 1969 caused 109 deaths in central Virginia, after 600 mm of rain fell in mountainous terrain in 6 hours. More recently, on 8 August 2010, a rainstorm-induced landslide devastated the Chinese county of Zhouqu, causing more than 1000 deaths. A new modeling study by Ren examines the multiple factors, both natural and human caused, that came together to produce this event.
The concentrations of many historically used, and now widely banned, pesticides and other toxic chemicals—called legacy contaminants—can become magnified in an animal that eats contaminated food; however, a new Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry study has found that Arctic mammals metabolize some currently used pesticides, preventing such ‘biomagnification.’
Both shale gas and conventional natural gas have a larger greenhouse gas footprint than do coal or oil, especially for the primary uses of residential and commercial heating.
Researchers have streamlined and simplified a process that uses extracts from seeds of Moringa oleifa trees to purify water, reducing levels of harmful bacteria by 90% to 99%. The hardy trees that are drought resistant are cultivated widely throughout many countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
Researchers who reviewed the impact of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) on society have found that there are significant differences in the uptake of forecasts across sectors, with the highest use in agriculture, intermediate use in water resources management, and the lowest in health.
Before the devastating tsunami hit Sumatra on 26 December 2004, not much was known about the fault zones located offshore Sumatra in the Indian Ocean. Since then, geologists have set out to study the subduction margin’s structure and dynamics for future mitigation of earthquake hazards.
new research shows that the islands’ own geological past may have influenced the evolution of the Galapagos Islands' native species.
New research in Biotropica asks FIFA to follow through with its environmental claims. The 2014 FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) World Cup will be played in Brazil. Its “Football for the Planet” program aims to monitor greenhouse gasses, provide environmentally friendly stadiums, and better waste management. However, FIFA has not maximized this opportunity.
New research in Animal Conservation reveals that a simple bird scaring line can reduce the mortality rate by over 90%.
Scientists are challenging the theory that icebergs made 1912, the year RMS Titanic was lost to the North Atlantic, an exceptionally hazardous year for shipping.
Designing For The Third Age: Architecture Redefined for a Generation of ‘Active Agers’ reflects on the challenges facing most industrialised nations as people aged sixty-five and older continue to constitute an increasing proportion of the population. This book offers innovative responses to these problems on a practical and speculative level.
Rutting stags and clawing bears are but two examples of male animals fighting over a mate, but research in New Phytologist has uncovered the first evidence of similar male struggles leading to the evolution of weaponry in plants.
Poisons are silent, effective and cheap, making the especially dangerous in Africa where they are used for both pest control and illegal poaching. However, as a new study in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences reveals, they also kill un-intended wildlife
New research in Geophysical Research Letters analyses earthquake swarms caused by mounting volcanic pressure which may signal an eminent eruption.