Environment & Sustainability
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Research published in the scientific journal Palaeontology.
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Storm-triggered landslides cause loss of life, property damage, and landscape alterations. For instance, the remnants of Hurricane Camille in 1969 caused 109 deaths in central Virginia, after 600 mm of rain fell in mountainous terrain in 6 hours. More recently, on 8 August 2010, a rainstorm-induced landslide devastated the Chinese county of Zhouqu, causing more than 1000 deaths. A new modeling study by Ren examines the multiple factors, both natural and human caused, that came together to produce this event.
The concentrations of many historically used, and now widely banned, pesticides and other toxic chemicals—called legacy contaminants—can become magnified in an animal that eats contaminated food; however, a new Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry study has found that Arctic mammals metabolize some currently used pesticides, preventing such ‘biomagnification.’
Both shale gas and conventional natural gas have a larger greenhouse gas footprint than do coal or oil, especially for the primary uses of residential and commercial heating.
Researchers have streamlined and simplified a process that uses extracts from seeds of Moringa oleifa trees to purify water, reducing levels of harmful bacteria by 90% to 99%. The hardy trees that are drought resistant are cultivated widely throughout many countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
Researchers who reviewed the impact of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) on society have found that there are significant differences in the uptake of forecasts across sectors, with the highest use in agriculture, intermediate use in water resources management, and the lowest in health.
Before the devastating tsunami hit Sumatra on 26 December 2004, not much was known about the fault zones located offshore Sumatra in the Indian Ocean. Since then, geologists have set out to study the subduction margin’s structure and dynamics for future mitigation of earthquake hazards.
new research shows that the islands’ own geological past may have influenced the evolution of the Galapagos Islands' native species.
New research in Biotropica asks FIFA to follow through with its environmental claims. The 2014 FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) World Cup will be played in Brazil. Its “Football for the Planet” program aims to monitor greenhouse gasses, provide environmentally friendly stadiums, and better waste management. However, FIFA has not maximized this opportunity.
New research in Animal Conservation reveals that a simple bird scaring line can reduce the mortality rate by over 90%.
Scientists are challenging the theory that icebergs made 1912, the year RMS Titanic was lost to the North Atlantic, an exceptionally hazardous year for shipping.
Designing For The Third Age: Architecture Redefined for a Generation of ‘Active Agers’ reflects on the challenges facing most industrialised nations as people aged sixty-five and older continue to constitute an increasing proportion of the population. This book offers innovative responses to these problems on a practical and speculative level.
Rutting stags and clawing bears are but two examples of male animals fighting over a mate, but research in New Phytologist has uncovered the first evidence of similar male struggles leading to the evolution of weaponry in plants.
Poisons are silent, effective and cheap, making the especially dangerous in Africa where they are used for both pest control and illegal poaching. However, as a new study in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences reveals, they also kill un-intended wildlife
New research in Geophysical Research Letters analyses earthquake swarms caused by mounting volcanic pressure which may signal an eminent eruption.
The Wildlife Society Bulletin reveals how U.S. military helicopters are to wildlife strikes
New research in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry reveals the fatal impact of diesel fuel on plankton, a crucial food source which underpins the polar ecosystem.
The open air plays of the Ancient Greeks may offer us a valuable insight into the Mediterranean climate of the time, Weather reports.
The Wildlife Society Bulletin explores the fatal cost of human interaction with cougars and asks what state agencies can do to protect both species.
Tropical cyclones could be made stronger as global warming results in rising sea temperatures, reveals new research in the Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems.
WIREs Climate Change explores how the politics of climate change has shifted from one of consensus, to overt tribalism, and asks how this may be changed by the rise of hitherto fringe political parties.