Environment & Sustainability

Press Release RSS Feed RSS

You selected: Environment & Sustainability

May 03, 2016

Birds of a Different Color: Why Some Birds Have More than One Color Type

In some animals, the same species can occur in two or more color types, or morphs. New research may help solve the mystery of how this can occur despite the pressures of evolution.

May 03, 2016

New Insights on How Oysters Form Shells

Researchers know that several proteins are involved in oyster shell formation, but how expression of these proteins is controlled is not well understood. Now investigators report that they have identified a protein called Pf-POU3F4 that promotes expression of two of these proteins, called Aspein and Prismalin-14.

April 04, 2016

Climate Change May Reduce Vulnerable Salmon Populations

New research in north-central Mongolia illuminates the effects of global climate change on certain vulnerable species of salmon.

April 04, 2016

Marine Reserves Are Critical for Coral Reef Resilience

Due to the combined effect of human and natural disturbances, coral reefs are declining at an alarming rate. Researchers who studied the effects of various disturbances on reef communities of coral and fish found that those in ‘no-take’ marine reserves are less impacted and recover faster than those in reefs that are not located in marine protected areas.

April 04, 2016

Research Provides Insights on Hailstorms in Switzerland and Neighboring Regions

A new study over a 13-year investigation period provides information on the distribution and characteristics of hailstorms in the alpine area and adjacent areas.

March 07, 2016

Few Studies Focus on Threatened Mammalian Species that Are “Ugly”

Many Australian mammalian species of conservation significance have attracted little research effort, little recognition, and little funding, new research shows. The overlooked non-charismatic species such as fruit bats and tree rats may be most in need of scientific and management research effort.

12:00 AM EST February 22, 2016

How Climate Change May Be Impacting the World’s Tropical Forests

New research suggests that multi-year droughts will significantly alter the structure, composition, and dynamics of second-growth tropical forests, which have re-grown after cessation of agricultural activity or a major disturbance such as fire. These second-growth forests represent the prevalent tropical forest cover today.

12:00 AM EST February 22, 2016

New Model May Improve Population Management of Species Facing Local Extinction

By developing a new model, researchers have provided the first detailed mortality estimates for male African lions. A comparison of two populations, including the one of Cecil, exposed the signature that human impact leaves on male lion mortality.

12:00 AM EST February 22, 2016

New Tool Helps Model Forest Traits and Evolution

Researchers have developed plant, a software framework, to investigate how plant species differing in traits may be able to coexist with one another.

12:00 AM EST February 22, 2016

Study Examines How Large-Scale Environmental Variation Affects Reproduction and Survival of Plants

A new analysis looks at how rates of reproduction and survival of 26 shrub species with fire-dependent life cycles in the Cape Floristic Region in South Africa respond to environmental variation.

February 16, 2016

3D Printed Flowers Provide Insights on How Orchids Attract Pollinators

By using 3D printing to make casts for realistic artificial flowers, researchers have discovered how a type of orchid deceives flies into pollinating it, by pretending to be a mushroom.

February 16, 2016

Are Conservation Efforts for Coral Reefs Misguided?

A recent global analysis indicates that more than half of coral reefs are located less than 30 minutes from the nearest human settlement, but these reefs are receiving less protection than reefs located farther away from people.

February 01, 2016

Biodegradable Fishing Nets May Help Protect Marine Animals

New research shows that a biodegradable net material can be used to create nets that have similar catch rates as conventional nets but decompose after a certain period of time under water.

January 27, 2016

Experts Offer New Approach to Prioritizing Research on the Environmental Impacts of Pharmaceuticals

Researchers have developed a new way to prioritize investigations on the environmental impacts of the estimated 1500 active pharmaceutical ingredients currently in use.

January 04, 2016

Challenges to Conserving Freshwater Mussels in Europe

New research looks at the status of the 16 currently recognized freshwater mussel species in Europe, finding that information is unevenly distributed with considerable differences in data quality and quantity among countries and species.

December 21, 2015

Common Insecticide May Not Harm Bumble Bees

Investigators have found no effect of an insecticide called thiamethoxam on bumble bees that forage on flowering winter oilseed rape. Using realistic field conditions, the researchers treated seeds of oilseed rape with the insecticide and then grew the seeds into flowers. They established similar conditions with seeds not treated with thiamethoxam, and they placed bumble colonies adjacent to the fields.

December 21, 2015

Maximizing Sea Life’s Ability to Reduce Atmospheric Carbon May Help Combat Climate Change

New research on West Antarctic seabed life reveals that the remote region of the South Orkney Islands is a carbon sink hotspot. The findings suggest that this recently designated (and world’s first) entirely high seas marine protected area may be a powerful natural ally in combating rising CO2 as sea ice melts.

December 21, 2015

Wild Populations of Popular Cage Bird Face Catastrophic Declines

New research suggests that wild populations of Grey Parrots—one of the world’s most popular cage birds—have been virtually wiped out by poaching and habitat loss.

December 15, 2015

Seal Tagging Improves Ocean Forecasts

Data from animal-borne sensors, including seal tags, can help scientists produce analyses and forecasts of ocean temperature and salinity, according to a UK led study.

December 07, 2015

Cities Support a Greater Number of Threatened Species than Non-Urban Areas

The earth is facing a catastrophic species extinction crisis. The dominant approach to conservation has been to focus on protecting pristine environments, but new research from Australia demonstrates that on average, urban environments contain disproportionately more threatened protected species in a given area than non-urban environments.