Environment & Sustainability
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Research published in the scientific journal Palaeontology.
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The Earth's oceans are thought to have taken up about one quarter of the carbon dioxide (CO2) that humans pumped into the atmosphere in the past 2 decades. While this drives acidification and has consequences for sea life, it also moderates the rate of climate change.
In The Colder War, analyst Marin Katusa makes the case that Putin is exploiting Russia’s new role as the world’s leading energy supplier (the country exports more oil than the UAE, Kuwait and Iraq combined; has world’s largest natural gas reserves; and is the top uranium exporter) to strong-arm governments and reassert its global importance.
Managing carbon flow into the atmosphere has been a central focus of efforts aimed at protecting the planet and addressing climate change. A new European Journal of Soil Science review proposes that we focus less on sequestering carbon to mitigate CO2 buildup and more on using wisely the energy it carries.
Researchers who transplanted combinations of wild, domesticated, and domesticated-wild hybridized populations of a fish species to new environments found that within 5 to 11 generations, selection could remove introduced foreign genes from wild populations that hybridized with domesticated populations.
World’s Top Business Leaders Offer Their Insights on Uniting People, Profits and Planet for Lasting Profitability and Success in New Book
The Breakthrough Challenge: 10 Ways to Connect Today's Profits With Tomorrow's Bottom Line (WILEY; July 2014; Hardcover & eBook; ISBN978-1-118-53969-9; $28.00) by John Elkington and Jochen Zeitz is based on the pioneer work of The B TEAM, a global nonprofit initiative redefining business as a driving force for social, environmental and economic benefit.
John Wiley and Sons Inc. announced today its selection by the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) to publish their highly regarded portfolio of journals focused on marine and inland water systems.
The Responsive City: Engaging Communities Through Data-Smart Governance provides a compelling model for the future of more effective local government; part of the Harvard Kennedy School Ash Center’s Data-Smart City Solutions initiative.
An Adventure Through the Global Food Economy with Discussion Questions and a Guide to Going "Glocal"
Where Am I Eating? bridges the gap between global food producers and the American consumer, providing an insightful look at how our eating habits affect farmers and fishermen around the world. This new edition includes a study guide, a deeper explanation of the "glocal" concept, and advice for students looking to become engaged as both local and global citizens.
While the sinking of the Titanic in 1912 is typically blamed on human, design and construction errors, a new Significance paper points to 2 other unfavorable factors outside human control: there were a greater number of icebergs than normal that year, and weather conditions had driven them further south, and earlier in the year, than was usual.
In a world warmed by rising atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, precipitation patterns are going to change because of two factors: one, warmer air can hold more water; and two, changing atmospheric circulation patterns will shift where rain falls.
Researchers who analyzed the vulnerability of ecosystems to climate change have found that between 10 and 28% of the world’s terrestrial vegetated area can be considered refugia, depending on whether or not wilderness areas are considered. Refugia are areas of biological diversity where natural environmental conditions remain relatively constant during times of great environmental change.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced a continued increase in the proportion of its journal titles indexed in the 2014 release of Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports® (JCR). A total of 1,202 Wiley titles (approximately 70%) were indexed, up from 1,193 in the 2012 JCR, and including 13 titles which have been indexed for the first time.
Growing consensus on climate and land use change means that it is reasonable to assume, at the very least, that flood levels in a region may change. Then why, ask Rosner et al. in a new study, do the dominant risk assessment techniques used to decide whether to build new flood protection infrastructure nearly always start with an assumption of “no trend” in flood behavior?
Storm-triggered landslides cause loss of life, property damage, and landscape alterations. For instance, the remnants of Hurricane Camille in 1969 caused 109 deaths in central Virginia, after 600 mm of rain fell in mountainous terrain in 6 hours. More recently, on 8 August 2010, a rainstorm-induced landslide devastated the Chinese county of Zhouqu, causing more than 1000 deaths. A new modeling study by Ren examines the multiple factors, both natural and human caused, that came together to produce this event.
The concentrations of many historically used, and now widely banned, pesticides and other toxic chemicals—called legacy contaminants—can become magnified in an animal that eats contaminated food; however, a new Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry study has found that Arctic mammals metabolize some currently used pesticides, preventing such ‘biomagnification.’
Both shale gas and conventional natural gas have a larger greenhouse gas footprint than do coal or oil, especially for the primary uses of residential and commercial heating.
Researchers have streamlined and simplified a process that uses extracts from seeds of Moringa oleifa trees to purify water, reducing levels of harmful bacteria by 90% to 99%. The hardy trees that are drought resistant are cultivated widely throughout many countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
Researchers who reviewed the impact of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) on society have found that there are significant differences in the uptake of forecasts across sectors, with the highest use in agriculture, intermediate use in water resources management, and the lowest in health.
Before the devastating tsunami hit Sumatra on 26 December 2004, not much was known about the fault zones located offshore Sumatra in the Indian Ocean. Since then, geologists have set out to study the subduction margin’s structure and dynamics for future mitigation of earthquake hazards.
new research shows that the islands’ own geological past may have influenced the evolution of the Galapagos Islands' native species.