Law & Society
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Feeding the Five Thousand – or was it Three? Researchers Claim Most Crowd Estimations Are Unreliable
The public should view crowd estimation with scepticism, say the authors of a study in Significance.
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Investigators recently set out to consider whether homicides involving social networking sites were unique and worthy of labels such as ‘Facebook Murder’, and to explore the ways in which perpetrators had used such sites in the homicides they had committed.
New research suggests we may have been misinterpreting Stanley Milgram’s famous experiments on obedience. Those experiments, in which ordinary people were convinced to administer seemingly severe electric shocks to their fellow humans—created an uproar when they were first published 50 years ago. Then, and for decades afterwards, they were seen to imply that people do the bidding of those in authority without thinking about the consequences of their acts. Not only did Milgram’s experiments appear to expose an ugly truth about ourselves, they provide a compelling explanation of the seemingly inexplicable: How ordinary Germans could have participated in history’s greatest crime.
Judges with daughters consistently vote in a more feminist fashion on gender issues than judges who have only sons, and the effect appears to be driven primarily by Republican judges.
The Smell of Politics – People Are Attracted to the Body Odor of Others with Similar Political Beliefs
A new study reveals that people find the smell of others with similar political opinions to be attractive, suggesting that one of the reasons why so many spouses share similar political views is because they were initially and subconsciously attracted to each other’s body odor.
Researchers have found that British Muslim women who wear a hijab generally have more positive body image, are less reliant on media messages about beauty ideals, and place less importance on appearance than those who do not wear a hijab. These effects appear to be driven by use of a hijab specifically, rather than religiosity.
A new Journal of Evolutionary Biology study provides evidence that physical barriers formed by oceans can influence language diversification.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced a continued increase in the proportion of its journal titles indexed in the 2014 release of Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports® (JCR). A total of 1,202 Wiley titles (approximately 70%) were indexed, up from 1,193 in the 2012 JCR, and including 13 titles which have been indexed for the first time.
Describing criminals and criminal activities with animal metaphors leads to more retaliation against perpetrators by inducing the perception that they’re likely to continue engaging in violence, a new Aggressive Behavior study suggests.
Over the course of the last 100 years or more, many scenes of execution in American film have offered intimate knowledge of executions, giving viewers a privileged ‘backstage’ gaze of an execution not available outside film, the chance to see what executioners see, and a chance to understand the condemned’s experience as he awaits death.
Before the devastating tsunami hit Sumatra on 26 December 2004, not much was known about the fault zones located offshore Sumatra in the Indian Ocean. Since then, geologists have set out to study the subduction margin’s structure and dynamics for future mitigation of earthquake hazards.
The Journal of the American Geriatrics Society explores the legal and medical challenges caused by elderly gun ownership
Political Studies analyses how and why Conservative Party members defect to UKIP
Research in Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health has found that convicted mafia men displayed fewer psychopathic traits then regular criminals, experienced fewer drug problems and were more concerned about their families
Authors Arthur B. Laffer, Stephen Moore, Rex A. Sinquefield and Travis H. Brown Explore a Passionate and Detailed Argument for State-level Tax Reform in New Book
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of States explains why eliminating or lowering tax burdens at the state level leads to economic growth and wealth creation. A passionate argument for tax reform, the book shows that even states with small populations can benefit enormously with the right policies.
Political Psychology reports that while distrust can manifest in protests and demands for reform, the desired change can also be derailed by distrust in the people who are demanded to carry them through
New research in the Journal of Management Studies investigates these under-studied groups, using Australian bushfires to discover the role these local ventures
The Wildlife Society Bulletin explores the fatal cost of human interaction with cougars and asks what state agencies can do to protect both species.
Political Psychology explores how emotions such as anxiety, even if their cause has nothing to do with politics, can result in a hardening of our views
Journal Special Issue Highlights The Maternal and Newborn Health in Ethiopia Partnership
WIREs Climate Change explores how the politics of climate change has shifted from one of consensus, to overt tribalism, and asks how this may be changed by the rise of hitherto fringe political parties.