Law & Society
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Feeding the Five Thousand – or was it Three? Researchers Claim Most Crowd Estimations Are Unreliable
The public should view crowd estimation with scepticism, say the authors of a study in Significance.
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Devalued and Distrusted: Can the Pharmaceutical Industry Restore Its Broken Image? offers a balanced view of the role of drug discovery in improving public health.
Ever seen a human face on a piece of toast or in a cloud? This illusionary effect is known as pareidolia and scientists writing in Applied Cognitive Psychology claim you’re more prone to seeing faces if you’re a religious or paranormal believer. The team found believer groups were better at identifying previously defined face-like regions in images, but were also prone to false alarms. Signal detection analysis revealed that believers had more liberal answering criteria than skeptics, but the actual detection sensitivity did not differ. The paranormal believers also evaluated the artifact faces as more face-like and emotional than the skeptics.
Ministers in the Board Room: New Study Explores Post-Political Careers of Politicians in Private Sector
The ‘revolving door’ between public office and corporate board rooms is often cited as a threat to the democratic process. New research, published in Political Studies, explores the earnings of politicians who take jobs in corporations when they retire and finds that ministers from the Treasury, Foreign Office and the Ministry of Defense develop the strongest corporate connections.
Politicians often claim that having more policemen on the beat makes the public feel safer, and it’s an assumption which underlies much policing policy. Research in the Journal of Applied Social Psychology tested this assumption and found that in areas which are usually considered safe, feelings of safety were not increased by police presence. Results also revealed that men feel less safe when police are present compared with when police are absent.
Inverse Fingerprints on Paper: Visualization of Latent Fingermarks by Nanotechnology: Reversed Development on Paper: A Possible Remedy to the Variation in Sweat Composition
Paper is one of the surfaces most commonly tested for fingerprints in forensics. Unfortunately, it is particularly difficult to make fingerprints on paper visible. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, Israeli scientists have now introduced a new method developed specifically for use on paper. It produces a “negative” of the fingerprint and is, in contrast to conventional methods, independent of the composition of the sweat residue left behind.
Wiley is pleased to announce the publication of the 12th edition of Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials.
Introducing an easy-to-read, jargon-free overview of the patent application process for scientists and engineers
Meeting Derailed! Robert’s Rules For Dummies®, 2nd Edition Reveals Some Common Myths About Proper Meeting Procedures
The problem isn’t that Robert’s Rules don’t work. It’s that people don’t really understand them.
New research reveals the tactics commuters use to avoid each other, a practice the paper published in Symbolic Interaction describes as ‘nonsocial transient behavior.’
How Washington Actually Works For Dummies® Demystifies Policymaking and Reveals Key Political Influencers
In an election year where the economy is king, along with a head-to-head matchup for the presidential race, timing could not be better for an insiders’ guide to Washington, D.C.
People with lower incomes value the institution of marriage just as much as those with higher incomes and have similar romantic standards for marriage, according to a new study published in the Journal of Marriage and Family. The new research suggests that government initiatives to strengthen marriage among low-income populations should move beyond promoting the value of marriage and instead focus on the actual problems that low-income couples face.
An international team of scientists have published the first continent-wide assessment of the Antarctic’s biogeography, and propose that the landmass should be divided into 15 distinct conservation regions to protect the continent from invasive alien species. The team’s findings are published in Diversity and Distributions, while the authors’ proposals were outlined today at a lecture to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting (ATCM) in Hobart, Tasmania.
Study in the British Journal of Sociology shows fans blame conservative boardrooms and agents for lack of openness
How far is too far? 60 cases illustrating modern bioethical dilemmas
“The central purpose of this book is to draw attention to this “second sexism” and to respond to those who would deny that it exists.”
According to new research, plus interviews with dozens of con artists and thousands of victims, basic consumer smarts are no match for the emotional appeals that clever cons use to defraud consumers of millions of dollars every year. No matter how successful or intelligent, anyone can fall victim to a crime.
The book explains the benefits you and your family might qualify for, how to apply, rules you should know, how Social Security fits into your retirement plans, and much more useful information.
The book teaches aspiring mediators the importance of upholding an honorable reputation; the skills, personality traits, and characteristics of a good mediator; and how to effectively market a successful mediation career.
It has long been well established that fingerprints can be used to identify people or help convict them of crimes. Things have gone a lot further now: fingerprints can be used to show that a suspect is a smoker, takes drugs, or has handled explosives, among other things. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, Pompi Hazarika and David Russell describe the noteworthy progress that has recently been made.
World-Renowned Thought Leader, Bruce Schneier, Writes New Book On How To Solve The Most Important Problem We Face In Society And Business: Trust