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May 16, 2016

Overpasses and Underpasses for Migrating Animals May Reduce Collisions with Automobiles

In the western United States, mule deer and pronghorn (animals that are similar to antelopes) undergo annual migrations that place them and drivers at risk for collisions when the animals cross busy roadways. A new study evaluated overpasses and underpasses as alternative routes for the animals during migration.

May 16, 2016

Why Is Female Sexuality More Flexible than Male Sexuality?

A new evolutionary theory argues that women may have been evolutionarily designed to be sexually fluid—changing their sexual desires and identities from lesbian, to bisexual, to heterosexual and back again—in order to allow them to have sex with their co-wives in polygynous marriages, therefore reducing conflict and tension inherent in such marriages while at the same time successfully reproducing with their husbands in heterosexual unions.

May 05, 2016

Droughts Can Have Detrimental Impacts on Aquatic Invertebrates

At temporary stream sites, researchers found that just three types, or ‘taxa’, of invertebrates remained following a long drought. At sites that experienced shorter dry spells, 24 taxa remained.

May 03, 2016

Birds of a Different Color: Why Some Birds Have More than One Color Type

In some animals, the same species can occur in two or more color types, or morphs. New research may help solve the mystery of how this can occur despite the pressures of evolution.

May 03, 2016

Current Whale Migration Models Are too Simplified

New research challenges the traditional view that baleen whales (Mysticetes) migrate between high-latitude feeding areas and low-latitude breeding areas

May 03, 2016

Experts Propose Strategy to Save Mammals on the Brink of Extinction

With only three living individuals left on this planet, the northern white rhinoceros could be considered doomed for extinction. But now researchers have proposed a road map for preserving such endangered species through techniques that use stem cells and assisted reproduction technology.

May 03, 2016

New Insights on How Oysters Form Shells

Researchers know that several proteins are involved in oyster shell formation, but how expression of these proteins is controlled is not well understood. Now investigators report that they have identified a protein called Pf-POU3F4 that promotes expression of two of these proteins, called Aspein and Prismalin-14.

May 03, 2016

New Research Provides Insights on Seal Species

Conservation and management efforts rely on clear definitions of populations, subspecies, and species. A new study uses digital imaging, state-of-the-art genetic analyses, archives of historical literature, and other methods to resolve the origin and whereabouts of a more than 200 year old grey seal specimen held in the collections of the Natural History Museum of Denmark, and to prove that this was the lost type specimen of the species. These and similar methods may be applied to identify, describe, and study existing, lost, and novel specimens.

May 03, 2016

Research on Modern Day Animals Reveals Insights on the Life and Death Processes of Extinct Animals

Powerful head and neck retractions of vertebrate carcasses, including dinosaur fossils, have puzzled researchers as to whether they occurred just before an animal’s death in agony, or after. Now experiments performed in the wild on large ostrich chick cadavers show that they occur post-mortem.

April 22, 2016

Attending US Charter Schools May Lead to Higher Earnings in the Future

A new study suggests that charter school students are more likely to do well at college and earn significantly more than their counterparts at other schools.

April 07, 2016

Social Peers’ Death May Impact CEO Decisions

CEOs alter their strategic decision making after experiencing the death of a social peer, new research suggests.

April 04, 2016

Particulate Vaccine Delivery Systems May Help Protect against Infectious Disease Outbreaks and Bioterror Threats

A new review summarizes the current status of research efforts to develop particulate vaccine delivery systems against bioterrorism agents and emerging infectious pathogens.

March 22, 2016

New Method Measures Nicotine Delivery from E-Cigarettes

The effectiveness of e-cigarettes as a smoking substitute will likely rely on whether they can consistently provide the amount of nicotine a smoker needs to resist the desire to return to traditional cigarettes.

March 21, 2016

Research Provides Insights on Lethal Blindness in a Scottish Bird of Conservation Concern

The Scottish bird population of red-billed choughs, which currently totals less than 60 breeding pairs and is of major conservation concern, is being affected by lethal blindness that is passed on by non-blind individuals that carry a mutant gene.

March 21, 2016

The Evolution of Altruistic Defense in Enslaved Ants

New research looks at the evolution of an altruistic defense by enslaved Temnothorax longispinosus ant workers that rebel against their social parasite Temnothorax americanus, a slavemaking ant.

March 16, 2016

Researchers Discover Sophisticated Alarm Signaling in a Primitive Insect

Many insect species respond to danger by producing chemical alarm signals, or alarm pheromones, to inform others. In a recent study, investigators found that their alarm may be even be context dependent.

March 09, 2016

Illegal Pet Trade in Madagascar May Threaten Conservation and Survival of Endangered Lemur Species

New research indicates that almost one-third of all lemur species are kept as illegal pets throughout Madagascar. The widespread trading of lemurs in the country may threaten conservation efforts of some endangered species.

March 07, 2016

Few Studies Focus on Threatened Mammalian Species that Are “Ugly”

Many Australian mammalian species of conservation significance have attracted little research effort, little recognition, and little funding, new research shows. The overlooked non-charismatic species such as fruit bats and tree rats may be most in need of scientific and management research effort.

March 07, 2016

Five Years After the Great East Japan Earthquake, Relevant Studies Made Freely Available

With March 11th marking the 5th anniversary of the Great East Japan Earthquake and resulting tsunami, Wiley has selected 123 articles related to the disaster and made them freely available until April 30th.

February 16, 2016

Discovery Could Lead to New Treatment Strategy against TB

By uncovering the 3-dimensional structure of an enzyme that is critical for the survival of the bacterium that cause tuberculosis, researchers may be one step closer to developing a new strategy to combat TB infections.

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