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A new study on how people feel the effects of earthquakes illustrates the value that members of the public can add to the scientific research process.
The Wiley Foundation, part of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. today announced the 14th annual Wiley Prize in Biomedical Sciences will be awarded to Evelyn M. Witkin and Stephen Elledge for their studies of the DNA damage response.
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Researchers suspected that experience with passing vehicles may cause birds to adjust their avoidance responses—specifically, to increase their flight initiation distances—to keep from being hit. Instead, though, they recently found that inexperienced birds have longer flight initiation distances in response to oncoming vehicles than birds that have repeatedly observed passing, fast-moving vehicles.
A new article provides an overview of the impacts of the Fukushima Nuclear Power Station accident in Japan in 2011 and subsequent remediation measures, comparing similarities and differences with the lessons learned from the 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident in Ukraine.
New research looks into how social networks among wild great tits, as they forage in flocks during the winter, carry over into shaping the set locations at which the birds breed and raise their young during the spring.
A new study looks at what happens when a company’s employees view its efforts related to corporate social responsibility as substantive (perceived to be other-serving and genuinely aimed at supporting the common good) or symbolic (perceived as self-serving and performed primarily for reputation and to enhance profits).
A new review reveals gaps in the science of dam removal. Although more than 1200 dams have been removed in the United States, fewer than 10 percent have been scientifically evaluated. Those studies that do exist focus more on short-term river channel responses rather than longer-term biological responses.
A new review of the published literature indicates that the Affordable Care Act has made significant progress in accomplishing two of its main goals—decreasing the number of uninsured and improving access to care.
In a recent analysis of patient charts from eight different emergency departments, documented screening for self-harm, suicide ideation, or suicide attempts declined with age, from approximately 81 percent in younger age groups to a low of 68 percent among those aged ≥85 years.
Publications on the works of Michelangelo in the Sistine Chapel indicate that numerous codes and hidden messages may have been inserted for various purposes. Now a new analysis suggests that Michelangelo may have concealed symbols associated with female anatomy when painting the chapel’s ceiling.
Researchers have discovered an enzyme that plays a leading role in the formation of compounds that give aged wines their sought-after aroma.
How Did the Phosphate Get into RNA? Urea as one of the essential components in Darwin's "warm little pond"
The phosphate ion is almost insoluble and is one of the most inactive of Earth's most abundant phosphate minerals. So how could phosphate have originally been incorporated into ribonucleotides, the building blocks of RNA, which are considered to be among the earliest constituents of life? American and Spanish scientists have now identified reasonable conditions to mobilize phosphate from insoluble apatite minerals for prebiotic organophosphate synthesis, including ribonucleotides. The pivotal role of urea in this process is also described in their article in the journal Angewandte Chemie.
Largest Earth and Space Science Organization and Publishing Partner Wiley to Launch New Open Access Journal
WASHINGTON, DC—9 August 2016—Geohealth is a rapidly emerging transdisciplinary field that supports the intersection of Earth and environmental sciences with human, agricultural, and environmental health. As a first step in its efforts to support and enable this emerging field, the American Geophysical Union (AGU) announced today the launch of its newest journal, GeoHealth.
Wiley to publish Molecular Oncology – bringing together all four journals from the Federation of European Biochemical Societies at FEBS Press
Hoboken, NEW JERSEY – 9 August 2016 – John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced the final step of an extended publishing partnership with the Federation of European Biochemical Societies (FEBS) with the move of Molecular Oncology from January 2017 to join the other three FEBS publications published by Wiley; The FEBS Journal, FEBS Letters, and FEBS Open Bioat FEBS Press. FEBS has become one of Europe’s largest organisations in the molecular life sciences, providing a voice to a large part of the academic research and teaching community in Europe.
New research indicates that brief heat treatment is a promising way to decrease the spread of bed bugs being transported on the outer surface of luggage.
Researchers have identified a new rare species of beaked whale with a range in the remote North Pacific Ocean.
Researchers who examined family genealogies from Finland found that the presence of same-sex elder siblings increased the probability that people would disperse to new lands, whereas having opposite-sex siblings had less influence.
Nanoparticles are being studied as drug delivery systems to treat a wide variety of diseases. New research delves into the physical properties of nanoparticles that are important for successfully delivering therapeutics within the body, with a primary focus on size. This is especially important as relatively subtle differences in size can affect cell uptake and determine the fate of nanoparticles once within cells.
DNA polymerases are the “Xerox machines” that replicate our DNA. They must work with great precision to keep errors from creeping into our genes. In spite of this precision, they still accept building blocks that have been coupled to large proteins, as a group of German scientists reports in the journal Angewandte Chemie. Based on this fact, the team has developed detection systems for genotyping DNA and RNA that can be evaluated by the naked eye. This method may allow for new diagnostic tools for use in the field.
Counting Red Blood Cells: Electrochemical determination of the concentration and peroxidase activity of erythrocytes
Blood counts are routinely carried out before operations, in cases of infection, or when testing for a variety of diseases, such as anemia and leukemia. A key value in this test is the number of red blood cells (erythrocytes). Scientists at the University of Oxford (UK) have now introduced a simple nano-electrochemical process for the rapid, precise determination of the erythrocyte count. As described in the journal Angewandte Chemie, the test also determines the activity of individual erythrocytes toward hydrogen peroxide.
Charismatic species—such as felines and primates or whales, sharks, and turtles—are attractive to tourists, and the opportunity of seeing them in the wild motivates tourists to visit protected areas. New research indicates that tourists’ preferences are not restricted to charismatic species, however, and they extend to less charismatic biodiversity, as well as to landscapes.
Wiley ChemPlanner was awarded “Best of Show” for the Research & Clinical Data Management category at the BIO-IT World Conference & Expo 2016. Judged by leading industry experts and BIO-IT World editors, this award distinguishes Wiley ChemPlanner as an exceptional innovation in technologies used by life science professionals today.