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January 20, 2017

Pre-Operative Liquid Feeding Reduces Complications following Crohn’s Disease Surgery

Despite improvements in medical care, about two-thirds of patients with Crohn’s disease develop complications requiring intestinal surgery at some time, and post-operative healing can be complicated. Clinicians now report that pre-operative optimisation of patients with Crohn’s disease with exclusive enteral nutrition (liquid nutrition formula) is associated with reduced rates of post-operative abscess or intestinal leakage by nine-fold. 

January 17, 2017

Antimicrobial Sutures Can Prevent Surgical Site Infections and Save Money

New analyses of the published clinical studies indicate that antimicrobial sutures are effective for preventing surgical site infections (SSIs), and they can result in significant cost savings. The results are published in the British Journal of Surgery.

January 17, 2017

Community-Acquired Pneumonia Can Spread Year-Round

New research indicates that community-acquired pneumonia should not be regarded as a seasonal disease, as it occurs throughout all seasons; however, the pathogens that cause the condition are clearly subject to seasonal variations.

January 17, 2017

Dietary Supplement May Carry Both Benefits and Risks Associated with Statins

Red yeast rice (RYR) is contained in dietary supplements that are often used by patients with high cholesterol, and it is often proposed as an alternative therapy in those who experience side effects from statins. A new study found that it is not a good choice for statin-intolerant patients: RYR was linked with muscle and liver injury, which can also occur with statin use. 

January 17, 2017

Experts Seek to Educate Orthopaedic Researchers on the Ethical Use of Animals in Preclinical Studies

Recent initiatives by the Orthopaedic Research Society seek to improve animal research and ensure that it is performed to the highest ethical and scientific standards.

January 17, 2017

Hip Fractures May Have Both Short and Long-Term Effects on Survival in Elderly Individuals

A new analysis of numerous studies indicates that men and women aged 60 years and older who have experienced a hip fracture are at increased risk of dying not only in the short term after the fracture, but also a number of years later.

January 17, 2017

Not Just Small Adults: Pediatric Liver Transplant Recipients Need Special Care

A new review discusses important consideration when caring for children who have received liver transplants. 

January 17, 2017

Plant-Derived Products May Help Fight HBV

Researchers have found that certain plant-derived products may help prevent and treat hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Proanthocyanidin (PAC) and its analogs, oolonghomobisflavanes, act by inhibiting viral entry into host cells.

January 17, 2017

Weekly Diabetes Drug Provides Similar Benefits to Daily Version

A weekly dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor was just as effective at controlling type 2 diabetic patients’ blood sugar as a daily DPP-4 inhibitor in a recent randomized clinical trial.

January 13, 2017

Treatment Strategy Provides Mental Health Benefits to War Trauma Survivors

A study shows that a certain intervention called testimony therapy plus ceremony reduced symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression among Khmer Rouge torture survivors from across Cambodia. 

January 12, 2017

Does Recent Randomized Prostate Cancer Trial Provide Insights on Best Treatment?

For the first time, we now have a randomized trial comparing active monitoring, surgery, and radiation therapy for the management of localized prostate cancer. In a recent BJU International article, experts note that the investigators are to be congratulated on their highly anticipated landmark study, the Prostate testing for cancer and Treatment (ProtecT) trial; however, they point to several limitations in the recruitment of patients for the study and differences in the active monitoring protocol in the study compared with contemporary practice. 

January 12, 2017

Initiative Encourages International Sharing of Data to Combat Infectious Disease Outbreaks

To protect people against potentially deadly infectious disease outbreaks, it is critical that scientists and governments rapidly share information about the pathogens that cause them. The first study of the Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data (GISAID) shows how it is possible to encourage the greater international sharing of such data, despite numerous challenges that exist.

7:00 PM EST January 11, 2017

Yoga may have health benefits for people with chronic non-specific lower back pain

A new systematic review, published in the Cochrane Library today, suggests that yoga may lead to a reduction in pain and functional ability in people with chronic non-specific lower back pain over the short term, compared with no exercise. However, researchers advise that more studies are needed to provide information on long-term effects.

12:00 AM EST January 09, 2017

Has the Affordable Care Act Reduced Socioeconomic Disparities in Cancer Screening?

Out-of-pocket expenditures are thought to be a significant barrier to receiving cancer preventive services, especially for individuals of lower socioeconomic status. A new study looks at how the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which eliminated such out-of-pocket expenditures, has affected the use of mammography and colonoscopy. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study found that use of mammography, but not colonoscopy, increased after the ACA.

12:00 AM EST January 09, 2017

How Spain Achieved a Remarkably High Rate of Deceased Organ Donation

Spain is leading the world in deceased organ donation. A new article published in the American Journal of Transplantation contains important information that can help other countries learn from the success of the Spanish system to help address the worldwide problem of transplant organ shortages. 

January 09, 2017

Study Examines the Effects of Osteoporosis Drugs in Children with Genetic Bone Disorders

Previous case reports in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) have suggested that treatment with bisphosphonates, which are commonly prescribed for osteoporosis, may be associated with atypical femur fractures. A new retrospective study of 119 children with OI indicates that such fractures are related to the severity of OI rather than to bisphosphonate use, however.

12:00 AM EST January 05, 2017

Acid Suppression Medications Linked to Serious Gastrointestinal Infections

In a population-based study from Scotland, use of commonly-prescribed acid suppression medications such as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) was linked with an increased risk of intestinal infections with C. difficile and Campylobacter bacteria, which can cause considerable illness.

12:00 AM EST January 05, 2017

Foods Rich in Resistant Starch May Benefit Health

A new comprehensive review examines the potential health benefits of resistant starch, a form of starch that is not digested in the small intestine and is therefore considered a type of dietary fibre. Some forms of resistant starch occur naturally in foods such as bananas, potatoes, grains, and legumes, and some are produced or modified commercially and incorporated into food products.

December 21, 2016

Rat Study Provides Insights on Tendon Overuse Injuries

In research conducted in rats, investigators have shown for the first time the effect of rotator cuff tendon overuse, or tendinopathy, on surrounding tissues.

December 19, 2016

Efforts Are Needed to Optimize the Use of Biologics for Treating Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

The use of biologics, which are generally made from human and/or animal materials, has significantly changed the management of rheumatoid arthritis over the last decade, becoming the cornerstone treatment for many patients. Because the arsenal of biologics for rheumatoid arthritis includes numerous monoclonal antibodies with various mechanisms of action, it can be challenging to optimize treatments for individuals.