Medicine & Healthcare
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Chemotherapy Before or After Surgery for High-Risk Bladder Cancer Improves Survival, but is Not Routinely Administered
Clinical trials have shown that survival is improved in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer who are given chemotherapy before surgery.
New research suggests that drugs commonly used to prevent organ rejection after transplantation may also be helpful for combating HIV.
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Results published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), showed that sprifermin dosed at 100µg reduced loss of cartilage thickness and volume in the total femorotibial joint and in the lateral knee compartment (outside of the knee).
Six Mount Sinai Expert Guides use apps and digital content to support a new generation of physicians
An expert task force has created a new definition for epilepsy that refines the scope of patients diagnosed with this brain disease. The study published in Epilepsia, a journal published by Wiley on behalf of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), provides a greater level of detail to diagnose epilepsy by including individuals with two unprovoked seizures, and those with one unprovoked seizure and other factors that increase risk of seizure recurrence.
A broad change in drinking behaviour has occurred among Australian adolescents in the last decade. The percentage of Australians aged 14-17 who do not drink alcohol has increased from almost 33% in 2001 to over 50% in 2010. This trend has occurred broadly across a wide range of regional, socio-economic, and demographic subgroups.
Expert advice on planning for your own or a relative’s future care needs
Humor can help men undergoing treatment for penile cancer to stay positive while helping health professionals to build rapport with patients, reports research published in the Journal of Advanced Nursing.
Writing in the American Journal of Primatology, medical researchers argue that continued research with primates is needed
New research in the European Journal of Neurology discovered a link between statin, an oral lipid-lowering drug, and reduced risk of dementia.
In a study by the Journal of Traumatic Stress, results show that women who adopt yoga may experience less symptoms of PTSD.
New research reveals that consuming two or more cups of coffee each day reduces the risk of death from liver cirrhosis by 66%, specifically cirrhosis caused by non-viral hepatitis. Findings in Hepatology, a journal published by Wiley on behalf of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, show that tea, fruit juice, and soft drink consumption are not linked to cirrhosis mortality risk. As with previous studies heavy alcohol use was found to increase risk of death from cirrhosis.
Despite high rates of contraceptive use, unwanted pregnancies resulting in terminations remain high among young women.
In an article in the April issue of the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, Danielle Mazza from Monash University, and colleagues, examine the paradox of high rates of contraceptive use, over the counter availability of emergency contraception and unplanned pregnancy.
Researchers report that low levels of sodium, known as hyponatremia, prior to transplantation does not increase the risk of death following liver transplant. Full findings are published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society.
Faster and cheaper DNA sequencing techniques will likely improve care for patients with breast cancer but also create challenges for clinicians as they counsel patients on their treatment options. Those are among the conclusions of a study published recently in the BJS (British Journal of Surgery). The findings provide insights into how genetic advances will soon be affecting patient care.
In the Western world, bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men and the eighth most common in women, with many patients experiencing recurrence after treatment. A new study published in BJU International indicates that inheriting certain DNA sequences can affect a patient’s prognosis. The findings may help physicians identify sub-groups of bladder cancer patients who should receive intensive treatment and monitoring.
Contrary to popular belief among recreational drug users, mephedrone has several important differences when compared with MDMA, commonly known as ecstasy. These differences mean that mephedrone could leave a user with acute withdrawal symptoms and indicate that it may have a higher potential for developing dependence than MDMA according to a study published in British Journal of Pharmacology.
This two volume, authoritative text provides a timely and robust treatment of the healthcare valuation process in an era of dynamic healthcare reform.
A new study indicates that a commonly used mood stabilizing drug may help prevent head and neck cancer. The study is published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.
For millions of Americans that suffer with asthma, there is evidence of a novel therapy to relieve symptoms of the disorder. In a study in Respirology, 11 patients with doctor-diagnosed asthma were given a total of 24 injections of botulinum toxin to observe the effects that the treatment has on abnormal vocal cord movement that is evident in asthma suffering.
New research in Clinical Cardiology studies the relationship between neck circumference, metabolic syndrome and subclinical atherosclerosis in retired National Football League Players. 1023 retired NFL players voluntarily participated in health screening exams conducted between September 2007 and November 2009.
New research from The Netherlands shows that people who smoke high-potency cannabis end up getting higher doses of the active ingredient (THC). Although they reduce the amount they puff and inhale to compensate for the higher strength, they still take in more THC than smokers of lower potency cannabis.