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12:00 AM EDT May 20, 2015

Family History of Breast Cancer Doesn't Mean a Poor Prognosis for Women Who Develop the Disease

A new large study finds that women who are diagnosed with breast cancer and have a family history of the disease face no worse of a prognosis after treatment than other women with breast cancer.

May 18, 2015

Baby Teethers are a Novel Source of Infant Exposure to Endocrine Disruptors

A new study has found that endocrine disrupting chemicals—which can interfere with the actions of hormones in the body—are present in some plastic teethers for babies, and the chemicals can leach out of the products.

May 18, 2015

Physical Training Helps Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome, a hormonal disorder that affects 5% to 10% of the female population of fertile age, often experience sexual dysfunction and low self-esteem, but a new study shows that physical resistance training can help.

May 18, 2015

Task Force Offers Recommendations on Epilepsy Treatments in Women and Girls

The anti-epilepsy drug valproate should be avoided whenever possible in women who may become pregnant due to a high risk of malformations and developmental problems in babies who are exposed to the drug before birth.

May 18, 2015

The Road to Successful Uterus Transplantation to Restore Fertility

Swedish clinicians recently reported the first live birth after uterus transplantation, which was followed by two more uneventful births and another pregnancy that is near term.

12:00 AM EDT May 14, 2015

Study Investigates the Quality of Organs from Potential Donors with HIV

In 2013, the United States government passed the HIV Organ Policy Equity (HOPE) Act, which allows research to be conducted on the safety of organ donation from deceased donors with HIV to recipients with HIV.

May 13, 2015

Evidence Aid researchers support international efforts in Nepal

As the second major earthquake struck Nepal less than three weeks after more than 8,000 people died in a devastating quake, UK-based Evidence Aid joins the world’s renewed response.

12:00 AM EDT May 11, 2015

Certain Treatments for Childhood Cancer May Increase Obesity Risk Later in Life

Individuals who had cancer as a child may be at increased risk of being obese due to the therapies they received during their youth.

May 07, 2015

Researcher Glen Wright to take over Wiley’s Exchanges Blog

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., is pleased to welcome Glen Wright, a research fellow at the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI) in Paris, as the first guest editor of Wiley’s Exchanges blog. For one week, starting May 11, 2015, he will take over the blog’s reins to explore “The PhD Path Less Travelled.”

12:00 AM EDT May 06, 2015

The Use of Canes and Other Mobility Devices Is on the Rise Among Older Adults

About one-quarter of adults aged 65 years and older used mobility devices—such as canes, walkers, and wheelchairs—in 2011, and about a third of these reported using multiple devices. The use of such devices was not linked with an increased risk of falling, but people who used canes were more likely to report limiting their activities because they worried about falling.

May 04, 2015

Study Identifies Desire and Arousal as the Main Players in Women’s Sexual Health

In a 4-year study of 178 pre- and 329 postmenopausal women, investigators found that women’s sexual functioning was moderately stable over time. The main predictors of changes in sexual functioning and satisfaction were desire and arousal, highlighting their role as the main “players” in women’s sexual health.

May 04, 2015

Weight Loss May Increase Risk of Premature Death in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

In contrast to the general population, low body mass index has been associated with premature death in patients with rheumatoid arthritis —a situation known as the “obesity paradox.” A new Arthritis & Rheumatology study shows that weight loss, as opposed to low body mass index per se, is a strong predictor of mortality in these patients.

April 28, 2015

Living Liver Donors Report Lower Sexual Function in Early Months Post-Surgery

A new study found that sexual function in adult living donors was lower at the evaluation phase and at three months following liver transplantation. Results published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society, suggest that donor education prior to surgery may improve recovery and ease concerns about sexual function following the transplant.

12:00 AM EDT April 27, 2015

Health Insurance Coverage among Cancer Patients Varies Greatly by Demographics and Cancer Type

A new analysis has found that, among patients with cancer, rates of health insurance coverage vary by patient demographics and by cancer type.

12:05 AM EDT April 21, 2015

Patients Grapple with High Cost of Arthritis Medications

The first national investigation of Medicare coverage of biologic disease modifying drugs (DMARDs) found that in starting a single biologic DMARD, patients face more than $2,700 in copayments each year before receiving relief from catastrophic coverage. Results published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), show that during the initial phase of coverage, most people are expected to pay a striking 29.6% of total biologic drugs costs (just under one-third) out-of-pocket, creating an enormous financial burden for patients with chronic, rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

April 21, 2015

Risk of Hepatitis D Higher Among HIV Infected and Injection Drug Users

Researchers from Taiwan determined that individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or those who inject illicit drugs have a higher risk of becoming infected with the hepatitis D virus (HDV) in that country. The study, published in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, suggests that effective strategies are need to contain a potential HDV epidemic in these high-risk populations.

April 20, 2015

Providing Universal Donor Plasma to Massively Bleeding Trauma Patients Is Feasible and Can Save Lives

A recent randomized trial that looked at the feasibility of 2013 guidelines issued by the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Project for trauma resuscitation found that delivering universal donor plasma to massively hemorrhaging patients can be accomplished consistently and rapidly and without excessive wastage in high volume trauma centers. The plasma is given in addition to red blood cell transfusions to optimize treatment.

April 20, 2015

Smoking May Affect Some Women’s Likelihood of Giving Birth to Twins

A new study provides a possible explanation of reports that mothers of twins are more likely to have smoked, despite evidence that nicotine reduces fertility.

April 20, 2015

Vitamin D Deficiency Common in Patients with Lung Disease

A new study from Korea has uncovered a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), as well as a significant relationship between vitamin D deficiency and airflow limitations. Exercise capacity also tended to be decreased in participants with vitamin D deficiency.

April 20, 2015

What’s the Life Expectancy of Patients When They Begin Treatment for Osteoporosis?

Despite reports that people with osteoporosis have an increased risk of dying prematurely, a new study has found that life expectancy of newly diagnosed and treated osteoporosis patients is in excess of 15 years in women below the age of 75 and in men below the age of 60.

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