Medicine & Healthcare
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One year after the first Ebola cases started to surface in Guinea, the latest findings from a Cochrane review show new ways of hydrating patients in critical care environments across the world.
Family members often play an important role in providing care for patients with cancer, but which patients are more or less likely to involve family members in decisions regarding their care is not well known.
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New research reveals that telephone-based peer support may help reduce postnatal depression, also known as postpartum depression, in new mothers. Findings published in the Journal of Advanced Nursing also found that social support from peers may be effective for maternal depression up to two years after delivery. At the start of the study all mothers were moderately depressed, but this dropped after telephone peer support to 8.1% (3/37) depressed at midpoint, rising to 11.8% (4/34) at the end of the study, suggesting some relapse.
An intensive program of diet and exercise seems to protect overweight adults with diabetes from developing knee pain in the short term according to a new study published in Arthritis Care & Research.
New research published in the January 2015 issue of Experimental Dermatology introduces a new plant-derived agent which protects skin from the harmful effects of UV irradiation.
New research published in the January 2015 issue of Experimental Dermatology introduces a new approach to stimulate the skin immune response by applying needle-free vaccination.
A randomized controlled trial in patients 65 years of age and older shows that a “new and lighter treatment” plan was safer and more effective than conventional therapy in inducing remission in the systemic necrotizing vasculitides—a group of diseases that cause inflammation in various blood vessels
New research published in Arthritis & Rheumatology reports that osteoarthritis (OA) is more common in patients following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, commonly known as ACL surgery, than in those with uninjured knees
A new study found that Black and Hispanic patients are less likely than Whites to receive proper care prior to diagnosis with end-stage renal disease due to lupus nephritis, especially in terms of vascular access placement.
A proactive labour induction practice once women are full term can improve perinatal outcomes suggests a new Danish study.
The scientific journal Addiction has today published a collection of peer-reviewed research papers and commentaries that bring together key parts of the evidence base for standardised packaging of tobacco products from 2008 to 2015.
The Wiley Foundation, part of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. today announced the 14th annual Wiley Prize in Biomedical Sciences will be awarded to Evelyn M. Witkin and Stephen Elledge for their studies of the DNA damage response.
In fertility clinics and agencies in Delhi, India, none of the 14 surrogate mothers in a recent study were able to explain the risks involved in embryo transfer and fetal reduction. Also, the majority of doctors took unilateral decisions about embryo transfer and fetal reduction, and commissioning parents were usually only indirectly involved.
U.S. Sees Declining Use of Available Donor Hearts for Transplantation, Despite a Growing Waiting List
Increasing numbers of people in the United States are developing heart failure, which leads to death within five years in approximately half of patients.
New research reveals the physical and psychosocial factors that significantly increase the risk of low back pain onset. In fact results published in Arthritis Care & Research, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), show that being engaged in manual tasks involving awkward positions will increase the risk of low back pain by eight times. Those who are distracted during activities or fatigued also significantly increase their risk of acute low back pain.
While the diagnosis of an impending death is always sad, it can be important for patients, families, and clinicians as they make decisions related to hospital discharge, hospice referral, and treatments.
Rise in Maternal Opiate Use Exposes Infants to Withdrawal Symptoms, Birth Defects and Other Health Issues
Substance use during pregnancy is associated with birth defects, low birth weight, premature birth, seizures and neurobehavioral or cognitive defects.
Individuals previously infected with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) who receive chemotherapy or immunosuppressive treatment may be at risk of reactivating the disease according to a summary of report from the Emerging Trends Conference, “Reactivation of Hepatitis B,” and published in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. Reactivation of HBV can be fatal and the study authors suggest routine screening of HBV in all patients prior to the start of treatment with immunosuppressives or anti-cancer drugs.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced the transition of three journals to the Wiley Open Access publishing program, bringing the total number of Wiley’s open access titles to 47.
Sex-based inequalities in life expectancy and quality due to heart disease are repeatedly described, but how gender and social structure play roles in this phenomenon are unclear. Women and men can equally benefit from secondary prevention/cardiac rehabilitation, and there is a need to understand gender barriers to uptake.
Kidney function can affect the potency and metabolism of drugs that are eliminated by the kidneys or other pathways, but little information is available on how to interpret the effects of kidney function on the benefits and risks of drugs in development.
Cell-free fetal DNA testing, which measures the relative amount of free fetal DNA in a pregnant woman’s blood, is a new screening test that indicates the risk of Down syndrome (trisomy 21), Edward syndrome (trisomy 18), and Patau syndrome (trisomy 13). A recent analysis of 37 published studies shows that the test can detect more than 99% of Down syndrome cases in singleton pregnancies, with a very low false positive rate of less than 0.1%. This makes it superior to all other testing methods.