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October 21, 2014

Preservation Technique for Marginal Livers Prevents Biliary Stricture

New research shows that a preservation technique known as sequential subnormothermic ex vivo liver perfusion (SNEVLP) prevents ischemic type biliary stricture following liver transplantation using grafts from donations after cardiac death (DCD). Findings published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society, indicate that the preservation of DCD grafts using SNEVLP versus cold storage reduces bile duct and endothelial cell injury post transplantation.

October 20, 2014

Antibody Treatments May Help Combat Alzheimer’s and Other Diseases

Treatment with antibodies that target tau proteins, which play an important role in the development of Alzheimer’s disease and other neurodegenerative conditions, has shown considerable promise in studies conducted in mice.

October 20, 2014

How Unwanted Pregnancies Affect Relationships

Among women who sought abortions in 2008 to 2010, giving birth temporarily prolonged romantic relationships with their male partners, although most romantic relationships ended soon, whether or not the woman had an abortion. However, giving birth increased the likelihood that the women would maintain nonromantic contact with their partners.

October 20, 2014

Many Siblings of Children with Peanut Allergies Unnecessarily Avoid Peanuts

More than 10% of siblings of children with peanut allergies will avoid peanuts, and siblings born after a child in the family is diagnosed with a peanut allergy may even be presumed to be allergic to peanuts without having a history of an allergic reaction or undergoing clinical testing.

October 20, 2014

Menthol Doesn’t Make Cigarettes Less Unhealthy

Menthol cigarettes are not safer that traditional cigarettes, according to a recent Respirology study. In fact, menthol cigarette smokers may experience more frequent severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) than non-menthol cigarette smokers.

12:00 AM EDT October 20, 2014

Mummy Remains Refute Antiquity of Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is a systemic disease that causes inflammation in the spinal joints and was thought to have affected members of the ancient Egyptian royal families. Now a new study published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), refutes that claim, finding instead a degenerative spinal condition called diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) in royal Egyptian mummies from the 18th to early 20th Dynasties.

 

October 20, 2014

People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities May Have Increased Diabetes Risk

Adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities are at increased risk of developing and being hospitalized for diabetes, according to a new study of more than 28,000 Ontarians.

October 20, 2014

Untested Stimulant Found in Many Dietary Supplements

Researchers found that at least a dozen supplements sold by US distributors contain an untested analogue of a stimulant that was recently banned by the US Food and Drug Administration, in dosages from 13 to 120mg per serving.

October 20, 2014

Vitamin D Deficiency Increases Risk of Dementia in Older Adults

Updated international recommendations indicate that vitamin D deficiency increases the risk of cognitive decline and dementia in older adults, but vitamin D levels should not be used as a diagnostic or prognostic marker of Alzheimer’s disease due to lack of specificity and insufficient evidence.

October 20, 2014

Women with Liver Disease Require Different Care Than Men

Treating women with chronic liver disease requires a unique approach regarding counseling, screening for complications, fertility, and pregnancy, according to a recent review published in Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

12:00 AM EDT October 16, 2014

Have You Heard of Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy?

Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is concerning and many—even those with seizure disorders—may not be aware of this condition. New research published in Epilepsia, a journal published by Wiley on behalf of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), reports that 76% of caregivers are more likely to have heard of SUDEP compared with 65% of patients with epilepsy.

12:00 AM EDT October 14, 2014

Study Sheds Light on Factors that May Contribute to Pancreatic Cancer

New research that provides a better understanding of pancreatic cancer may help identify individuals at increased risk.

7:00 PM EDT October 09, 2014

Dangerous Blood Clots: A Serious Global Problem

A study on the global burden of venous thromboembolism—when a dangerous clot forms in a blood vessel—found that annual incidences range from 0.75 to 2.69 per 1,000 individuals in the population. The incidence increased to between 2 and 7 per 1,000 among those 70 years of age or more.

October 09, 2014

Drinking Decaf Coffee May Be Good for the Liver

Researchers from the National Cancer Institute report that decaffeinated coffee drinking may benefit liver health. Results of the study published in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, show that higher coffee consumption, regardless of caffeine content, was linked to lower levels of abnormal liver enzymes. This suggests that chemical compounds in coffee other than caffeine may help protect the liver.

7:00 PM EDT October 08, 2014

Timing of epidural is up to the mother

When a woman is in labour, the appropriate time to give an epidural during childbirth is when she asks for it, a new study suggests. Published in The Cochrane Library, the systematic review compared early and late epidurals during labour and found that they had very similar effects.

7:00 PM EDT October 06, 2014

What twenty years of research on cannabis use has taught us

In the past 20 years recreational cannabis use has grown tremendously, becoming almost as common as tobacco use among adolescents and young adults, and so has the research evidence.   A major new review in the scientific journal Addiction sets out the latest information on the effects of cannabis use on mental and physical health.

October 06, 2014

Wiley Authors Awarded 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., is pleased to learn that the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 2014 jointly to John O’Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser.

12:00 AM EDT October 06, 2014

A Vicious Cycle in Osteoarthritis: Sleep Disturbance-Pain-Depression-Disability

New research confirms that sleep disturbances are linked to pain and depression, but not disability, among patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Study results published in Arthritis Care & Research, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), found that poor sleep increases depression and disability, but does not worsen pain over time.

October 06, 2014

Blood Levels of Vitamin D May Affect Liver Cancer Prognosis

Vitamin D deficiency is linked with advanced stages of liver cancer and may be an indicator of a poor prognosis, according to a study of 200 patients with the disease who were followed for an average of 46 weeks.

October 06, 2014

Drug-Loaded Beads May Help Treat Liver Cancer

A new phase 1 safety trial has demonstrated that idarubicin-loaded beads are well tolerated by patients but are toxic to liver cancer cells. Idarubicin is an anthracycline that is currently used to treat leukemias.

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