Medicine & Healthcare
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Do electronic cigarettes help smokers to quit? Yes, but….
New Cochrane review finds emerging evidence that smokers who use electronic cigarettes can stop or reduce their smoking.
New research suggests that drugs commonly used to prevent organ rejection after transplantation may also be helpful for combating HIV.
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Humor can help men undergoing treatment for penile cancer to stay positive while helping health professionals to build rapport with patients, reports research published in the Journal of Advanced Nursing.
Writing in the American Journal of Primatology, medical researchers argue that continued research with primates is needed
New research in the European Journal of Neurology discovered a link between statin, an oral lipid-lowering drug, and reduced risk of dementia.
In a study by the Journal of Traumatic Stress, results show that women who adopt yoga may experience less symptoms of PTSD.
New research reveals that consuming two or more cups of coffee each day reduces the risk of death from liver cirrhosis by 66%, specifically cirrhosis caused by non-viral hepatitis. Findings in Hepatology, a journal published by Wiley on behalf of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, show that tea, fruit juice, and soft drink consumption are not linked to cirrhosis mortality risk. As with previous studies heavy alcohol use was found to increase risk of death from cirrhosis.
Despite high rates of contraceptive use, unwanted pregnancies resulting in terminations remain high among young women.
In an article in the April issue of the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, Danielle Mazza from Monash University, and colleagues, examine the paradox of high rates of contraceptive use, over the counter availability of emergency contraception and unplanned pregnancy.
Researchers report that low levels of sodium, known as hyponatremia, prior to transplantation does not increase the risk of death following liver transplant. Full findings are published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society.
Faster and cheaper DNA sequencing techniques will likely improve care for patients with breast cancer but also create challenges for clinicians as they counsel patients on their treatment options. Those are among the conclusions of a study published recently in the BJS (British Journal of Surgery). The findings provide insights into how genetic advances will soon be affecting patient care.
In the Western world, bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men and the eighth most common in women, with many patients experiencing recurrence after treatment. A new study published in BJU International indicates that inheriting certain DNA sequences can affect a patient’s prognosis. The findings may help physicians identify sub-groups of bladder cancer patients who should receive intensive treatment and monitoring.
Contrary to popular belief among recreational drug users, mephedrone has several important differences when compared with MDMA, commonly known as ecstasy. These differences mean that mephedrone could leave a user with acute withdrawal symptoms and indicate that it may have a higher potential for developing dependence than MDMA according to a study published in British Journal of Pharmacology.
This two volume, authoritative text provides a timely and robust treatment of the healthcare valuation process in an era of dynamic healthcare reform.
A new study indicates that a commonly used mood stabilizing drug may help prevent head and neck cancer. The study is published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.
For millions of Americans that suffer with asthma, there is evidence of a novel therapy to relieve symptoms of the disorder. In a study in Respirology, 11 patients with doctor-diagnosed asthma were given a total of 24 injections of botulinum toxin to observe the effects that the treatment has on abnormal vocal cord movement that is evident in asthma suffering.
New research in Clinical Cardiology studies the relationship between neck circumference, metabolic syndrome and subclinical atherosclerosis in retired National Football League Players. 1023 retired NFL players voluntarily participated in health screening exams conducted between September 2007 and November 2009.
New research from The Netherlands shows that people who smoke high-potency cannabis end up getting higher doses of the active ingredient (THC). Although they reduce the amount they puff and inhale to compensate for the higher strength, they still take in more THC than smokers of lower potency cannabis.
Until now, little research has been done to explore the professional and personal habits of Registered Nurses (RN) on social networking sites. In a study done in the Journal of Advanced Nursing, nurses from Italy and the UK had their social media patterns analyzed. Findings show that Registered Nurses may be using social networking sites in ways that challenge the ethical boundaries of the profession.
A new evolutionary theory in BioEssays claims that consuming a diet very low in nutrients can extend lifespan in laboratory animals, a finding which could hold clues to promoting healthier ageing in humans.
New research in the Journal of Management Studies investigates these under-studied groups, using Australian bushfires to discover the role these local ventures
New research reveals that 57% of liver transplant centers use living donor evaluation consent forms that include all the elements required by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and 78% of centers addressed two-third or more of the items recommended by the Organ Procurement and Transplant Network (OPTN). The study published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society, reviewed the living donor evaluation consent forms from 26 of the 37 transplant centers that evaluate living liver donors in the U.S.
A patient with a rare metabolic disease that causes liver failure and autistic behavior experienced significant improvements in both her physical and mental health after receiving a liver transplant, according to a new case report published in the American Journal of Transplantation. The report’s findings suggest an unexpected link between metabolic conditions and some forms of autism, and they point to the importance of a healthy liver for normal brain function.