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Medicine & Healthcare

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December 03, 2013

Young adults who drink before going out are putting themselves at increased risk

This is the finding from a study published in the December issue of Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health.  Pre-drinking (drinking alcohol before going out to venues such as bars, pubs or clubs) is increasingly recognised as part of young adults’ drinking culture, according to lead author Sarah MacLean, from University of Melbourne.

December 02, 2013

Aging Impacts Epigenome in Human Skeletal Muscle, Reveals New Study

Aging Cell, reports that aging effects the epigenome in human skeletal muscle

December 02, 2013

Do American Men Have more Testosterone than Their Chinese Peers?

American Journal of Human Biology reveals how testosterone levels may explain differences in disease prevalence

December 02, 2013

Liver Transplant Survival Rates Lower in Black than White Pediatric Patients

Novel research reveals racial and socioeconomic disparities among pediatric liver transplant patients. Findings published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society, indicate that graft and patient survival was higher in white children than minorities.

12:05 AM EST November 27, 2013

Shortage of Rheumatologists–In Some U.S. Regions Closest Doctor May Be 200 Miles Away

A novel study published in the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) journal, Arthritis & Rheumatism, shows that smaller micropolitan areas of the U.S.—those with less than 50,000 people—have very few or no practicing adult rheumatologist.

November 27, 2013

American College of Emergency Physicians to Publish with Wiley

Society’s newsmagazine ACEP News to become ACEP Now

12:05 AM EST November 25, 2013

Certain Symptom Clusters Experienced after Surgery for Esophageal Cancer Predict Poor Prognosis for Patients

A new study published in CANCER has found that several months after surgery for esophageal cancer, different symptoms cluster together in different types of patients. In addition, patients with certain symptom clusters have an increased risk of dying from their disease.

12:00 AM EST November 25, 2013

Nebulizers Deliver Less Than Half of Asthma Treatment, Study Finds

Respirology reports that less than half of the prescribed dose in two of the three types of asthma drugs reach the patients lungs when delivered by a nebulizer

12:05 AM EST November 18, 2013

Human Error Most Common Cause of Birth Asphyxia

Findings from a 15-year study published in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, a journal of the Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology, indicate that human error is the most common cause of infant asphyxiation at birth.

November 18, 2013

Pediatric Liver Transplant Patients May Face Cognitive Problems as They Age

American Journal of Transplantation reports on link between liver transplants and cognitive problems

12:00 AM EST November 14, 2013

Study Shows Surgeons Are Often Profoundly and Emotionally Affected By Surgical Complications

Many surgeons are seriously affected on an emotional level by major surgical complications, and they often feel that institutional support is inadequate. Those are among the conclusions of a small study published recently in the BJS.

7:00 PM EST November 11, 2013

Addict Nation: What Europe Must Learn from the U.S. Painkiller Epidemic

From: Anaesthesia

November 11, 2013

Could Deceased Heart Attack Victims Expand Donor Pool?

Researchers from the U.K. suggest that using organs from donors after circulatory death (DCD) who also suffered a previous cardiac arrest out of the hospital environment could expand the pool of available livers for transplant.

12:00 AM EST November 11, 2013

Young Breast Cancer Patients with Poorer Financial Status May Experience Delays in Seeking Care

Researchers who sought to determine why breast cancers are more deadly in young women found that only a minority of young women experience long delays between the time they detect a breast abnormality and the time they receive a diagnosis, but delays in seeking care are more common in women with fewer financial resources. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.

November 05, 2013

Calcium and Vitamin D Improve Bone Density in Patients Taking Antiepileptic Drugs

A recent prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial reports that calcium and vitamin D supplementation improves bone density in a group of male veterans with epilepsy who were treated chronically with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). The results published in Epilepsia, a journal of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), suggest that risedronate, a bisphosphonate, may help to prevent new vertebral fractures when taken with calcium and vitamin D supplementation.

12:00 AM EST November 05, 2013

Pleasure and Pain Brain Signals Disrupted in Fibromyalgia Patients

New research indicates that a disruption of brain signals for reward and punishment contributes to increased pain sensitivity, known as hyperalgesia, in fibromyalgia patients. Results published in Arthritis & Rheumatism, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology, suggest that this altered brain processing might contribute to widespread pain and lack of response to opioid therapy in patients with fibromyalgia.

October 30, 2013

Better Use of Lighting in Hospital Rooms May Improve Patients' Health

A new study suggests that changing the lighting patterns in hospital rooms so that they’re more aligned with normal sleep-wake cycles could help patients feel better with less fatigue and pain. Published early online in the Journal of Advanced Nursing, the findings point to a simple and inexpensive way to potentially improve patient care.

October 29, 2013

Wiley and EMBO Announce Expanded Partnership

All Four EMBO Research Journals to Publish With Wiley From 2014

October 29, 2013

Estrogen Protects Women with NASH from Severe Liver Fibrosis

New research suggests that estrogen protects women with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) from severe liver fibrosis. According to the study published online in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, men are at higher risk of more severe fibrosis compared to women prior to menopause, but liver fibrosis severity is similar in men and post-menopausal women.

12:00 AM EDT October 28, 2013

Headaches in Lupus Patients Not Linked to Disease Activity Study Says

Headache is common among patients with system lupus erythematosus according to new research published in Arthritis & Rheumatism, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). The study found that 18% of lupus patients experienced headache at the onset of their disease with that number increasing to 58% after 10 years. While headaches were linked to a lower health-related quality of life, these episodes resolved over time independent of treatment specific to lupus and were not associated with disease activity or specific lupus autoantibodies.