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June 01, 2015

Cannabis Use in Male African Pygmies Linked to Decreased Risk of Parasitic Worm Infection

In a population of Congo Basin foragers called the Aka, 67% of men—but only 6% of women—use cannabis, and the practice seems to protect against infection with parasitic worms.

June 01, 2015

FDA Addresses Concerns on Approval of Drugs to Treat Chronic Hepatitis C

Treatment options for chronic hepatitis C, a serious and life-threatening infection, have improved substantially and several new regimens with shorter durations and improved efficacy and safety profiles are now available.

June 01, 2015

Recommendations Address How to Manage Seizures in Infants

New recommendations offer insights on strategies for treating infants with seizures. In an Epilepsia report, child neurologists who are members of the International League Against Epilepsy note that intervening at the time of a febrile seizure does not alter the risk for subsequent epilepsy, and there is no evidence to support the use of antiepileptic drugs for simple febrile seizures.

June 01, 2015

Wearing High-Heeled Shoes May Cause Ankle Muscle Imbalance and Injury

Collegiate women who wore shoes with 10 cm high heels more than 3 times per week to their classes developed an imbalance of 4 functional ankle muscles. While wearing high-heeled shoes appeared to strengthen ankle muscles at first, prolonged use eventually caused an imbalance, which is a crucial predictor of ankle injury.

12:00 AM EDT May 28, 2015

Large but unexplained variations in paracetamol-induced liver failure among European countries: Six-times higher risk in Ireland and a two-fold higher risk in the UK highlighted in study

A fifty-fold between-country difference in rates of paracetamol-induced acute liver failure that leads to liver transplant (ALFT) has been revealed by a study that compared patient data from seven countries at the request of the European Medicines Agency: France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal and the UK.

12:00 AM EDT May 26, 2015

Attitudes and Beliefs About Complementary and Alternative Medicine Predict Use among Patients with Cancer

A new study has shed light on how cancer patients’ attitudes and beliefs drive the use of complementary and alternative medicine.

12:00 AM EDT May 20, 2015

Family History of Breast Cancer Doesn't Mean a Poor Prognosis for Women Who Develop the Disease

A new large study finds that women who are diagnosed with breast cancer and have a family history of the disease face no worse of a prognosis after treatment than other women with breast cancer.

May 18, 2015

Baby Teethers are a Novel Source of Infant Exposure to Endocrine Disruptors

A new study has found that endocrine disrupting chemicals—which can interfere with the actions of hormones in the body—are present in some plastic teethers for babies, and the chemicals can leach out of the products.

May 18, 2015

Physical Training Helps Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome, a hormonal disorder that affects 5% to 10% of the female population of fertile age, often experience sexual dysfunction and low self-esteem, but a new study shows that physical resistance training can help.

May 18, 2015

Task Force Offers Recommendations on Epilepsy Treatments in Women and Girls

The anti-epilepsy drug valproate should be avoided whenever possible in women who may become pregnant due to a high risk of malformations and developmental problems in babies who are exposed to the drug before birth.

May 18, 2015

The Road to Successful Uterus Transplantation to Restore Fertility

Swedish clinicians recently reported the first live birth after uterus transplantation, which was followed by two more uneventful births and another pregnancy that is near term.

12:00 AM EDT May 14, 2015

Study Investigates the Quality of Organs from Potential Donors with HIV

In 2013, the United States government passed the HIV Organ Policy Equity (HOPE) Act, which allows research to be conducted on the safety of organ donation from deceased donors with HIV to recipients with HIV.

May 13, 2015

Evidence Aid researchers support international efforts in Nepal

As the second major earthquake struck Nepal less than three weeks after more than 8,000 people died in a devastating quake, UK-based Evidence Aid joins the world’s renewed response.

12:00 AM EDT May 11, 2015

Certain Treatments for Childhood Cancer May Increase Obesity Risk Later in Life

Individuals who had cancer as a child may be at increased risk of being obese due to the therapies they received during their youth.

May 07, 2015

Researcher Glen Wright to take over Wiley’s Exchanges Blog

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., is pleased to welcome Glen Wright, a research fellow at the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI) in Paris, as the first guest editor of Wiley’s Exchanges blog. For one week, starting May 11, 2015, he will take over the blog’s reins to explore “The PhD Path Less Travelled.”

12:00 AM EDT May 06, 2015

The Use of Canes and Other Mobility Devices Is on the Rise Among Older Adults

About one-quarter of adults aged 65 years and older used mobility devices—such as canes, walkers, and wheelchairs—in 2011, and about a third of these reported using multiple devices. The use of such devices was not linked with an increased risk of falling, but people who used canes were more likely to report limiting their activities because they worried about falling.

May 04, 2015

Study Identifies Desire and Arousal as the Main Players in Women’s Sexual Health

In a 4-year study of 178 pre- and 329 postmenopausal women, investigators found that women’s sexual functioning was moderately stable over time. The main predictors of changes in sexual functioning and satisfaction were desire and arousal, highlighting their role as the main “players” in women’s sexual health.

May 04, 2015

Weight Loss May Increase Risk of Premature Death in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

In contrast to the general population, low body mass index has been associated with premature death in patients with rheumatoid arthritis —a situation known as the “obesity paradox.” A new Arthritis & Rheumatology study shows that weight loss, as opposed to low body mass index per se, is a strong predictor of mortality in these patients.

April 28, 2015

Living Liver Donors Report Lower Sexual Function in Early Months Post-Surgery

A new study found that sexual function in adult living donors was lower at the evaluation phase and at three months following liver transplantation. Results published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society, suggest that donor education prior to surgery may improve recovery and ease concerns about sexual function following the transplant.

12:00 AM EDT April 27, 2015

Health Insurance Coverage among Cancer Patients Varies Greatly by Demographics and Cancer Type

A new analysis has found that, among patients with cancer, rates of health insurance coverage vary by patient demographics and by cancer type.