Medicine & Healthcare
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Chemotherapy Before or After Surgery for High-Risk Bladder Cancer Improves Survival, but is Not Routinely Administered
Clinical trials have shown that survival is improved in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer who are given chemotherapy before surgery.
New research suggests that drugs commonly used to prevent organ rejection after transplantation may also be helpful for combating HIV.
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From: American Journal of Transplantation
New research reveals that Solanaceae—a flowering plant family with some species producing foods that are edible sources of nicotine—may provide a protective effect against Parkinson’s disease. The study appearing today in Annals of Neurology, a journal of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society, suggests that eating foods that contain even a small amount of nicotine, such as peppers and tomatoes, may reduce risk of developing Parkinson’s.
Women with unintended pregnancy are more likely to suffer from postpartum depression, suggests new study
Women with unintended pregnancy are four times more likely to suffer from postpartum depression at twelve months postpartum, suggests a new study published today (8 May) in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
From: Nutrition Reviews
From: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
The LAP-BAND® weight loss procedure is safe and effective in an expanded group of patients, not just in people who are morbidly obese. This conclusion is reported in a new study published in the scientific journal Obesity. The findings indicate that the procedure may help to intervene before obesity becomes life threatening to patients.
There is no miracle diet that works for everyone, because everyone possesses a unique body type and corresponding metabolism. However, determining your metabolic type and fixing your metabolism through diet, exercise, and credible advice can make a big difference.
Women who conceive with assisted reproduction are more likely to experience psychological trauma after miscarriage
Subfertile women who conceive through assisted reproduction are more likely to experience a greater traumatic impact following early pregnancy loss compared with women who conceive naturally, suggests a new study published today (1 May) in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
Research into the complementary therapies evening primrose oil and borage oil shows little, if any, benefit for people with eczema compared with placebo, according to a new systematic review. The authors, who published their review in The Cochrane Library, conclude that further studies on the therapies would be difficult to justify.
Smoking prevention in schools reduces the number of young people who will later become smokers, according to a new systematic review published in The Cochrane Library. For young people who have never smoked, these programmes appear to be effective at least one year after implementation.
Giving prescribers access to education and advice or imposing restrictions on use can curb overuse or inappropriate use of antibiotics in hospitals, according to a new Cochrane systematic review. This is important because unnecessary use of these life-saving drugs is a key source of antibiotic resistance in bacteria.
A study published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society, reports that donor mortality is about 1 in 500 donors with living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Research of transplant centers around the world found that those with more experience conducting live donor procedures had lower rates of aborted surgery and life-threatening “near-miss” events.
Viewing Sexually Explicit Material Is Less Associated with Young People’s Sexual Behavior Than Previously Thought
Viewing sexually explicit material through media such as the Internet, videos, and magazines may be directly linked with the sexual behavior of adolescents and young adults, but only to a very small extent. That is the conclusion of a new study published in The Journal of Sexual Medicine. The findings suggest that the practice is just one of many factors that may influence the sexual behaviors of young people.
Diabetes and Wellbeing: Managing the Psychological and Emotional Challenges of Diabetes Types 1 and 2
Diabetes isn't just a medical condition. New book provides practical advice on how to manage the emotional side of the illness, leaving you to live your life to the fullest
From: EMBO Molecular Medicine
Aerobic exercise can slow cognitive decline and the negative neural changes caused by heavy drinking, claims new research in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental.
Diets which are high in fat and low in fiber are associated with airway inflammation and poor lung function in asthma sufferers, reveals new research in Respirology.
From: European Journal of Neurology
From: Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics