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12:00 AM EDT July 28, 2014

Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 1 is Most Prevalent Worldwide

In one of the largest prevalence studies to date, researchers from the U.K. provide national, regional, and global genotype prevalence estimates for the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Findings published in Hepatology,a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, indicate that genotype 1 is the most prevalent worldwide, with over 83 million patients infected of which one-third reside in East Asia. Genotype 3, at just over 54 million cases, is the next most prevalent, followed by genotypes 2, 4, 6, and 5.

12:00 AM EDT July 28, 2014

Lifestyle Choices May Affect the Long-Term Heart Health of Childhood Cancer Survivors

A new study has found that following a healthy lifestyle may lower childhood cancer survivors’ risk of developing the metabolic syndrome.

July 21, 2014

Global Studies in Asians May Be Applicable to a Wide Array of Asian Populations

A new Journal of Clinical Pharmacology study shows how guidelines on the use of clinical data have resulted in more reliable data worldwide, allowing drugs to reach Asian populations sooner than in the past.

July 21, 2014

Many Individuals May Be Predisposed to Empathy

A new study in Brain and Behavior provides physical evidence that highly sensitive individuals respond especially strongly to social situations that trigger emotions.

July 21, 2014

Mental Health Issues Uncovered in Children with Relatives Who Participated in Manhunt after Boston Marathon Attack

Children with relatives who were called upon to participate in the interagency manhunt following the Boston Marathon attack carried a particularly heavy mental health burden, according to a Depression and Anxiety study that included surveys of Boston-area parents and other caretakers.

July 21, 2014

New Joint Education Standards Help GI & Hepatology Training Programs Meet Accreditation Requirements

A team of representatives from five gastroenterology and hepatology societies have created a toolbox designed to help gastroenterology training directors meet the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Internal Medicine Subspecialty Reporting Milestones requirements while training fellows to independently care for patients.

12:00 AM EDT July 17, 2014

Best Anticoagulants After Orthopedic Procedures Depends on Type of Surgery

Current guidelines do not distinguish between aspirin and more potent blood thinners for protecting against blood clots in patients who undergo major orthopedic operations, leaving the decision up to individual clinicians.

7:00 PM EDT July 16, 2014

Asthma drugs suppress growth

Corticosteroid drugs that are given by inhalers to children with asthma may suppress their growth, evidence suggests. Two new systematic reviews published in The Cochrane Library focus on the effects of inhaled corticosteroid drugs (ICS) on growth rates. The authors found children’s growth slowed in the first year of treatment, although the effects were minimised by using lower doses.

12:00 AM EDT July 16, 2014

Donating a Kidney May Make it Difficult to Change or Initiate Life and Health Insurance

People who selflessly step up and donate a kidney can face insurance challenges afterwards, despite the lack of evidence that they have increased health risks. The finding, which comes from a new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation, suggests that actions by insurers may create unnecessary burden and stress for those choosing to donate and could negatively impact the likelihood of live kidney donation.

July 15, 2014

To Accept or Not Accept…Patients Want a Say in Liver Transplant Decisions

A novel study reveals that more than half of liver transplant patients want to be informed of donor risk at the time a liver is offered for transplantation. Nearly 80% of those patients want to be involved in the decision of whether or not to accept the organ according to findings published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society.

12:00 AM EDT July 14, 2014

Testicular Cancer Rates Are on the Rise in Young Hispanic Americans

A new analysis has found that rates of testicular cancer have been rising dramatically in recent years among young Hispanic American men, but not among their non-Hispanic counterparts.

12:00 AM EDT July 09, 2014

Study Finds Kidney Donation Safe for Healthy Older Adults

Older kidney donors enjoy similar longevity and cardiovascular health as other healthy mature individuals, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation. The findings may provide some reassurance to older individuals considering donation and the transplant professionals caring for them.

June 30, 2014

Small celebrates 10th anniversary in big way

Leading nanotechnology journal marks milestone with special session to discuss advanced healthcare materials breakthroughs at Korea’s leading event

12:00 AM EDT June 30, 2014

One Third of Knee Replacements Classified as Inappropriate

New research reports that more than one third of total knee replacements in the U.S. were classified as “inappropriate” using a patient classification system developed and validated in Spain. The study, published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), highlights the need for consensus on patient selection criteria among U.S. medical professionals treating those with the potential need of knee replacement surgery.

12:00 AM EDT June 23, 2014

Family Dysfunction a Strong Predictor of Emotional Problems in Children of Cancer Patients

A cancer diagnosis affects the whole family, and a significant number of children of cancer patients may be at risk for emotional and behavioral problems.

June 20, 2014

Care needed in introducing new foods to young children

Young children should take care when eating small vegetables such as corn kernels.

This is the message of case letter published as an Early View issue of Emergency Medicine Australasia, the journal of the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine.

June 20, 2014

Care urged in taking modified-release paracetamol

Paracetamol overdose accounts for up to 20% of poisonings presenting to Australian and North American emergency departments.

Modified-release paracetamol taken for osteoarthritis has been on the Australian market since 2001, and listed on the PBS since 2008.

A study of people who intentionally take more than the recommended dose warns that the current pack size of the medication may put patients at risk of larger overdose.

12:00 AM EDT June 18, 2014

Infants Born to Obese Mothers Likely to Have More Fat

Newborn babies born to mothers who were obese before getting pregnant or who gained an excessive amount of weight during pregnancy are more likely to have a high birth weight due exclusively to excess fat.

June 16, 2014

Cryoprobes Better than Traditional Forceps for Obtaining Certain Lung Biopsies

A randomized controlled trial has found that cryoprobes, which are tools that apply extreme cold to tissues, are better than conventional forceps for performing so-called transbronchial lung biopsies in patients who are being assessed for certain lung conditions. Cryoprobes allowed for improved diagnosis of interstitial lung diseases because they collected larger sized samples that were of higher quality.

June 16, 2014

Gluten-Free Diet Relieves ‘Brain Fog’ in Patients with Celiac Disease

Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics findings indicate that ridding the diet of gluten may help address problems that celiac disease patients can experience related to attention, memory, and other mental tasks.

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