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July 04, 2016

Many Malaysian Children with Epilepsy Are Vitamin D Deficient

Long-term use of antiepileptic drugs is a significant risk factor for vitamin D deficiency in children with epilepsy. A new Epilepsia study found that despite living in the tropics, a high proportion of Malaysian children with epilepsy are at risk of vitamin D deficiency. 

July 04, 2016

Poor Physical Performance May Be an Early Sign of Late-Age Dementia

Poor physical performance was linked with an increased risk of developing dementia in a study of individuals aged 90 and older who were followed for an average of 2.6 years.

July 04, 2016

Socioeconomic Status Influences the Risk and Stage of Penile Cancer

Low educational level, low disposable income, being divorced or never married, and living in a single-person household all increase the risk of advanced stage penile cancer, according to new research. 

July 04, 2016

Zinc Lozenges Help Most Patients Recover Earlier from the Common Cold

Zinc acetate lozenges may reduce the duration of the common cold by nearly 3 days, according to a recent analysis. 

June 30, 2016

Certain Occupations Linked to Increased Bladder Cancer Risk

A new analysis of UK workers reveals that certain occupations may increase the risk of bladder cancer.

June 30, 2016

Cervical Cancer Screening among Lesbian and Bisexual Women and Transgender Men

A new study found that certain factors affect cervical cancer screening among lesbian and bisexual women and transgender men. Some of these factors overlap with the general female population, whereas others are specific to the lesbian, bisexual, or queer identity. 

June 29, 2016

Simple Screening Tool Helps Determine COPD Risk

A simple 7-item screening tool can help clinicians identify patients at risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), even if they are not experiencing any symptoms.

June 27, 2016

Certain Red Flags Indicate an Increased Need for Intensive Care among Patients with Asthma

In patients admitted to the hospital for asthma, illicit drug use and low socioeconomic status were linked with an increased risk of requiring admission to the intensive care unit. Not adhering to asthma prevention medication further increased this risk.

12:00 AM EDT June 27, 2016

Many Women with Early Stage Breast Cancer Experience Functional Decline after Initiating Treatment

In a study of older women with newly diagnosed stage I to III breast cancer, approximately one in five lost the ability to complete some of the basic tasks necessary for independent living within one year of initiating treatment. The study also found that a simple survey can help identify which women are at risk of such functional decline. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.

June 20, 2016

Childhood-Onset Epilepsy Has Long-Term Effects on Patients’ Health and Social Status

Children and adolescents with epilepsy experience significant long-term socioeconomic consequences and higher personal health care costs. The findings come from a study that followed young epilepsy patients until 30 years of age.

June 20, 2016

Cognitive Reserve May Help Protect Against Delirium

New research suggests that higher late life cognitive reserve—an ability to offset the losses associated with age- and disease-related changes in the brain—may help prevent delirium.

June 20, 2016

Low Doses of Common Cancer Drug May Promote Cancer Spread

New research indicates that paclitaxel, which is the most commonly used chemotherapy for breast cancer, suppresses tumors when given at a certain dosage, but at low doses, it actually promotes cancer spread to the liver. 

June 20, 2016

Smoking May Have Negative Effects on Sperm Quality

A recent study found that that sperm of men who smoke has a greater extent of DNA damage than that of non-smokers. 

12:00 AM EDT June 13, 2016

Many Family Physicians Have Inaccurate Knowledge About Lung Cancer Screening

Although clinical trials have shown that lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) can detect lung cancers early and reduce lung cancer mortality, less than half of family physicians in a recent survey agreed that screening reduces lung cancer–related deaths. Most were also unaware of current recommendations on lung cancer screening in high risk patients.

7:00 PM EDT June 08, 2016

Most People Don't Sleep Any Worse When Taking Medicines with Sleep Disturbance Warnings

Medicines that carry warnings about sleep disturbances do not seem to contribute to the amount of sleep disturbances in the general population, according to new ‘real world’ research. The findings, which are published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, suggest that investigators may need to provide more careful reporting of side effects in clinical trials, and emphasizes the value of research into the safety of medicines once they are being taken by the general population.

June 08, 2016

Plant-Based Sweeteners May Help Individuals Control their Blood Glucose Levels

A new study shows that it is possible to reduce the level of sugar in muffins without affecting their textural properties by replacing half of the sugar content with stevianna or inulin, which are plant-based sweeteners.

June 07, 2016

Stem Cells from Umbilical Cord Blood May Help Treat Eczema

A new study suggests that treatment with stem cells from umbilical cord blood might be an effective therapy for patients with moderate-to-severe eczema, or atopic dermatitis.

June 06, 2016

New Test Allows for One-Step Diagnosis of HCV Infection

The current standard in diagnosing Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection requires two sequential steps that make it suboptimal, costly, inconvenient, time consuming, and globally not widely available or affordable. Now researchers have developed a novel enzyme immunoassay that accomplishes screening and diagnosis in one simple and affordable step.

 

June 06, 2016

Recent Research Uncovers Surprises about Antibiotic Resistance

It’s thought that antibiotic resistance is associated with a fitness cost, meaning that bacteria that develop antibiotic resistance must sacrifice something in order to do so. Because of this, proper use of antibiotics should result in susceptible strains eventually replacing resistant ones. 

June 06, 2016

Study Examines Unsafe Behaviors in Older Adults who Likely Have Dementia

Older adults who likely have dementia but have not been given the diagnosis are more likely to engage in potentially unsafe activities, new research suggests.

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