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12:00 AM EDT August 19, 2014

Study Finds Increased Rates of Preventable Deaths in the U.S. Following Common Urologic Procedures

In recent years, a shift from inpatient to outpatient surgery in the U.S. for commonly performed urologic procedures has coincided with increasing deaths following complications that were potentially recognizable or preventable. The finding, which comes from a recent study published in BJU International, indicates the importance of monitoring urologic surgery patients for potential complications.

August 18, 2014

Depression and Anxiety Are Common Among Patients with Lung Disease

A new Respirology study reveals that anxiety and depression are common in patients with interstitial lung diseases, with a 31% prevalence of anxiety and a 23% prevalence of depression.

August 18, 2014

Ebola Has Profound Effects on Wildlife Population Dynamics

New research in gorillas that were affected by an Ebola virus outbreak shows that disease can influence reproductive potential, immigration and social dynamics, and it highlights the need to develop complex models that integrate all the different impacts of a disease.

August 18, 2014

Efforts Needed to Address Patient Violence Against Nurses and Other Hospital Workers

Nurses are at increased risk of being injured by patient violence, especially when patients have cognitive impairment or demand to leave, according to a new study.

August 18, 2014

Invasion of the Americas by Mosquito-Borne Virus Likely

While media attention has been focused recently on coronavirus cases in the Arabian peninsula and the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, experts note that another threat lies in the spread of Chikungunya fever, an illness that is transmitted by mosquitoes and can cause fever, joint and muscle pain, headaches, and rashes. While it does not often cause death, the symptoms can be severe and disabling, with no treatment available.

August 18, 2014

Marijuana in Children’s Hair: What Does It Tell Us?

A recent Drug Testing and Analysis study has found that most of the cannabinoids detected in hair samples from children come from contaminated hands or surfaces and not from inhalation or secondhand smoke.

August 18, 2014

Smoking During Pregnancy May Affect Grandchildren’s Growth

A UK study published in the American Journal of Human Biology has found that smoking during pregnancy has discernible effects on the growth of a woman’s future grandkids.

August 18, 2014

Study Reveals Sex Differences in Experiencing Orgasms

Among single adults in the U.S., women, regardless of sexual orientation, have less predictable, more varied orgasm experiences than do men, new research indicates. The study revealed that men experience orgasm during sexual activity with a familiar partner 85% of the time on average, compared with 63% of the time for women.

August 14, 2014

Broader Organ Sharing Won’t Harm Liver Transplant Recipients

New research shows that broader sharing of deceased donor livers will not significantly increase cold ischemia time (CIT)—the time the liver is in a cooled state outside the donor suggesting that this is not a barrier to broader sharing of organs.   However, findings published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society, do indicate that broader sharing of organs will significantly increase the percentage of donor organs that are transported by flying rather than driving.

August 13, 2014

Wiley Announces Continued Growth in Titles with Impact Factor

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced a continued increase in the proportion of its journal titles indexed in the 2014 release of Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports® (JCR).  A total of 1,202 Wiley titles (approximately 70%) were indexed, up from 1,193 in the 2012 JCR, and including 13 titles which have been indexed for the first time.

7:00 PM EDT August 11, 2014

Shift workers: evidence for sleep inducing and alertness drugs is weak

Shift workers are taking drugs to help them stay awake or get to sleep despite weak evidence for their benefit, according to a new Cochrane review. The authors of the review found only small numbers of trials testing over-the-counter and prescription drugs used by shift workers, and the results suggest that for some people they might do more harm than good.

12:00 AM EDT August 11, 2014

Breech Babies Have Higher Risk of Death from Vaginal Delivery Compared to C-Section

While a rise in cesarean section (C-section) delivery rates due to breech presentation has improved neonatal outcome, 40% of term breech deliveries in the Netherlands are planned vaginal deliveries. According to a new Dutch study that is published today in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, a journal of the Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology, there is a 10-fold increase in fetal mortality in vaginal delivery for breech presentation compared to elective C-section.

12:00 AM EDT August 11, 2014

One in Six Lupus Patients Readmitted to Hospital within 30 days of Discharge

A new study reveals that one in six patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is readmitted to the hospital within 30 days of being discharged. Results published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), show that black and Hispanic SLE patients were more likely to be readmitted than white patients. Readmissions among patients insured by Medicare or Medicaid were also more likely compared to patients covered by private insurance.

12:00 AM EDT August 11, 2014

U.S. Lung Cancer Rates Vary by Subtype, Sex, Race/Ethnicity, and Age

A new analysis confirms that US lung cancer rates are declining overall, but it also uncovers previously unrecognized trends related to cancer subtype, sex, race/ethnicity, and age.

12:00 AM EDT August 06, 2014

Healthy diet set early in life

Promoting a healthy diet from infancy is important to prevent childhood obesity and the onset of chronic disease.
This is the finding from a study published in the latest issue of Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health.

12:00 AM EDT August 06, 2014

Nutrition an issue for Indigenous Australians

Nutrition has not been given enough priority in national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health policy in recent years.
This is the finding from a study published in the latest issue of Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health.

August 04, 2014

Inadequately Managed Allergies Cause Significant Economic Burden in Europe

New research indicates that avoidable indirect costs per patient insufficiently treated for allergy equal 2,405.00 Euros per year due to absence from work and reduced working capacity. On the other hand, appropriate therapy is available at an average cost of 125 Euros per patient annually, which represents only 5% of the cost of untreated disease.

August 04, 2014

Maternal Singing During Skin-to-Skin Contact Benefits Both Preterm Infants and Their Mothers

A mother who sings to her preterm infant while providing ‘kangaroo care,’ or holding with direct skin-to-skin contact, may see improvements in both her child’s and her own health. The finding comes from an Acta Paediatrica study of 86 mother-infant pairs in a neonatal intensive care unit in Meir Hospital in Israel.

August 04, 2014

Most Gay and Bisexual Men in the United States Have Used Lubricants During Sexual Activity

More than 90% of gay and bisexual men in the United States have used lubricants to enhance a wide range of sexual activities, including but not limited to anal intercourse, researchers report in a Journal of Sexual Medicine study.

August 04, 2014

Patients with Hypoventilation May Need Supplemental Oxygen On-Board Flights

Severely overweight people who suffer from hypoventilation can have abnormally low levels of oxygen (hypoxaemia) in their blood during air travel as a result of reduced atmospheric pressure in the cabin of aircrafts.

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