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New research suggests that estrogen protects women with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) from severe liver fibrosis. According to the study published online in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, men are at higher risk of more severe fibrosis compared to women prior to menopause, but liver fibrosis severity is similar in men and post-menopausal women.
Headache is common among patients with system lupus erythematosus according to new research published in Arthritis & Rheumatism, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). The study found that 18% of lupus patients experienced headache at the onset of their disease with that number increasing to 58% after 10 years. While headaches were linked to a lower health-related quality of life, these episodes resolved over time independent of treatment specific to lupus and were not associated with disease activity or specific lupus autoantibodies.
Measuring Segments of Genetic Material May Help Predict and Monitor Recurrence after Thyroid Cancer Surgery
A new analysis has found that the presence of short segments of genetic material (known as microRNA) within papillary thyroid cancer tumors suggests a likelihood of recurrence after patients undergo surgery. The study, which is published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, also found that elevated blood levels of the genetic material after surgery may indicate a higher possibility of recurrence after thyroidectomy.
New cocaine and cannabis research reveals that regular cannabis users have increased levels of impulsive behaviour. It had previously been argued that this increased impulsivity after cannabis administration was only experienced by occasional users, but that regular users were no longer affected in this way. Published in the British Journal of Pharmacology, the results provide evidence for how drug use may trigger addictive behaviours.
From: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
From: Journal of Traumatic Stress
A new series of articles can be used to expand the current knowledge about patient safety in perinatal settings with a special emphasis on insights from nurses. This latest In Focus series, Patient Safety and Quality of Care, appears in the September/October 2013 issue of the Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing (JOGNN), published by the Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN). The authors of the articles in the series investigate informed decision making during maternity care, underwater birth, emergency room triage for pregnant women, and communication of healthcare providers during treatment.
Wiley congratulates the winners of all the 2013 Nobel Prizes and is pleased to learn that ten laureates have published work in Wiley titles.
Author Toby Smithson discusses her new book Diabetes Meal Planning and Nutrition For Dummies.
Researchers in Norway found that negative affectivity is linked to light alcohol use and binge drinking during pregnancy. Results published in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, a journal of the Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology, show 16% of women had light alcohol use in the first trimester and 10% in the second trimester. Binge drinking occurred in 12% of women during their first trimester and 0.5% in the second trimester.
Contrary to public perception, “glassing” incidents, particularly at licensed venues, constitute a relatively small proportion of all alcohol-related violence.
Adolescents’ Weight and Socioeconomic Status May Affect Their Risk of Developing Esophageal and Gastric Cancer Later in Life
Overweight adolescents were twice as likely as their normal weight peers to later develop esophageal cancer in a recent study from Israel. The study, which is published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, also found that lower socioeconomic status as well as immigration from higher risk countries were important determinants of gastric cancer.
An international team of scientists have identified potentially dangerous amounts of methamphetamine analog in the workout supplement Craze, a product widely sold across the U.S. and online. The study, published in Drug Testing and Analysis, was prompted by a spate of failed athletic drug tests. The results reveal the presence of methamphetamine analog N,α-DEPEA, which has not been safely tested for human consumption, in three samples.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced the results of its 2013 author survey on open access, with over eight thousand respondents from across Wiley’s journal portfolio. The survey is a follow up to Wiley’s 2012 open access author survey and is the second such survey conducted by Wiley. This year new sections were added including research funding and article licenses.
Wiley is pleased to learn that the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 2013 to James E. Rothman, Randy W. Schekman, and Thomas C. Südhof.
New classification criteria for systemic sclerosis have just been published and are more sensitive than the 1980 criteria, enabling earlier identification and treatment of this disabling autoimmune disease. The 2013 criteria, developed by a joint committee commissioned by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR), are published in the ACR journal, Arthritis & Rheumatism.
New research reports that liver transplant recipients who receive substance abuse treatment before and after transplantation have much lower alcohol relapse rates than those untreated or only treated prior to transplantation. A second study determines that continued alcohol abuse following liver transplantation decreases graft survival, further highlighting the importance of preventing alcohol relapse. Both studies are published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society.
Resistance to antibiotics is fast evolving into a global public health crisis. Professor Chris Del Mar from Bond University said increased resistance may mean that many routine infections could not be treated with antibiotics. Major surgery, organ transplantation and cancer chemotherapy could potentially become out of safe reach.