Medicine & Healthcare
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Adult survivors of retinoblastoma, a type of eye cancer that usually develops in early childhood, have few cognitive or social problems decades following their diagnosis and treatment.
New research suggests that drugs commonly used to prevent organ rejection after transplantation may also be helpful for combating HIV.
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Among women who sought abortions in 2008 to 2010, giving birth temporarily prolonged romantic relationships with their male partners, although most romantic relationships ended soon, whether or not the woman had an abortion. However, giving birth increased the likelihood that the women would maintain nonromantic contact with their partners.
More than 10% of siblings of children with peanut allergies will avoid peanuts, and siblings born after a child in the family is diagnosed with a peanut allergy may even be presumed to be allergic to peanuts without having a history of an allergic reaction or undergoing clinical testing.
Menthol cigarettes are not safer that traditional cigarettes, according to a recent Respirology study. In fact, menthol cigarette smokers may experience more frequent severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) than non-menthol cigarette smokers.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a systemic disease that causes inflammation in the spinal joints and was thought to have affected members of the ancient Egyptian royal families. Now a new study published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), refutes that claim, finding instead a degenerative spinal condition called diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) in royal Egyptian mummies from the 18th to early 20th Dynasties.
Adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities are at increased risk of developing and being hospitalized for diabetes, according to a new study of more than 28,000 Ontarians.
Researchers found that at least a dozen supplements sold by US distributors contain an untested analogue of a stimulant that was recently banned by the US Food and Drug Administration, in dosages from 13 to 120mg per serving.
Updated international recommendations indicate that vitamin D deficiency increases the risk of cognitive decline and dementia in older adults, but vitamin D levels should not be used as a diagnostic or prognostic marker of Alzheimer’s disease due to lack of specificity and insufficient evidence.
Treating women with chronic liver disease requires a unique approach regarding counseling, screening for complications, fertility, and pregnancy, according to a recent review published in Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics.
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is concerning and many—even those with seizure disorders—may not be aware of this condition. New research published in Epilepsia, a journal published by Wiley on behalf of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), reports that 76% of caregivers are more likely to have heard of SUDEP compared with 65% of patients with epilepsy.
New research that provides a better understanding of pancreatic cancer may help identify individuals at increased risk.
A study on the global burden of venous thromboembolism—when a dangerous clot forms in a blood vessel—found that annual incidences range from 0.75 to 2.69 per 1,000 individuals in the population. The incidence increased to between 2 and 7 per 1,000 among those 70 years of age or more.
Researchers from the National Cancer Institute report that decaffeinated coffee drinking may benefit liver health. Results of the study published in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, show that higher coffee consumption, regardless of caffeine content, was linked to lower levels of abnormal liver enzymes. This suggests that chemical compounds in coffee other than caffeine may help protect the liver.
When a woman is in labour, the appropriate time to give an epidural during childbirth is when she asks for it, a new study suggests. Published in The Cochrane Library, the systematic review compared early and late epidurals during labour and found that they had very similar effects.
In the past 20 years recreational cannabis use has grown tremendously, becoming almost as common as tobacco use among adolescents and young adults, and so has the research evidence. A major new review in the scientific journal Addiction sets out the latest information on the effects of cannabis use on mental and physical health.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., is pleased to learn that the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 2014 jointly to John O’Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser.
New research confirms that sleep disturbances are linked to pain and depression, but not disability, among patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Study results published in Arthritis Care & Research, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), found that poor sleep increases depression and disability, but does not worsen pain over time.
Vitamin D deficiency is linked with advanced stages of liver cancer and may be an indicator of a poor prognosis, according to a study of 200 patients with the disease who were followed for an average of 46 weeks.
A new phase 1 safety trial has demonstrated that idarubicin-loaded beads are well tolerated by patients but are toxic to liver cancer cells. Idarubicin is an anthracycline that is currently used to treat leukemias.
Eating lots of white meat (such as poultry) or fish may reduce the risk of developing liver cancer by 31% and 22%, respectively, according to a recent analysis of studies published between 1956 and 2013.
Many US patients with liver cancer—even those with early stage disease that can often be cured—do not receive treatment for their disease, according to an analysis of studies published between 1989 and 2013.