Medicine & Healthcare
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A new study points to the need for increased awareness of fertility preservation options for young patients with cancer.
A new review published in the Cochrane Library, indicates that eradicating Helicobacter pylori bacterium— the main cause of stomach ulcers - with a short course of therapy comprising two commonly used medicines may help to reduce the risk of gastric cancer.
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A new Cochrane systematic review published today of surgery for stress urinary incontinence makes an important contribution to an ongoing debate and will help women to make more informed choices about treatment. Inserting a ‘mid-urethral sling’, a type of tape, to support the muscles of the bladder by either the groin or abdomen results in similar cure rates.
Hoboken, NJ – June 30, 2015 – John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (NYSE: JWa and JWb), today announced their partnership with London- based data repository organization, Figshare. To support authors who wish to openly share their data, Wiley have embarked on this partnership with Figshare to integrate data sharing within existing journal workflows and article publication.
The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD), in partnership with the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and in collaboration with the International Antiviral Society-USA (IAS-USA), created online Recommendations for Testing, Managing, and Treating Hepatitis C in 2014 to aid practitioners treating patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Now an update to the Guidance, with a summary of recommendations regarding treatment with direct-acting antiviral drugs, is published in the AASLD journal, Hepatology.
Researchers have found that smoking may increase the risk of dying early in premenopausal women with breast cancer.
New research published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society, reports that younger patients, those who are married, and those with Child-Pugh C disease—the most severe measure of liver disease—are more likely immigrants, divorced patients and those at the lowest income levels were less likely to have a potential live donor volunteer for liver donation.
US researchers have published the first large population-based study of nationwide trends in erectile dysfunction and its surgical management from 2001 to 2010
Study Finds Decreased Rates of High-Grade Cervical Lesions in Young Women after Approval of HPV Vaccines and Changes in Cancer Screening
A new analysis indicates that rates of high-grade cervical lesions decreased in young US women after vaccines were made available to protect against human papillomavirus (HPV), but the trend may be due in part to changes in cervical cancer screening recommendations.
In a new study, older women who lived in places with higher air pollution had significantly reduced white matter in the brain
A new global review reveals that elder abuse—which includes psychological, physical, and sexual abuse; neglect; and financial exploitation—is common among community-dwelling older adults and is especially prevalent among minority older adults.
The prevalence of smoking among undergraduate nursing and physiotherapy students in Spain decreased from 29.3% in 2003 to 18.2% in 2013.
A new study shows that shorter telomeres—which are the protective caps at the end of a cell’s chromosomes—are linked with worse survival in a progressive respiratory disease called idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). In patients with IPF, excessive scar tissue forms in the lungs.
Following a decade of steady growth, use of bisphosphonates—medications that are effective for treating osteoporosis—declined in the United States by more than 50% from 2008 to 2012.
“Is eating for two” a good idea? Maintaining a healthy weight during pregnancy helps mother and baby
Pregnant women can improve their health and even reduce the risk of complications during childbirth by maintaining a healthy weight through diet and exercise.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (NYSE: JWa and JWb), announced today the launch of a six-month pilot program in partnership with F1000Research.
A new study reports that patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) who have poor sleep habits display greater central sensitization—an amplification of clinical pain. Findings published in Arthritis Care & Research, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), further show OA patients who catastrophize—consumed by thoughts of pain—had increased central sensitization that was associated with greater clinical pain.
In a recent study of older adults, those with a reduced ability to identify certain odors had an increased risk of dying during an average follow-up of 4 years. The mortality rate was 45% in participants with the lowest scores on a 40-item smell test, compared with 18% of participants with the highest scores.
In a population of Congo Basin foragers called the Aka, 67% of men—but only 6% of women—use cannabis, and the practice seems to protect against infection with parasitic worms.
Treatment options for chronic hepatitis C, a serious and life-threatening infection, have improved substantially and several new regimens with shorter durations and improved efficacy and safety profiles are now available.
New recommendations offer insights on strategies for treating infants with seizures. In an Epilepsia report, child neurologists who are members of the International League Against Epilepsy note that intervening at the time of a febrile seizure does not alter the risk for subsequent epilepsy, and there is no evidence to support the use of antiepileptic drugs for simple febrile seizures.
Collegiate women who wore shoes with 10 cm high heels more than 3 times per week to their classes developed an imbalance of 4 functional ankle muscles. While wearing high-heeled shoes appeared to strengthen ankle muscles at first, prolonged use eventually caused an imbalance, which is a crucial predictor of ankle injury.