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12:00 AM EST January 05, 2017

Foods Rich in Resistant Starch May Benefit Health

A new comprehensive review examines the potential health benefits of resistant starch, a form of starch that is not digested in the small intestine and is therefore considered a type of dietary fibre. Some forms of resistant starch occur naturally in foods such as bananas, potatoes, grains, and legumes, and some are produced or modified commercially and incorporated into food products.

December 21, 2016

Rat Study Provides Insights on Tendon Overuse Injuries

In research conducted in rats, investigators have shown for the first time the effect of rotator cuff tendon overuse, or tendinopathy, on surrounding tissues.

December 19, 2016

Efforts Are Needed to Optimize the Use of Biologics for Treating Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

The use of biologics, which are generally made from human and/or animal materials, has significantly changed the management of rheumatoid arthritis over the last decade, becoming the cornerstone treatment for many patients. Because the arsenal of biologics for rheumatoid arthritis includes numerous monoclonal antibodies with various mechanisms of action, it can be challenging to optimize treatments for individuals.

December 19, 2016

How to Make Health Systems Learning Organizations

A health system becomes a learning system when it’s able to continuously study its own performance and put that knowledge to work to improve itself. In a new report, investigators describe how Johns Hopkins Medicine is working to enhance the value of healthcare it provides while expanding its ability to measure and analyze quality, safety, and other important variables.

December 19, 2016

Weight Loss Surgery Linked to Gastrointestinal Complaints

Laparoscopic gastric bypass is an effective treatment for obesity, but a new study finds that patients who undergo the surgery often complain of gastrointestinal problems. 

12:00 AM EST December 12, 2016

Socially Isolated Breast Cancer Patients Face Higher Recurrence and Mortality Rates

A new study found that more socially isolated breast cancer survivors had higher rates of recurrence and mortality, while women with larger social networks experienced better outcomes. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study found that some types of social ties were beneficial, while others were not, and that some types of relationships only benefited patients in certain racial or age groups.

December 08, 2016

Review Examines Rates and Predictors of Recurrence following Surgery for Crohn’s Disease

Some patients with Crohn’s disease, a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the lining of the digestive tract, require surgery to remove part or all of the large intestine; however, surgery does not cure the condition and many patients relapse after surgery. A new review and analysis of published studies provides insights on the rates of relapse and predictors of relapse among Crohn’s disease patients who underwent surgical removal of the entire large intestine (total colectomy) and the creation of a permanent ileostomy (an opening in the abdominal wall).

December 06, 2016

Body Composition May Affect Older Women’s Risk of Urinary Incontinence

In a study of older women, the prevalence of stress- and urgency urinary incontinence (SUI and UUI) was at least two-fold higher among women in the highest category of body mass index (BMI) or fat mass compared with women in the lowest category. 

December 05, 2016

A Potential Target for Restoring Ejaculation in Men with Spinal Cord Injuries or Ejaculatory Disorders

New research provides insights on how to restore the ability to ejaculate in men who are not able to do so. 

December 05, 2016

Genetically Altered Goats May Produce Milk that Causes Fewer Allergic Reactions

The presence of the allergen β-Lactoglobulin (BLG) in the milk of goats and other ungulates restricts the consumption of goat’s milk by humans. In a new study, researchers bred goats to lack BLG or to express human α-lactalbumin in place of BLG. 

December 05, 2016

Test Used to Diagnose Asthma May Not Be Accurate

A new study urges caution in the use of the mannitol challenge test for asthma in non-clinical settings. The test is considered widely applicable to detect asthma, but its accuracy outside of patients referred for specialized respiratory has not been thoroughly explored before.

12:00 AM EST November 28, 2016

Electronic Prescribing of High Risk Medications May Be Contributing to Falls in Elderly Patients

Certain medications are considered high risk in elders. In a recent study of 287 individuals ≥65 years who experienced a fall while hospitalized at an urban academic hospital, 62 percent of falls occurred in patients in whom high risk medications had been administered within the 24 hours before the fall.

November 21, 2016

ATOMS Device Effectively Treats Male Incontinence with High Patient Satisfaction

In the largest study yet to assess the long-term safety and efficacy of the adjustable transobturator male system (ATOMS) to treat incontinence in men following invasive prostate treatment, the overall success and dry rates were 90% and 64%, respectively, after a median of 31 months. 

12:00 AM EST November 21, 2016

Cancer in Children Adversely Affects Parents’ Income and Employment

Having a child with cancer led to income reductions for parents and job discontinuation among mothers in a recent study, even after adjusting for pre-diagnosis sociodemographic factors. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings indicate that childhood cancer affects parents’ income and employment for years after the child’s diagnosis, and that these effects are not equally distributed among mothers and fathers.

 

November 21, 2016

Diet and Exercise Can Improve Kidney Function in Patients with Fatty Liver Disease

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a potentially serious liver condition characterized by excess fat in the liver associated with inflammation and scarring. NASH may progress to cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer, and it can also compromise kidney function.

November 21, 2016

Exercise Programs May Not Provide Additional Benefits to Usual Physical Therapy Following Total Knee Replacement

In a randomized trial of patients who underwent total knee replacement as a treatment for osteoarthritis, a group program of strengthening and aerobic exercises was not better at alleviating long-term knee pain or overcoming activity limitations compared with usual care, which included physical therapy. 

November 21, 2016

Fat-Free Mass Index Predicts Survival in Patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Researchers have found that fat-free mass index, but not body mass index, was a significant predictor of survival in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a debilitating form of pneumonia. Unlike body mass index, fat-free mass index takes into account the amount of muscle mass a person is carrying.

November 21, 2016

Greater Efforts Are Needed to Encourage Patients to Report Adverse Drug Reactions

In a review of published studies addressing patients’ perceptions and factors influencing their reporting of adverse drug reactions, most patients were not aware of reporting systems and others were confused about reporting. 

November 21, 2016

Vitamin D Supplements May Benefit Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Vitamin D supplementation improved symptoms of autism in a recent trial.

12:00 AM EST November 21, 2016

What Impact Do Medication Errors Have on Nursing Home Residents?

A new analysis points to surprisingly low rates of serious impacts from medication errors affecting nursing home residents, despite the fact that these errors remain fairly common.

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