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12:00 AM EDT June 22, 2015

Study Examines US Trends in the Use of Penile Prostheses to Treat Erectile Dysfunction

US researchers have published the first large population-based study of nationwide trends in erectile dysfunction and its surgical management from 2001 to 2010

12:00 AM EDT June 22, 2015

Study Finds Decreased Rates of High-Grade Cervical Lesions in Young Women after Approval of HPV Vaccines and Changes in Cancer Screening

A new analysis indicates that rates of high-grade cervical lesions decreased in young US women after vaccines were made available to protect against human papillomavirus (HPV), but the trend may be due in part to changes in cervical cancer screening recommendations. 

June 15, 2015

Air Pollution May Contribute to White Matter Loss in the Brain

In a new study, older women who lived in places with higher air pollution had significantly reduced white matter in the brain

June 15, 2015

Elder Abuse Is Common Around the World

A new global review reveals that elder abuse—which includes psychological, physical, and sexual abuse; neglect; and financial exploitation—is common among community-dwelling older adults and is especially prevalent among minority older adults.

June 15, 2015

Study Examines Trends in Smoking among Health Students

The prevalence of smoking among undergraduate nursing and physiotherapy students in Spain decreased from 29.3% in 2003 to 18.2% in 2013.

June 15, 2015

Study Provides Insights on Chronic Lung Disease

A new study shows that shorter telomeres—which are the protective caps at the end of a cell’s chromosomes—are linked with worse survival in a progressive respiratory disease called idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). In patients with IPF, excessive scar tissue forms in the lungs.

June 15, 2015

Use of Osteoporosis Drugs Have Dropped Following Media Reports of Safety Concerns

Following a decade of steady growth, use of bisphosphonates—medications that are effective for treating osteoporosis—declined in the United States by more than 50% from 2008 to 2012.

12:00 AM EDT June 11, 2015

“Is eating for two” a good idea? Maintaining a healthy weight during pregnancy helps mother and baby

Pregnant women can improve their health and even reduce the risk of complications during childbirth by maintaining a healthy weight through diet and exercise.

June 04, 2015

Wiley-F1000Research pilot gives more choice to authors

John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (NYSE: JWa and JWb), announced today the launch of a six-month pilot program in partnership with F1000Research.

12:00 AM EDT June 04, 2015

Poor Sleep, Negative Attitude Amplify Pain in Knee Osteoarthritis

A new study reports that patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) who have poor sleep habits display greater central sensitization—an amplification of clinical pain. Findings published in Arthritis Care & Research, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), further show OA patients who catastrophize—consumed by thoughts of pain—had increased central sensitization that was associated with greater clinical pain.

12:00 AM EDT June 03, 2015

One's Ability to Identify Different Smells May Impact Longevity

In a recent study of older adults, those with a reduced ability to identify certain odors had an increased risk of dying during an average follow-up of 4 years. The mortality rate was 45% in participants with the lowest scores on a 40-item smell test, compared with 18% of participants with the highest scores.

June 01, 2015

Cannabis Use in Male African Pygmies Linked to Decreased Risk of Parasitic Worm Infection

In a population of Congo Basin foragers called the Aka, 67% of men—but only 6% of women—use cannabis, and the practice seems to protect against infection with parasitic worms.

June 01, 2015

FDA Addresses Concerns on Approval of Drugs to Treat Chronic Hepatitis C

Treatment options for chronic hepatitis C, a serious and life-threatening infection, have improved substantially and several new regimens with shorter durations and improved efficacy and safety profiles are now available.

June 01, 2015

Recommendations Address How to Manage Seizures in Infants

New recommendations offer insights on strategies for treating infants with seizures. In an Epilepsia report, child neurologists who are members of the International League Against Epilepsy note that intervening at the time of a febrile seizure does not alter the risk for subsequent epilepsy, and there is no evidence to support the use of antiepileptic drugs for simple febrile seizures.

June 01, 2015

Wearing High-Heeled Shoes May Cause Ankle Muscle Imbalance and Injury

Collegiate women who wore shoes with 10 cm high heels more than 3 times per week to their classes developed an imbalance of 4 functional ankle muscles. While wearing high-heeled shoes appeared to strengthen ankle muscles at first, prolonged use eventually caused an imbalance, which is a crucial predictor of ankle injury.

12:00 AM EDT May 28, 2015

Large but unexplained variations in paracetamol-induced liver failure among European countries: Six-times higher risk in Ireland and a two-fold higher risk in the UK highlighted in study

A fifty-fold between-country difference in rates of paracetamol-induced acute liver failure that leads to liver transplant (ALFT) has been revealed by a study that compared patient data from seven countries at the request of the European Medicines Agency: France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal and the UK.

12:00 AM EDT May 26, 2015

Attitudes and Beliefs About Complementary and Alternative Medicine Predict Use among Patients with Cancer

A new study has shed light on how cancer patients’ attitudes and beliefs drive the use of complementary and alternative medicine.

12:00 AM EDT May 20, 2015

Family History of Breast Cancer Doesn't Mean a Poor Prognosis for Women Who Develop the Disease

A new large study finds that women who are diagnosed with breast cancer and have a family history of the disease face no worse of a prognosis after treatment than other women with breast cancer.

May 18, 2015

Baby Teethers are a Novel Source of Infant Exposure to Endocrine Disruptors

A new study has found that endocrine disrupting chemicals—which can interfere with the actions of hormones in the body—are present in some plastic teethers for babies, and the chemicals can leach out of the products.

May 18, 2015

Physical Training Helps Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome, a hormonal disorder that affects 5% to 10% of the female population of fertile age, often experience sexual dysfunction and low self-esteem, but a new study shows that physical resistance training can help.

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