Medicine & Healthcare
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The Wiley Foundation, part of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. today announced the 14th annual Wiley Prize in Biomedical Sciences will be awarded to Evelyn M. Witkin and Stephen Elledge for their studies of the DNA damage response.
New research suggests that drugs commonly used to prevent organ rejection after transplantation may also be helpful for combating HIV.
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US researchers have published the first large population-based study of nationwide trends in erectile dysfunction and its surgical management from 2001 to 2010
Study Finds Decreased Rates of High-Grade Cervical Lesions in Young Women after Approval of HPV Vaccines and Changes in Cancer Screening
A new analysis indicates that rates of high-grade cervical lesions decreased in young US women after vaccines were made available to protect against human papillomavirus (HPV), but the trend may be due in part to changes in cervical cancer screening recommendations.
In a new study, older women who lived in places with higher air pollution had significantly reduced white matter in the brain
A new global review reveals that elder abuse—which includes psychological, physical, and sexual abuse; neglect; and financial exploitation—is common among community-dwelling older adults and is especially prevalent among minority older adults.
The prevalence of smoking among undergraduate nursing and physiotherapy students in Spain decreased from 29.3% in 2003 to 18.2% in 2013.
A new study shows that shorter telomeres—which are the protective caps at the end of a cell’s chromosomes—are linked with worse survival in a progressive respiratory disease called idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). In patients with IPF, excessive scar tissue forms in the lungs.
Following a decade of steady growth, use of bisphosphonates—medications that are effective for treating osteoporosis—declined in the United States by more than 50% from 2008 to 2012.
“Is eating for two” a good idea? Maintaining a healthy weight during pregnancy helps mother and baby
Pregnant women can improve their health and even reduce the risk of complications during childbirth by maintaining a healthy weight through diet and exercise.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (NYSE: JWa and JWb), announced today the launch of a six-month pilot program in partnership with F1000Research.
A new study reports that patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) who have poor sleep habits display greater central sensitization—an amplification of clinical pain. Findings published in Arthritis Care & Research, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), further show OA patients who catastrophize—consumed by thoughts of pain—had increased central sensitization that was associated with greater clinical pain.
In a recent study of older adults, those with a reduced ability to identify certain odors had an increased risk of dying during an average follow-up of 4 years. The mortality rate was 45% in participants with the lowest scores on a 40-item smell test, compared with 18% of participants with the highest scores.
In a population of Congo Basin foragers called the Aka, 67% of men—but only 6% of women—use cannabis, and the practice seems to protect against infection with parasitic worms.
Treatment options for chronic hepatitis C, a serious and life-threatening infection, have improved substantially and several new regimens with shorter durations and improved efficacy and safety profiles are now available.
New recommendations offer insights on strategies for treating infants with seizures. In an Epilepsia report, child neurologists who are members of the International League Against Epilepsy note that intervening at the time of a febrile seizure does not alter the risk for subsequent epilepsy, and there is no evidence to support the use of antiepileptic drugs for simple febrile seizures.
Collegiate women who wore shoes with 10 cm high heels more than 3 times per week to their classes developed an imbalance of 4 functional ankle muscles. While wearing high-heeled shoes appeared to strengthen ankle muscles at first, prolonged use eventually caused an imbalance, which is a crucial predictor of ankle injury.
Large but unexplained variations in paracetamol-induced liver failure among European countries: Six-times higher risk in Ireland and a two-fold higher risk in the UK highlighted in study
A fifty-fold between-country difference in rates of paracetamol-induced acute liver failure that leads to liver transplant (ALFT) has been revealed by a study that compared patient data from seven countries at the request of the European Medicines Agency: France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal and the UK.
Attitudes and Beliefs About Complementary and Alternative Medicine Predict Use among Patients with Cancer
A new study has shed light on how cancer patients’ attitudes and beliefs drive the use of complementary and alternative medicine.
A new large study finds that women who are diagnosed with breast cancer and have a family history of the disease face no worse of a prognosis after treatment than other women with breast cancer.
A new study has found that endocrine disrupting chemicals—which can interfere with the actions of hormones in the body—are present in some plastic teethers for babies, and the chemicals can leach out of the products.
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome, a hormonal disorder that affects 5% to 10% of the female population of fertile age, often experience sexual dysfunction and low self-esteem, but a new study shows that physical resistance training can help.