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12:00 AM EDT April 28, 2016

Rosacea Linked to a Slightly Increased Risk of Dementia

A new study has uncovered an increased risk of dementia—in particular Alzheimer’s disease—in patients with rosacea. Importantly, the risk was highest in older patients and in patients where rosacea was diagnosed by a hospital dermatologist. The findings are published in the Annals of Neurology, a journal of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society.

April 26, 2016

Aspirin May Help Prevent Bile Duct Cancer

Regular use of aspirin was linked with a significantly reduced risk of developing bile duct cancer, also called cholangiocarcinoma, in a recent study. The findings, which are published in the journal Hepatology, indicate that additional research on the potential of aspirin for preventing bile duct cancer is warranted.

April 21, 2016

Risk of Liver Cancer from Hepatitis B Persists Even after Clearing the Virus

Long-term infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) can cause liver inflammation and increase the risk of liver cancer.

April 20, 2016

Hair Analysis Is a Flawed Forensic Technique

Since 1989, 74 people who were convicted of serious crimes, in large part due to microscopic hair comparisons, were later exonerated by post-conviction DNA analysis. 

April 20, 2016

Review Assesses Published Research on Brain Changes Associated with Autism

A recent review that examined all published studies on anatomical abnormalities in the brains of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder found substantial discrepancy throughout the literature regarding the reported presence and significance of neuroanatomical findings.

April 20, 2016

Rituximab Is Superior to Fingolimod for Certain Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

A new study indicates that rituximab is more effective than fingolimod for preventing relapses in patients with highly active multiple sclerosis switching from treatment with natalizumab.

April 19, 2016

Wiley Announces Staying Sharp For Dummies

Insights and actionable information on keeping your brain sharp as you age

April 15, 2016

Monitoring Breathing: Paper-based electrical sensor developed to monitor respiration rate

A simple but effective sensor for monitoring the respiration rate of individuals has been created. Taking advantage of the hygroscopic character of ordinary paper, scientists at Harvard University have developed an electrical sensor to detect the periodic changes of humidity by breathing in and out. As they report in the journal Angewandte Chemie, the respiration data can be transmitted to and collected by nearby smartphones or tablet computers for further processing, storage, or transmittance to practical therapists. A simple face mask carrying the sensor system and worn in hospital wards may thus save lives.

April 13, 2016

Poor Lubrication: Astringent mouthfeel of wine results from a lubrication failure in the mouth

We are all familiar with that strange feeling in the mouth after a sip of red wine or tea, or a bite of unripe fruit. It has been described as dry, leathery, or even furry. This astringent effect is caused by tannins or polyphenolic compounds that bind to mucins, lubricating proteins in the mucus membranes of the mouth. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, a Chinese and Korean research team has now shown the relationship between astringency and disrupted lubrication of the oral cavity.

12:00 AM EDT April 11, 2016

Being Married May Help Prolong Survival in Cancer Patients, with Varying Effects by Race and Place of Birth

New research has uncovered a link between being married and living longer among cancer patients, with the beneficial effect of marriage differing by race/ethnicity and place of birth. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings have important public health implications, given the rising numbers of unmarried individuals in the United States in addition to the growing aging population.

12:00 AM EDT April 11, 2016

Research Uncovers the Effects of Traumatic Childbirth on Midwives and Obstetricians

When complications arise in the delivery room that lead to traumatic childbirth, clinicians providing care may feel upset and experience secondary traumatic stress. A new study published in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, a journal of the Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology, found that feelings of blame and guilt dominate when midwives and obstetricians struggle to cope with the aftermath of a traumatic childbirth, but such events also made them think more about the meaning of life and helped them become better midwives and doctors.

April 05, 2016

Fatty Liver Disease Is Common and Linked with Certain Risk Factors in Liver Transplant Recipients

Researchers have characterized the prevalence and risk factors of fatty liver disease in patients who undergo liver transplantation. The findings, which are published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, could have important implications for safeguarding transplant recipients’ health.

April 04, 2016

Do Differences in Anatomy Matter for Achieving Orgasm?

A recent review of the medical literature reveals that differences in anatomy may help explain why some individuals experience orgasms more successfully than others.

April 04, 2016

Heavy Drinking Endangers the Health of Liver Transplants

Alcoholic liver disease is a major indication for liver transplantation, but up to 20% of patients experience severe alcoholic relapse. New research shows that such relapse can cause significant damage to newly transplanted livers.

April 04, 2016

Review Examines Functioning, Disability, and Health in Patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder

A recent review and analysis of the medical literature has helped determine what constitutes the relevant aspects of ability and disability in individuals of all ages with autism spectrum disorder. The results will provide clarity as investigators conduct basic and applied research and as clinicians diagnose and treat affected patients.

April 04, 2016

Subclinical Epileptic Bursts in the Brain May Affect Patients’ Driving

Epileptic discharges in the brain that are unaccompanied by obvious clinical signs are regarded as subclinical or interictal. A new study found that such bursts can prolong the reaction time and increase virtual accidents of patients taking a car driving computer test.

April 04, 2016

Technique May Reduce Complications in Elderly Patients Undergoing Bladder Cancer Surgery

A retrospective study indicates that for certain elderly patients undergoing surgery for bladder cancer, diverting urine from the bladder can be safely achieved with what’s known as a cutaneous ureterostomy with a single stoma rather than the commonly used ileal conduit.

April 04, 2016

Young Arthritis Patients Have Unique Concerns about Treatment

A new study funded by Arthritis Research UK indicates that teens and young adults with inflammatory arthritis see treatment as presenting both an opportunity and a threat to their desire to lead a ‘normal’ life. They describe a wide range of consequences—physical, emotional, social, and vocational—arising from their treatment.

March 30, 2016

Researchers Uncover Key Scientific and Statistical Errors in Obesity Studies

A special statistical series in the journal Obesity identifies common scientific and statistical errors in obesity-relate studies, challenges assumptions about weight loss, and calls for increased application of control arms in obesity intervention studies.

12:00 AM EDT March 28, 2016

Choosing to Die at Home Does Not Hasten Death for Patients with Terminal Cancer

A large study from Japan found that cancer patients who died at home tended to live longer than those who died in hospitals. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings suggest that oncologists should not hesitate to refer patients for home-based palliative care simply because less medical treatment may be provided.

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