Medicine & Healthcare
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Corticosteroid drugs that are given by inhalers to children with asthma may suppress their growth, evidence suggests. Two new systematic reviews published in The Cochrane Library focus on the effects of inhaled corticosteroid drugs (ICS) on growth rates. The authors found children’s growth slowed in the first year of treatment, although the effects were minimised by using lower doses.
New research suggests that drugs commonly used to prevent organ rejection after transplantation may also be helpful for combating HIV.
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People attempting to quit smoking without professional help are approximately 60% more likely to report succeeding if they use e-cigarettes.
Journal of Advanced Nursing explores how health coverage in the British media often compares nurses with an idealized ‘golden age’ a comparison which can distort public perception and serve to legitimize retrograde government policies.
Birth control is used worldwide by more than 60 million women. Since its introduction, it has changed certain aspects of women’s lives including family roles, gender roles and social life. New research in The Journal of Sexual Medicine found a link between birth control and women’s preferences for psychophysical traits in a sexual mate
The National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) has recently launched the NINR Innovative Questions (IQ) Initiative, an effort to address emerging health needs by engaging the scientific community and the public in shaping the future of nursing science.
New research in Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health aims to find the relationship between participation in organized sports and an increase in hazardous drinking. Unlike previous research, the study focused on an underrepresented group – young offenders – adolescents who were either excluded from school or involved with the justice system.
Zinc supplements reduce diarrhoea and other infections in malnourished children, and may prevent death, according to a new study published in The Cochrane Library. The study is the first Cochrane systematic review to focus on zinc as a means to prevent childhood death, including deaths caused by diarrhoea, one of the biggest killers of under-fives.
Current Guidelines Underestimate US Cervical Cancer Incidence and Older Women’s Risk of Developing the Disease
Rates of cervical cancer in American women may be higher than previously thought, and the disease may arise most often at an age when adequately screened women are advised to stop getting screened. The findings come from a new study published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. The results should be taken into consideration when the national guidelines for cervical cancer screening are reviewed.
Researchers from Italy confirm that urinary ethyl glucuronide (uEtG) accurately detects alcohol consumption in liver transplant candidates and recipients. The study published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society, suggests that a combination of uEtG and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test for alcohol consumption (AUDIT-c) are best in alerting doctors to alcohol consumption by patients undergoing evaluation for liver transplantation or who have received liver transplants.
Premature menopause is associated with long-term negative effects on cognitive function, suggests a new study published today (7 May) in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (BJOG).
Women who avoid sun exposure are at an increased risk of skin melanomas, with a two-fold increased mortality rate compared to those with the highest sun exposures.
Research in Diabetic Medicine explores the ‘Kaleidoscope model’ of care, which offers an individualized approach to healthcare delivery
U.S. University students either do not gain weight or do not maintain gained weight throughout their college years, supporting the theory that overweight school leavers entering university remain at that level.
Researchers from The Netherlands found that snacking on high-fat and high-sugar foods was independently associated with abdominal fat and fatty liver (hepatic steatosis). According to the study published in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, hypercaloric diet with frequent meals increases intrahepatic triglyceride content (IHTG) and fat around the waist, but increasing meal size did not.
For men with low-risk prostate cancer, low levels of testosterone may indicate a worsening of their disease.
Evidence Based Preclinical Medicine Helpdesk Guides Researchers Through Review Process
New oral anticoagulant drugs that treat and prevent clots offer a much-needed alternative to warfarin, which has been used for more than 6 decades and has serious shortcomings. A new article published in BJS (British Journal of Surgery) gives an overview of the major clinical trials and recommendations related to these new agents.
Stem cell therapies work as a complement to standard treatments, potentially cutting the number of deaths after a year, suggests evidence from the latest Cochrane review: Stem cell therapy for chronic ischaemic heart disease and congestive heart failure. Taking stem cells from a patient’s bone marrow and injecting them into their damaged heart may be an effective way to treat heart disease.
A new study has found that loss of paid employment after a diagnosis of early-stage breast cancer may be common and potentially related to the type of treatment patients received.
The quality of kidney and liver donations is fundamentally important for the longevity of transplants and the health of recipients.
Leading Nursing Journal Examines Health Conditions Women Experience While Aging, Including Osteoporosis, Menopause-Related Issues, and Adverse Medication Reactions