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June 06, 2016

New Test Allows for One-Step Diagnosis of HCV Infection

The current standard in diagnosing Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection requires two sequential steps that make it suboptimal, costly, inconvenient, time consuming, and globally not widely available or affordable. Now researchers have developed a novel enzyme immunoassay that accomplishes screening and diagnosis in one simple and affordable step.

 

June 06, 2016

Recent Research Uncovers Surprises about Antibiotic Resistance

It’s thought that antibiotic resistance is associated with a fitness cost, meaning that bacteria that develop antibiotic resistance must sacrifice something in order to do so. Because of this, proper use of antibiotics should result in susceptible strains eventually replacing resistant ones. 

June 06, 2016

Study Examines Unsafe Behaviors in Older Adults who Likely Have Dementia

Older adults who likely have dementia but have not been given the diagnosis are more likely to engage in potentially unsafe activities, new research suggests.

June 03, 2016

PTSD May Negatively Affect Sex Life Satisfaction in Male and Female Veterans

New research reveals that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was a strong, negative predictor of sexual satisfaction in both male and female veterans who returned from warzones in recent Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts.

June 03, 2016

Social Adversity Early in Life May Affect the Expression of Stress-Related Genes

New research suggests that early severe social deprivation may impact DNA modifications that affect the expression of stress-related genes.

May 26, 2016

Investigational Drugs Show Promise for Treating Overactive Bladder

In a recent study of patients with overactive bladder (OAB), a 30 mg extended release formulation of propiverine hydrochloride was at least as effective and safe as a 4 mg extended release formulation of tolterodine tartrate. Both medications are called antimuscarinic drugs that block certain cell receptors, but propiverine differs from other antimuscarinics because of a dual mode of action.

12:00 AM EDT May 23, 2016

Many Young Adult Female Cancer Survivors Need More Information and Support to Preserve their Fertility

A new study indicates that many young adult female cancer survivors do not receive adequate information about their fertility as part of their survivorship care after completing treatment, despite having concerns about their ability to bear children in the future. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings point to the need for better resources to support survivors in making informed decisions about their reproductive options after treatment is completed.

May 19, 2016

The Effects of Laxatives May Provide New Clues Concerning Parkinson’s Disease

 

In a recent retrospective analysis, investigators discovered that the year-on-year increase in rigidity found in Parkinson’s disease flattened off with the regular use of laxatives to manage constipation.

 

May 16, 2016

Antipsychotic Drugs Are Linked with an Increased Risk of Heart Attacks

A review of nine observational studies found evidence supporting an increased risk of heart attacks in patients taking antipsychotic drugs.

May 16, 2016

Children with and without Multiple Sclerosis Have Differences in Gut Bacteria

In a recent study, children with multiple sclerosis had differences in the abundance of specific gut bacteria than children without the disease.

May 16, 2016

Physicians Are More Likely to Use Hospice and Intensive Care at End of Life

New research suggests that US physicians are more likely to use hospice and intensive or critical care units in the last months of life than non-physicians.

May 13, 2016

Patients with Coeliac Disease Should Receive Pneumonia Vaccine

Researchers have found that patients with coeliac disease are at high risk of acquiring pneumonia if they haven’t received the pneumococcal vaccine.

 

May 13, 2016

Researchers Determine the Best Strategy for Preventing Ulcers when Taking NSAIDs

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)—including ibuprofen, diclofenac, naproxen and others—are commonly used pain medications that are generally safe but may increase the risk of developing stomach and intestinal ulcers.

May 12, 2016

More Urinary Tract Stones Are Being Treated with Surgery

Researchers in Oxford who analyzed recent trends related to urinary tract stones in the UK found a sustained and high prevalence of the condition, with an increased trend to treat patients with surgery.

7:05 PM EDT May 11, 2016

Can psychological therapies help people who self-harm?

Latest research out today has found that psychological therapies, more commonly known as ‘talking treatments’, may help people who self-harm.

May 10, 2016

Breath Test May Help Diagnose Irritable Bowel Syndrome

There is currently no specific diagnostic test for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but now researchers have identified a combination of 16 different substances in the breath that, when measured together, can accurately distinguish IBS patients from people without the condition.

12:00 AM EDT May 09, 2016

Cancer May Drive Health Problems as People Age

A new study indicates that cancer may have negative impacts on both the physical and mental health of individuals as they age. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study suggests that cancer increases the risk for certain health issues above and beyond normal aging. This is likely due, in part, to decreased physical activity and stress associated with cancer diagnosis and treatment.

May 06, 2016

Surgeries for Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease Have Declined in Recent Years

Researchers have found that the rates of surgical operations for gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) in the United States have fallen rapidly in recent years, from 0.062 percent in 2009 to 0.047 percent in 2013. The numbers of overweight and obese patients having this surgery have increased, however. Also, women are more likely than men to have surgery for GERD.

May 06, 2016

Testosterone Undecanoate Improves Sexual Function in Men with Type 2 Diabetes and Very Low Testosterone

In a recent placebo-controlled study, long acting testosterone undecanoate (an ester of testosterone) improved erectile function, intercourse satisfaction, and sexual desire scores in type 2 diabetic men with severe hypogonadism,  a condition in which the body doesn't produce enough testosterone. Only sexual desire improved significantly with testosterone replacement therapy in those with mild hypogonadism.

May 05, 2016

“Biggest Loser” Study Reveals How Dieting Affects Long-Term Metabolism

While it’s known that metabolism slows when people diet, new research indicates that metabolism remains suppressed even when people regain much of the weight they lost while dieting.

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