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September 08, 2015

Study Identifies Psychological Traits Associated with Homophobia

A new study that investigated the potential of certain psychological traits for predisposing heterosexuals to have negative attitudes towards homosexual people found that psychoticism and immature defense mechanisms may be important risk factors for homophobia.

September 08, 2015

Study’s Findings Could Help Expand the Donor Pool for Liver Transplantation

A new study of DCD liver transplantations conducted at the Cleveland Clinic from 2005 to 2014 found no significant correlation between donor age and organ survival, however. The results suggest that stringent donor and recipient selection may ameliorate the negative impact of donor age in DCD liver transplantation.

September 02, 2015

Men in China Face Increasing Tobacco-Related Cancer Risks

In China, smoking now causes nearly a quarter of all cancers in adult males. The finding comes from a large study published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, as part of a Special Issue on Lung Cancer in China.

September 01, 2015

Cirrhosis, Antibodies Increase Risk of Poor Outcome for Autoimmune Hepatitis Patients

New research reports that cirrhosis at first diagnosis and antibodies for the soluble liver antigen/liver pancreas antigen (SLA/LP) are major risk factors for poor short- and long-term outcome in patients with autoimmune hepatitis. Results published in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, also found that patients diagnosed in childhood were at higher risk of relapse, need of a liver transplant, and reduced life expectancy.

12:00 AM EDT August 31, 2015

Knee and Hip Replacements May Be Bad for the Heart

Contrary to recent reports, Boston-based researchers found that osteoarthritis patients who had total knee or hip joint replacement surgery, known as arthroplasty, were at increased risk of heart attack (myocardial infarction) in the early post-operative period. However, findings published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), indicate that long-term risk of heart attack did not persist, while the risk for venous thromboembolism—blood clot in veins and lungs—remained years after the procedure.

August 26, 2015

Experts Stress Need for Sufficient Iodine Nutrition During Pregnancy

New research published in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, a journal of the Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology, found that pregnant women in Sweden had inadequate levels of iodine in their diets. Proper iodine nutrition is necessary for neurological developent of the fetus.

August 25, 2015

Optimal Breastfeeding Practices May Help Save Infants’ Lives

In a new review of all relevant medical research on breastfeeding practices, infants 0 to 5 months of age who were predominantly, partially, or not breastfed had 1.5-, 4.8-, and 14.4-times higher risks of dying, respectively, compared with exclusively breastfed infants

12:00 AM EDT August 24, 2015

Heart Medications that Target Stress May Help Prolong Survival in Women with Ovarian Cancer

A new analysis of patient records indicates that certain drugs taken to improve heart health may also have anti-cancer properties. 

August 17, 2015

Liver Problems Will Likely Increase in Adults

Liver diseases affect hundreds of millions of people and cause significant illness and death. A new study indicates that liver scarring (or fibrosis), which can ultimately lead to liver failure, is fairly common.

August 17, 2015

Long-Term Brain Changes Persist Years after Drug Abuse and Recovery

It’s known that brain changes are present in drug addicts even when they have been abstinent for a short period of time. Now new research shows that alterations persist in long-term abstinent heroin-depended individuals as well.

August 17, 2015

Oral Contraceptives May Impact Aspects of Arthritis in Women

New research indicates that use of oral contraceptives may provide benefits for women with inflammatory arthritis.

August 17, 2015

To What Extent Are Condoms Responsible for Erection Difficulties

Research indicates that the use of condoms may cause some men to experience erection difficulties. However, in a study of 479 heterosexual men who used condoms and were 18 to 24 years old, those who reported condom-associated erection problems were also more likely to experience more generalized erection difficulties.

August 17, 2015

Weight Levels Dropped in Greek Children During the Economic Crisis

A new study indicates that for a 2.5 year period shortly before and during the early years of the Greek economic crisis, the prevalence of overweight and obesity decreased in Greek schoolchildren. This was accompanied by an increase in the prevalence of normal weight children and a slight increase in the prevalence of underweight children.

12:00 AM EDT August 13, 2015

Depression, Stress, Anxiety and Anger Compound Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in RA Patients

New research reveals that depressive symptoms, stress, anxiety, and anger and lack of social support in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were linked to atherosclerosis—a build-up of fatty deposits in the arteries that contributes to cardiovascular disease. The study published in Arthritis Care & Research, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), suggests that screening and treatment of psychosocial symptoms may curb the cardiovascular disease burden in RA patients.

12:00 AM EDT August 10, 2015

How Religious and Spiritual Beliefs Relate to Cancer Patients’ Physical, Mental, and Social Well-Being

Research reveals that most individuals with cancer have religious and spiritual beliefs, or derive comfort from religious and spiritual experiences. But what impact does this have on patients’ health?

12:00 AM EDT August 05, 2015

Music Played During Surgeries May Hinder Communication and Impact Patient Safety

Music is currently played in approximately 50% to 70% of surgical operations performed worldwide. In a new study of 20 operations conducted in the UK, repeated requests—for example, for a surgical instrument—were 5 times more likely to occur in surgeries with music than in those without.

August 03, 2015

Unsuccessful Fertility Treatments Not Linked with Clinically Diagnosed Depression in Women

An analysis of data on more than 41,000 Danish women who received assisted reproductive fertility treatment shows that unsuccessful treatment is not linked with an increased risk of clinically diagnosed depression compared with successful treatment.

July 30, 2015

Wiley announces strong performance in 2015 Journal Citation Reports release

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced a strong performance in Thomson Reuters® 2015 Journal Citation Reports (JCR) release.

July 30, 2015

Why Female Physicians Are Paid Less than Men

In a survey of hospital medical physicians across the United States, women made nearly $15,000 less than their male counterparts, with a portion of this disparity explained by female doctors’ tendency to prioritize collegiality and control over personal time, rather than substantial pay

July 27, 2015

Antibiotic resistance in Australia

Better matching between pack size and recommended dosages may help combat antibiotic resistance.