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March 07, 2016

Certain Mealtime Practices at Hospitals May Help Patients Eat Better

New research confirms that hospital patients often eat poorly, and that the hospital mealtime environment may contribute to this problem.

March 07, 2016

Children Know Best Whether an Allergy Spray Works for Them

A recent 14-day study that compared the efficacy of an allergy spray in 304 children aged 6-11 years with seasonal allergic rhinitis showed that the result depended on who assessed symptoms: children themselves or their caregiver.

March 07, 2016

Five Years After the Great East Japan Earthquake, Relevant Studies Made Freely Available

With March 11th marking the 5th anniversary of the Great East Japan Earthquake and resulting tsunami, Wiley has selected 123 articles related to the disaster and made them freely available until April 30th.

March 07, 2016

Genes Influence Sleep/Wake Timing of Seizures in People with Epilepsy

New research from the Epilepsy Phenome/Genome Project shows that genetics plays a role in sleep/wake timing of seizures. Researchers studied 1,395 individuals with epilepsy in families containing multiple people with epilepsy to determine whether sleep/wake timing of seizures runs in families.

March 07, 2016

Healthy Lifestyle Advice Provides Long-Term Benefits

In a recently published study, providing advice over a 5-year period about leading a healthy lifestyle reduced the risk of heart-related deaths over the next 40 years.

March 07, 2016

Some Medications Increase Risk of Blood Vessel Constriction in Extremities

A recent review of the medical literature has identified 12 classes of drugs and 4 main pathophysiological mechanisms that can cause a side effect whereby small arteries that supply blood to the skin constrict in response to cold, limiting blood supply. The condition is called Raynaud’s phenomenon.

March 07, 2016

Spider Toxin Analogue May Help Relieve Pain

New research suggests that a compound based on a spider toxin may be effective for treating pain.

March 01, 2016

Drug Halves Risk of Intestinal Paralysis after Abdominal Surgery

Recovery from abdominal surgery is often slowed by a temporary paralysis of the intestines known as ileus, but in a recent phase II clinical trial, prucalopride—a drug that stimulates motility—cut the risk of ileus lasting for more than 5 days in half.

March 01, 2016

Emergency Departments Face Considerable Costs Related to Long-Term Urinary Catheters

Problems with long-term urinary catheters create a considerable demand on emergency departments and are very costly to healthcare systems, according to a new study from South East London.

March 01, 2016

H. Pylori Infection May Reduce Risk of Allergic Esophageal Condition

New research suggests that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection of the stomach, which occurs in about half of the world’s population and can cause peptic ulcers and stomach cancer in minority of cases, may help protect against an allergic disorder of the esophagus condition called eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE).

March 01, 2016

Was Author of Famed Gray’s Anatomy Textbook a Plagiarist?

A new survey of historical evidence demonstrates that Henry Gray plagiarized parts of the first edition of his book, Gray’s Anatomy, the famed textbook of human anatomy that was initially published in 1858 and is currently in its 41st edition.

February 23, 2016

Clinical Manual Addresses How to Approach Organ Donation after Euthanasia

A new practical manual addresses the controversial topic of organ donation after euthanasia, providing guidance to clinicians whose patients have requested euthanasia and the desire to offer their organs to others in need. The manual is published in the American Journal of Transplantation.

12:00 AM EST February 22, 2016

Weight and Height During Adolescence Impact Future Risk of Developing Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

A new analysis indicates that higher body weight and taller stature during adolescence increase the risk of developing Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL), a type of cancer of the lymphatic system. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society

February 16, 2016

Are Women with Epilepsy Using Effective Contraception?

In the largest study of contraceptive practices of women with epilepsy, 30% did not use highly effective contraception despite being at higher risk of having children with fetal malformations due to the anti-epilepsy medications they take.

February 16, 2016

Heart Arrhythmia Drug May Fight Plaque Buildup in Blood Vessels

New research in mice provides convincing evidence that digoxin, a drug prescribed to treat atrial fibrillation, can help protect against atherosclerosis.

February 16, 2016

Smart Skin Made of Recyclable Materials May Transform Medicine and Robotics

Smart skin that can respond to external stimuli could have important applications in medicine and robotics. Using only items found in a typical household, researchers have created multi-sensor artificial skin that’s capable of sensing pressure, temperature, humidity, proximity, pH, and air flow.

February 10, 2016

Research Findings Could Lead to New Treatments for Chronic Inflammatory Pain

New research uncovers a cascade of reactions within nerve cells that relay sensations of pain associated with inflammation. The findings, which are published in the British Journal of Pharmacology, indicate that drugs designed to curb this pathway may help relieve inflammatory pain in sufferers.

7:00 PM EST February 08, 2016

New health evidence gives women informed choice in the prolapse surgery debate

New evidence published today highlights benefits and harms of using artificial mesh when compared with tissue repair in the surgical treatment of vaginal prolapse. Slightly better repair with mesh needs to be weighed carefully against increased risk of harms.

12:00 AM EST February 08, 2016

Study Compares Effectiveness of Phone-Based and Web-Based Smoking Cessation Programs in Four States

A new analysis indicates that states’ Web-based and phone-based tobacco cessation programs can help people quit smoking, but certain personal characteristics may lead individuals to prefer one type of program over the other. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings may help states optimize their tobacco cessation and cancer control programs.

12:00 AM EST February 08, 2016

Treatments that Reduce Knee Buckling May Help Prevent Falls in Older Adults

Symptoms of knee instability in older adults may indicate an increased risk of falling and of experiencing the various physical and psychological effects that can result from falling, according to a study published in Arthritis Care & Research, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). The findings indicate that determining effective treatments for knee instability should be an important priority as clinicians care for aging patients.

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