Medicine & Healthcare
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The Wiley Foundation, part of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. today announced the 14th annual Wiley Prize in Biomedical Sciences will be awarded to Evelyn M. Witkin and Stephen Elledge for their studies of the DNA damage response.
New research suggests that drugs commonly used to prevent organ rejection after transplantation may also be helpful for combating HIV.
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In a recent study of 247 US veterans returning from conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, almost 18% screened positive for sexual functioning difficulties. Self-reported sexual dysfunction was most strongly linked with depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and female sex.
In a study of European men, hypersexuality—a preoccupation with sexual fantasy or an excessive indulgence in sexual activity—correlated with proneness to sexual boredom and problems with erectile function.
Cell-free (cf) DNA analysis of maternal blood for trisomies 21, 18 and 13 is superior to other methods of screening, but it’s expensive. One strategy to maximize cfDNA testing at reduced cost is to offer it contingent on the results of the currently used first-trimester test.
Restoring testosterone production in men may be as effective as replacing it, without compromising their fertility. Two phase III clinical trials show that a drug that restores the body’s natural production of testosterone has no negative effect on a man’s sperm count while a topical testosterone gel causes a significant drop. The findings, which are published in BJU International, could change the way men are treated for low testosterone.
A new analysis indicates that when American adults are diagnosed with cancer, they experience significant decreases in the probability of working, in the number of hours they work, and correspondingly, in their incomes.
In a recent study, stopping breastfeeding due to pain or physical difficulties predicted an increased risk of postnatal depression, but stopping for other reasons, such as social reasons or embarrassment, did not.
Researchers who combed YouTube for videos regarding peripheral neuropathy, or nerve damage that causes weakness, numbness, and pain in the hands and feet, found 200 videos, but only about half of them were from healthcare professionals, mostly chiropractors.
New research indicates that low levels of a growth factor called stem cell factor (SCF)—which is thought to be important for blood vessel repair—are linked with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Sleep apnea may increase the risk of developing gout, a new study shows.
Hearing loss is linked with accelerated cognitive decline in older adults, but the use of hearing aids may help safeguard seniors’ memory and thinking skills.
A new study in mice reveals that increased body weight and high blood sugar as a result of consuming a high-fat diet may cause anxiety and depressive symptoms and measurable changes in the brain.
Burdens related to poor sleep may put men with sleep apnea at increased risk of erectile dysfunction.
A special issue of Psycho-Oncology highlights the behavioral aspects of cancer care, which involves care provided by clinicians including psychiatrists, psychologists, nurses, and social workers.
Among 96 former Swiss indentured child laborers, 22 individuals showed post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and 53 reported having experienced childhood trauma. Men reported a significantly higher prevalence of both sexual concerns and dysfunctional sexual behavior compared with women.
Primary care providers are put in a difficult position when screening their male patients for prostate cancer—some guidelines suggest that testing the general population lacks evidence whereas others state that it is appropriate in certain patients. Now a new perspective piece offers some guidance on when to screen patients and how to involve them in decisions about screening and treatment.
While most cancer survivors in the United States are motivated to seek information about food choices and dietary changes to improve their health, a new study comparing their dietary patterns to federal guidelines indicates that they often fall short.
New research reveals that the projected estimates of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Africa are high, with a burden of anywhere between approximately 6 to 14 million new cases in 2050. Most cases will result from motor vehicle accidents.
Current guidelines for treating severe constipation include surgical removal of part of the colon, a procedure called subtotal colectomy. Using national databases of hospital activity in the United States, investigators have discovered that colectomies for constipation nearly tripled over a span of 13 years, from 104 procedures in 1998 to 311 in 2011.
In a recent study by psychologists and surgeons concerning elective, open abdominal surgeries conducted in 167 patients, communication by the surgical team that was relevant to the procedure was linked with a reduced risk of the development of surgical site infections, whereas irrelevant communication during the closing phase of the procedure was linked with an increased risk of surgical site infections.
Migration has transferred the practice of genital mutilation of girls and women to countries where it was not common or does not originate, and the World Health Organization is campaigning to eradicate the practice. A new article highlights how health professionals—including nurses and midwives—both help and hinder eradication and management of female genital mutilation.