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July 18, 2016

Modified rye bread helps patients with irritable bowel syndrome

Patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are often concerned that certain foods may trigger or worsen their symptoms, which can include abdominal pain, diarrhea, or constipation. In a new study, patients who ate rye bread that was low in so-called “FODMAPs” (fermentable oligo- di- and mono-saccharides and polyols) experienced milder IBS symptoms than patients who ate normal rye bread.

July 18, 2016

Risk of low blood sugar differs among similar diabetes drugs

Adding sulphonylureas (SUs) to metformin remains a commonly used strategy for treating type 2 diabetes, but individual SUs differ and may confer different risks of abnormally low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia. SUs—which include newer generation agents such as gliclazide, glipizide, glimepiride, and glibenclamide—stimulate the production of insulin in the pancreas and increase the effectiveness of insulin in the body.

July 18, 2016

Soy-based protein boosts hunger hormone and stimulates appetite

Researchers have discovered a protein that stimulates secretion of ghrelin, an appetite-stimulating hormone produced in the stomach. When fed to mice, the protein, called soy-ghretropin, increased blood levels of ghrelin and boosted their appetite. 

July 18, 2016

Study reveals new link between periodontal and cerebrovascular diseases

A new study has revealed a relationship between chronic periodontitis and lacunar infarct, two common diseases in the elderly. Chronic periodontitis is an inflammatory disease of the gums, whereas lacunar infarct is a type of cerebral small vessel disease that can lead to a stroke.

7:00 PM EDT July 17, 2016

Many Elderly People Are Receiving and Using Prescription Medications Inappropriately

A new study from Belgium indicates that the majority of community-dwelling elderly adults are taking prescription medications inappropriately. The study, which is published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, also found a link between underuse—not taking essential medications—and an increased risk of dying or needing to be hospitalized.

12:00 AM EDT July 14, 2016

In Corneal Transplantation, Men and Women Don’t See Eye to Eye

A study of patients undergoing corneal transplants indicates that subtle differences between men and women may lead to poorer outcomes for a woman who has received a cornea from a male donor. The findings, which are published in the American Journal of Transplantation, suggest that gender matching may be beneficial to potentially reduce the risk of failure and rejection in patients undergoing corneal transplantation.

July 12, 2016

International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics to publish with Wiley

John Wiley and Sons Inc. announced today that it has been selected by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) as its publishing partner for its distinguished publication, the International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics (IJGO). This agreement, commencing in January 2017, will see the Journal move to the Wiley Online Library platform.

July 12, 2016

Counting Red Blood Cells: Electrochemical determination of the concentration and peroxidase activity of erythrocytes

Blood counts are routinely carried out before operations, in cases of infection, or when testing for a variety of diseases, such as anemia and leukemia. A key value in this test is the number of red blood cells (erythrocytes). Scientists at the University of Oxford (UK) have now introduced a simple nano-electrochemical process for the rapid, precise determination of the erythrocyte count. As described in the journal Angewandte Chemie, the test also determines the activity of individual erythrocytes toward hydrogen peroxide.

12:00 AM EDT July 11, 2016

Cancer Risk May Rise Before and Immediately After a Diabetes Diagnosis

A new study indicates that individuals with diabetes may have an elevated risk of developing cancer before and immediately after a diabetes diagnosis. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings point to the need for a better understanding of the link between diabetes and cancer.

July 07, 2016

Children who watch lots of TV may have poor bone health later in life

Consistently watching high levels of television during childhood and adolescence were linked with lower peak bone mass at age 20 years in a recent study.

 

July 07, 2016

Experts Warn of Hidden Risks of Do-It-Yourself Brain Stimulation

Research suggests that the application of current to the brain—known as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)—may enhance cognition and lessen symptoms of depression, anxiety, and other conditions. While tDCS devices can be built with simple tools, experts are cautioning do-it-yourself users that there may be hidden risks.

July 05, 2016

Study Examines Trends Related to Osteoporotic Fractures in England and Wales

In 2005, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in England and Wales provided new guidance on the use of anti-osteoporosis therapies for the prevention of additional fractures in patients who had experienced osteoporotic fractures, which was followed by market authorization of a generic form of alendronic acid. 

July 04, 2016

Complete Clearance of Hepatitis B Is Rare – Especially in Women and People of Asian Descent

Researchers at several different US sites have found that less than one-third of 1% of patients infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) get rid of the virus per year, and overall, only 1.2% of patients finally get rid of it. 

July 04, 2016

Many Malaysian Children with Epilepsy Are Vitamin D Deficient

Long-term use of antiepileptic drugs is a significant risk factor for vitamin D deficiency in children with epilepsy. A new Epilepsia study found that despite living in the tropics, a high proportion of Malaysian children with epilepsy are at risk of vitamin D deficiency. 

July 04, 2016

Poor Physical Performance May Be an Early Sign of Late-Age Dementia

Poor physical performance was linked with an increased risk of developing dementia in a study of individuals aged 90 and older who were followed for an average of 2.6 years.

July 04, 2016

Socioeconomic Status Influences the Risk and Stage of Penile Cancer

Low educational level, low disposable income, being divorced or never married, and living in a single-person household all increase the risk of advanced stage penile cancer, according to new research. 

July 04, 2016

Zinc Lozenges Help Most Patients Recover Earlier from the Common Cold

Zinc acetate lozenges may reduce the duration of the common cold by nearly 3 days, according to a recent analysis. 

June 30, 2016

Certain Occupations Linked to Increased Bladder Cancer Risk

A new analysis of UK workers reveals that certain occupations may increase the risk of bladder cancer.

June 30, 2016

Cervical Cancer Screening among Lesbian and Bisexual Women and Transgender Men

A new study found that certain factors affect cervical cancer screening among lesbian and bisexual women and transgender men. Some of these factors overlap with the general female population, whereas others are specific to the lesbian, bisexual, or queer identity. 

June 29, 2016

Simple Screening Tool Helps Determine COPD Risk

A simple 7-item screening tool can help clinicians identify patients at risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), even if they are not experiencing any symptoms.

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