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October 05, 2015

Africa Faces Rising Rates of Traumatic Brain Injury

New research reveals that the projected estimates of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Africa are high, with a burden of anywhere between approximately 6 to 14 million new cases in 2050. Most cases will result from motor vehicle accidents.

October 05, 2015

Even Surgery May Not Help Patients with Severe Constipation

Current guidelines for treating severe constipation include surgical removal of part of the colon, a procedure called subtotal colectomy. Using national databases of hospital activity in the United States, investigators have discovered that colectomies for constipation nearly tripled over a span of 13 years, from 104 procedures in 1998 to 311 in 2011.

October 05, 2015

Good Communication in the Operating Room Prevents Patient Complications

In a recent study by psychologists and surgeons concerning elective, open abdominal surgeries conducted in 167 patients, communication by the surgical team that was relevant to the procedure was linked with a reduced risk of the development of surgical site infections, whereas irrelevant communication during the closing phase of the procedure was linked with an increased risk of surgical site infections.

October 05, 2015

How Health Professionals Help and Hinder Eradication of Female Genital Mutilation

Migration has transferred the practice of genital mutilation of girls and women to countries where it was not common or does not originate, and the World Health Organization is campaigning to eradicate the practice. A new article highlights how health professionals—including nurses and midwives—both help and hinder eradication and management of female genital mutilation.

October 05, 2015

In-Person Contact Is Critical to Seniors’ Mental Well-Being

In a study of adults aged 50 years and older, the probability of experiencing depressive symptoms steadily increased as the frequency of in-person—but not phone or written/email contact—decreased.

October 05, 2015

Many Women Experience “Post-Sex Blues”

Very few studies on female sexual dysfunction have looked at postcoital dysphoria (PCD), or “post-sex blues,” which is characterized by tearfulness, a sense of melancholy or depression, anxiety, agitation, or aggression following sexual intercourse.

October 05, 2015

Study Shows the Effects of Rare Autoimmune Diseases on the Health of Pregnant Women and their Babies

In a recent analysis of 2001 to 2011 data from Australia, pregnant women with rare autoimmune diseases had a higher likelihood of developing conditions such as hypertensive and bleeding disorders and required longer hospitalization at delivery than other pregnant women

October 05, 2015

What’s in Store Five Decades Following Childhood-Onset Epilepsy?

A 45-year study of 179 individuals with childhood-onset epilepsy indicates that patients’ long-term health is excellent, with most attaining 10-year remission off medications, which is the definition of resolved epilepsy.

October 05, 2015

Women with Knee Osteoarthritis Experience Greater Pain Sensitivity than Men

Among patients with osteoarthritis of the knee, women experienced greater sensitivity to various pain modalities—such as lower tolerance to heat, cold, and pressure—and greater widespread pain than men.

12:00 AM EDT September 28, 2015

Media Coverage of Celebrity’s Mastectomy Has Improved Public Awareness of Reconstructive Breast Surgery Options

A new study found improved public awareness about reconstructive breast surgery options following Angelina Jolie’s decision to undergo a double mastectomy and subsequent reconstruction.

September 24, 2015

Wiley Launches Journal to Help Solve World Challenges

John Wiley and Sons, Inc., today announced the launch of Global Challenges, a new open access journal devoted to creating a global community to address major challenges the world faces. Global challenges such as climate change, energy scarcity, health and nutrition security, pandemic disease, and access to sufficient water resources are a priority for every government and critical for their citizens. Addressing such challenges in a sustainable manner requires strategic research investments, international collaboration, collective resources and knowledge exchange between diverse communities.

September 24, 2015

Expanded Education for Women in Malawi Does Not Lead to Later Childbearing

The age at first birth in Malawi has remained constant from 1992 to 2010, despite expanded access to education for girls. Social demographer Monica Grant explores this finding in a new Population and Development Review paper, noting that it does not imply that women would have been better off in the absence of recent education policies.

September 21, 2015

AARP’s Medicare For Dummies®, 2nd Edition Helps Readers Get the Most out of Medicare and Avoid Costly Pitfalls

Make your way through the Medicare maze with help from the experts at AARP and For Dummies

September 21, 2015

Childhood Epilepsy Not Linked with Later Psychiatric Disorders

For decades, experts have been studying potential links between childhood epilepsy and various behavioral and psychiatric conditions and some have hypothesized that that they are part of a larger spectrum of brain disorders with shared mechanisms.

September 21, 2015

Chronic Diseases May Increase Risk of Dementia

In a new study of older adults, having multiple chronic conditions was linked with an increased risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia.

September 21, 2015

Deforestation Can Have Devastating Impacts on Frog Populations

Increasingly, forests in Borneo, the world’s third largest island, are being converted to plantations, which poses considerable threats to amphibians. If this continues unabated, almost three-quarters of the current forest is expected to disappear by 2100.

September 21, 2015

How Different Types of Nurses Impact the Health of Patients with Diabetes

More than 28,000 nurses in the UK can prescribe the same medicines as doctors provided that it is in their level of experience and competence. A new study looks at whether there is added value of having nurse prescribers, compared with nurses without prescribing capability, care for people with diabetes in primary care practices.

September 21, 2015

Many Babies in Clinical Trials Experience Unnecessary Pain

A recent review found that most newborns that are included in control groups during clinical trials concerning minor painful procedures are denied analgesia, despite international guidelines stating that babies should be prevented from experiencing any avoidable pain.

September 21, 2015

Many Diabetics Don't Know They Have Serious Liver Disease

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease in the Western world.?NAFLD is a frequent finding in patients with type 2 diabetes, but the exact prevalence of NAFLD, as well as whether patients with diabetes should be screened for it, remain uncertain.

1:00 PM EDT September 14, 2015

Larger-sized portions, packages and tableware lead to higher consumption of food and drink, Cochrane review finds

A new review has produced the most conclusive evidence to date that people consume more food or non-alcoholic drinks when offered larger sized portions or when they use larger items of tableware.