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September 19, 2016

Diet and Exercise May Improve Physical Function and Quality of Life in Older Obese Adults

A recent review and analysis of published studies since 2005 found low-to-moderate evidence that dietary and exercise interventions can improve physical function and quality of life in older adults with obesity.

September 19, 2016

Film and Television Often Provide Misleading Information on Brain Death

Neurologists who examined how brain death and organ donation are portrayed in film and television found that only a small fraction of productions provide the public with a complete and accurate understanding of brain death. In addition, most productions do not provide professional discussions about organ donation.

September 19, 2016

People with Epilepsy Face Increased Risks of Discrimination and Other Negative Life Events

In a recent analysis, people with epilepsy were seven-fold more likely to have reported experiencing discrimination due to health problems than the general population. This risk was greater than other chronic health problems such as diabetes, asthma and migraines. 

September 19, 2016

Stem Cell–Based Screening Methods May Predict Heart-Related Side Effects of Drugs

Coaxing stem cells from patients to become heart cells may help clinicians personalize drug treatments and prevent heart-related toxicity. A new review looks at the potential of this strategy, noting that these so-called human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes may be used in screening methods to determine which patients are at risk of experiencing heart-damaging effects of chemotherapy agents and other drugs.

September 19, 2016

Study Estimates ADHD Symptom Persistence into Adulthood

Sixty percent of children with ADHD in a recent study demonstrated persistence of symptoms into their mid-20’s, and 41 percent had both symptoms and impairment as young adults.

September 19, 2016

Study Reveals Scope and Characteristics of Adverse Drug Reactions in the General Population

In a study of 1000 adult patients with unplanned admission to a tertiary hospital in Singapore, the prevalence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) at the time of admission was 12.4 percent, and the prevalence of ADRs causing admission to the hospital was 8.1 percent. 

September 15, 2016

Research provides clues to how zika virus breaches the placental barrier

New research reveals that in pregnant women, Zika virus infection damages certain cells that affect placental formation and function. Furthermore, herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) infection augments placental sensitivity to Zika virus by enhancing the expression of receptors that allow Zika virus to enter cells.

September 14, 2016

Cochrane Review: Conclusions about the effects of electronic cigarettes remain the same

An updated Cochrane Review published today provides an independent, rigorous assessment of the best available evidence to date about electronic cigarettes for quitting smoking.

12:00 AM EDT September 12, 2016

Many Adolescent Girls with Leukemia Are Not Being Screened for Pregnancy Before Beginning Chemotherapy

A new study indicates that adolescent females with acute leukemia have low rates of pregnancy screening prior to receiving chemotherapy that can cause birth defects. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.

September 12, 2016

Many alcohol-related injuries occur at home

Of all alcohol-related injuries in various public hospital emergency departments in Queensland, Australia, more occurred at home than at licensed premises.  

September 09, 2016

How Long Should Children Play Video Games?

A new study indicates that playing video games for a limited amount of time each week may provide benefits to children, but too much can be detrimental. The findings are published in the Annals of Neurology.

September 09, 2016

Study Examines Cancer Rates among World Trade Center–Exposed Firefighters

Researchers found no overall increase in cancer risk among World Trade Center (WTC)–exposed firefighters following the 9/11 attacks compared with other firefighters from several US cities. They noted a nearly 4-fold increase in the rate in thyroid cancer, but this increased risk was not significant after controlling for possible biases related to cancer screening. (WTC-exposed firefighters have access to health care and routine health monitoring exams even after retirement.) 

September 06, 2016

Adverse drug reactions may be under-reported in young children

A new study reveals that adverse drug reactions in newborns and infants may be under-reported.

 

September 06, 2016

Brain peptide research may lead to promising new treatments for mental illnesses

Recent research points to the importance of a molecule called relaxin-3 in the brain, with effects on various processes and behaviors such as mood, stress, and cognition. Because these are often aberrant in mental illnesses, investigators are studying the potential of relaxin-3-based interventions to treat depression, anxiety, and other conditions.

September 06, 2016

Cardioprotective Drug Can Help Prevent Long-Term Heart Damage in Children who Receive Chemotherapy

A potent chemotherapy drug can be life saving for children with cancer, but a new review highlights how it can have long-lasting negative effects on the heart. The review, which is published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, also indicates that this chemotherapy-related heart damage may be prevented by a cardioprotective drug.

September 06, 2016

Communication and coordination of care are important for ensuring lupus patients’ health

Results from a recent study suggest that improved communication and coordination of care between patients, physicians, and health insurers can provide important health benefits for patients with lupus. 

September 06, 2016

Epilepsy surgery found safe and cost-effective

Research has shown that surgery can provide important benefits for patients with epilepsy. Now a new study finds that it is also cost-effective.

September 06, 2016

Greater efforts are needed to eliminate female genital mutilation

The World Health Organization reports that more than 200 million girls and women currently have been subjected to female genital mutilation/cutting worldwide, and three million girls continue to be at risk each year. A new review details how the practice affects individuals physically and psychologically, noting that such traditions that dehumanize and injure are human rights violations. 

September 06, 2016

Infant circumcision can be safely performed in rural Africa

A new study indicates that early infant circumcision, which helps to prevent HIV transmission later in life, can be safely performed in rural Uganda.

 

September 06, 2016

Over-the-counter head lice treatments are likely to fail

A recent review on head lice treatments available in the United States described a marked decline in the effectiveness of permethrin/synergized pyrethrins (collectively pyrethroids), likely due to resistance arising from widespread and indiscriminate use over 30 years.