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A low-cost antiseptic used to cleanse the cord after birth could help reduce infant death rates in developing countries by 12%, a systematic review published in The Cochrane Library suggests.
A new analysis provides insights on what's considered “normal” for penis length and circumference in men.
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Among overweight and obese adults who had asthma and participated in weight loss programs, more severe asthma, male sex, and improvements in eating behaviors were all linked with better success at losing weight.
A new study of emergency department patients in 18 countries, made available online today by the scientific journal Addiction, shows that the risk of injury caused by acute alcohol consumption is higher for women compared with men. While the risk of injury is similar for both men and women up to three ‘standard’ drinks (containing 16 ml or 12.8 g of pure ethanol), the risk then increases more rapidly for women, becoming twice the risk to men around 15 drinks and three times the risk to men around 30 drinks. In this study the drinks were reportedly consumed within six hours prior to injury.
Research during the past 30 years has found many benefits of skin-to-skin contact between mothers and newborns immediately after birth, particularly with aiding breastfeeding. However, in some hospitals, skin-to-skin contact following cesarean birth is not implemented, due to practices around the surgery. A recent Quality Improvement (QI) project demonstrated that women’s birth experiences were improved by implementing skin-to-skin contact after cesarean surgery.
Physicians Play a Critical Role in Ensuring Bladder Cancer Patients Understand the Link between Smoking and Their Disease
When bladder cancer patients are well-informed by their physicians, they acknowledge that tobacco use was likely the cause of their disease.
Fast, on-the-spot tests for bacterial infections may help to reduce excessive antibiotic use. A systematic review published in The Cochrane Library, found that when doctors tested for the presence of bacterial infections they prescribed fewer antibiotics.
Researchers from Australia report that low birth weight and preterm birth are linked to increased risk for osteoarthritis (OA)-related hip replacements in adulthood. Findings published in the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) journal, Arthritis Care & Research, indicate that low birth weight and pre-term babies were not at greater risk of knee arthroplasty due to OA as adults.
Regardless of age, frailty is a strong risk factor for dying prematurely after a kidney transplant. The finding, which comes from a new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation, suggests that patients should be screened for frailty prior to kidney transplantation, and that those who are identified as frail should be closely monitored after the procedure.
A new study published today in The Cochrane Library, highlights the difficult decisions women with epilepsy have to face when they become pregnant. Taking certain drugs used to control epilepsy during pregnancy may be linked to developmental problems in children. The authors of the study say evidence on the safety of anti-epileptic drugs is limited and that more research is needed to ensure women and their doctors make the most informed choices.
Prostate Cancer Medications Linked with Increased Risk of Heart-Related Deaths in Men with Cardiovascular Problems
A new study has found that certain prostate cancer medications are linked with an increased risk of dying from heart-related causes in men with congestive heart failure or prior heart attacks. Published in BJU International, the findings will help doctors and patients weigh the benefits and risks of the drugs
A new study has found that patients who received chest radiation for Wilms tumor, a rare childhood cancer, face an increased risk of developing breast cancer later in life due to their radiation exposure.
New research shows that a preservation technique known as sequential subnormothermic ex vivo liver perfusion (SNEVLP) prevents ischemic type biliary stricture following liver transplantation using grafts from donations after cardiac death (DCD). Findings published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society, indicate that the preservation of DCD grafts using SNEVLP versus cold storage reduces bile duct and endothelial cell injury post transplantation.
Treatment with antibodies that target tau proteins, which play an important role in the development of Alzheimer’s disease and other neurodegenerative conditions, has shown considerable promise in studies conducted in mice.
Among women who sought abortions in 2008 to 2010, giving birth temporarily prolonged romantic relationships with their male partners, although most romantic relationships ended soon, whether or not the woman had an abortion. However, giving birth increased the likelihood that the women would maintain nonromantic contact with their partners.
More than 10% of siblings of children with peanut allergies will avoid peanuts, and siblings born after a child in the family is diagnosed with a peanut allergy may even be presumed to be allergic to peanuts without having a history of an allergic reaction or undergoing clinical testing.
Menthol cigarettes are not safer that traditional cigarettes, according to a recent Respirology study. In fact, menthol cigarette smokers may experience more frequent severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) than non-menthol cigarette smokers.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a systemic disease that causes inflammation in the spinal joints and was thought to have affected members of the ancient Egyptian royal families. Now a new study published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), refutes that claim, finding instead a degenerative spinal condition called diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) in royal Egyptian mummies from the 18th to early 20th Dynasties.
Adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities are at increased risk of developing and being hospitalized for diabetes, according to a new study of more than 28,000 Ontarians.
Researchers found that at least a dozen supplements sold by US distributors contain an untested analogue of a stimulant that was recently banned by the US Food and Drug Administration, in dosages from 13 to 120mg per serving.
Updated international recommendations indicate that vitamin D deficiency increases the risk of cognitive decline and dementia in older adults, but vitamin D levels should not be used as a diagnostic or prognostic marker of Alzheimer’s disease due to lack of specificity and insufficient evidence.
Treating women with chronic liver disease requires a unique approach regarding counseling, screening for complications, fertility, and pregnancy, according to a recent review published in Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics.