Medicine & Healthcare
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Chemotherapy Before or After Surgery for High-Risk Bladder Cancer Improves Survival, but is Not Routinely Administered
Clinical trials have shown that survival is improved in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer who are given chemotherapy before surgery.
New research suggests that drugs commonly used to prevent organ rejection after transplantation may also be helpful for combating HIV.
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New research shows mortality rates are two times higher in postmenopausal women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies. Findings published in the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) journal Arthritis & Rheumatism, soon to be called Arthritis & Rheumatology, indicate the higher mortality rates persisted after adjusting for age, positive rheumatoid factor, positive antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) use.
Beating Sugar Addiction For Dummies
Exposure to modified images of female genitalia changes women’s perceptions of what is considered normal and desirable, suggests study
Women’s perceptions of what is considered normal and desirable female genitalia may be influenced by exposure to modified images, suggests a new study published today (20 December) in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
Smokers in England who want to stop smoking are three times more likely to succeed if they see a trained advisor than if they try by themselves, according to a new study published online today in the medical journal Addiction. Worryingly, just buying nicotine patches, gum or other licensed nicotine products from a shop does not seem to improve the chances of quitting.
Radiation Therapy to Treat Uterine Cancer Linked with Increased Risk of Bladder Cancer Later in Life
Radiation therapy used to treat uterine cancer may increase a patient’s risk of developing bladder cancer. That is the conclusion of a recent study published in BJU International.
New Classification System to Improve Scheduling of Emergency Surgery Highlighted in Special BJS (British Journal of Surgery) Issue
Researchers in Finland have implemented a classification system for emergency operations that allows for a fair and efficient way to manage a large volume of such surgery.
A new analysis has found no evidence that children aged 6 to 11 years seeking a deceased donor lung transplant are disadvantaged in the current US lung allocation system.
Research in Drug Testing and Analysis explores a new test which may present a solution to the ‘poppy seed defense.’
Signs of inflammation in a man’s prostate biopsy may indicate he has a reduced risk of subsequently being diagnosed with prostate cancer in a future biopsy. That’s the conclusion of a new study published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.
Wiley announces the trial of an enhanced system of peer review, which will allow for the transfer of reviewer comments between journals
Researchers from Taiwan reveal that antiviral therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) improves kidney and cardiovascular outcomes for patients with diabetes. Results of the study published in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, show that incidences of kidney disease, stroke, and heart attack were lower in patients treated with pegylated interferon and ribavirin compared to HCV patients not treated with antivirals or diabetic patients not infected with the virus.
Promising Care collects 16 speeches given over a period of 10 years by Donald Berwick, an internationally acclaimed champion of health care improvement.
Exercise may benefit older people with dementia by improving their cognitive functioning and ability to carry out everyday activities, according to a new systematic review published in The Cochrane Library. However, the authors of the review did not see any clear effect of exercise on depression in older people with dementia and say that more evidence is needed to understand how exercise could reduce the burden on family caregivers and health systems.
New research reveals that patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) today have an easier time with daily living than patients diagnosed two decades ago. According to results of the study published in Arthritis Care & Research, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), anxiety, depression mood and physical disability have been cut in half over the last 20 years. Researchers believe a reduction in disease activity is partly responsible for this positive change.
The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) is under pressure to increase funding to combat the social issues that influence health. In the December issue of Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, Professor Fran Baum and colleagues suggest some steps towards improving funding for health research.
This is the finding from a study published in the December issue of Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. Pre-drinking (drinking alcohol before going out to venues such as bars, pubs or clubs) is increasingly recognised as part of young adults’ drinking culture, according to lead author Sarah MacLean, from University of Melbourne.
Aging Cell, reports that aging effects the epigenome in human skeletal muscle
American Journal of Human Biology reveals how testosterone levels may explain differences in disease prevalence
Novel research reveals racial and socioeconomic disparities among pediatric liver transplant patients. Findings published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society, indicate that graft and patient survival was higher in white children than minorities.
A novel study published in the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) journal, Arthritis & Rheumatism, shows that smaller micropolitan areas of the U.S.—those with less than 50,000 people—have very few or no practicing adult rheumatologist.