Medicine & Healthcare
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Majority of stillbirth cases remain unexplained, suggesting post mortem investigation needs to be refined, GOSH research finds
Analysis by a Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) led team looking at the effectiveness of different elements of the post mortem process shows that, despite full standard investigation, in the majority of cases of stillbirth the cause remains unknown. The papers highlight the need for further research to improve post mortem techniques to better detect a cause of death.
The findings, published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, come from the first systematic review of studies focused on oral health and cognition.
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Research has pointed to a ‘weekend effect’ in which patients admitted to the hospital on Saturdays or Sundays are more likely to die than those admitted on week days. A new study has now assessed whether a weekend effect exists in a specified population: patients admitted for emergency general surgery.
Large Population-Based Studies Bolster Evidence that Insurance Status Affects Cancer Patients’ Health and Survival
Two new studies indicate that health insurance status may impact patients’ health outcomes following a diagnosis of cancer. Cancer patients who were uninsured or had Medicaid coverage experienced a variety of disparities—including being diagnosed at a later stage, receiving less than optimal treatment, and having shorter survival times—when compared with patients with other forms of insurance. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.
Wiley has made available all of its published Zika content on one site www.wiley.com/go/zika to coincide with events in Brazil, a territory that has seen increased cases of Zika Virus recently. Access will be freely available until 30 September. New research from medicine, entomology, obstetrics, neuroscience and more will be added to Wiley’s Zika page as it becomes available along with interactive content such as interviews, podcasts and videos, providing the latest updates on Zika virus.
Some catholic hospitals make it difficult for physicians to provide referrals for reproductive services
Catholic hospitals, which represent a growing share of health care in the United States, prohibit staff from providing many common reproductive health services, including ones related to sterilization, contraception, abortion, and fertility. While professional ethics guidelines recommend that clinicians who deny patients reproductive services for moral or religious reasons provide a timely referral to prevent patient harm, a new study shows that some Catholic hospitals make it difficult for clinicians to do so.
A new article discusses the evidentiary support for the recent changes made by the American Cancer Society in its recommendations for breast cancer screening. In addition to modifying the suggested ages for annual and biannual mammography, the new recommendations also focus on patient preference in decision making.
A new report details how physicians and patients used social media to help diagnose cutaneous leishmaniasis in a group of teens who traveled on a youth adventure trip to Israel. Their posts quickly brought the cluster to the attention of the teens and their parents, leading to prompt recognition of the cause of their skin lesions and appropriate treatment.
A new review examines the potential of antioxidant approaches for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and multiple sclerosis.
A recent analysis indicates that more than 1700 liver transplantations are performed annually in Brazil. While Brazil performs more liver transplant surgeries than anywhere else in Latin America and is third worldwide in absolute terms, the country averages only 5 to 10 liver transplants per million population due to its increasing population and inadequate donor organ supply.
Chondroitin sulfate + glucosamine sulfate may provide no benefits for patients with knee osteoarthritis
Chondroitin sulfate (CS) plus glucosamine sulfate (GS) was no better than placebo for reducing pain and function impairment in a multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study of 164 patients with knee osteoarthritis.
In a recent study, combat exposure among Army enlisted women was associated with an increased likelihood of developing behavioral health problems post-deployment, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and at-risk drinking.
In a recent study of girls and women diagnosed with at least one autoimmune disease, vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) did not increase the risk of developing another autoimmune disease. In fact, being vaccinated was associated with a slightly reduced risk compared with not being vaccinated.
Much media attention was given to a recent Obesity study that found that metabolism remained suppressed even when participants in “The Biggest Loser” television series regained much of the weight they lost while dieting. A new editorial looks at the results of this study, along with results from another recent Obesity study that examined weight gain and loss.
Safety concerns of the concomitant use of clopidogrel with the proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) omeprazole or esomeprazole were published in May 2009 and February 2010 by European regulatory agencies. After the last publication, there was an observed drop in dispensing these medicines in the Netherlands: 11.9 percent decreases for omeprazole and esomeprazole, versus an increase of 16.0 percent for other PPIs. Still 22.6 percent of patients started on omeprazole and esomeprazole in February 2010, placing them at risk for cardiovascular events.
Why females have orgasm has puzzled biologists, anthropologists, and philosophers for over 2000 years. While male orgasm has a clear reproductive function, as it is coupled to sperm transfer, no such function has been identified for female orgasm.
A recent analysis indicates that adding new therapies called anti-PCSK9 antibodies to other lipid-lowering treatments can help patients lower their LDL cholesterol levels.
For completely endophytic kidney tumors, which grow inward, both open partial nephrectomy (OPN) and robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) led to excellent patient outcomes in a recent study.
Consistent with previous reports, poor sleep quality was linked with joint pain in a recent Arthritis Care & Research study of the general population, but the study found no association between obstructive sleep apnea and pain or daytime sleepiness. This lack of association between pain and sleep apnea is surprising given the established link between pain and poor sleep quality.
New research reveals that two specific plant-derived compounds may be effective for fighting inflammation and pain. The findings are published in the British Journal of Pharmacology.
Researchers have found that Medicaid expansion increased Medicaid enrollment among people who received liver transplants funded by commercial insurance. The findings are published in Liver Transplantation.