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The essential health behavior text, updated with the latest theories, research and issues
Unique person-specific cues—such as the presence of a specific friend or hearing a specific song—appear to have a robust effect on craving addictive substances, a recent study shows. The study also found that person-specific cues may have a longer effect on craving than more general substance-specific cues, such as the presence of bottles, syringes, or lighters.
Disorders of sex development are lifelong conditions that are usually diagnosed at birth or during adolescence. In a recent study of 13 teenaged girls with disorders of sex development, the girls were guarded and reticent about sharing personal information about their disorder during adolescence, but some of them learned to engage in conversations with more confidence as they moved towards adulthood.
In a recent study, females with eating disorders in late adolescence were more likely to have lower levels of educational attainment and personal income in early adulthood. They were also less likely to own a home. These associations were not seen in males.
Hoboken, NEW JERSEY- March 18, 2015 — Results from a survey of researchers and research-based professionals by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.— the world’s largest society publisher with more than 900 society partnerships — reveal the most valued benefits offered to members by scholarly societies.
In a study of 159 women who had been exposed to at least one assault-related potentially traumatic event, 30% developed major depressive disorder, which may be attributed to self-blame common to survivors of assault. Fewer women (21%) developed chronic posttraumatic stress disorder.
In a survey of 348 workers at a large psychiatric hospital, 99% of the staff reported verbal conflict with patients, and 70% reported being assaulted during the previous 12 months. Verbal conflict with other staff was also high, at 92%.
Wiley Announces Race Talk and the Conspiracy of Silence: Understanding and Facilitating Difficult Dialogues on Race
Learn to talk openly, honestly, and effectively about race and why it’s dangerous to stay silent
In a recent Personal Relationships study, observers were able to accurately identify people who were cheating on their romantic dating partner after viewing a short 3- to 4-min video of the couple interacting. Impressions of commitment and trustworthiness seemed to play a role.
Among women who sought abortions in 2008 to 2010, giving birth temporarily prolonged romantic relationships with their male partners, although most romantic relationships ended soon, whether or not the woman had an abortion. However, giving birth increased the likelihood that the women would maintain nonromantic contact with their partners.
The results of a new study suggest that online daters create mental constructs of their potential partners by using online dating profiles to fill-in-the-blanks of who the partner might really be in the offline world—and daters who wait too long to meet in person might find it difficult to accept any discrepancies from their idealized mental construct of their partner.
New research suggests we may have been misinterpreting Stanley Milgram’s famous experiments on obedience. Those experiments, in which ordinary people were convinced to administer seemingly severe electric shocks to their fellow humans—created an uproar when they were first published 50 years ago. Then, and for decades afterwards, they were seen to imply that people do the bidding of those in authority without thinking about the consequences of their acts. Not only did Milgram’s experiments appear to expose an ugly truth about ourselves, they provide a compelling explanation of the seemingly inexplicable: How ordinary Germans could have participated in history’s greatest crime.
Among couples with marriage-like commitments, same-sex couples have a similar break-up rate as heterosexual couples, according to a recent study. The study also found that same-sex couples with a marriage-like commitment have stable unions regardless of government recognition.
In a study of 951 lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth, those experiencing both cyber and school bullying were most likely to engage in aggressive and suicidal behaviors. However, bullied youth who felt connected to an adult at school were not more likely to report such behaviors.
New research indicates that people with psychopathic traits have a preference for nonromantic sexual fantasies with anonymous and uncommitted partners. The study’s investigators noted that psychopathic sexual behavior is likely due to a preference for sexual activity outside a loving, committed relationship rather than only an inability to form such relationships.
Judges with daughters consistently vote in a more feminist fashion on gender issues than judges who have only sons, and the effect appears to be driven primarily by Republican judges.
Research suggests that genes that affect hearing and cognitive function may play roles in one’s musical aptitude, or the ability to understand and perceive rhythm, pitch, timbre, tone durations, and formal structure in music.
The Smell of Politics – People Are Attracted to the Body Odor of Others with Similar Political Beliefs
A new study reveals that people find the smell of others with similar political opinions to be attractive, suggesting that one of the reasons why so many spouses share similar political views is because they were initially and subconsciously attracted to each other’s body odor.
Researchers who analyzed media coverage of the suicide of a national actress in South Korea and its impact on subsequent suicides found that the number of suicide-related articles surged around 80 times in the week after a suicide compared with the week prior.