You selected: Psychology
In a survey of 348 workers at a large psychiatric hospital, 99% of the staff reported verbal conflict with patients, and 70% reported being assaulted during the previous 12 months. Verbal conflict with other staff was also high, at 92%.
Wiley Announces Race Talk and the Conspiracy of Silence: Understanding and Facilitating Difficult Dialogues on Race
Learn to talk openly, honestly, and effectively about race and why it’s dangerous to stay silent
In a recent Personal Relationships study, observers were able to accurately identify people who were cheating on their romantic dating partner after viewing a short 3- to 4-min video of the couple interacting. Impressions of commitment and trustworthiness seemed to play a role.
Among women who sought abortions in 2008 to 2010, giving birth temporarily prolonged romantic relationships with their male partners, although most romantic relationships ended soon, whether or not the woman had an abortion. However, giving birth increased the likelihood that the women would maintain nonromantic contact with their partners.
The results of a new study suggest that online daters create mental constructs of their potential partners by using online dating profiles to fill-in-the-blanks of who the partner might really be in the offline world—and daters who wait too long to meet in person might find it difficult to accept any discrepancies from their idealized mental construct of their partner.
New research suggests we may have been misinterpreting Stanley Milgram’s famous experiments on obedience. Those experiments, in which ordinary people were convinced to administer seemingly severe electric shocks to their fellow humans—created an uproar when they were first published 50 years ago. Then, and for decades afterwards, they were seen to imply that people do the bidding of those in authority without thinking about the consequences of their acts. Not only did Milgram’s experiments appear to expose an ugly truth about ourselves, they provide a compelling explanation of the seemingly inexplicable: How ordinary Germans could have participated in history’s greatest crime.
Among couples with marriage-like commitments, same-sex couples have a similar break-up rate as heterosexual couples, according to a recent study. The study also found that same-sex couples with a marriage-like commitment have stable unions regardless of government recognition.
In a study of 951 lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth, those experiencing both cyber and school bullying were most likely to engage in aggressive and suicidal behaviors. However, bullied youth who felt connected to an adult at school were not more likely to report such behaviors.
New research indicates that people with psychopathic traits have a preference for nonromantic sexual fantasies with anonymous and uncommitted partners. The study’s investigators noted that psychopathic sexual behavior is likely due to a preference for sexual activity outside a loving, committed relationship rather than only an inability to form such relationships.
Judges with daughters consistently vote in a more feminist fashion on gender issues than judges who have only sons, and the effect appears to be driven primarily by Republican judges.
Research suggests that genes that affect hearing and cognitive function may play roles in one’s musical aptitude, or the ability to understand and perceive rhythm, pitch, timbre, tone durations, and formal structure in music.
The Smell of Politics – People Are Attracted to the Body Odor of Others with Similar Political Beliefs
A new study reveals that people find the smell of others with similar political opinions to be attractive, suggesting that one of the reasons why so many spouses share similar political views is because they were initially and subconsciously attracted to each other’s body odor.
Researchers who analyzed media coverage of the suicide of a national actress in South Korea and its impact on subsequent suicides found that the number of suicide-related articles surged around 80 times in the week after a suicide compared with the week prior.
Researchers have found that British Muslim women who wear a hijab generally have more positive body image, are less reliant on media messages about beauty ideals, and place less importance on appearance than those who do not wear a hijab. These effects appear to be driven by use of a hijab specifically, rather than religiosity.
A new Journal of Evolutionary Biology study provides evidence that physical barriers formed by oceans can influence language diversification.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced a continued increase in the proportion of its journal titles indexed in the 2014 release of Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports® (JCR). A total of 1,202 Wiley titles (approximately 70%) were indexed, up from 1,193 in the 2012 JCR, and including 13 titles which have been indexed for the first time.
Describing criminals and criminal activities with animal metaphors leads to more retaliation against perpetrators by inducing the perception that they’re likely to continue engaging in violence, a new Aggressive Behavior study suggests.
In a Depression and Anxiety study that surveyed youth following the terrorist attack at the 2013 Boston marathon, adolescents with lower levels of sympathetic reactivity (the flight or fight response) before the attack developed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms only following high exposure to media coverage of the attack. Adolescents with high levels of sympathetic reactivity developed higher levels of PTSD symptoms regardless of how much media coverage they saw.
Over the course of the last 100 years or more, many scenes of execution in American film have offered intimate knowledge of executions, giving viewers a privileged ‘backstage’ gaze of an execution not available outside film, the chance to see what executioners see, and a chance to understand the condemned’s experience as he awaits death.