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Mobile Messaging Technologies and Services: SMS, EMS and MMS, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 978-0-470-01143-0
452 pages
March 2005
Mobile Messaging Technologies and Services: SMS, EMS and MMS, 2nd Edition (0470011432) cover image


Building on the success of the first edition, Mobile Messaging Technologies and Services offers extensive new and revised material based upon the latest research and industry developments. While early implementations targeted person-to-person messaging, MMS has now evolved to facilitate such requirements as the mass delivery of time-sensitive messages for content-to-person messaging. This Second Edition exploits the technical maturity of MMS as it is poised to generate a wealth of new business opportunities across the mobile communications sector. The author provides the fundamental technical background required for SMS, EMS and MMS, and supports this with industry cutting-edge developments.

● Contains a revised section on the fundamentals of MMS, including an updated section on GPRS to explain current commercial implementations such as GRX applications.

● Presents the latest developments in MMS standardization, including the design of synchronized multimedia integration language (SMIL) presentations, Digital Rights Management (DRM), transcoding techniques, postcard service and support of advanced multimedia formats.

● Describes the processes for standardizing telecommunications services and technologies (3GPP, OMA, GSM Association, IETF and W3C).

● Provides updated sections on SMS, EMS and heavily revised coverage of the developments in MMS, including MMS interworking and the forthcoming MMS version 1.3.

This resource will be invaluable for application developers, manufacturers, operators and content providers involved in the design and deployment of messaging services. It will also be of interest to practitioners involved in the process of standardizing telecommunications services and technologies. Postgraduate students and researchers will benefit from having access to state-of-the-art findings backed by numerous illustrative real-world examples.

Includes a companion website featuring information on relevant standards, available phones and developers’ resources.

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Table of Contents


About the Author.

Typographic Conventions.

1 Basic Concepts.

1.1 Generations of Mobile Communications Networks.

1.2 Telecommunications Context: Standardization and Regulation.

1.3 Global System for Mobile Communication.

1.4 General Packet Radio Service.

1.5 Universal Mobile Telecommunications System.

1.6 Wireless Application Protocol.

2 Standardization.

2.1 Messaging Roadmap.

2.2 MMS Standards.

2.3 Third Generation Partnership Project.

2.4 Third Generation Partnership Project 2.

2.5 GSM Association.

2.6 Internet Engineering Task Force.

2.7 World Wide Web Consortium.

2.8 WAP Forum.

2.9 Open Mobile Alliance.

2.10 Further Reading.

3 Short Message Service.

3.1 Service Description.

3.2 SMS Use Cases.

3.3 Architecture for GSM Networks.

3.4 SMS Basic Features.

3.5 Technical Specification Synopsis.

3.6 Protocol Layers.

3.7 Structure of a Message Segment.

3.8 Settings and Message Storage in the SIM.

3.9 Message Submission.9

3.10 Message Submission Report.

3.11 Message Delivery.

3.12 Message Delivery Report.

3.13 Status Report.

3.14 Command.

3.15 User Data Header and User Data.

3.16 Network Functions for Message Delivery.

3.17 SMSC Access Protocols.

3.18 SIM Application Toolkit.

3.19 SMS and AT Commands.

3.20 SMS and Email Interworking.

3.21 Index of TPDU parameters.

3.22 Pros and Cons of SMS.

3.23 Further Reading.

4 Enhanced Messaging Service.

4.1 Service Description.

4.2 EMS Compatibility with SMS.

4.3 Basic EMS.

4.4 Extended EMS.

4.5 Pros and Cons of EMS.

4.6 Further Reading.

5 Multimedia Messaging Service: Service and Architecture.

5.1 MMS Success Enablers.

5.2 Commercial Availability of MMS.

5.3 MMS Compared with Other Messaging Services.

5.4 Value Proposition of MMS.

5.5 Billing Models.

5.6 Usage Scenarios.

5.7 Architecture.

5.8 Standardization Roadmap for MMS.

5.9 WAP Realizations of MMS.

5.10 Service Features.

5.11 Message Sending.

5.12 Message Retrieval.

5.13 Message Reports.

5.14 Message Forward.

5.15 Reply Charging.

5.16 Addressing Modes.

5.17 Settings of MMS-Capable Devices.

5.18 Storage of MMS Settings and Notifications in the (U)SIM.

5.19 Multimedia Message Boxes.

5.20 Value-Added Services.

5.21 Content Adaptation.

5.22 Streaming.

5.23 Charging and Billing.

5.24 Security Considerations.

5.25 Multimedia Message.

5.26 Multipart Structure.

5.27 Message Content Domains and Classes.

5.28 Media Types, Formats, and Codecs.

5.29 Scene Description.

5.30 Example of a Multimedia Message.

5.31 DRM Protection of Media Objects.

5.32 Postcard Service.

5.33 Message Size Measurement.

5.34 Commercial Solutions and Developer Tools.

5.35 The Future of MMS.

5.36 Further Reading.

6 Multimedia Messaging Service, Transactions Flows.

6.1 Introduction to the MMS Transaction Model.

6.2 MM1 Interface, MMS Client–MMSC.

6.3 MM2 Interface, Internal MMSC Interface.

6.4 MM3 Interface, MMSC–External Servers.

6.5 MM4 Interface, MMSC–MMSC.

6.6 MM5 Interface, MMSC–HLR.

6.7 MM6 Interface, MMSC–User Databases.

6.8 MM7 Interface, MMSC–VAS Applications.

6.9 MM8 Interface, MMSC–Post-Processing Billing System.

6.10 MM9 Interface, MMSC–Online Charging System.

6.11 MM10 Interface, MMSC–Messaging Service Control Function.

6.12 STI and MMS Transcoding.

6.13 Standard Conformance and Interoperability Testing.

6.14 Implementations of Different Versions of the MMS Protocol.



Appendix A: SMS TP-PID Value for Telematic Interworking.

Appendix B: SMS–Numeric and Alphanumeric Representations.

B.1 Integer Representation.

B.2 Octet Representation.

B.3 Semi-Octet Representation.

Appendix C: SMS–Character Sets and Transformation Formats.

C.1 GSM 7-bit Default Alphabet.


C.3 Universal Character Set.

C.4 UCS Transformation Formats.

Appendix D: EMS–iMelody Grammar.

Appendix E: MMS–Content Types of Media Objects.

Appendix F: MM1 Interface–Response Status Codes (X-Mms-Response-Status).

Appendix G: MM1 Interface–Retrieve Status Codes (X-Mms-Retrieve-Status).

Appendix H: MM1 Interface–MMBox Store Status Codes (X-Mms-Store-Status).

Appendix I: MM4 Interface–Request Status Codes (X-Mms-Request-Status-Code).

Appendix J: MM7 Interface–Status Code and Status Text.

Acronyms and Abbreviations.


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Author Information

Gwenaël Le Bodic is a messaging architect for the Vodafone Group, located in Germany. In the scope of his activities for Vodafone, he is involved in the design of messaging solutions for large multi-operator environments. He also contributes to the development of system interworking to enable the exchange of multimedia messages between operators.
Previous Gwenaël Le Bodic was a messaging and standardization expert for Alcatel’s mobile phone division, located in France. His activities of Alcatel included participating and contributing to the development of messaging services and technologies in the scope of the 3GPP and OMA standardization forums. He has been responsible for the design of the software architecture of the embedded multimedia messaging solution for Alcatel’s first two MMS phones.
A certified engineer in computer sciences, Gwenaël Le Bodic obtained a PhD in mobile communications from the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow. He is the author of many research publications in the field of Mobile Messaging, Technologies and Services (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, November 2002) and also a book focusing on MMS, Multimedia Messaging Service, an engineering approach to MMS (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, October 2003.
Gwenaël Le Bodic can be contacted at gwenael@lebodic.net
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Related Websites / Extra

Mobile Messaging ResourcesThe companion website featuring information on relevant standards, available phones and developersí resources
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