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Molecular Electronics: From Principles to Practice

ISBN: 978-0-470-01307-6
544 pages
December 2007
Molecular Electronics: From Principles to Practice (0470013079) cover image


This consistent and comprehensive text is unique in providing an informed insight into molecular electronics by contrasting the prospects for molecular scale electronics with the continuing development of the inorganic semiconductor industry. Providing a wealth of information on the subject from background material to possible applications, Molecular Electronics contains all the need to know information in one easily accessible place. Speculation about future developments has also been included to give the whole picture of this increasingly popular and important topic.
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Table of Contents

Series Preface.



Symbols and Abbreviations.

Chapter 1: Scope of Molecular Electronics.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Molecular materials for electronics.

1.3 Molecular-scale electronics.

1.4 The biological world.

1.5 Future opportunities.

1.6 Conclusions.



Chapter 2: Materials’ Foundations.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2. Electronic structure.

2.3 Chemical bonding.

2.4 Bonding in organic compounds.

2.5 Crystalline and noncrystalline materials.

2.6 Polymers.

2.7 Soft matter: emulsions, foams and gels.

2.8 Diffusion.



Chapter 3: Electrical Conductivity.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Classical theory.

3.3 Energy bands in solids.

3.4 Organic compounds.

3.5 Low frequency conductivity.

3.6 Conductivity at high frequencies.



Chapter 4: Optical Phenomena.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Electromagnetic radiation.

4.4 Interaction of EM waves with organic molecules.

4.5 Transmission and reflection from interfaces.

4.6 Waveguiding.

4.7 Surface plasmons.

4.8 Photonic crystals.



Chapter 5: Electroactive Organic Compounds.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Selected topics in chemistry.

5.3 Conductive polymers.

5.4 Charge-transfer complexes.

5.5 Buckyballs and nanotubes.

5.6 Piezoelectricity, pyroelectricity and ferroelectricity.

5.7 Magnetic materials.



Chapter 6: Tools for Molecular Electronics.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Direct imaging.

6.3 X-ray reflection.

6.4 Neutron reflection.

6.5 Electron diffraction.

6.6 Infrared spectroscopy.

6.7 Surface analytical techniques.

6.8 Scanning probe microscopies.

6.9 Film thickness measurements.



Chapter 7: Thin Film Processing and Device Fabrication.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2. Established deposition methods.

7.3 Molecular architectures.

7.4 Nanofabrication.



Chapter 8: Liquid Crystals and Devices.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Liquid crystal phases.

8.3 Liquid crystal polymers.

8.4 Display devices.

8.5 Ferroelectric liquid crystals.

8.6 Polymer dispersed liquid crystals.

8.7 Liquid crystal lenses.

8.8 Other application areas.



Chapter 9: Plastic Electronics.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Organic diodes.

9.3 Metal-insulator-semiconductor structures.

9.4 Field effect transistors.

9.5 Integrated organic circuits.

9.6 Organic light-emitting displays.

9.7 Photovoltaic cells.

9.8 Other application areas.



Chapter 10: Chemical Sensors and Actuators.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Sensing systems.

10.3 Definitions.

10.4 Chemical sensors.

10.5 Biological olfaction.

10.6 Electronic noses.

10.7 Physical sensors and actuators.

10.8 Smart textiles and clothing.



Chapter 11: Molecular-Scale Electronics.

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Nanosystems.

11.3 Engineering materials at the molecular level.

11.4 Electronic device architectures.

11.5 Molecular rectification.

11.6 Electronic switching and memory devices.

11.7 Single electron devices.

11.8 Optical and chemical switches.

11.9 Nanomagnetic systems.

11.10 Nanotube electronics.

11.11 Molecular actuation.

11.12 Logic circuits.

11.13 Computing architectures.

11.14 Quantum computing.



Chapter 12: Bioelectronics.

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 Biological building blocks.

12.3 Nucleotides.

12.4 Cells.

12.5 Genetic coding.

12.6 The biological membrane.

12.7 Neurons.

12.8 Biosensors.

12.9 DNA electronics.

12.10 Photobiology.

12.11 Molecular motors.




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Author Information

Michael C. Petty, Professor of Engineering and Co-Director of Centre for Molecular and Nanoscale Electronics, University of Durham, UK
Michael Petty graduated from the University of Sussex with a BSc (First Class Honours) in Electronics. He subsequently obtained his PhD from Imperial College, University of London for work on the electrical and optical properties of semiconducting inorganic thin films. More recently, his research activities have expanded to encompass thin films, in particular Langmuir-Blodgett films, of organic materials. He has a special interest in the application of such thin layers to electronic and opto-electronic devices. Professor Petty has lectured extensively worldwide and published over 250 papers in these subjects. In 1994, he was awarded the DSc degree from the University of Sussex.
Professor Petty is the UK editor of the Elsevier Journal of Materials Science and Engineering C and Co-Director of the Durham Centre for Molecular and Nanoscale Electronics. He was Chairman of the School of Engineering at Durham University from Jan 1997 to Aug 2000.
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"The book is a very useful contribution to pedagogy in this rapidly–evolving area." (The Higher Education Academy Physical Sciences Centre, December 2008)
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