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Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science

Allan Jamieson (Editor), Andre Moenssens (Co-Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-470-01826-2
3104 pages
June 2009, Wiley-Blackwell
Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science (0470018267) cover image
“This is an excellent and indispensable encyclopedia…it is virtually a goldmine of information.” - Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

This A-Z encyclopedia provides a definitive and comprehensive reference on the main areas of specialist and expert knowledge and skills used by those involved in all aspects of the forensic process. It covers all topics which, either as part of an established forensic discipline or as a potentially useful emerging discipline, are of interest to those involved in the forensic process. This work represents the interdisciplinary nature of forensic sciences and covers such key areas as:

  • Behavioural Sciences
  • Biological Sciences
  • Criminalistics
  • Digital Evidence, Multimedia and Engineering
  • DNA Analysis of Biological Fluids
  • Fire and Explosives
  • Investigation & Law Enforcement
  • Law
  • Medicine
  • Statistics and the Evaluation of Evidence
  • Toxicology and Drug Analysis
  • Trace

This includes both the scientific methodology and the admissibility of evidence. The encyclopedia also provides case studies of landmark cases in the definition and practice of forensic science including Frye v. United States and Kumho Tire v. Carmichael.

Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science presents all material on a level and in a style that makes it accessible to a wide range of readers. In particular, lawyers needing to better understand the key aspects of the science, and scientists who require a deeper insight into legal issues will find the encyclopedia an important resource, as will physical, biological and behavioral scientists who require background information on the most important aspects of each other’s areas of expertise.

Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science is also available as an updating online major reference work.  For further information and to download sample content click here.

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Accreditation: Laboratory

Accreditation: Organizational

Acid Phosphatase

Addictions

Adversary Systems of Justice

Aggression

Aggression: Gender Differences in

Airbags

Alcohol

Alcohol: Analysis

Alcohol: Behavioral and Medical Effects

Alcohol: Interaction with Other Drugs

Alcohol: Use, Abuse, Tolerance, and Dependency

Allelic Designation

Alterations: Erasures and Obliterations of Documents

Amphetamine

Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism

Analysis: Computer Network

Analysis: Neutron Activation

Anthropology

Anthropology: Age Determination of Remains

Anthropology: Aging the Living

Anthropology: Ancestry and Stature Determination

Archaeology

Arson Investigation: Misconceptions and Mythology

Asphyxia

Assault: Sexually Motivated

Autoerotic Deaths

Automated Fingerprint Identification System

Automatism as a Defense to Crime

Autopsy

Autoradiograph

Battered Child Syndrome

Battered Spouse Syndrome

Battered Woman's Reality

Bayesian Networks

Behavioral Science Evidence

Behavioral Toxicology

Benzodiazepines

Best Evidence Rule

Biological Agents

Biological Stains

Biological Swabs

Biometric Devices

Blood Grouping

Bloodstain Pattern Interpretation

Blunt Force Trauma

Bomb Scene Management

Bomb-Pulse Dating

Botany

Cannabis

Capacity Assessment

Capacity for Independent Living

Capacity to Consent to Medical Treatment

Capacity to Stand Trial

Capacity to Waive Miranda Rights

Cardiac and Natural Causes of Sudden Death

Case Assessment and Interpretation

Ceiling Principle: DNA

Chain of Possession of Tangible Evidence

Chemical Warfare Agents

Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Investigations

Child Sexual Abuse

Child Sexual Abuse Accommodation

Children: as Defendants

Children: as Witnesses

Children: Suggestibility of

Civil Commitment

Civil Law Systems of Justice

Cocaine

Cofiler/CofilerPlus

Compulsion

Compulsion Defense

Computer Animation and Simulation Evidence

Computers

Confessions: Evidentiary Reliability of

Confirmation Testing: Toxicology 

Crime Scene Documentation

Crime Scene Investigation

Crime Scene Management

Crime Scene Photography: US Perspective

Crime Victims' Decision to Report Crime

Criminalization of the Mentally Ill

Cross-Examination of Experts

Cross-Examination: Impact on Testimony

Dangerousness: Risk of

Databases

Dating: Document

Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals

Death Penalty and Age

Death: Time of

Deception: Detection of

Deception: Detection of and Brain Imaging

Deception: Truth Serum

Delusions

Demonstrative Evidence

Diatoms

Differential Extraction

Direct Examination of Experts

Disaster Mental Health

Disaster Victim Identification

Discovery in the United States: Civil Cases

Discovery in the United States: Criminal Cases

Discovery of Expert Findings

Discovery: Depositions

Discovery: Discovery Motions

Dissociative Disorders

DNA

DNA Databases and Evidentiary Issues

DNA: an Overview

DNA: Degraded Samples

DNA: Sources of

Documents: Authentication of

DQα

Drug Analysis

Drug Profiling

Drug Testing: Urine

Drug-Facilitated Sexual Assault

Drug-Impaired Driving

Duty to Warn

Earprints: Interpretation of

Education and Accreditation in Forensic Science

Elder Abuse: Policy

Elder Abuse: Risk

Elderly in Court

Electrical Engineering

Entomology

Environmental Science

Enzymes

Error Rates in Forensic Methods

Ethics: Codes of Conduct for Expert Witnesses

Evidence Collection and Preservation: Casting

Evidence Interpretation: a Logical Approach

Evidence: Rules of

Evil: Illusion of

Examination of Fibers and Textiles

Expert Opinion in Court: a Comparison of Approaches

Expert Opinion in Court: Civil Law Jurisdictions (France, Germany, Italy, and Spain)

Expert Opinion: Appeal v. Trial

Expert Opinion: United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia

Expert Opinion: United States

Expert Witness: Who Is?

Expert Witnesses: Selection and Investigation of Credentials

Explosion Debris: Laboratory Analysis of

Explosions: Scene Investigation

Extraction

Eyewitness Lineups: Identification from

Eyewitness Testimony

Eyewitness: Suggestibility of

Facial Comparison

Facial Reconstruction

Falsifiability Theory

Federal Rule of Evidence 702

Fibers

Fire and Explosion Investigations: Overview

Fire Debris: Laboratory Analysis of

Fire Investigator: Standardization, Accreditation, and Certification

Fire Modeling and Its Application in Fire Investigation

Fire: Chemistry of

Fire: Dynamics and Pattern Production

Fire: Scene Investigation

Firearm Discharge Residue: Analysis of

Firearm Examination: Ballistics

Firearms: Bullet and Cartridge Case Identification

Firearms: Identification of Handling of Firearms/Trace Metal Detection

Firearms: Overview

Firearms: Scene Investigation

Firesetting

Footwear and Foot Impressions: Comparison and Identification

Footwear and Foot Impressions: Databases

Footwear and Foot Impressions: Foot Impressions and Linking Foot to Shoe

Footwear and Foot Impressions: Intelligence

Footwear and Foot Impressions: Overview

Forged and Counterfeit Documents

Foundation Testimony

Friction Ridge Examination (Fingerprints): Interpretation of

Friction Ridge Skin: Comparison and Identification

Friction Ridge Skin: Fingerprint Detection and Recovery Techniques

Friction Ridge Skin: Interaction between Fingerprint Detection and DNA/Biological Material

Friction Ridge Skin: Morphogenesis and Overview

Frye v. United States

General Acceptance Test for Novel Expert Evidence

General Electric v. Joiner

Genomics and Behavioral Evidence

Geographical Identification by Viral Genotyping

Glass

Glass Evidence: Bayesian Approach to

GSM Analysis and PDA's

Guardianships of Adults

Gunshot Wounds

Hair: Animal

Hair: Microscopic Analysis

Hair: Toxicology

Hallucinations

Handwriting and Signatures, Comparison of

Handwriting and Signatures, Interpretation of Comparison Results

Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium

Head Injury: Neuropsychological Assessment

Hearsay Evidence

Histology

Homicide: Multiple (behavior)

Homosexual Panic

Human Factors: Industrial Incidents

Human Remains and Identity

Hypnosis and Memory

Hypothetical Question

Identification and Individualization

Identification of Human Remains

Identifiler

Image Processing and Analysis

In Limine Motions and Hearings

Injury: Burns, Scalds, and Chemical

Ink Analysis

Ink Comparison and Interpretation

Insanity: Defense

Interpretation: Document Evidence

Interpretation: Legal Perspective

Interpretation: Low Template DNA 

Interpretation: Observer Effects

Interpreting Expert Opinions: History of

Interrogation

Interrogative Suggestibility

Intersecting Lines: Documents

Ipse Dixit Testimony

Judicial Notice of Scientific Principles and Facts

Jury Dynamics

Jury Instructions on Expert Testimony

Juvenile Justice: Adolescent Development

Juvenile Justice: Transfer to Adult

Kumho Tire v. Carmichael

Learned Treatises as Evidence

Length Measurement

Light Bulbs and Filaments: Examination of

Low Copy Number DNA

Luminol

Malingering: Forensic Evaluations

Malpractice Actions against Experts

Marks or Impressions of Manufactured Items

Mass Grave Investigation

Materials Science

Matrix: DNA

Medical Malpractice

Memory: Reconstructive

Memory: Repressed

Mental Health Courts

Mental Retardation

Mental Retardation: Death Penalty

Mental Status: Examination

Microchemistry

Microsatellites

Microscopy: FTIR

Microscopy: High Power

Microscopy: Light Microscopes

Microscopy: Low Power

Microscopy: Scanning Electron Microscopy

Mini-STRs

Missing Persons and Paternity: DNA

Mitigation Testimony

Mitochondrial DNA: Interpretation

Mitochondrial DNA: Profiling

Mixture Interpretation: DNA

Natural Causes of Sudden Death: Noncardiac

Neuropsychological Assessment

Neuropsychological Assessment: Child

Northwest Juvenile Project

Nuclear Forensics

Odontology

Opioids

Oral Fluid Toxicology

Packaging and Transport

Paint

Paint: Interpretation

Palynology

Paper Analysis

Parental Alienation

Parental Rights and Prerogatives

Parenting: Assessment of Capacity

Particles: Form

Peak Height: DNA

Peer Review as Affecting Opinion Evidence

Pharmacogenomics

Phenotype

Photography: Marks, Impressions, and Documents

Poisons: Detection of Naturally Occurring Poisons

Police Use of Force

Policing and Critical Incident Teams

Polymorphism: Genetic

Postmortem Biochemical Examinations

Postmortem Interval: Anthropology

Postmortem Toxicology: Artifacts

Postmortem Toxicology: Interpretation

Postmortem Toxicology: Laboratory Analysis

Postpartum Psychosis

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

PowerPlex

Premenstrual Syndrome

Profiles: Psychological and Behavioral

Psychological Autopsy

Psychological Testing

Psychopathology: Terms and Trends

Psychopathy

Psychopathy Checklists

Psychopharmacology

Psychopharmacology: Child and Adolescent

QiaAmp

Quality Systems: Toxicology

Radiocarbon Dating

Radiology

Rape Trauma Syndrome

Recollective Accuracy of Traumatic Memories

Reconstruction: Accident

Reconstruction: Three Dimensional

Report Writing for Courts

Risk Assessment

Risk Assessment: Patient and Detainee

Sampling and Estimation of Quantities

Sampling Trace Evidence

Scientific Method Compared to Legal Method

Seizures: Behavioral

Sentencing: Demographic Factors in

Serial Homicide

Serial Number Restoration: Firearm

Sex Determination of Remains

Sex Offenders: Treatment of

Shaken Baby Syndrome

Shooting Distance: Estimation of

Short Tandem Repeats

Short Tandem Repeats: Interpretation

Soil: Forensic Analysis

Speaker Recognition

Species Determination of Osseous Remains

Stalking

Statistical Evidence in Court

Stockholm Syndrome

Substance Abuse

Suicide (Behavior)

Sweat: Toxicology

Syndromes: Psychological

Temporary Insanity

Therapeutic Jurisprudence

Threat Assessment: School

Threat Assessment: Workplace

Time of Death Determinations

Tire Impressions

Toolmarks

Toxicology: Analysis

Toxicology: Forensic Applications of

Toxicology: Initial Testing  

Trace Evidence: Transfer, Persistence, and Value

Traffic Fatalities

Training and Certification (in Criminalistics)

Transfer: DNA

Trauma Analysis of Skeletal Remains

Trauma Causation: Analysis of Automotive

Treatment, Mandated: Mental Health

Treatment, Right to Refuse: Mental Health

Treatment, Right to: Mental Health

Ultimate Issue Evidence by Experts

Use of Knowledge-Based Systems in Forensic Science

Variable Number Tandem Repeats

Violence Risk Assessment for Mental Health Professionals

Visitation Rights

Visual Recognition Systems in Identification

Web Resources

Weisgram v. Marley

Whole Genome Amplification

Wildlife

Wood

Wounds: Sharp Injury

Writing Instruments and Printing Devices

Y-Chromosome Short Tandem Repeats

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EDITORS_IN_CHIEF

ALLAN JAMIESON, The Forensic Institute, UK

ANDRE A. MOENSSENS, Forensic Consultant, Columbia City, USA.

Douglas Stripp Professor Emeritus, University of Missouri at Kansas City, USA

SECTION EDITORS

Behavioral Sciences

CARL N. EDWARDS

Clinical and Forensic Psychologist, Policy Analyst, USA

Biological Sciences

ALLAN JAMIESON

The Forensic Institute, UK

Criminalistics

CLAUDE ROUX

Department of Chemistry and Forensic Science, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia

Digital Evidence, Multimedia and Engineering

ZENO GERADTS

Netherlands Forensic Institute; Ministry of Justice, The Netherlands

DNA and the Analysis of Biological Fluids

ALLAN JAMIESON

The Forensic Institute, UK

Fire and Explosives

JOHN LENTINI

Scientific Fire Analysis, USA

Investigation and Law Enforcement

ALLAN SCOTT

School of Forensic and Investigative Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, UK

Law

ANDRE MOENSSENS

Forensic Consultant, Columbia City, USA.

Douglas Stripp Professor Emeritus, University of

Missouri at Kansas City, USA

Medicine

PEKKA SAUKKO

Department of Forensic Medicine, University of

Turku, Finland

Statistics and Evidence Evaluation

CHRISTOPHE CHAMPOD

Institut de Police Scientifi que, Université de

Lausanne, Switzerland

TACHA HICKS

Institut de Police Scientifi que, Université de

Lausanne, Switzerland

Toxicology and Drug Analysis

OLAF H. DRUMMER

Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine, Monash

University, Australia

Trace Evidence

SHEILA WILLIS

Forensic Science Laboratory, Garda HQ, Ireland

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"This is a well organized, well written and impressively comprehensive reference work that is international
in scope. . . The strong focus on both the scientific and legal aspects of forensic science is to its credit, and the Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science serves a valuable purpose in compiling and disseminating
the body of knowledge within the field." (Anal Bioanal Chem, 2010)

"The publication will also be of value to institutions that teach forensic science; and the work should get wider use than the forensic science students as the general analytical sections are of wide application and some of the specific methods are of use in archaeology and art history. I am sure crime fiction writers, the interested public, and crime scene investigation fans would find much of interest in this book." (Reference Reviews, February 2010)"The quality of the papers is clear, well written and approachable although on some legal aspects, such as expert witnesses, the slimmest of information is provided. This is a hugely valuable and worthwhile contribution to any civil or criminal practitioner’s library." (Journal Online, March 2010)

"This encyclopedia is astounding… .This is a hugely valuable and worthwhile contribution to any civil or criminal practitioner’s library." (Law Society of Scotland, November 2009)

"This is an excellent and indispensable encyclopedia. Some encyclopedias of forensic science and forensic medicine have been published before, but they have gone out of date, and we all could do with a new and up-to-date information on this subject. It is virtually a goldmine of information." (Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, July 2009)

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