Introduction to Microfabrication
* A comprehensive presentation of basic fabrication processes
* An emphasis on materials and microstructures, rather than device physics
* In-depth discussion on process integration showing how processes, materials and devices interact
* A wealth of examples of both conceptual and real devices
Introduction to Microfabrication includes 250 homework problems for students to familiarise themselves with micro-scale materials, dimensions, measurements, costs and scaling trends. Both research and manufacturing topics are covered, with an emphasis on silicon, which is the workhorse of microfabrication.
This book will serve as an excellent first text for electrical engineers, chemists, physicists and materials scientists who wish to learn about microstructures and microfabrication techniques, whether in MEMS, microelectronics or emerging applications.
PART I: INTRODUCTION.
2. Micrometrology and Materials Characterization.
3. Simulation of Microfabrication Processes.
PART II: MATERIALS .
5. Thin-Film Materials and Processes.
7. Thin-film Growth and Structure.
PART III: BASIC PROCESSES.
8. Pattern Generation.
9. Optical Lithography.
10. Lithographic Patterns.
12. Wafer Cleaning and Surface Preparation.
13. Thermal Oxidation.
15. Ion Implantation.
16. CMP: Chemical-Mechanical Polishing.
17. Bonding and Layer Transfer.
18. Molding and Stamping.
PART IV: STRUCTURES.
19. Self-aligned Structures.
20. Plasma-etched Structures.
21. Wet-etched Structures.
22. Sacrificial Structures.
23. Structures by Deposition.
PART V: INTEGRATION.
24. Process Integration.
25. CMOS Transistor Fabrication.
26. Bipolar Technology.
27. Multilevel Metallization.
28. MEMS Process Integration.
29. Processing on Non-silicon Substrates.
PART VI: TOOLS.
30. Process for Microfabrication.
31. Tools for Hot Process.
32. Vacuum and Plasmas.
33. Tools for CVD and Epitaxy.
34. Integrated Processing.
PART VII: MANUFACTURING.
37. Wafer Fab.
PART VIII: FUTURE.
38. Moore's Law.
39. Microfabrication at Large.
Appendix A: Comments andÂ Hints to Selected Problems.
Appendix B: Constants and Conversion Factors.
- Provides a broad overview of silicon microfabrication
- The author has based his material on his own successful courses
in the field.
- Includes end of chapter examples and exercises to test readers
understanding of the key concepts.