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Windows Forensics: The Field Guide for Corporate Computer Investigations

ISBN: 978-0-470-03862-8
408 pages
May 2006
Windows Forensics: The Field Guide for Corporate Computer Investigations (0470038624) cover image
The evidence is in--to solve Windows crime, you need Windows tools


An arcane pursuit a decade ago, forensic science today is a household term. And while the computer forensic analyst may not lead as exciting a life as TV's CSIs do, he or she relies just as heavily on scientific principles and just as surely solves crime.

Whether you are contemplating a career in this growing field or are already an analyst in a Unix/Linux environment, this book prepares you to combat computer crime in the Windows world. Here are the tools to help you recover sabotaged files, track down the source of threatening e-mails, investigate industrial espionage, and expose computer criminals.
* Identify evidence of fraud, electronic theft, and employee Internet abuse
* Investigate crime related to instant messaging, Lotus Notes(r), and increasingly popular browsers such as Firefox(r)
* Learn what it takes to become a computer forensics analyst
* Take advantage of sample forms and layouts as well as case studies
* Protect the integrity of evidence
* Compile a forensic response toolkit
* Assess and analyze damage from computer crime and process the crime scene
* Develop a structure for effectively conducting investigations
* Discover how to locate evidence in the Windows Registry
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Chapter 1. Windows Forensics.

The Corporate Computer Forensic Analyst.

Windows Forensics.

People, Processes, and Tools.

Computer Forensics: Today and Tomorrow.

Additional Resources.

Chapter 2. Processing the Digital Crime Scene.

Identify the Scene.

Perform Remote Research.

Secure the Crime Scene.

Document the Scene.

Process the Scene for Physical Evidence.

Process the Scene for Electronic Evidence.

Chain of Custody.

Best Evidence.

Working with Law Enforcement.

Additional Resources.

Chapter 3. Windows Forensic Basics.

History and Versions.

MS-DOS.

Windows 1.x, 2.x, and 3.x.

Windows NT and 2000.

Windows 95, 98, and ME.

Windows XP and 2003.

Non-Volatile Storage.

Floppy Disks.

Tapes.

CDs and DVDs.

USB Flash Drives.

Hard Disks.

Additional Resources.

Chapter 4. Partitions and File Systems.

Master Boot Record.

Windows File Systems.

FAT.

VFAT.

NTFS.

Compression.

Encryption.

Additional Resources.

Chapter 5. Directory Structure and Special Files.

Windows NT/2000/XP.

Directories.

Files.

Windows 9x.

Directories.

Files.

Additional Resources.

Chapter 6. The Registry.

History.

Registry Basics.

Registry Analysis.

General.

Folder Locations.

Startup Items.

Intelliforms.

Advanced Registry Analysis.

Additional Resources.

Chapter 7. Forensic Analysis.

Chapter 8. Live System Analysis.

Covert Analysis.

System State Analysis.

System Tools.

Storage.

Services and Applications.

Remote Enumeration.

Monitoring.

Keystroke Recording.

Network Monitoring.

Overt Analysis.

GUI-based Overt Analysis.

Local Command Line Analysis.

Remote Command Line Analysis.

Basic Information Gathering.

System State Information.

Running Program Information.

Main Memory Analysis.

Additional Resources.

Chapter 9. Forensic Duplication.

Hard Disk Duplication.

In-Situ Duplication.

Direct Duplication.

Magnetic Tape.

Hard Disks.

Optical Disks.

Multi-tiered Storage.

Log File Duplication.

Additional Resources.

Chapter 10. File System Analysis.

Searching.

Index-based Searching.

Bitwise Searching.

Search Methodology.

Hash Analysis.

Positive Hash Analysis.

Negative Hash Analysis.

File Recovery.

Special Files.

Print Spool Files.

Windows Shortcuts.

Paging File.

Additional Resources.

Chapter 11. Log File Analysis.

Event Logs.

Application Log.

System Log.

Security Log.

Successful Log-on/Log-off Events.

Failed Log-on Event.

Change of Policy.

Successful or Failed Object Access.

Account Change.

Log Clearing.

Internet Logs.

HTTP Logs.

FTP Logs.

SMTP Logs.

Additional Resources.

Chapter 12. Internet Usage Analysis.

Web Activity.

Internet Explorer.

Favorites.

History.

Cache.

Cookies.

Firefox.

Favorites.

History.

Cache.

Cookies.

Passwords.

Downloads.

Toolbar History.

Network, Proxy, and DNS History.

Peer-to-Peer Networking.

Gnutella Clients.

Bearshare.

Downloading.

Sharing.

Other Information.

Limewire.

Downloading.

Sharing.

FastTrack Clients.

Overnet, eMule, and eDonkey2000 Clients.

Downloading.

Sharing.

Instant Messaging.

AOL Instant Messenger.

Microsoft Messenger.

Additional Resources.

Chapter 13. Email Investigations.

Outlook/Outlook Express.

Outlook Express.

Acquisition.

Analysis.

Outlook.

Acquisition.

Access Control.

Analysis.

Lotus Notes.

Acquisition.

Access Control and Logging.

Analysis.

Address Book.

Additional Resources.

Appendix A. Sample Chain of Custody Form.

Appendix B. Master Boot Record Layout.

Appendix C. Partition Types.

Appendix D. FAT32 Boot Sector Layout.

Appendix E. NTFS Boot Sector Layout.

Appendix F. NTFS Metafiles.

Appendix G. Well-Known SIDs.

Index.

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Chad Steel has investigated more than 300 computer security incidents. As an adjunct faculty member, he developed and taught the Computer Forensics graduate course in Penn State's engineering program and has instructed federal and local law enforcement, commercial clients, and graduate students in forensic analysis. His experience includes serving as head of IT investigations for a Global 100 corporation and as managing director of the Systems Integration and Security practice at Qwest Communications.
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