Understanding Computational Bayesian Statistics
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1 Introduction to Bayesian Statistics.
1.1 The Frequentist Approach to Statistics.
1.2 The Bayesian Approach to Statistics.
1.3 Comparing Likelihood and Bayesian Approaches to Statistics.
1.4 Computational Bayesian Statistics.
1.5 Purpose and Organization of This Book.
2 Monte Carlo Sampling from the posterior.
2.3 Adaptive-Rejection-Sampling from a Log-Concave Distribution.
2.4 Why Direct Methods are Inefficient for High-Dimension Parameter Space.
3 Bayesian Inference.
3.1 Bayesian Inference from the Numerical Posterior.
3.2 Bayesian Inference from Posterior Random Sample.
4 Bayesian Statistics using Conjugate Priors.
4.1 One-Dimensional Exponential Family of Densities.
4.2 Distributions for Count Data.
4.3 Distributions for Waiting Times.
4.4 Normally Distributed Observations with Known Variance.
4.5 Normally Distributed Observations with Known Mean.
4.6 Normally Distributed Observations with Unknown Mean and Variance.
4.7 Multivariate Normal Observations with Known Covariance Matrix.
4.8 Observations from Normal Linear Regression Model.
Appendix: Proof of Poisson Process Theorem.
5 Markov Chains.
5.1 Stochastic Processes.
5.2 Markov Chains.
5.3 Time-Invariant Markov Chains with Finite State Space.
5.4 Classification of States of a Markov Chain.
5.5 Sampling from a Markov Chain.
5.6 Time-Reversible Markov Chains and Detailed Balance.
5.7 Markov Chains with Continuous State Space.
6 Markov Chain Monte Carlo Sampling from Posterior.
6.1 Metropolis-Hastings Algorithm for a Single Parameter.
6.2 Metropolis-Hastings Algorithm for Multiple Parameters.
6.3 Blockwise Metropolis-Hastings Algorithm.
6.4 Gibbs Sampling .
7 Statistical Inference from a Markov Chain Monte Carlo Sample.
7.1 Mixing Properties of the Chain.
7.2 Finding a Heavy-Tailed Matched Curvature Candidate Density.
7.3 Obtaining An Approximate Random Sample For Inference.
Appendix: Procedure for Finding the Matched Curvature Candidate Density for a Multivariate Parameter.
8 Logistic Regression.
8.1 Logistic Regression Model.
8.2 Computational Bayesian Approach to the Logistic Regression Model.
8.3 Modelling with the Multiple Logistic Regression Model.
9 Poisson Regression and Proportional Hazards Model.
9.1 Poisson Regression Model.
9.2 Computational Approach to Poisson Regression Model.
9.3 The Proportional Hazards Model.
9.4 Computational Bayesian Approach to Proportional Hazards Model.
10 Gibbs Sampling and Hierarchical Models.
10.1 Gibbs Sampling Procedure.
10.2 The Gibbs Sampler for the Normal Distribution.
10.3 Hierarchical Models and Gibbs Sampling.
10.4 Modelling Related Populations with Hierarchical Models.
Appendix: Proof that Improper Jeffrey’s Prior Distribution for the Hypervariance Can Lead to an Improper Posterior.
11 Going Forward with Markov Chain Monte Carlo.
A Using the Included Minitab Macros.
B Using the Included R Functions.