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Ultra-Low Energy Wireless Sensor Networks in Practice: Theory, Realization and Deployment

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Finally a book on Wireless Sensor Networks that covers real world applications and contains practical advice!

Kuorilehto et al. have written the first  practical guide to wireless sensor networks. The authors draw on their experience in the development and field-testing of autonomous wireless sensor networks (WSNs) to offer a comprehensive reference on fundamentals, practical matters, limitations and solutions of this fast moving research area.

Ultra Low Energy Wireless Sensor Networks in Practice:

  • Explains the essential problems and issues in real wireless sensor networks, and analyzes the most promising solutions.
  • Provides a comprehensive guide to applications, functionality, protocols, and algorithms for WSNs.
  • Offers practical experiences from new applications and their field-testing, including several deployed networks.
  • Includes simulations and physical measurements for energy consumption, bit rate, latency, memory, and lifetime.
  • Covers embedded resource-limited operating systems, middleware and application software.

Ultra Low Energy Wireless Sensor Networks in Practice will prove essential reading for Research Scientists, advanced students in Networking, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science as well as Product Managers and Design Engineers.

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Table of Contents


List of Abbreviations.


1. Introduction.

1.1 Overview of Wireless Technologies.


1.3 Contents of the Book .


2. WSN Properties.

2.1 Characteristics of WSNs.

2.2 WSN Applications.

2.3 Requirements for WSNs.

3. Standards and Proposals.

3.1 Standards.

3.2 Variations of Standards.

4. Sensor Node Platforms.

4.1 Platform Components.

4.2 Existing Platforms.

4.3 TUTWSN Platforms.

4.4 Antenna Design.

5. Design of WSNs.

5.1 Design Dimensions.

5.2 WSN Design Flow.

5.3 Related Research on WSN Design.

5.4 WSN Evaluation Methods.

5.5 WSN Evaluation Tools.


6. Protocol Stack Overview.

6.1 Outline of WSN Stack.

7. MAC Protocols.

7.1 Requirements.

7.2 General MAC Approaches.

7.3 WSN MAC Protocols.

8. Routing Protocols.

8.1 Requirements.

8.2 Classifications.

8.3 Operation Principles.

8.4 Summary.

9. Middleware and Application Layer.

9.1 Motivation and Requirements.

9.2 WSN Middleware Approaches.

9.3 WSN Middleware Proposals.

10. Operating Systems.

10.1 Motivation and Requirements.

10.2 Existing OSs.

11. QoS Issues in WSN.

11.1 Traditional QoS.

11.2 Unique Requirements in WSNs.

11.3 Parameters Defining WSN QoS.

11.4 QoS Support in Protocol Layers.

11.5 Summary.

12. Security in WSNs.

12.1 WSN Security Threats and Countermeasures.

12.2 Security Architectures for WSNs.

12.3 Key Distribution in WSNs.

12.4 Summary of WSN Security Considerations.


13. TUTWSN MAC Protocol.

13.1 Network Topology.

13.2 Channel Access.

13.3 Frequency Division.

13.4 Advanced Mobility Support.

13.5 Advanced Support for Bursty Traffic.

13.6 TUTWSN MAC Optimization.

13.7 TUTWSN MAC Implementation.

13.8 Measured Performance of TUTWSN MAC.

14. TUTWSN Routing Protocol.

14.1 Design and Implementation.

14.2 Related Work.

14.3 Cost-Aware Routing.

14.4 Implementation.

14.5 Measurement Results.


15.1 Design of TUTWSN API.

15.2 TUTWSN API Implementation.

15.3 TUTWSN API Evaluation.

16. TUTWSN SensorOS.

16.1 SensorOS Design.

16.2 SensorOS Implementation.

16.3 SensorOS Performance Evaluation.

16.4 Lightweight Kernel Configuration.

16.5 SensorOS Bootloader Service.

17. Cross-layer Issues in TUTWSN.

17.1 Cross-layer Node Configuration.

17.2 Piggybacking Data.

17.3 Self-configuration with Cross-layer Information.

18. Protocol Analysis Models.

18.1 PHY Power Analysis.

18.2 Radio Energy Models.

18.3 Contention Models.

18.4 Node Operation Models.

18.5 Summary.

19. WISENES Design and Evaluation Environment.

19.1 Features.

19.2 WSN Design with WISENES.

19.3 WISENES Framework.

19.4 Existing WISENES Designs.

19.5 WISENES Simulation Results.


20. TUTWSN Deployments.

20.1 TUTWSN Deployment Architecture.

20.2 Network Self-diagnostics.

20.3 Security Experiments.

21. Sensing Applications.

21.1 Linear-position Metering.

21.1.3 Results.

21.2 Indoor-temperature Sensing.

21.3 Environmental Monitoring.

22. Transfer Applications.

22.1 TCP/IP for TUTWSN.

22.2 Realtime High-performance WSN.

23. Tracking Applications.

23.1 Surveillance System.

23.2 Indoor Positioning.

23.3 Team Game Management.


24. Conclusions.



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Author Information

Timo D. Hämäläinen is Professor and Institute Vice President at Tampere University of Technology, Finland. Timo acted as a senior research scientist and project manager at TUT from 1997-2001. In 2001 he was nominated full professor at TUT/Institute of Digital and Computer Systems. He heads the DACI research group that focuses on three main lines: wireless local area networking and wireless sensor networks, high-performance DSP/HW based video encoding, and interconnection networks with design flow tools for heterogeneous SoC platforms. He has published over 30 refereed international journals and over 150 conference publications.

Marko Hännikäinen is Senior Research Scientist and Mauri Kuorilehto, Mikko Kohvakka, Jukka Suhonen, Panu Hämäläinen are all Research Scientists at Tampere University of Technology, Finland.

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"Ultra-Low Energy Wireless Sensor Networks in Practice stands by itself as an essential guide to a promising-and potentially disruptive technology." (RFID Journal, February 2009)
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