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Advances in Ceramic Armor II, Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Cocoa Beach, Volume 27, Issue 7

ISBN: 978-0-470-08057-3
274 pages
November 2006
Advances in Ceramic Armor II, Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Cocoa Beach, Volume 27, Issue 7 (0470080574) cover image
These proceedings contain current research from industry, academia and government organizations, working on opaque and transparent ceramic armor. Papers on novel materials concepts for both vehicle and body armors are included, as well as papers that explore the relationship between computational modeling and property testing.

These papers were presented at the Proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, January 22-27, 2006, Cocoa Beach, Florida. Organized and sponsored by The American Ceramic Society and The American Ceramic Society's Engineering Ceramics Division in conjunction with the Nuclear and Environmental Technology Division.
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A Review of Computational Ceramic Armor Modeling (Charles E. Anderson. Jr.).

Silicon Carbide.

Biomorphic SiSiC-Materials for Lightweight Armour (Bernhard Heidenreich, Michaela Gahr, Elmar StraDburger, and Ekkehard Lutz).

Evaluation of Sic Armor Tile Using Ultrasonic Techniques (J. Scott Steckenrider, William A. Ellingson, Rachel Lipanovich, Jeffrey Wheeler, and Chris Deemer).

Spherical Indentation of Sic (A. A. Wereszczak and K. E. Johanns).

Damage Modes Correlated to the Dynamic Response of Sic-N (H. Luo and W. Chen).

Grain Boundary Chemistry of Sic-Based Armor (Edgardo Pabit, Kerry Siebein, Darryl P. Butt, Helge Heinrich, Darin Ray, Sarbjit Kaur, R. Marc Flinders, and Raymond A. Cutler).

Effect of Microstructure and Mechanical Properties on the Ballistic Performance of Sic-Based Ceramics (Darin Ray, Marc Flinders, Angela Anderson, Raymond A. Cutler, James Campbell, and Jane W. Adams).

Addition of Excess Carbon to Sic to Study its Effect on Silicon Carbide (Sic) Armor (Chris Ziccardi and Richard Haber).

Glass and Transparent Ceramics.

Analysis of Time-Resolved Penetration of Long Rods into Glass Targets-l I (Charles E. Anderson, Jr., I. Sidney Chocron, and Carl E. Weiss).

Response and Characterization of Confined Borosilicate Glass: Intact and Damaged (Kathryn A. Dannemann, Arthur E. Nicholls, Charles E. Anderson, Jr., Sidney Chocron, and James D. Walker).

Constitutive Model for Damaged Borosilicate Glass (Sidney Chocron, James D. Walker, Arthur E. Nicholls, Charles E. Anderson, and Kathryn A. Dannemann).

Reaction Sintered LiAlON (Raymond A. Cutler and R. Marc Flinders).

Large Area EFGTM Sapphire for Transparent Armor (Christopher D. Jones, Jeffrey B. Rioux, John W. Locher, Herbert E. Bates, Steven A. Zanella, Vincent Pluen, and Mattias Mandelartz).

Other Opaque Ceramics.

Relationship of Microstructure and Hardness for A120, Armor Materials (Memduh Volkan Demirbas and Richard A. Haber).

Root Causes of the Performance of Boron Carbide Under Stress (Giovanni Fanchini, Dale E. Niesz, Richard A. Haber, James W. McCauley, and Manish Chhowalla).

Analysis of Texture in Controlled Shear Processed Boron Carbide (D. Maiorano, R. Haber, and G. Fanchini).

Damage and Testing.

Progress in the Nondestructive Analysis of Impact Damage in Ti62 Armor Ceramics (Joseph M. Wells).

Elastic Property Determination of WC Spheres and Estimation of Compressive Loads and lmpact Velocities That Initiate Their Yielding and Cracking (A. A. Wereszczak).

On the Role of Impact Damage in Armor Ceramic Performance (Joseph M. Wells).

The Indentation Size Effect (ISE) for Knoop Hardness in Five Ceramic Materials (Trevor Wilantewicz, W. Roger Cannon, and George Quinn).

Influence of Microstructure on the Indentation-Induced Damage in Silicon Carbide (Jeffrey J. Swab, Andrew A. Wereszczak, Justin Pritchett, and Kurt Johanns).

Author Index.

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Andrew A. Wereszczak received his Ph.D. in Materials Science & Engineering from the University of Delaware in 1992, and while his research is varied, the study and interpretation of the relationship between mechanical properties and microstructure (of monolithic ceramics, structural materials, and electronic materials) are common denominators. Micromechanical characterization of structural and armor ceramics using instrumented static and dynamic indentation (e.g., Hertzian) with acoustic emission analysis, and adapting those measured performances and damage mechanism analyses to strength, rolling contact fatigue, wear, machining, and ballistic performances is a primary objective.
Additionally, ceramic strength and fatigue testing, ceramic fractographical and flaw population analyses, Weibull analysis strength-size-scaling, and probabilistic life prediction and design of structural ceramic components constitutive another primary research objective. In support of all these efforts, both conventional and microstructural-level finite element stress analyses and microstructure characterization are performed. He is the author or co-author of over 100 technical publications and has given over 80 presentations, and is the co-developer of µ-FEA software.

Edgar Lara-Curzio is a Distinguished Research Staff Member and the leader of the Mechanical Properties and Mechanics Group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.  Since 1999 he has been serving as leader of the Mechanical Characterization and Analysis User Center in ORNL’s High Temperature Materials Laboratory.  Lara-Curzio received a B.Sc. degree in Engineering Physics from the Metropolitan University in Mexico City in 1986 and a Ph.D. in Materials Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy NY, in 1992.
His research work has been focused on studying the mechanical behavior, durability and reliability of structural and functional materials, on understanding the relationships among their processing, microstructure and properties, studying the effect of service environment on their properties and on developing models to describe their behavior and to predict their service life.
Dr. Lara-Curzio has co-edited 6 books and has authored 4 book chapters and more than 140 publications in refereed journals and conference proceedings.

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