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MEMS and Microsystems: Design, Manufacture, and Nanoscale Engineering, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 978-0-470-08301-7
576 pages
March 2008
MEMS and Microsystems: Design, Manufacture, and Nanoscale Engineering, 2nd Edition (0470083018) cover image

Description

Technology/Engineering/Mechanical

A bestselling MEMS text...now better than ever.

An engineering design approach to Microelectromechanical Systems, MEMS and Microsystems remains the only available text to cover both the electrical and the mechanical aspects of the technology. In the five years since the publication of the first edition, there have been significant changes in the science and technology of miniaturization, including microsystems technology and nanotechnology. In response to the increasing needs of engineers to acquire basic knowledge and experience in these areas, this popular text has been carefully updated, including an entirely new section on the introduction of nanoscale engineering.

Following a brief introduction to the history and evolution of nanotechnology, the author covers the fundamentals in the engineering design of nanostructures, including fabrication techniques for producing nanoproducts, engineering design principles in molecular dynamics, and fluid flows and heat transmission in nanoscale substances.

Other highlights of the Second Edition include:
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Expanded coverage of microfabrication plus assembly and packaging technologies
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The introduction of microgyroscopes, miniature microphones, and heat pipes
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Design methodologies for thermally actuated multilayered device components
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The use of popular SU-8 polymer material

Supported by numerous examples, case studies, and applied problems to facilitate understanding and real-world application, the Second Edition will be of significant value for both professionals and senior-level mechanical or electrical engineering students.
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Table of Contents

Preface.

Chapter 1: Overview of MEMS and Microsystems.

1.1 MEMS and Microsystem.

1.2 Typical MEMS and Microsystems Products.

1.3 Evolution of Microfabrication.

1.4 Microsystems and Microelectronics.

1.5 The Multidisciplinary Nature of Microsystems Design and Manufacture.

1.6 Microsystems and Miniaturization.

1.7 Application of Microsystems in Automotive Industry.

1.8 Application of Microsystems in Other Industries.

1.9 Markets for Microsystems.

Problems.

Chapter 2: Working Principles of Microsystems.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Microsensors.

2.3 Microactuation.

2.4 MEMS with Microactuators.

2.5 Microaccelerometers.

2.6 Microfluidics.

Problems.

Chapter 3: Engineering Science for Microsystems Design and Fabrication.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Atomic Structure of Matters.

3.3 Ions and Ionization.

3.4 Molecular Theory of Matter and Inter-molecular Forces.

3.5 Doping of Semiconductors.

3.6 The Diffusion Process.

3.7 Plasma Physics.

3.8 Electrochemistry.

Problems.

Chapter 4: Engineering Mechanics for Microsystems Design.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Static Bending of Thin Plates.

4.3 Mechanical Vibration.

4.4 Thermomechanics.

4.5 Fracture Mechanics.

4.6 Thin Film Mechanics.

4.7 Overview on Finite Element Stress Analysis.

Problems.

Chapter 5: Thermofluid Engineering and Microsystems Design.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Overview on the Basics of Fluid Mechanics in Macro and Mesoscales.

5.3 Basic Equations in Continuum Fluid Dynamics.

5.4 Laminar Fluid Flow in Circular Conduits.

5.5 Computational Fluid Dynamics.

5.6 Incompressible Fluid Flow in Microconduits.

5.7 Overview on Heat Conduction in Solids.

5.8 Heat Conduction in Multi-layered Thin Films.

5.9 Heat Conduction in Solids in Submicrometer Scale.

Problems.

Chapter 6: Scaling Laws in Miniaturization.

6.1 Introduction to Scaling.

6.2 Scaling in Geometry.

6.3 Scaling in Rigid-Body Dynamics.

6.4 Scaling in Electrostatic Forces.

6.5 Scaling of Electromagnetic Forces.

6.6 Scaling in Electricity.

6.7 Scaling in Fluid Mechanics.

6.8 Scaling in Heat Transfer.

Problems.

Chapter 7: Materials for MEMS and Microsystems.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Substrates and Wafers.

7.3 Active Substrate Materials.

7.4 Silicon as a Substrate Material.

7.5 Silicon Compounds.

7.6 Silicon Piezoresistors.

7.7 Gallium Arsenide.

7.8 Quartz.

7.9 Piezoelectric Crystals.

7.10 Polymers.

7.11 Packaging Materials.

Problems.

Chapter 8: Microsystems Fabrication Processes.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Photolithography.

8.3 Ion Implantation.

8.4 Diffusion.

8.5 Oxidation.

8.6 Chemical Vapor Deposition.

8.7 Physical Vapor Deposition - Sputtering.

8.8 Deposition by Epitaxy.

8.9 Etching.

8.10 Summary of Microfabrication.

Problems.

Chapter 9: Overview of Micromanufacturing.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Bulk Micromanufacturing.

9.3 Surface Micromachining.

9.4 The LIGA Process.

9.5 Summary on Micromanufacturing.

Problems.

Chapter 10: Microsystem Design.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Design Considerations.

10.3 Process Design.

10.4 Mechanical Design.

10.5 Mechanical Design Using Finite Element Method.

10.6 Design of Silicon Die of a Micropressure Sensor.

10.7 Design of Microfluidics Network Systems.

10.8 Computer-Aided Design.

Problems.

Chapter 11: Assembly, Packaging and Testing of Microsystems.

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Overview of Microassembly.

11.3 The High Costs of Microassembly.

11.4 Microassembly Processes.

11.5 Major Technical Problems in Microassembly.

11.6 Microassembly Work Cells.

11.7 Challenging Issues in Microassembly.

11.8 Overview of Microsystems Packaging.

11.9 General Considerations in Packaging Design.

11.10 The Three Levels of Microsystems Packaging.

11.11 Interfaces in Microsystems Packaging.

11.12 Essential Packaging Technologies.

11.13 Die preparation.

11.14 Surface Bonding.

11.15 Wire bonding:.

11.16 Sealing and Encapsulation.

11.17 Three-dimensional Packaging.

11.18 Selection of Packaging Materials.

11.19 Signal Mapping and Transduction.

11.20 Design Case on Pressure Sensor Packaging.

11.21 Reliability in MEMS Packaging.

11.22 Testing for Reliability.

Problems.

Chapter 12: Introduction to Nanoscale Engineering.

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 Micro and Nanoscale Technologies.

12.3 General Principle in Nanofabrication.

12.4 Nanoproducts.

12.5 Applications of Nanoproducts.

12.6 Quantum Physics.

12.7 Molecular Dynamics.

12.8 Fluid Flow in Submicrometer and Nano Scales.

12.9 Heat Conduction in Nanoscale.

12.10 Measurement of Thermal Conductivity.

12.11 Challenges in Nanoscale Engineering.

12.12 Social Impacts of Nanoscale Engineering.

Problems.

Bibliography.

Index.

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Author Information

Tai-Ran Hsu, PhD, is a Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, San Jose State University, California. Dr. Hsu is the author of the earlier edition of this book, which is considered one of the bestselling textbooks on the subject of MEMS.

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New to This Edition

  • Expanded coverage of microfabrication and assembly & packaging technologies.
  • Numerous chapter-end problems and exercises help students understand the processes and engineers apply them on the job.
  • Completely new chapter on nanotechnology and nano-scale engineering.
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Instructors Resources
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