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Textbook

Analysis of Genes and Genomes

ISBN: 978-0-470-09157-9
490 pages
June 2004, ©2004
Analysis of Genes and Genomes (0470091576) cover image
Recent advances in genetic research has produced a surge of student interest in molecular biology courses. One of the main challenges for the instructor in such a course is to avoid presenting the information as a repetitive set of recipes. Analysis of Genes and Genomes tackles this problem by taking an example-driven approach underlining the fundamentals of: creating mutations in DNA; cloning in bacteria, yeast, plants and animals; and identifying disease genes.
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Preface.

Acknowledgements.

Dedication.

1. DNA: structure and function.

1.1 Nucleic acid is the material of heredity.

1.2 Structure of nucleic acids.

1.3 The double helix.

1.4 Reversible denaturing of DNA.

1.5 Structure of DNA in the cell.

1.6 The eukaryotic nucleosome.

1.7 The replication of DNA.

1.8 DNA polymerases.

1.9 The replication process.

1.10 Recombination.

1.11 Genes and genomes.

1.12 Genes within a genome.

1.13 Transcription.

1.14 RNA processing.

1.15 Translation.

2. Basic techniques in gene analysis.

2.1 Restriction enzymes.

2.2 Joining DNA molecules.

2.3 The basics of cloning.

2.4 Bacterial transformation.

2.5 Gel electrophoresis.

2.6 Nucleic acid blotting.

2.7 DNA purification.

3. Vectors.

3.1 Plasmids.

3.2 Selectable markers.

3.3 l Vectors.

3.4 Cosmid vectors.

3.5 M1 3 vectors.

3.6 Phagemids.

3.7 Artificial chromosomes.

4. Polymerase chain reaction.

4.1 PCR reaction conditions.

4.2 Thermostable DNA polymerases.

4.3 Template DNA.

4.4 Oligonucleotide primers.

4.5 Primer mismatches.

4.6 PCR in the diagnosis of genetic disease.

4.7 Cloning PCR products.

4.8 RT-PCR.

4.9 Real-time PCR.

4.10 Applications of PCR.

5. Cloning a gene.

5.1 Genomic libraries.

5.2 cDNA libraries.

5.3 Directional cDNA cloning.

5.4 PCR-based libraries.

5.5 Subtraction libraries.

5.6 Library construction in the post-genome era.

6. Gene identification.

6.1 Screening by nucleic acid hybridization.

6.2 Immunoscreening.

6.3 Screening by function.

6.4 Screening by interaction.

6.5 Phage display.

6.6 Two-hybrid screening.

6.7 Other interaction screens – variations on a theme.

7. Creating mutations.

7.1 Creating specific mutations.

7.2 Primer extension mutagenesis.

7.3 Strand selection methods.

7.4 Cassette mutagenesis.

7.5 PCR-based mutagenesis.

7.6 QuikChange® mutagenesis.

7.7 Creating random mutations in specific genes.

7.8 Protein engineering.

8. Protein production and purification.

8.1 Expression in E. coli.

8.2 Expression in yeast.

8.3 Expression in insect cells.

8.4 Expression in higher eukaryotic cells.

8.5 Protein purification.

9. Genome sequencing projects.

9.1 Genomic mapping.

9.2 Genetic mapping.

9.3 Physical mapping.

9.4 Nucleotide sequencing.

9.5 Genome sequencing.

9.6 The Human Genome Project.

9.7 Finding genes.

9.8 Gene assignment.

9.9 Bioinformatics.

10. Post-genome analysis.

10.1 Global changes in gene expression.

10.2 Protein function on a genome-wide scale.

10.3 Knock-out analysis.

10.4 Antisense and RNA interference (RNAi).

10.5 Genome-wide two-hybrid screens.

10.6 Protein-detection arrays.

10.7 Structural genomics.

11. Engineering plants.

11.1 Cloning in plants.

11.2 Commercial exploitation of plant transgenics.

11.3 Ethics of genetically engineered crops.

12. Engineering animal cells.

12.1 Cell culture.

12.2 Transfection of animal cells.

12.3 Viruses as vectors.

12.4 Selectable markers and gene amplification in animal cells.

12.5 Expressing genes in animal cells.

13. Engineering animals.

13.1 Pronuclear injection.

13.2 Embryonic stem cells.

13.3 Nuclear transfer.

13.4 Gene therapy.

13.5 Examples and potential of gene therapy.

Glossary.

Appendices.

Nobel prize winners.

References.

Index.

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  • A modern post-genome era textbook
  • Takes students with a basic knowledge of the molecular side of biology to a deeper understanding of the complexities and capabilities of the latest post-genomic technologies
  • Emphasis on modern techniques but addressed from an example-driven perspective, ensuring that students do not get lost in the technology
  • Clear, crisp and informative full-colour illustrations to help students grasp key concepts and complex topics
  • An associated website includes illustrations, updates and extra content
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"It could be an excellent supporting book to go along with a more general text in a course covering molecular biology.” (Biochemistry and Molecular Education, July/ August 2004)

"...the list of relevant Nobel laureates at the end will be useful and was a delight…" (Heredity, Vol. 94, 2005)

"…the full range of topics one would wish to see in such a book are covered…I certainly welcome the book…" (Genetical Research, Vol.84, 2004)

" … invaluable to those looking to better understand the complexities and capabilities of these important new technologies." (Thaiszia Journal of Botany, Vol. 15; 173-185, 2005)

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Analysis of Genes and Genomes associated websiteVisit this associated website to view illustrations taken from the book (for use in PowerPoint), animations, questions and further links. Some parts of the site are password protected (for adopters). Please contact Wiley to obtain the password.
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