Practical Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy
Acronyms, Abbreviations and Symbols.
About the Author.
1 Methodology for Trace Elemental Analysis.
1.2 Analytical Terms and their Definitions.
1.4 Calibration Strategies.
1.5 Presentation of Data: Tables.
1.6 Presentation of Data: Graphs.
1.7 Calculations: Dilution Factors.
1.8 Quality Assurance and the Use of Certified Reference Materials.
2 Sample Preparation for Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy.
2.2 Aqueous Samples.
2.3 Solid Samples.
2.3.1 Decomposition Techniques.
2.4 Extraction Procedures.
3 Sample Introduction Procedures for Inductively Coupled Plasmas.
3.3 Spray Chambers and Desolvation Systems.
3.4 Discrete Sample Introduction.
3.5 Continuous Sample Introduction.
3.6 Hydride and Cold Vapour Techniques.
4 The Inductively Coupled Plasma and Other Sources.
4.2 Inductively Coupled Plasma.
4.3 Direct-Current Plasma.
4.4 Microwave-Induced Plasma.
4.5 Glow Discharge.
5 Inductively Coupled Plasma–Atomic Emission Spectroscopy.
5.1 Fundamentals of Spectroscopy.
5.2 Plasma Spectroscopy.
6 Inductively Coupled Plasma–Mass Spectrometry.
6.1 Fundamentals of Mass Spectrometry.
6.2 Inorganic Mass Spectrometry.
6.2.1 Ion Source: ICP.
6.4 Mass Spectrometer.
6.7 Isotope Dilution Analysis.
6.8 Mass Spectral Interpretation.
7 Selected Applications of Inductively Coupled Plasma Technology.
7.1 Forensic Science: Document Analysis.
7.2 Industrial Analysis: Coal.
7.3 Clinical/Biological Analysis: Whole Blood and Urine.
7.4 Materials Analysis: Gadolinium Oxide.
7.5 Environmental Analysis: Soil.
7.6 Food Analysis: Milk Products.
7.7 Pharmaceutical Analysis.
8 Further Information: Recording of Data and Selected Resources.
8.1 Recording of Information in the Laboratory.
8.1.2 Examples of Data Sheets.
8.2 Selected Resources.
8.2.1 Keeping ‘Up-to-Date’.
8.2.2 Basic Understanding of Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy (and Related Issues).
Responses to Self-Assessment Questions.
SI Units and Physical Constants.
John R. Dean took his first degree in Chemistry at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST), followed by an M.Sc. in Analytical Chemistry and Instrumentation at Loughborough University of Technology, and finally a Ph.D. and D.I.C. in Physical Chemistry at the Imperial College of Science and Technology (University of London). He then spent two years as a postdoctoral research fellow at the Food Science Laboratory of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food in Norwich, in conjunction with the Polytechnic of the South West in Plymouth. His work there was focused on the development of directly coupled high performance liquid chromatography and inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry methods for trace element speciation in foodstuffs. This was followed by a temporary lectureship in Inorganic Chemistry at Huddersfield Polytechnic. In 1988, he was appointed to a lectureship in Inorganic/Analytical Chemistry at Newcastle Polytechnic (now Northumbria University). This was followed by promotion to Senior Lecturer (1990), Reader 1994), Principal Lecturer (1998) and Associate Dean (Research) (2004). He was also awarded a personal chair in 2004. In 1998, he was awarded a D.Sc. (University of London) in Analytical and Environmental Science and was the recipient of the 23rd Society for Analytical Chemistry (SAC) Silver Medal in 1995. He has published extensively in analytical and environmental science. He is an active member of The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) Analytical Division, having served as a member of the atomic spectroscopy group for 15 years (10 as Honorary Secretary), as well as a past Chairman (1997–1999). He has served on the Analytical Division Council for three terms and is a former Vice-President (2002–2004), as well as a past-Chairman of the North-East Region of the RSC (2001–2003).
- Self-assessment questions and worked examples.
- Selected case studies
- Specific focus on inductively coupled plasmas and their use in atomic emission spectroscopy and mass spectrometry.
- Methods of sample introduction to inductively coupled plasma covered.
- Methods of sample preparation.
- Selected applications in environmental, food, and industrial analysis.
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