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Sustainable Design: The Science of Sustainability and Green Engineering

ISBN: 978-0-470-13062-9
352 pages
April 2008
Sustainable Design: The Science of Sustainability and Green Engineering  (0470130628) cover image
Scientific Principles to Guide Sustainable Design Decisions

From thermodynamics to fluid dynamics to computational chemistry, this book sets forth the scientific principles underlying the need for sustainable design, explaining not just the "hows" of sustainable design and green engineering, but also the "whys." Moreover, it provides readers with the scientific principles needed to guide their own sustainable design decisions. Throughout the book, the authors draw from their experience in architecture, civil engineering, environmental engineering, planning, and public policy in order to build an understanding of the interdisciplinary nature of sustainable design.

Written to enable readers to take a more scientific approach to sustainable design, the book offers many practical features, including:

  • Case studies presenting the authors' firsthand accounts of actual green projects
  • Lessons learned from Duke University's Smart House Program that demonstrate the concepts and techniques discussed in the book
  • Exercises that encourage readers to use their newfound knowledge to solve green design problems
  • Figures, tables, and sidebars illustrating key concepts and summarizing important points
For architects, designers, and engineers, this book enables them to not only implement green design methods, but also to choose these methods based on science. With its many examples, case studies, and exercises, the book is also an ideal textbook for students in civil and environmental engineering, construction, and architectural engineering.
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Preface.

CHAPTER 1. THE EVOLUTION OF DESIGN PROCESS.

Process: Linear and Cyclical Design.

Building Design Process.

Program or Problem Statement.

Skeletal Form or Schematic.

Systems Development.

Technical Detailing and Documentation/Implementation.

A Transitional Model.

The Synthovation/Regenerative Model.

The Necessity for Synthesis-Integrated Innovation in Sustainable Design.

Models from Nature of Integrated Systems Design.

Principles of Biomimicry.

Emerging Tools for Collaboration, Synthesis, and Innovation in Design.

Open-Source Software.

ThinkCycle.

BIM Tools.

Integration and Collaboration.

Notes and References.

CHAPTER 2. FIRST PRINCIPLES.

The Cascade of Science.

Physics.

Thermodynamics.

Systems.

Motion.

Green Mechanics.

Environmental Determinate Statics.

Applications of Physics in Green Engineering.

Mass and Work.

Power and Efficiency.

More about Forces.

Environmental Dynamics.

Fluids.

Bioenergetics.

Systematic Design and the Status Quo.

Notes and References.

CHAPTER 3. TRANSITIONS.

A Brief History.

How Clean Is Clean?

Donora, Pennsylvania.

Love Canal, New York.

The Bhopal Incident.

Control.

Ad Hoc and Post Hoc Life-Cycle Perspectives.

Intervention at the Source of Contamination.

Intervention at the Point of Release.

Intervention as a Contaminant Is Transported in the Environment.

Intervention to Control the Exposure.

Intervention at the Point of Response.

Thermodynamics and Stoichiometry.

Applying Thermal Processes for Treatment.

Thermal Destruction Systems.

Calculating Destruction Removal.

Formation of Unintended By-products.

Processes Other Than Incineration.

Pyrolysis.

Emerging Thermal Technologies.

Indirect Pollution.

Biology Is the Green Engineer’s Friend.

Pollution Prevention.

Notes and References.

CHAPTER 4. PLACE AND TIME.

Thermodynamics of Time and Space.

Soil: The Foundation of Sustainable Sites.

Green Architecture and the Sense of Place.

Pruitt Igoe: Lessons from the Land Ethic in 21st-Century Design.

Sustainability.

The Tragedy of the Commons.

Ethics of Place.

Implementing Sustainable Designs.

What’s Next?

Notes and References.

CHAPTER 5. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY.

Revisiting the Harm Principle: Managing Risks.

Justice: The Key to Sustainable Design.

Evolution of Responsible Conduct.

Concurrent Design.

Benchmarking.

Notes and References.

CHAPTER 6. THE SUSTAINABILITY IMPERATIVE.

Green Practice and the Case for Sustainable Design.

Social Responsibility: The Ethical and Social Dimensions of Sustainable Design.

The Green Categorical Imperative.

Environmental Justice.

Environmental Impact Statements and the Complaint Paradigm.

The Role of the Design Professions.

Professional Competence.

Green Design: Both Integrated and Specialized.

Notes and References.

CHAPTER 7. THE CARBON QUANDARY: ESSENTIAL AND DETRIMENTAL.

Carbon and Rain.

Global Warming.

Carbon Sequestration.

The Good, the Bad, and the Misunderstood.

Notes and References.

CHAPTER 8. WE HAVE MET THE FUTURE AND IT IS GREEN.

Predictions for the Future.

Science

The Professions.

The Government.

Education.

Energy.

Economics.

From Sustainable to Regenerative Design.

Mass Production to Mass Customization.

Lessons from the First-Years.

Studio I: Survey of the Literature.

Studio II: Application of Sustainability Principles and Concepts.

Studio III: Innovation.

Low-Tech Design Based on Outside-the-Box Thinking.

Integrated Life-Cycle Thinking.

Human Factors and Sustainability.

Seeing the Future through Green-Colored Glasses.

Notes and References.

Index.

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Daniel Vallero, PhD, is Adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University, where he leads the Engineering Ethics Program and teaches courses in green engineering and professional ethics. He has also conducted research related to environmental exposures and risk in human populations and ecosystems and has advised policy-makers around the world on a variety of human health risks and ecological issues.

Chris Brasier, AIA, LEED AP, is a Principal with SmithGroup, an architectural, engineering and planning practice. He is also a Lecturer in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Duke University where he is Director of the Architectural Engineering Certificate Program and co-teachesa course with Dr. Vallero in green engineering.

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  • Introduces case studies of actual green projects the authors have worked on in their positions as an architect and engineer.
  • Student exercises will help develop awareness of issues, and encourage students to think outside the box in tackling design problems.
  • Authors will bring experience from several fields including architecture, civil engineering, environmental engineering, planning, and public policy, highlighting the interdisciplinary aspect of sustainable design
  • Illustrated with practical case studies from the author's own work.
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Vallero and architect Brasier, who coteach a course in green engineering at Duke University, wrote this book to assist architects and engineers in understanding the scientific principles underlying sustainable design. As such, this is not a catalog of green products and how they work, but a course in the basics of thermodynamics, the science of pollution, and professional ethics. The authors begin by outlining a "synthovation/regenerative model" of design to replace the stepwise model of the past. Rather than compartmentalizing the expertise of the various professionals involved in the design process and fitting them into successive steps, the synthovation/regenerative model combines synthesis and innovation with a team-based approach that makes use of individuals' expertise throughout the design process. This model is a recurring theme in the chapters that describe the need for an approach to sustainable design that is based on sound science and goes beyond greenwashing. The science chapters may be too much for some readers and not enough for others. Nevertheless, this is a good introduction to the science behind green design. Recommended for architecture and engineering libraries.
—Amy Trendler, Ball State Univ. Libs., Muncie, IN (Library Journal, September 1, 2008)
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Sustainable Design: The Science of Sustainability and Green Engineering (US $95.00)

-and- Contractors Guide to Green Building Construction: Management, Project Delivery, Documentation, and Risk Reduction (US $90.00)

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