Urban Design and People
PART ONE: BACKGROUND.
Overview - how people have occupied space and who decides.
1. People and Place - how people have shaped their worlds.
The "movement" and the civic environment.
Organizational responses to the rise of citizen participation.
Growing pains - the challenges of citizen participation.
Where we may be heading.
2. Urban Design Traditions ? spatial models in the built world.
The organic tradition - naturalistic, indigenous, vernacular, incremental, informal, romantic, picturesque.
The formalist tradition - planned, classical, the grid, monumental, beaux arts, the grand manner, city beautiful, new urbanism.
The modernist tradition - functionalist, rational, technological, utilitarian, clean, efficient.
Interactions and overlaps of the three traditions.
Getting to where we are today.
Environmental responses - from exploitation to balance.
Design responses - from old urbanism to new urbanism.
Citizen participation and urban design - from receiver to transmitter.
The place design disciplines - from divergence to convergence.
PART TWO: CONTENT.
Overview - the elements of urban design.
3. The Physical Environment - the places people occupy.
The Natural World.
The Built World - what people have done with it.
Synthesis - building, lot, block and street put together.
Parking and utilities.
The larger territories.
towns and cities.
4. Human Activity - what people have to do, want to do and where they do it.
5. Connections - the infrastructure that connects people.
PART THREE: PRINCIPLES.
Overview - principles for urban design theory and practice.
6. Design - design matters.
Good design makes better places.
Design places to reflect the people who are or will be there.
Design places consciously and holistically.
Design is an essential skill.
Beware of "solutionism".
Design in the context of time - and motion.
7. Change - change happens.
Framework for understanding and managing change.
Trends in change management.
The triad of vision, information and action.
Provide for choice.
8. Organization - coordination and partnership.
Principles for guiding community organizations.
Principles for guiding private sector organizations.
Principles for guiding governmental organizations.
PART FOUR: PROCESSES.
Overview - what it takes to get it done.
9. Rules - that make places what they are.
Public improvement plans.
Public works standards.
Land development rules at the state and federal levels.
Special purpose rules.
Building and life safety rules.
10. Tools - using the right tool makes the job easier.
Process tools and resources.
Rules to tools.
11. Techniques - using the tools.
attitudinal and behavioral considerations.
PART FIVE: STRATEGIES.
12. Strategies - sample applications.
Strategic considerations for communities.
Strategic considerations for urban designers.
Growth choices for regions.
Strategic considerations for towns and cities.
District strategies - centers and corridors.
Strategic considerations for neighborhoods.