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Sustainable Preservation: Greening Existing Buildings

Jean Carroon, Richard Moe (Foreword by)
ISBN: 978-0-470-16911-7
432 pages
November 2010
Sustainable Preservation: Greening Existing Buildings (0470169117) cover image
A guide to green strategies for preservation and adaptive reuse—and the power of preservation/reuse as a green strategy.

Buildings account for nearly forty percent of both total energy use and carbon emissions in the United States. With one of the country's leading preservation architects as your guide, Sustainable Preservation explores the power of adaptive reuse to reduce those numbers and move us toward sustainability. It shows how an icon such as H.H. Richardson's Trinity Church in Boston can go green—and why a 1970s strip-mall supermarket not only deserves similar attention but can also emerge as a building that delights users.

Sustainable Preservation takes a nuanced look at the hundreds of choices that adaptive reuse requires architects to make—from ingenious ways to redeploy existing structural elements to time-honored techniques for natural ventilation to creation of wetlands that restore a site's natural biological functions. In addition, Sustainable Preservation:

  • Presents fifty case studies of projects—schools, houses, offices, stores, museums, and government buildings—that set new standards for holistic approaches to adaptive reuse and sustainability

  • Covers design issues, from building location to lighting systems, renewable power options, stormwater handling, and building envelope protection and integrity.

  • Reviews operational issues, including materials choices for low lifetime maintenance, green housekeeping, and indoor air quality

  • Explains calculators and programs that supplement the LEED® green building certification program requirements to yield even greater environmental benefits

Sustainable Preservation makes a compelling argument that preservation and sustainability don't just protect the environment, but deliver a full range of societal benefits, from job creation to stronger social connection.

On the Cover: Trinity Church in Boston: Under the leadership of Jean Carroon, Goody Clancy recently completed restoration and expansion of H.H. Richardson's 1877 masterpiece, Trinity Church. Significant environmental aspects include a new below-grade assembly space that incorporates the structure's massive stone piers; installation of ground-source heat pumps that dramatically reduce heating and cooling requirements; complete on-site management of all stormwater; and full use of local, recycled, and low-VOC materials.

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FOREWORD (Richard Moe).

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.

PART 1: OVERVIEW.

CHAPTER 1: BUILDINGS AND ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP—UNDERSTANDING THE ISSUES.

1.1 Climate Change and Buildings—the Imperative.

1.2 Historically Green—What Makes Existing Buildings Green.

1.3 Terminology of Evolving Green Design.

1.4 Rethinking Assumptions—Holistic Design.

1.5 There Is No Finish—Creating a Culture of Reuse, Repair, and Renewal.

CASE STUDIES.

People's Food Co-op, Portland, OR.

Harris Center for Conservation Education, Hancock, NH.

Trinity Church in the City of Boston, Boston, MA.

U. S. Naval Academy Historic Academic Group, Annapolis, MD.

Forbes Park, Chelsea, MA.

CHAPTER 2: BUILDINGS AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT—UNDERSTANDING THE GOALS.

2.1 Sustainable Development versus Sustainable Design.

2.2 The Triple Bottom Line—People, Planet, and Profit.

2.3 The Triple Bottom Line and Historic Preservation.

2.4 Regional/Community Connectivity.

2.5 Interwoven History of Sustainability and Historic Preservation.

CASE STUDIES.

CCI Center, Pittsburgh, PA.

Center for Neighborhood Technology, Chicago, IL.

Philadelphia Forensic Science Center, Philadelphia, PA.

Brewers Hill (Natty Boh Building), Baltimore, MD.

Denver Dry Building, Denver, CO.

CHAPTER 3: TOOLS, GUIDELINES, AND PROCESS—BALANCING THE GOALS.

3.1 Balancing Objective and Subjective Goals—Integrated Design.

3.2 Green Tools and Metrics—Urban and Campus.

3.3 Green Tools and Metrics—Building and Site.

3.4 Historic Property Designation and Treatment Guidelines.

3.5 Balancing Systems and Guidelines—Whole Building Design.

CASE STUDIES.

Whitaker Street Building, Savannah, GA.

Alliance Center for Sustainable Colorado, Denver, CO.

Thoreau Center for Sustainability, San Francisco, CA.

Gerding Theater (Portland Center Stage), Portland, OR.

Howard M. Metzenbaum U. S. Courthouse, Cleveland, OH.

PART II: TARGETED RESOURCE CONSERVATION.

CHAPTER 4: WATER AND SITE.

4.1 Water—The Most Precious Commodity.

4.2 Watersheds, Stormwater, and Site Design.

4.3 Water and Energy Systems.

4,4 Water and Mechanical Systems.

4.5 Water and Sewage Systems.

4.6 Closing the Circle—Reuse, Management, Education, Delight.

CASE STUDIES.

The Welcome and Admission Center at Roger H. Perry Hall, Champlain College, Burlington, VT.

Chicago Center for Green Technology, Chicago, IL.

Blackstone Station Offi ce Renovation, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.

Immaculate Heart of Mary Motherhouse, Monroe, MI.

Lazarus Building, Columbus, OH.

CHAPTER 5: ENERGY—NOT THE ONLY, ISSUE BUT . . . .

5.1 Energy Overview.

5.2 Less Is More—Avoided Impacts.

5.3 Reducing and Shifting Electrical Loads.

5.4 The Building Enclosure.

5.5 Avoiding Silos.

CASE STUDIES.

Cambridge City Hall Annex, Cambridge, MA.

S.T. Dana Building, U. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Lion House, Bronx Zoo, Bronx, NY.

Scowcroft Building, Ogden, UT.

John W. McCormack Federal Building, Boston, MA.

CHAPTER 6: INDOOR HEALTH—LIGHT, AIR, AND HEALTH.

6.1 Indoor Air Pollution.

6.2 Air Quality and Ventilation.

6.3 Light and Connections to Nature.

6.4 Healthy Spaces and Productivity.

6.5 Renewal and Delight.

CASE STUDIES.

AIA Honolulu, Honolulu, HI.

Boulder Associates Office, Boulder, CO.

NRDC Southern California Office (Robert Redford Building), CA.

Alberici Corporate Headquarters, Overland, MO.

Montgomery Park Business Center, Baltimore, MD.

CHAPTER 7: MATERIALS AND RESOURCES—REDUCE, REPAIR, REUSE, RECYCLE.

7.1 Consumption and Waste—A Throwaway Culture.

7.2 Diverting Waste—Reuse, Recycle, Downcycle.

7.3 Identifying Better Products.

7.4 Resource Optimization—Extending Service Life.

7.5 Changing Priorities Ahead—Respecting both Past and Future.

CASE STUDIES.

StopWaste, Oakland, CA.

The Barn at Fallingwater, Mill Run, PA.

Pittsburgh Glass Center, Pittsburgh, PA.

North Dakota State University School of Visual Arts & Architecture, Fargo, ND.

Children's Museum of Pittsburgh Expansion, Pittsburgh, PA.

PART III: OF SPECIAL NOTE.

CHAPTER 8: BEST PRACTICES—OPERATIONS, MAINTENANCE, AND CHANGE.

8.1 Opportunities—Essential and Immediate.

8.2 Implementation Tools.

8.3 Housekeeping—Continual Improvement.

8.4 O & M—the User Impact.

8.5 Best Practice—Facilitating Change.

CASE STUDIES.

St. Stephen's Episcopal K-8 School, Harrisburg, PA.

Candler Library Renovation, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

Jean Vollum Natural Capital Center, Portland, OR.

Eastern Village Cohousing Condominiums, Silver Spring, MD.

Felician Sisters Convent and School, Coraopolis, PA.

CHAPTER 9: HOUSES.

9.1 Houses—The Impact of Our Choices.

9.2 Energy Conservation, Envelope, and Alternative Energy.

9.3 Holistic Water Conservation.

9.4 Materials—Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Repair, and Renew.

9.5 Changing Behavior and Options—Living Sustainably.

CASE STUDIES.

Hanvey House, North Vancouver, BC.

Solar Umbrella House, Venice, CA.

Capitol Hill House, Seattle, WA.

Adeline Street Urban Salvage Project, Berkeley, CA.

Chicago Bungalows, Chicago, IL.

CHAPTER 10: THE RECENT PAST.

10.1 The Recent Past—Modern Architecture, Boomer Buildings.

10.2 Preservation Challenges.

10.3 Environmental Dilemmas.

10.4 Strategies for Renewal.

10.5 Lessons Learned.

CASE STUDIES.

Karges-Faulconbridge Offi ce Building, Roseville, MN.

Crown Hall, Chicago, IL.

North Boulder Recreation Center, Boulder, CO.

California College of the Arts, San Francisco, CA.

Vancouver Island Technology Park, Victoria, BC.

INDEX.

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JEAN CARROON, FAIA, LEED AP, leads Goody Clancy's highly regarded preservation practice, based in Boston. She has earned national recognition for her expertise in applying sustainable-design technology to historic buildings, including more than a dozen National Historic Landmarks. She has directed the adaptive reuse and preservation of signature buildings in a broad range of sectors, including educational, civic, and cultural projects for clients such as Harvard University and the National Park Service. Carroon has been overseeing renovation of more than fifty historic structures on the St. Elizabeth's West Campus in Washington, D.C., which will become the home of the Department of Homeland Security. A member of the National Trust for Historic Preservation Sustainability Coalition and the Advisory Group of the AIA Historic Resources Committee, she helped draft the Pocantico Proclamation on Sustainability and Historic Preservation.
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