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Handbook for Blast Resistant Design of Buildings

ISBN: 978-0-470-17054-0
512 pages
January 2010, ©2010
Handbook for Blast Resistant Design of Buildings (0470170549) cover image

Unique single reference supports functional and cost-efficient designs of blast resistant buildings

Now there's a single reference to which architects, designers, and engineers can turn for guidance on all the key elements of the design of blast resistant buildings that satisfy the new ASCE Standard for Blast Protection of Buildings as well as other ASCE, ACI, and AISC codes. The Handbook for Blast Resistant Design of Buildings features contributions from some of the most knowledgeable and experienced consultants and researchers in blast resistant design.

This handbook is organized into four parts:

  • Part 1, Design Considerations, sets forth basic principles, examining general considerations in the design process; risk analysis and reduction; criteria for acceptable performance; materials performance under the extraordinary blast environment; and performance verification for technologies and solution methodologies.

  • Part 2, Blast Phenomena and Loading, describes the explosion environment, loading functions needed for blast response analysis, and fragmentation and associated methods for effects analysis.

  • Part 3, System Analysis and Design, explains the analysis and design considerations for structural, building envelope, component space, site perimeter, and building system designs.

  • Part 4, Blast Resistant Detailing, addresses the use of concrete, steel, and masonry in new designs as well as retrofitting existing structures.

As the demand for blast resistant buildings continues to grow, readers can turn to the Handbook for Blast Resistant Design of Buildings, a unique single source of information, to support competent, functional, and cost-efficient designs.

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Preface.

Contributors.

I DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS.

1 General Considerations for Blast-Resistant Design (Donald O. Dusenberry).

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Design Approaches.

1.3 The Blast Environment.

1.4 Structure As an Influence on Blast Loads.

1.5 Structural Response.

1.6 Nonstructural Elements.

1.7 Effect of Mass.

1.8 Systems Approach.

1.9 Information Sensitivity.

1.10 Summary.

References.

2 Design Considerations (Robert Ducibella and James Cunningham).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 A New Paradigm for Designing Blast-Resistant Buildings, Venues, and Sites.

2.3 A Brief History of Recent Terrorist Attacks.

2.4 Collaborating to Analyze Risk.

2.5 Consequence Management.

2.6 Threat Reduction.

2.7 Vulnerability Reduction.

2.8 Risk Acceptance.

2.9 Some Recent Examples of Security Design "Best Practices".

2.10 Related Phenomena.

2.11 Security Design Consideration Guidelines.

2.12 Conclusion.

References.

3 Performance Criteria for Blast-Resistant Structural Components (Charles J. Oswald).

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Building and Component Performance Criteria.

3.3 Response Parameters.

3.4 Empirical Correlations between Response Parameters and Component Damage.

3.5 Response Criteria Development.

3.6 Response Criteria Limitations.

References.

4 Materials Performance (Andrew Whittaker and John Abruzzo).

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Structural Steel.

4.3 Reinforced Concrete.

4.4 Strength-Reduction Factors for Steel and Reinforced Concrete.

References.

5 Performance Verification (Curt Betts).

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Performance Verification.

5.3 Testing.

5.4 Analysis.

5.5 Peer Review.

References.

II BLAST PHENOMENA AND LOADINGS.

6 Blast Phenomena (Paul F. Mlakar and Darrell Barker).

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Sources of Blasts.

6.3 Characteristics of Blast Waves.

6.4 Prediction of Blast Parameters.

6.5 Summary.

References.

7 Blast Loading (Paul F. Mlakar and William Bounds).

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Empirical Method.

7.3 Front Wall Loads.

7.4 Side Wall and Roof Loads.

7.5 Rear Wall Loads.

7.6 Confined Explosions.

7.7 Leakage.

7.8 Ray-Tracing Procedures.

7.9 Summary.

References.

8 Fragmentation (Kim King).

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Debris.

8.3 Loadings.

8.4 Design Fragment Parameters.

8.5 Fragment Impact Damage.

III SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN.

9 Structural Systems Design (Robert Smilowitz and Darren Tennant).

9.1 General Discussion.

9.2 Modeling.

9.3 Analytical Approaches.

9.4 Progressive Collapse.

References.

10 Building Envelope and Glazing (Eve Hinman and Christopher Arnold).

10.1 Design Intent.

10.2 Design Approach.

10.3 Fenestration. 

10.4 Exterior Walls.

10.5 Roof Systems.

10.6 Below Grade.

10.7 Reduction of Blast Pressures.

References.

11 Protection of Spaces (MeeLing Moy and Andrew Hart).

11.1 Areas Isolating Interior Threats.

11.2 Stairwell Enclosures.

11.3 Hardened Plenums.

11.4 Safe Havens.

References.

12 Defended Perimeter (Joseph L. Smith and Charles C. Ellison).

12.1 Goals.

12.2 Standoff.

12.3 Vehicle Control Barriers.

12.4 Pedestrian Control Barriers.

12.5 Blast Walls and Berms.

References.

13 Blast-Resistant Design of Building Systems (Scott Campbell and James Ruggieri).

13.1 Background.

13.2 Introduction.

13.3 Design Considerations.

13.4 Loading Calculation.

13.5 Summary.

References.

IV BLAST-RESISTANT DETAILING.

14 Blast-Resistant Design Concepts and Member Detailing (Steven Smith and W. Gene Corley).

14.1 General.

14.2 Failure Modes.

14.3 Detailing.

References.

15 Blast-Resistant Design Concepts and Member Detailing: Steel (Charles Carter).

15.1 General.

15.2 Blast Effects on Structural Steel and Composite Structures.

15.3 Analysis and Design of Structural Members.

15.4 Steel Material Properties for Blast Design.

15.5 Design Criteria for Blast Design.

15.6 Examples.

15.7 Design of Connections.

References.

16 Blast-Resistant Design Concepts and Member Detailing: Masonry(Shalva Marjanishvili).

16.1 General Considerations.

16.2 Failure Modes.

16.3 Reinforced Masonry Detailing.

16.4 Unreinforced Masonry.

References.

17 Retrofit of Structural Components and Systems (John E. Crawford and L. Javier Malvar).

17.1 Introduction.

17.2 Retrofit of Columns.

17.3 Retrofit of Walls.

17.4 Floors.

17.5 Beams/Girders/Connections.

17.6 Structural System.

17.7 References.

References.

Index.

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DONALD O. DUSENBERRY, PE, is Senior Principal of Simpson Gumpertz & Heger Inc., where he has worked since 1975. He is also the Committee Chair of the ASCE/SEI Blast Protection of Buildings Standard Committee and the ASCE/SEI Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures Standard Committee, and he serves on the Board of Governors of the ASCE Structural Engineering Institute. Serving as the principal investigator, Mr. Dusenberry studied the sinking of the Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge near Seattle, the collapse of L'Ambiance Plaza in Bridgeport, and the 9/11 attack on New York City's World Trade Center.
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Do you think you've discovered an error in this book? Please check the list of errata below to see if we've already addressed the error. If not, please submit the error via our Errata Form. We will attempt to verify your error; if you're right, we will post a correction below.

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