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Principles and Modern Applications of Mass Transfer Operations, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 978-0-470-18178-2
648 pages
February 2009
Principles and Modern Applications of Mass Transfer Operations, 2nd Edition (0470181788) cover image
A problem-solving approach that helps students master new material and put their knowledge into practice

The Second Edition of the acclaimed Principles and Modern Applications of Mass Transfer Operations continues to provide a thorough, accessible text that gives students the support and the tools they need to quickly move from theory to application. This latest edition has been thoroughly revised and updated with new discussions of such developing topics as membrane separations, ion exchange, multistage batch distillation, and chromatography and other adsorptive processes. Moreover, the Second Edition now covers mass transfer phenomena in biological systems, making the text appropriate for students in biochemical engineering as well as chemical engineering.

Complementing the author's clear discussions are several features that help students quickly master new material and put their knowledge into practice, including:

  • Twenty-five to thirty problems at the end of each chapter that enable students to use their newfound knowledge to solve problems

  • Examples and problems that help students become proficient working with Mathcad

  • Figures and diagrams that illustrate and clarify complex concepts and processes

  • References facilitating further in-depth research into particular topics

  • Ten appendices filled with helpful data and reference materials

Ideal for a first course in mass transfer operations, this text has proven to be invaluable to students in chemical and environmental engineering as well as researchers and university faculty.

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Preface to the Second Edition.

Preface to the First Edition.

Nomenclature.

1. Fundamentals of Mass Transfer.

1.1 introduction.

1.2 Molecular Mass Transfer.

1.3 The Diffusion Coefficient.

1.4 Steady-State Molecular Diffusion in Fluids.

1.5 Steady-State Diffusion in Solids.

1.6 Diffusion with Homogeneous Reaction.

1.7 Analogies Among Molecular Transfer Phenomena.

Problems.

References.

2. Convective Mass Transfer.

2.1 introduction.

2.2 Mass-Transfer Coefficients.

2.3 Dimensional Analysis.

2.4 Flow Past Flat Plate; Boundary Layer.

2.5 Mass- and Heat-Transfer Analogies.

2.6 Convective Mass-Transfer Correlations.

2.7 Estimation of Multicomponent Mass-Transfer Coefficients.

Problems.

References.

3. Interphase Mass Transfer.

3.1 introduction.

3.2 Equilibrium.

3.3 Diffusion Between Phases.

3.4 Material Balances.

3.5 Equilibrium-Stage Operations.

Problems.

References.

4. Equipment for Gas-Liquid Mass-Transfer Operations.

4.1 introduction.

4.2 Gas-Liquid Operations: Liquid Dispersed.

4.3 Gas-Liquid Operations: Gas Dispersed.

Problems.

References.

5. Absorption and Stripping.

5.1 introduction.

5.2 Countercurrent Multistage Equipment.

5.3 Countercurrent Continuous-Contact Equipment.

5.4 Thermal Effects During Absorption and Stripping.

Problems.

References.

6. Distillation.

6.1 introduction.

6.2 Single-Stage Operation-Flash Vaporization.

6.3 Differential Distillation.

6.4 Continuous Rectification-Binary Systems.

6.5 Mccabe-Thiele Method for Trayed Towers.

6.6 Binary Distillation in Packed Towers.

6.7 Multicomponent Distillation.

6.8 Fenske-Underwood-Gilliland Method.

6.9 Rigorous Calculation Procedures for Multicomponent Distillation.

6.10 Batch Distillation.

Problems.

References.

7. Liquid-Liquid Extraction.

7.1 introduction.

7.2 Liquid Equilibria.

7.3 Stagewise Liquid-Liquid Extraction.

7.4 Equipment for Liquid-Liquid Extraction.

Problems.

References.

8. Humidification Operations.

8.1 introduction.

8.2 Equilibrium Considerations.

8.3 Adiabatic Gas-Liquid Contact Operations.

Problems.

References.

9. Membranes, Solid Sorption Agents.

9.1 introduction.

9.2 Mass Transfer in Membranes.

9.3 Equilibrium in Porous Sorbents.

9.4 Mass Transfer in Fixed Beds of Sorbents.

9.5 Applications of Membrane-Seperation Processes.

9.6 Applications of Sorption Processes.

Problems.

References.

Appendix A Binary Diffusion Coefficients.

Appendix B Lennard-Jones Constants.

Appendix C Maxwell-Stefan Equations.

Appendix D Packed-Column Design .

Appendix E Sieve-Tray Design Program.

Appendix F-1 Mcabe-Thiele Liquid Feed.

Appendix F-2 McCabe-Thiele Vapor Feed.

Appendix G-1 Single-Stage Extraction.

Appendix G-2 Multistage Crosscurrent Extraction.

Appendix H Constants and Unit Conversions.

Index.

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Jaime Benítez, PhD, has been teaching mass transfer operations to chemical engineers for some thirty-two years. Dr. Benítez is a Professor in the Chemical Engineering Department of the University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez.
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  • Updated to include chapters and discussion on increasingly important technologies like membrane separations, chromatography and other adsorptive processes, ion exchange, electrophoresis, and multistage batch distillation.
  • Covers mass transfer phenomena in biological systems, making the text appropriate for students in biochemical engineering as well as chemical engineering

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  • Takes a didactic approach, ideal for those unfamiliar with Mass-Transfer Operation principles
  • Integrates computational software and problems using Mathcad
  • Features 25-30 problems at the end of each chapter that enable students to use their newfound knowledge to solve problems
  • Includes figures and diagrams that illustrate and clarify complex concepts and processes
  • References facilitating further in-depth research into particular topics

  • Concludes with 10 appendices filled with helpful data and reference materials

  • Solutions manual available online. Click here for further information.

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