Building Type Basics for Elementary and Secondary Schools, 2nd Edition
Building Type Basics for Elementary and Secondary Schools, Second Edition is your one-stop reference for the essential information you need to confidently begin the design process and successfully complete the design for elementary and secondary schools, large or small, on time and within budget. Bradford Perkins shares his firsthand knowledge in order to guide architects, planners, engineers, and their clients through all aspects of the design of school facilities. This new edition is up-to-date with the latest developments in school design with a fresh look at technology’s influence in the classroom, along with current research that shows how school buildings can impact teaching and learning. Highly illustrated and filled with new school case studies with project photographs, diagrams, floor plans, sections, and details, this book combines in-depth coverage of the structural, mechanical, acoustic, traffic, and safety issues unique to schools, with the nuts-and-bolts design guidelines that will start any project off on the right track and keep it there through completion. This new edition offers:
- Numerous photographs, diagrams, plans, and sections
- An expanded and detailed guide for programming school facilities
- A new chapter on circulation and basic planning options
- New material on current trends in school planning and design
- A new chapter on sustainable design ideas
- An updated chapter on technology in schools
- An expanded discussion of international school design opportunities and issues
The Learning Process.
School Programming and Planning Guidelines.
Early Childhood and Kindergarten.
Middle Schools and High Schools.
Future School Facility Spaces.
3. Design Concerns and Process.
The Planning, Design, and Implementation Process.
Common Problems and Cautions.
Trends in School Planning and Design.
Unique Design Concerns.
4. Site Planning.
Urban Site Selection.
Suburban Site Selection.
Elementary School Play Areas.
Security and Safety Concepts in Site and Building Design.
Sustainable Site Design.
Appropriate Building Systems and Construction Practices.
Fiscal and Anticorruption Controls.
6. Sustainable Design Issues.
Materials and Resources.
7. Structural Systems.
Prefabricated and Preengineered Structures.
8. Mechanical Systems.
Preschools and Kindergartens.
Middle and Secondary Schools.
9. Electrical/Communications Systems.
Impact of Technology.
Space Requirements: Rules of Thumb.
10. Technology and Special Equipment.
Technology’s Impact on Learning Space Design.
Common Material Selections for Primary Spaces.
Durability and Maintenance.
Considerations in Material Selection for Schools.
12. Acoustic Control.
Acoustical Performance: Materials and Spatial Proportions.
Hearing Impairment and ADA Requirements.
13. Lighting Design.
Light Levels, Light Reflectance Values, and Glare.
Electric Lighting Systems.
Windows and Daylighting.
14. Interior Issues.
General Use Space.
Color and Light.
To Build New or to Renovate?
17. International Design Issues and Opportunities.
Planning and Design Issues.
18. Operation and Maintenance.
New School Construction.
Existing School Buildings.
19. Cost Issues.
Other Factors that Can Affect Costs.
Value Engineering and Life-Cycle Cost Analysis.
Public School Financing.
Private School Financing.
Appendix A: Sample Space Program for an Elementary School, Grades PK–5.
Appendix B: Sample Space Program for a Middle School, Grades 6–8.
Appendix C: Sample Space Program for a High School, Grades 9–12.
Bibliography and References.
RAYMOND C. BORDWELL, AIA, LEED AP, a principal of Perkins Eastman, is focused on the design of elementary and secondary schools.