Textbook
Transport Modeling for Environmental Engineers and Scientists, 2nd EditionISBN: 9780470260722
664 pages
September 2009, ©2009

Description
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments.
List of Symbols.
1 Conservation Laws and Continua.
1.1. Introduction.
1.2. Conservation Laws: Systems Approach.
1.3. Conservation Laws: Control Volume Approach.
1.4. Conservation Laws: Differential Element Approach.
1.5. Continua.
1.6. Sources, Sinks, Reactions, and Box Models.
1.7. Summary.
Exercises.
References.
Bibliography.
2 LowConcentration Particle Suspensions and Flows.
2.1. Introduction.
2.2. Drag on a Sphere.
2.3. Drag Force on Nonspherical Particles.
2.4. Low Reynolds Number Particle Dynamics and Stokes’ Law.
2.5. Particle Motions in Electric Fields.
2.6. Quiescent and PerfectMix Batch Sedimentation.
2.7. Continuous Sedimentation Processes.
2.8. Inertial Forces on Particles and Stopping Distance.
2.9. Inertial Forces in Particle Flows.
2.10. Rotating Flows.
2.11. Centrifugation.
2.12. Summary.
Exercises.
References.
Bibliography.
3 Interactions of Small Charged Particles.
3.1. Introduction.
3.2. Importance of Surface.
3.3. Acquisition of Surface Charge.
3.4. Particle Size, Shape, and Polydispersity.
3.5. The Double Layer and Colloidal Stability.
3.6. The SchulzeHardy Rule.
3.7. Electrophoresis and Zeta Potential.
3.8. Particle Collision and Fast Coagulation.
3.9. Slow Coagulation.
3.10. Summary.
Exercises.
References.
Bibliography.
4 Adsorption, Partitioning, and Interfaces.
4.1. Introduction.
4.2. Accumulation of Solutes at Interfaces.
4.3. Adsorption at SolidLiquid and SolidGas Interfaces.
4.4. Adsorption Isotherms.
4.5. Linear Equilibrium Partitioning Between Two Phases.
4.6. Partitioning and Separation in Flow Systems.
4.7. Summary.
Exercises.
References.
Bibliography.
5 Basic Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Transport.
5.1. Introduction.
5.2. The Joy of Fluid Mechanics.
5.3. The NavierStokes Equations.
5.4. Fluid Statics and the Buoyancy Force.
5.5. Capillarity and Interfacial Tension.
5.6. The Modified Pressure and FreeSurface Flows.
5.7. Steady Unidirectional Circular Streamline Flows.
5.8. Fluid Shear Stresses and the Viscosity of Newtonian Fluids.
5.9. Slip Flow.
5.10. FieldFlow Fractionation.
5.11. Nonsteady Unidirectional Flows: Stokes' First Problem.
5.12. Low Reynolds Number Flows.
5.13. Ideal Fluids, Potential Flows, and Stream Functions.
5.14. The Bernoulli Equation.
5.15. Steady Viscous Momentum Boundary Layers.
5.16. Turbulent Flows.
5.17. Summary.
Exercises.
References.
Bibliography.
6 Diffusive Mass Transport.
6.1. Introduction.
6.2. Thermodynamics of Diffusion.
6.3. Fick’s First Law and General Diffusive Transport.
6.4. The Diffusion Coefficient.
6.5. SteadyState Diffusion Problems with No Overall Diffusive Mass Transfer.
6.6. SteadyState Mass Balances Over Differential Elements.
6.7. Fick’s Second Law and NonsteadyState Diffusion.
6.8. Effective Diffusion Coefficients in Porous Media.
6.9. Hindered Diffusion.
6.10. When Chemicals Diffuse Against a Concentration Gradient.
6.11. Summary.
Exercises.
References.
Bibliography.
7 Convective Diffusion, Dispersion, and Mass Transfer.
7.1. Introduction and Simple Example of Convective Diffusion.
7.2. The ConvectiveDiffusion Equation.
7.3. Mass Transport in Steady Laminar Flow in a Cylindrical Tube.
7.4. TaylorAris Dispersion.
7.5. Turbulent Dispersion: The Lagrangian Approach.
7.6. Turbulent Dispersion: The Eulerian Approach.
7.7. Mass Transfer in Laminar Flow Along Reacting or Dissolving Solid Surfaces.
7.8. MassTransfer Coefficients, Models, and Correlations for Laminar and Turbulent Flows.
7.9. Interphase Mass Transport and Resistance Models.
7.10. Summary.
Exercises.
References.
8 Filtration and Mass Transport in Porous Media.
8.1. Introduction.
8.2. Porosity, Velocity, and Porous Media Continua.
8.3. Coefficients of Mechanical, Molecular, and Hydrodynamic Dispersion.
8.4. Porous Media Dispersion Equation in a Homogeneous Isotropic Medium.
8.5. Solution of the Dispersion Equation in an Infinite OneDimensional Medium.
8.6. Analytical Chromatography.
8.7. Filtration.
8.8. Osmotic Pressure and Reverse Osmosis.
8.9. Summary.
Exercises.
References.
Bibliography.
9 Reaction Kinetics.
9.1. Introduction.
9.2. FirstOrder Reactions.
9.3. SecondOrder Reactions.
9.4. PseudoFirstOrder Reactions.
9.5. ZeroOrder Reactions.
9.6. Elementary and Nonelementary Reactions.
9.7. Simple Series and Parallel Reactions.
9.8. Reversible Reactions.
9.9. Characteristic Reaction Times.
9.10. Arrhenius' Law and the Effect of Temperature on Reaction Rate.
9.11. The Fastest Reactions: DiffusionControlled Reactions.
9.12. Summary.
Exercises.
References.
Bibliography.
10 Mixing and Reactor Modeling.
10.1. Introduction.
10.2. Simple ClosedReactor and ResidenceTime Distributions.
10.3. Measurement of ResidenceTime Distributions.
10.4. ResidenceTime Distributions from Discrete Data.
10.5. Perfect Mixing and Ideal Plug Flow.
10.6. F, W, and Disinfection.
10.7. Moments of ResidenceTime Distributions.
10.8. Other ResidenceTime Models.
10.9. AxialDispersion Model.
10.10. Fitting ResidenceTime Distributions to Data.
10.11. Mixing and Reactions.
10.12. Summary.
Exercises.
References.
Bibliography.
Appendix I. S I Units and Physical Constants.
Bibliography.
Appendix II. Review of Vectors.
Bibliography.
Appendix III. Equations of Fluid Mechanics and Convective Diffusion in Rectangular, Cylindrical, and Spherical Coordinates.
Bibliography.
Appendix IV. Physical Properties of Water and Air.
Bibliography.
Index.
Author Information
New to This Edition

Updated to include the latest developments in biotechnology, nanotechnology, indoor air quality, micropollutants and membranes

Includes chapters on chemical kinetics and reactor design

Includes worked examples and numerous exercises at the end of each chapter, with 20% more than the first edition
The Wiley Advantage
 Covers the fundamentals of mass and momentum transport processes with an emphasis on aerosol and colloidal systems
 Presents an environmental focus on sedimentation, coagulation, adsorption, filtration, dispersion, chromatography, and porous media transport
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