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Reactions at Solid Surfaces

ISBN: 978-0-470-26101-9
215 pages
October 2009
Reactions at Solid Surfaces (0470261013) cover image
Expanding on the ideas first presented in Gerhard Ertl's acclaimed Baker Lectures at Cornell University, Reactions at Solid Surfaces comprises an authoritative, self-contained, book-length introduction to surface reactions for both professional chemists and students alike.

Outlining our present understanding of the fundamental processes underlying reactions at solid surfaces, the book provides the reader with a complete view of how chemistry works at surfaces, and how to understand and probe the dynamics of surface reactions.

Comparing traditional surface probes with more modern ones, and bringing together various disciplines in a cohesive manner, Gerhard Ertl's Reactions at Solid Surfaces serves well as a primary text for graduate students in introductory surface science or chemistry, as well as a self-teaching resource for professionals in surface science, chemical engineering, or nanoscience.

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Preface.

1. Basic principles.

1.1. Introduction: The surface science approach.

1.2. Energetics of chemisorption.

1.3. Kinetics of chemisorption.

1.4. Surface diffusion.

References.

2. Surface structure and reactivity.

2.1. Influence of the surface structure on reactivity.

2.2. Growth of two-dimensional phases.

2.3. Electrochemical modification of surface structure.

2.4. Surface reconstruction and transformation.

2.5. Subsurface species and compound formation.

2.6. Epitaxy.

References.

3. Dynamics of molecule/surface interactions.

3.1. Introduction.

3.2. Scattering at surfaces.

3.3. Dissociative adsorption.

3.4. Collision-induced surface reactions.

3.5. ‘‘Hot’’ adparticles.

3.6. Particles coming off the surface.

3.7. Energy exchange between adsorbate and surface.

References.

4. Electronic excitations and surface chemistry.

4.1. Introduction.

4.2. Exoelectron emission.

4.3. Internal electron excitation: ‘‘chemicurrents’’.

4.4. Electron-stimulated desorption.

4.5. Surface photochemistry.

References.

5. Principles of heterogeneous catalysis.

5.1. Introduction.

5.2. Active sites.

5.3. Langmuir–Hinshelwood versus Eley–Rideal mechanism.

5.4. Coadsorption.

5.5. Kinetics of catalytic reactions.

5.6. Selectivity.

References.

6. Mechanisms of heterogeneous catalysis.

6.1. Synthesis of ammonia on iron.

6.2. Synthesis of ammonia on ruthenium.

6.3. Oxidation of carbon monoxide.

6.4. Oxidation of hydrogen on platinum.

References.

7. Oscillatory kinetics and nonlinear dynamics.

7.1. Introduction.

7.2. Oscillatory kinetics in the catalytic CO oxidation on Pt(110).

7.3. Forced oscillations in CO oxidation on Pt(110).

References.

8. Spatiotemporal self-organization in surface reactions.

8.1. Introduction.

8.2. Turing patterns and electrochemical systems.

8.3. Isothermal wave patterns.

8.4. Modification and control of spatiotemporal patterns.

8.5. Thermokinetic effects.

8.6. Pattern formation on microscopic scale.

References.

Index.

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Gerhard Ertl received his PhD in physical chemistry in 1965 from the Technical University of Munich. He is currently Professor Emeritus at Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, Germany, where he was also the Director of the Department of Physical Chemistry from 1986–2004. In addition to winning the 2007 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his studies of chemical processes on solid surfaces, his many awards received over the years include the Wolf Prize in Chemistry, the Karl Ziegler Prize, the Otto Hahn Prize, and the Japan Prize. He is an acknowledged leader in the field of surface science.
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"The text is well written and easy to read, and the material is illustrated throughout with excellent figures that really bring the subject material alive." (Chemistry World, March 2010)

"[This book] can serve as a primary text for graduate students in introductory surface science or chemistry, as well as a resource for professionals in surface science, chemical engineering, or nanoscience." (Book News, December 2009)
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October 09, 2009
Reactions at Solid Surfaces

Wiley is pleased to publish the authoritative introduction to surface reactions, by a renowned leader in the field. Reactions at Solid Surfaces provides a complete view of reactions at solid surfaces and of how chemistry works at surfaces, and shows how to understand and probe the dynamics of surface reactions.

Surface science is the study of the chemical and physical phenomena that occur at the interface of two phases. Although there are many related practical applications, the current focus in surface science centers around nanotechnology. It is at these smaller scales where the chemical and physical state of the surfaces becomes more important, and the field of surface science is thus critical for the development of nanotechnology.

Reactions at Solid Surfaces offers a broad view of surface reactivity, drawing on the author’s 30 years of expertise in the field. Professor Ertl includes examples from a variety of systems, comparing traditional surface probes with more modern probes, and bringing the various disciplines together in a cohesive manner.

This book originated with Professor Ertl’s lecture in the prestigious Baker Lecture series at Cornell University - the Baker Lecture is awarded to outstanding scientists at the peak of their professional distinction. While the books in the Baker Lecture series are based on the concept of the lectures given, they are authored in a way to teach individual students and professionals in a logical, pedagogical fashion, and are often used as the defining textbook in a particular field.

Reactions at Solid Surfaces is suitable as a graduate-level introductory textbook or as a self-teaching text, as well as a resource for researchers, students and professionals in the fields of surface science, chemical engineering, nanoscience, and nanotechnology.




CONTENTS

1. Basic principles

2. Surface structure and reactivity

3. Dynamics of molecule/surface interactions

4. Electronic excitations and surface chemistry

5. Principles of heterogeneous catalysis

6. Mechanisms of heterogeneous catalysis

7. Oscillatory kinetics and nonlinear dynamics

8. Spatiotemporal self-organization in surface reactions

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