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Globalizing Integrated Pest Management: A Participatory Research Process

George W. Norton (Editor), E. A. Heinrichs (Editor), Gregory C. Luther (Editor), Michael E. Irwin (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-470-29005-7
338 pages
November 2007, Wiley-Blackwell
Globalizing Integrated Pest Management: A Participatory Research Process (0470290056) cover image
As food demand has grown worldwide, agricultural production has intensified with a concomitant expansion in pesticide use. Concerns over pesticide-induced health and environmental problems, increased pest resistance to pesticides, and continued losses due to pests, have stimulated the search for alternative pest management solutions. As a result integrated pest management (IPM) approaches have been developed and applied that rely on genetic, cultural, biological and information-intensive pest management alternatives.

This book presents and critiques the participatory approaches that can be used to globalize IPM. It describes the development, deployment, and evaluation of participatory IPM. All the chapters include perspectives from both the US and developing country scientists who are on the front lines of IPM generation and diffusion. The book is unique amongst IPM books in that it stresses policy analysis, social and economic impact assessment, multidisciplinary field research and technology transfer mechanisms.

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Contributing Authors.

List of Figures.

List of Tables.


Forward by S. K. De Datta.

I. The Need to Globalize IPM through a Participatory Process.

1. The Need for Cost-effective Design and Diffusion of IPM (George W. Norton, S.K. DeDatta, Michael E. Irwin, Edwin G. Rajotte, and E.A. Heinrichs)..

2. The Participatory Integrated Pest Management (PIPM) Process (George W. Norton, Edwin G. Rajotte, and Gregory C. Luther).

II. Developing Strategic IPM Packages.

3. Developing IPM Packages in Asia (Sally A. Miller, Ed Rajotte, Rezaul Karim, Aurora Baltazar, N.S. Talekar, and George W. Norton).

4. Developing IPM Packages in Africa (J. Mark Erbaugh, John Caldwell, Sam Kyamanywa, Kadiatou Toure Gamby, and Keith Moore).

5. Developing IPM Packages in Latin America (Jeffrey Alwang, Steven C. Weller, Guillermo E. Sanchez, Luis Calderon, C. Richard Edwards, Sarah Hamilton, Roger Williams, Mike Ellis, Carmen Suarez, Vicor Barrera, Charles Crissman, and George W. Norton).

6. Developing IPM Packages in the Caribbean (Janet Lawrence, Sue Tolin, Clive Edwards, Shelby Fleischer, D. Michael Jackson, Dionne Clark-Harris, Sharon McDonald, Kathy Dalip, and Philip Chung).

7. Developing IPM Packages in Eastern Europe: Participatory IPM, Research in Albanian Olives (Doug G. Pfeiffer, Josef Tedeschini, Lefter Daku, Myzejen Hasani, Rexhep Uka, Brunhilda Stamo, and Bardhosh Ferraj).

III. Deploying Strategic IPM Packages.

8. IPM Transfer and Adoption (Edwin G. Rajotte, George W. Norton, Gregory C. Luther, Victor Barrera, and K.L. Heong).

9. The Key Role of Farmer Field Schools (Gregory C. Luther, Colette Harris, Steven Sherwood, Kevin Gallagher, James Mangan, Kandiatou Toure Gamby).

10. Pesticide and IPM Policy Analysis (George W. Norton, Jessica Tjornhom, Darrell Bosch, Joseph Ogrodowczyk, Clive Edwards, Takayoshi Yamagiwa, and Victor Gapud).

11. Pre-inspection IPM for Export Horticulture Markets (Glenn H. Sullivan, James Julian, Guillermo Sanchez, Steven Weller, and George W. Norton).

IV. Evaluating Strategic IPM Packages.

12. Evaluating Socio-Economic Impacts of IPM (George W. Norton, Keith Moore, David Quishpe, Victor Barrera, Thomas Debass, Sibusiso Moyo, and Daniel B. Taylor).

13. Evaluating the Health and Environmental Impacts of IPM (Leah Cuyno, George W. Norton, Charles Crissman, and Agnes Rola).

14. Gender and IPM (Sarah Hamilton, Keith Moore, Colette Harris, Mark Erbaugh, Irene Tanzo, Carolyn Sachs, and Linda Asturias de Barrios).

V. Conclusion.

15. Lessons learned (E.A. Heinrichs and S.K. DeDatta).


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George W. Norton is professor of agricultural and applied economics at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, where he focuses on research evaluation, integrated pest management, and economic development. He has served as Technical Chair of the IPM CRSP for the past 10 years, and been involved in long-term IPM research in the United States, Asia and Latin America. The IPM CRSP is a large international IPM program funded by USAID with roughly 80 U.S. and international scientists involved. He has published numerous articles and reports on economic evaluation of IPM programs and has published three books: Introduction to Economics of Agricultural Development, McGraw Hill, 1993 (with Jeff Alwang), Science Under Scarcity: Principles and Practice for Agricultural Research Evaluation and Priority Setting, Cornell University Press, 1995 (with Julian Alston and Philip Pardey), and Agricultural Productivity: Measurement and Sources of Growth, Kluwer, 2002 (with V. Eldon Ball).

E. A. Heinrichs is an entomologist with expertise in IPM. His research focus has been on the integration of resistant crop varieties with other control tactics in pest management systems. His crop emphasis has been tropical rice. He has worked in many countries and has long-term experience in agricultural development programs in Asia, South America and Africa. E. A. Heinrichs is Interim Program Director of the IPM CRSP. He has expertise in the development of IPM training programs and Farmer Field Schools for extending agricultural technology to extension workers and farmers. His research has been published in more than 300 scientific articles, and he is the author of nine books. Heinrichs, E. A. 1972. Field Crop Pests. University of Tennessee Contract AID/nesa; Heinrichs, E. A., H. Rapusas, and F. Medrano. 1985. Genetic Evaluation for Insect Resistance in Rice. E. A. Heinrichs is Interim Program Director of the IPM CRSP. Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines. 356 p.; Reissig, W. H., E. A. Heinrichs, J. A. Litsinger, K. Moody, L. Fiedler, T. W. Mew, and A. A. Barrion. 1985. Illustrated Guide to the Integrated Management of Rice Pests in Tropical Asia. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines. 411 p.; Heinrichs, E. A. (ed.). 1988. Plant Stress-Insect Interactions. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, NY. 492 p.; Heinrichs, E. A. and T. A. Miller (eds.). l991. Rice Insects: Management Strategies. Springer-Verlag, New York. 347 p.; Heinrichs, E. A. (ed.). 1994. Biology and Management of Rice Insects. Wiley Eastern, New Delhi. 779 p.; Dhaliwal, G. S. and E. A. Heinrichs (eds.). 1998. Critical Issues in Pest Management. 287 p.; Heinrichs, E. A. and A. Barrion. 2003. Rice Feeding Insects and Selected Natural Enemies in West Africa. IRRI/WARDA (in press).

Gregory C. Luther is an entomologist with extensive experience in IPM research and extension. He has served as Assistant Program Director for the IPM CRSP in the Office of International Research, Education, and Development at Virginia Tech for the past six years. He was also Curriculum Development Specialist for the IPM in Smallholder Estate Crops Project in Indonesia in 2000-2002. His crop experience includes a wide variety of vegetable, legume and estate crops. He has worked in Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe and the USA. He has experience with the entire research-extension continuum in a developing country context, as he has transferred many of his research results to farmers by developing training materials for and participating in farmer field schools. In addition, he has trained SE Asian governmental and NGO staff in IPM and agro-ecology. He has published journal articles on IPM, and extension books for farmers and trainers on biological control (http://www.mamud.com/beneficials.htm).

Michael E. Irwin is an award-winning Professor of Entomology at the University of Illinois. He has extensive international experience in crop protection, and recognized as a leading expert on insect ecology, plant virus epidemiology, and soybean insect pest management, especially for developing countries. Current research focuses on the interchange of biota between managed and natural systems, on understanding the complex aspects of aphid migration, and on elucidating the phylogenic relationships of stiletto flies and other families of Asiloidea. He is an Honorary Fellow of the California Academy of Sciences and has served on numerous boards and panels for scientific and international organizations, including current membership as an external member of the Technical Committee of the IPM CRSP. He has published numerous articles and books.

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