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Amish Grace: How Forgiveness Transcended Tragedy

ISBN: 978-0-470-34404-0
288 pages
March 2010, Jossey-Bass
Amish Grace: How Forgiveness Transcended Tragedy (0470344040) cover image


On Monday morning, October 2, 2006, a gunman entered a one-room Amish school in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania. In front of twenty-five horrified pupils, thirty-two-year-old Charles Roberts ordered the boys and the teacher to leave. After tying the legs of the ten remaining girls, Roberts prepared to shoot them execution style with an automatic rifle and four hundred rounds of ammunition that he brought for the task. The oldest hostage, a thirteen-year-old, begged Roberts to "shoot me first and let the little ones go." Refusing her offer, he opened fire on all of them, killing five and leaving the others critically wounded. He then shot himself as police stormed the building. His motivation? "I'm angry at God for taking my little daughter," he told the children before the massacre.

The story captured the attention of broadcast and print media in the United States and around the world. By Tuesday morning some fifty television crews had clogged the small village of Nickel Mines, staying for five days until the killer and the killed were buried. The blood was barely dry on the schoolhouse floor when Amish parents brought words of forgiveness to the family of the one who had slain their children.

The outside world was incredulous that such forgiveness could be offered so quickly for such a heinous crime. Of the hundreds of media queries that the authors received about the shooting, questions about forgiveness rose to the top. Forgiveness, in fact, eclipsed the tragic story, trumping the violence and arresting the world's attention.

Within a week of the murders, Amish forgiveness was a central theme in more than 2,400 news stories around the world. The Washington Post, The New York Times, USA Today, Newsweek, NBC Nightly News, CBS Morning News, Larry King Live, Fox News, Oprah, and dozens of other media outlets heralded the forgiving Amish. From the Khaleej Times (United Arab Emirates) to Australian television, international media were opining on Amish forgiveness. Three weeks after the shooting, "Amish forgiveness" had appeared in 2,900 news stories worldwide and on 534,000 web sites.

Fresh from the funerals where they had buried their own children, grieving Amish families accounted for half of the seventy-five people who attended the killer's burial. Roberts' widow was deeply moved by their presence as Amish families greeted her and her three children. The forgiveness went beyond talk and graveside presence: the Amish also supported a fund for the shooter's family.

AMISH GRACE explores the many questions this story raises about the religious beliefs and habits that led the Amish to forgive so quickly. It looks at the ties between forgiveness and membership in a cloistered communal society and ask if Amish practices parallel or diverge from other religious and secular notions of forgiveness. It will also address the matter of why forgiveness became news. "All the religions teach it," mused an observer, "but no one does it like the Amish." Regardless of the cultural seedbed that nourished this story, the surprising act of Amish forgiveness begs for a deeper exploration. How could the Amish do this? What did this act mean to them? And how might their witness prove useful to the rest of us?

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Table of Contents


Part One.

1 The Nickel Mines Amish.

2 The Shooting.

3 The Aftermath.

4 The Surprise.

5 The Reactions.

Part Two.

6 The Habit of Forgiveness.

7 The Roots of Forgiveness.

8 The Spirituality of Forgiveness.

9 The Practice of Forgiveness.

Part Three.

10 Forgiveness at Nickel Mines.

11 What About Shunning?

12 Grief, Providence, and Justice.

13 Amish Grace and the Rest of Us.

Afterword (2010).

Interview with Terri Roberts.

Appendix: The Amish of North America.


Resources for Further Reading.


The Authors.


Discussion and Reflection Guide.

The Fetzer Institute.

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Press Release

March 01, 2010
AMISH GRACE: How Forgiveness Transcended Tragedy

The Amish response to the murders of five schoolgirls in Nickel Mines, PA in October 2006 was even more surprising than the intrusion of evil into bucolic Lancaster County. Just hours after the shootings, the community forgave killer Charles Roberts and reached out to his widow, attending his burial and contributing to a fund for the family.

Within a week of the murders, Amish forgiveness was a central theme in news stories around the world. The astonishing account was soon chronicled in an award-winning, best-selling book in 2007 that Bill Moyers called “a story our polarized country needs to hear.”

Now the basis for a Lifetime Original movie set to premier on March 28th, the paperback edition of AMISH GRACE: How Forgiveness Transcended Tragedy (Jossey-Bass, a Wiley imprint; March 2010; $16.95 / Paper; ISBN: 978-0-470-34404-0), from Donald B. Kraybill, Steven M. Nolt, and David L. Weaver-Zercher, includes a surprising interview with the shooter's mother in the new afterword. In addition, a discussion and study guide helps readers explores the history, theology and culture of the Amish, connecting forgiveness to their entire way of life.

The Amish response to the Nickel Mines killings offered new insights into the possibilities and practices of forgiveness, even in the face of tragic and horrific human events. “Perhaps our real human need is to find ways to move beyond tragedy with a sense of healing and hope,” the authors wrote. “What we learn from the Amish, both at Nickel Mines and more generally, is that how we choose to move on from tragic injustice is culturally formed.”

“Regardless of the details of the Nickel Mines story one message rings clear: religion was not used to justify rage and revenge but to inspire goodness, forgiveness and grace,” the authors conclude. “And that is the big lesson for the rest of us regardless of our faith or nationality.”

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