Landscape Architecture Documentation Standards: Principles, Guidelines, and Best Practices
SUPERB EXECUTION RELIES UPON RIGOROUS PROJECT DOCUMENTATION
A project will only be built as well as it is documented. This publication focuses on the key documentation needs of the landscape architectural design and construction documentation process. That includes both "design documentation" and "construction documentation" as well as all that which occurs in the transition from one phase to the other.
Documentation requirements include those components necessary to explore and define design intent, logic, physical proposals, and ultimately, the specific components included within construction and bid documents.
- Discover how proper documentation facilitates every stage of the design process from pre-planning to construction, and leads to a highly resolved built outcome. Understand the principles behind these documentation practices.
- Implement best practices specific to each documentation phase and drawing, from title block and cover sheet design to soil plans and plant protection.
- Organize keynoting systems, cross-referencing and interdisciplinary coordination amongst multiple consultants and vendors.
- Study sample project documents from a leading landscape architecture firm to better understand the elements and benefits of complete and well-coordinated project documentation.
These standards have been time-tested by over 150 designers at the industry leading landscape architecture firm Design Workshop, reflecting a range of project types, including parks, streetscapes, urban spaces and over-structure construction. This guide shares the methods behind the success, to facilitate exceptional built outcomes through principled documentation practices.
Section One: Establishing the Foundation 1
1 Introduction 3
2 Documentation Principles 10
3 Operational Principles 18
Section Two: Phases Overview 29
4 Pre DesignEstablishing the Parameters 30
5 Concept DesignDeveloping the Framework 34
6 Schematic DesignEstablishing Intent 36
7 Design DevelopmentDesign Solutions 40
8 Construction DocumentationThe Implementation Contract 55
Section Three: Guidelines and Best Practices 65
9 Key Documentation Practices 66
10 Preliminary Design 93
11 Design Development and Construction Documents 202
DESIGNWORKSHOP is an internationally recognized landscape architecture, land planning, urban design and strategic services firm with nearly 300 awards throughout the firm's 45-year history. The firm was born in the pursuit of ideas and is committed to creating special places that meet today's needs and are sustainable over a long time horizon. The firm calls this methodology Legacy Design®. This process is represented within this publication.