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Urban Health: Global Perspectives

David Vlahov (Editor), Jo Ivey Boufford (Editor), Clarence E. Pearson (Editor), Laurie Norris (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-470-42206-9
528 pages
November 2010, ©2011, Jossey-Bass
Urban Health: Global Perspectives (0470422068) cover image


In the twentieth century, the urban settings of the wealthy nations were largely associated with opportunity, accumulation of wealth, and better health than their rural counterparts. In the twenty-first century, demographic changes, globalization, and climate change are having important health consequences on wealthy nations and especially on low- and middle-income countries. The increasing concentration of poverty and significant inequalities between urban neighborhoods and the physical and social environments in cities are important determinants of population health. In this important new book, experts identify the priority problems and outline solutions that can generate and sustain healthy urban environments.

Foreword by Michael H. Bloomberg

Contributors include:

Sue Atkinson, John G. Bartlett, Angela Beaton, Karl Brown,  Pamela Ligouri Bunker,  Robert J. Bunker,  Scott Burris, Waleska Teixeira Caiffa,  Roel A. Coutinho, Manuel Carballo, Ruth Colagiuri, Beatriz de Faria Leao, Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche, Alex Ezeh, Geoff Green, Claudio Giulliano da Costa Octavio Gómez-Dantés, Ruth Finkelstein, Julio Frenk, Nicholas Freudenberg, Fu Hua, Sandro Galea, Ticia Gerber, Carola Hein, Catherine Hull, Tord Kjellstrom, Jacob Kumaresan, Catherine Ronald Labonté, Stephen Leeder, Godfrey Mbarauku, Gordon McGranahan, Patricia Monge, Mark R. Montgomery, Martin Mulenga, Ana Luiza Nabuco, Julie Netherland, Ndioro Ndiaye, Rougui Ndiaye-Coïc, Kalala Ngalamulume, Danielle Ompad, Stipe Oreskovic, Ariel Pablos-Méndez, Jonathan Parkinson, Fernando Augusto Proietti, Thomas C. Quinn, Carlos E. Restrepo, Kevin J. Robinson, Jonathan M. Samet, David Satterthwaite, Richard H. Schneider, Ted Schrecker, Elliott Sclar, Maria Steenland, Agis Tsouros, Arnoud P. Verhoeff, Nicole Volavka-Close, Michael Ward, Vanessa Watson, Rae Zimmerman.

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Table of Contents

The New York Academy of Medicine vii

Foreword xi
Michael R. Bloomberg

Preface xiii

Acknowledgments xv
David Vlahov

Introduction xvii
Margaret Chan

The Editors xxi

The Contributors xxiii

1. Urban Health in a Global Perspective 1
David Vlahov and Jo Ivey Boufford

2. Globalization 13
Ted Schrecker and Ronald Labonté

3. The Demographics of Urbanization in Poor Countries 27
Mark R. Montgomery

4. Migration, Health Systems, and Urbanization 45
Ndioro Ndiaye, Manuel Carbhallo, and Rougui Ndiaye-Coïc

5. Immigrant Health in Amsterdam, the Netherlands 59
Arnoud P. Verhoeff and Roel A. Coutinho

6. City Case Studies Global Climate Change and Cities 69
Tord Kjellstrom and Patricia Monge

7. Age-Friendly New York City 91
Ruth Finkelstein and Julie Netherland

8. Global Infectious Diseases and Urbanization 105
Thomas C. Quinn and John G. Bartlett

9. City Case Studies Confronting the New Epidemics in Our Cities 125
Stephen Leeder, Angela Beaton, Cathie Hull, Ruth Colagiuri, and Michael Ward

10. Chronic Disease Care in Nairobi’s Urban Informal Settlements 139
Catherine Kyobutungi and Alex Ezeh

11. Crime, Violence, Public Health, and Urban Life 157
Richard H. Schneider

12. A Global Perspective on Disasters and Their Consequences in the Urban Environment 175
Maria Steenland, Godfrey Mbaruku, and Sandro Galea

13. City Case Studies Urban Terrorism 191
Robert J. Bunker and Pamela L. Bunker

14. The Culture of Peace Against Violence in Zagreb 207
Stipe Oreskovic

15. Urban Health Services and Health Systems Reform 221
Julio Frenk and Octavio Gómez-Dantés

16. City Case Studies Information Flow and Integrated E-Health Systems 237
Veronica Olazabal, Ticia Gerber, Beatriz de Faria Leao, Claudio Giulliano da Costa, Karl Brown, and
Ariel Pablos-Méndez

17. Governance for Health in London: Utilizing the Health Impact Assessment 253
Sue Atkinson

18. Provision of Water and Sanitation Services 267
Jonathan Parkinson, Martin Mulenga, and Gordon McGranahan

19. Urban Transportation 283
Rae Zimmerman and Carlos E. Restrepo

20. Informal Settlements: In Search of a Home in the City 305
Vanessa Watson

21. Urban Air Quality 317
Jonathan M. Samet

22. Urban Planning and Aesthetics 339
Carola Hein, Kalala Ngalamulume, and Kevin J. Robinson

23. Healthy Urban Governance 355
Scott Burris and Danielle Ompad

24. Global Business at the Local Level 371
Nicholas Freudenberg

25. Citizen Action for Urban Poverty Reduction in Low- and Middle-Income Nations 389
David Satterthwaite

26. City Case Studies Healthy Cities: Lessons Learned 405
Agis Tsouros and Geoff Green

27. The Healthy City Program in Shanghai 421
Fu Hua

28. Urban Health and Governance Model in Belo Horizonte, Brazil 437
Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa, Ana Luiza Nabuco, Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche, and Fernando
Augusto Proietti

29. Improving Population Health in a Rapidly Urbanizing World 453
Nicole Volavka-Close and Elliott D. Sclar

30. Future Directions 469
Jacob Kumaresan

Notes 483

Index 487

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Author Information

David Vlahov, Ph.D., R.N., is senior vice president for research and director of the Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies at the New York Academy of Medicine and professor of Clinical Epidemiology at Columbia University.

Jo Ivey Boufford, M.D., is president of The New York Academy of Medicine; professor of public service, health policy, and management at the Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service; and clinical professor of pediatrics at New York University School of Medicine.

Clarence Pearson, M.P.H., is a former senior advisor to the World Health Organization at the United Nations. He conceived the series of global health books for Jossey-Bass and serves as the series' executive editor.

Laurie Norris, M.A., is an intercultural communications consultant. She serves as managing editor for the global health series published by Jossey-Bass.

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